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Subject[PATCH 04/25] vfs: Allow fsinfo() to be used to query an fs parameter description [ver #14]
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Date
Provide fsinfo() attributes that can be used to query a filesystem
parameter description. To do this, fsinfo() can be called on an
fs_context that doesn't yet have a superblock created and attached.

It can be obtained by doing, for example:

fd = fsopen("ext4", 0);

struct fsinfo_param_name name;
struct fsinfo_params params = {
.at_flags = AT_FSINFO_FROM_FSOPEN,
.request = fsinfo_attr_param_name,
.Nth = 3,
};
fsinfo(fd, NULL, &params, &name, sizeof(name));

to query the 4th parameter name in the name to parameter ID mapping table.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

fs/fsinfo.c | 101 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h | 58 ++++++++++++++++++
samples/vfs/Makefile | 2 +
samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c | 138 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c | 14 ++++
5 files changed, 311 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c

diff --git a/fs/fsinfo.c b/fs/fsinfo.c
index c24701f994d1..9e2a25510b88 100644
--- a/fs/fsinfo.c
+++ b/fs/fsinfo.c
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/fsinfo.h>
#include <linux/fs_context.h>
+#include <linux/fs_parser.h>
#include <uapi/linux/mount.h>
#include "internal.h"

@@ -223,12 +224,87 @@ static int fsinfo_generic_name_encoding(struct path *path, char *buf)
return sizeof(encoding) - 1;
}

+static int fsinfo_generic_param_description(struct file_system_type *f,
+ struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
+{
+ const struct fs_parameter_description *desc = f->parameters;
+ const struct fs_parameter_spec *s;
+ const struct fs_parameter_enum *e;
+ struct fsinfo_param_description *p = params->buffer;
+
+ if (desc && desc->specs) {
+ for (s = desc->specs; s->name; s++) {}
+ p->nr_params = s - desc->specs;
+ if (desc->enums) {
+ for (e = desc->enums; e->name[0]; e++) {}
+ p->nr_enum_names = e - desc->enums;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return sizeof(*p);
+}
+
+static int fsinfo_generic_param_specification(struct file_system_type *f,
+ struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
+{
+ const struct fs_parameter_description *desc = f->parameters;
+ const struct fs_parameter_spec *s;
+ struct fsinfo_param_specification *p = params->buffer;
+ unsigned int nth = params->Nth;
+
+ if (!desc || !desc->specs)
+ return -ENODATA;
+
+ for (s = desc->specs; s->name; s++) {
+ if (nth == 0)
+ goto found;
+ nth--;
+ }
+
+ return -ENODATA;
+
+found:
+ p->type = s->type;
+ p->flags = s->flags;
+ p->opt = s->opt;
+ strlcpy(p->name, s->name, sizeof(p->name));
+ return sizeof(*p);
+}
+
+static int fsinfo_generic_param_enum(struct file_system_type *f,
+ struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
+{
+ const struct fs_parameter_description *desc = f->parameters;
+ const struct fs_parameter_enum *e;
+ struct fsinfo_param_enum *p = params->buffer;
+ unsigned int nth = params->Nth;
+
+ if (!desc || !desc->enums)
+ return -ENODATA;
+
+ for (e = desc->enums; e->name; e++) {
+ if (nth == 0)
+ goto found;
+ nth--;
+ }
+
+ return -ENODATA;
+
+found:
+ p->opt = e->opt;
+ strlcpy(p->name, e->name, sizeof(p->name));
+ return sizeof(*p);
+}
+
/*
* Implement some queries generically from stuff in the superblock.
*/
int generic_fsinfo(struct path *path, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
{
+ struct file_system_type *fs = path->dentry->d_sb->s_type;
+
#define _gen(X, Y) FSINFO_ATTR_##X: return fsinfo_generic_##Y(path, params->buffer)
+#define _genf(X, Y) FSINFO_ATTR_##X: return fsinfo_generic_##Y(fs, params)

switch (params->request) {
case _gen(STATFS, statfs);
@@ -240,6 +316,9 @@ int generic_fsinfo(struct path *path, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
case _gen(VOLUME_UUID, volume_uuid);
case _gen(VOLUME_ID, volume_id);
case _gen(NAME_ENCODING, name_encoding);
+ case _genf(PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description);
+ case _genf(PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification);
+ case _genf(PARAM_ENUM, param_enum);
default:
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
}
@@ -342,10 +421,11 @@ static int vfs_fsinfo_fd(unsigned int fd, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
}

/*
- * Allow access to an fs_context object as created by fsopen() or fspick().
+ * Allow an fs_context object as created by fsopen() or fspick() to be queried.
*/
static int vfs_fsinfo_fscontext(int fd, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
{
+ struct file_system_type *fs;
struct fs_context *fc;
struct fd f = fdget(fd);
int ret;
@@ -354,12 +434,26 @@ static int vfs_fsinfo_fscontext(int fd, struct fsinfo_kparams *params)
return -EBADF;

ret = -EINVAL;
- if (f.file->f_op == &fscontext_fops)
+ if (f.file->f_op != &fscontext_fops)
goto out_f;
+ fc = f.file->private_data;
+ fs = fc->fs_type;
+
ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
if (fc->ops == &legacy_fs_context_ops)
goto out_f;

+ /* Filesystem parameter query is static information and doesn't need a
+ * lock to read it, nor even a dentry or superblock.
+ */
+ switch (params->request) {
+ case _genf(PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description);
