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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86/kvm/nVMCS: fix VMCLEAR when Enlightened VMCS is in use
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> On 24 Jun 2019, at 17:16, Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com> writes:
>
>>> On 24 Jun 2019, at 16:30, Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> When Enlightened VMCS is in use, it is valid to do VMCLEAR and,
>>> according to TLFS, this should "transition an enlightened VMCS from the
>>> active to the non-active state". It is, however, wrong to assume that
>>> it is only valid to do VMCLEAR for the eVMCS which is currently active
>>> on the vCPU performing VMCLEAR.
>>>
>>> Currently, the logic in handle_vmclear() is broken: in case, there is no
>>> active eVMCS on the vCPU doing VMCLEAR we treat the argument as a 'normal'
>>> VMCS and kvm_vcpu_write_guest() to the 'launch_state' field irreversibly
>>> corrupts the memory area.
>>>
>>> So, in case the VMCLEAR argument is not the current active eVMCS on the
>>> vCPU, how can we know if the area it is pointing to is a normal or an
>>> enlightened VMCS?
>>> Thanks to the bug in Hyper-V (see commit 72aeb60c52bf7 ("KVM: nVMX: Verify
>>> eVMCS revision id match supported eVMCS version on eVMCS VMPTRLD")) we can
>>> not, the revision can't be used to distinguish between them. So let's
>>> assume it is always enlightened in case enlightened vmentry is enabled in
>>> the assist page. Also, check if vmx->nested.enlightened_vmcs_enabled to
>>> minimize the impact for 'unenlightened' workloads.
>>>
>>> Fixes: b8bbab928fb1 ("KVM: nVMX: implement enlightened VMPTRLD and VMCLEAR")
>>> Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
>>> ---
>>> arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.c | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
>>> arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.h | 1 +
>>> arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c | 19 ++++++++-----------
>>> 3 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.c
>>> index 1a6b3e1581aa..eae636ec0cc8 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.c
>>> @@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
>>> #include <linux/errno.h>
>>> #include <linux/smp.h>
>>>
>>> +#include "../hyperv.h"
>>> #include "evmcs.h"
>>> #include "vmcs.h"
>>> #include "vmx.h"
>>> @@ -309,6 +310,23 @@ void evmcs_sanitize_exec_ctrls(struct vmcs_config *vmcs_conf)
>>> }
>>> #endif
>>>
>>> +bool nested_enlightened_vmentry(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *evmptr)
>>
>> I prefer to rename evmptr to evmcs_ptr. I think it’s more readable and sufficiently short.
>> In addition, I think you should return either -1ull or assist_page.current_nested_vmcs.
>> i.e. Don’t return evmcs_ptr by pointer but instead as a return-value
>> and get rid of the bool.
>
> Sure, can do in v2.
>
>>
>>> +{
>>> + struct hv_vp_assist_page assist_page;
>>> +
>>> + *evmptr = -1ull;
>>> +
>>> + if (unlikely(!kvm_hv_get_assist_page(vcpu, &assist_page)))
>>> + return false;
>>> +
>>> + if (unlikely(!assist_page.enlighten_vmentry))
>>> + return false;
>>> +
>>> + *evmptr = assist_page.current_nested_vmcs;
>>> +
>>> + return true;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> uint16_t nested_get_evmcs_version(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>> {
>>> struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.h b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.h
>>> index e0fcef85b332..c449e79a9c4a 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.h
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/evmcs.h
>>> @@ -195,6 +195,7 @@ static inline void evmcs_sanitize_exec_ctrls(struct vmcs_config *vmcs_conf) {}
>>> static inline void evmcs_touch_msr_bitmap(void) {}
>>> #endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HYPERV) */
>>>
>>> +bool nested_enlightened_vmentry(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 *evmptr);
>>> uint16_t nested_get_evmcs_version(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
>>> int nested_enable_evmcs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>>> uint16_t *vmcs_version);
>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
>>> index 9214b3aea1f9..ee8dda7d8a03 100644
>>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
>>> @@ -1765,26 +1765,21 @@ static int nested_vmx_handle_enlightened_vmptrld(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>>> bool from_launch)
>>> {
>>> struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
>>> - struct hv_vp_assist_page assist_page;
>>> + u64 evmptr;
>>
>> I prefer to rename evmptr to evmcs_ptr. I think it’s more readable and sufficiently short.
>>
>
> Sure.

Sorry I meant evmcs_vmptr to be consistent with vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr.

>
>>>
>>> if (likely(!vmx->nested.enlightened_vmcs_enabled))
>>> return 1;
>>>
>>> - if (unlikely(!kvm_hv_get_assist_page(vcpu, &assist_page)))
>>> + if (!nested_enlightened_vmentry(vcpu, &evmptr))
>>> return 1;
>>>
>>> - if (unlikely(!assist_page.enlighten_vmentry))
>>> - return 1;
>>> -
>>> - if (unlikely(assist_page.current_nested_vmcs !=
>>> - vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr)) {
>>> -
>>> + if (unlikely(evmptr != vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr)) {
>>> if (!vmx->nested.hv_evmcs)
>>> vmx->nested.current_vmptr = -1ull;
>>>
>>> nested_release_evmcs(vcpu);
>>>
>>> - if (kvm_vcpu_map(vcpu, gpa_to_gfn(assist_page.current_nested_vmcs),
>>> + if (kvm_vcpu_map(vcpu, gpa_to_gfn(evmptr),
>>> &vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_map))
>>> return 0;
>>>
>>> @@ -1826,7 +1821,7 @@ static int nested_vmx_handle_enlightened_vmptrld(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>>> */
>>> vmx->nested.hv_evmcs->hv_clean_fields &=
>>> ~HV_VMX_ENLIGHTENED_CLEAN_FIELD_ALL;
>>> - vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr = assist_page.current_nested_vmcs;
>>> + vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr = evmptr;
>>>
>>> /*
>>> * Unlike normal vmcs12, enlightened vmcs12 is not fully
>>> @@ -4331,6 +4326,7 @@ static int handle_vmclear(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>> struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
>>> u32 zero = 0;
>>> gpa_t vmptr;
>>> + u64 evmptr;
>>
>> I prefer to rename evmptr to evmcs_ptr. I think it’s more readable and sufficiently short.
>>
>
> Sure.
>
>>>
>>> if (!nested_vmx_check_permission(vcpu))
>>> return 1;
>>> @@ -4346,7 +4342,8 @@ static int handle_vmclear(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>> return nested_vmx_failValid(vcpu,
>>> VMXERR_VMCLEAR_VMXON_POINTER);
>>>
>>> - if (vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_map.hva) {
>>> + if (unlikely(vmx->nested.enlightened_vmcs_enabled) &&
>>> + nested_enlightened_vmentry(vcpu, &evmptr)) {
>>> if (vmptr == vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr)
>>
>> Shouldn’t you also remove the (vmptr == vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr) condition?
>> To my understanding, vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr represents the address of the loaded eVMCS on current vCPU.
>> But according to commit message, it is valid for vCPU to perform
>> VMCLEAR on eVMCS that differ from loaded eVMCS on vCPU.
>> E.g. The current vCPU may even have vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr set to
>> -1ull.
>
> nested_release_evmcs() unmaps current eVMCS on the vCPU, we can't easily
> unmap eVMCS on other vCPUs without somehow synchronizing with
> them. Actually, if we remove nested_release_evmcs() from here nothing is
> going to change: the fact that eVMCS is mapped doesn't hurt much. If the
> next enlightened vmentry is going to happen with the same evmptr we'll
> have to map it back, in case a different one will be used - we'll unmap
> the old.

Right.

>
> In KVM, there's nothing we *have* to do to transition an eVMCS from
> active to non-activer state. We, for example, don't enforce the
> requirement that it can only be active on one vCPU at a time. Enforcing
> it is expensive (some synchronization is required) and if L1 hypervisor
> is misbehaving than, well, things are not going to work anyway.

Right.

>
> That said I'm ok with dropping nested_release_evmcs() for consistency
> but we can't just drop 'if (vmptr == vmx->nested.hv_evmcs_vmptr)’.

Right. I meant that we can just change code to:

/* Add relevant comment here as this is not trivial why we do this */
If (likely(!vmx->nested.enlightened_vmcs_enabled) ||
nested_enlightened_vmentry(vcpu, &evmptr)) {

if (vmptr == vmx->nested.current_vmptr)
nested_release_vmcs12(vcpu);

kvm_vcpu_write_guest(…);
}

-Liran

>
> Thanks for your review!
>
> --
> Vitaly


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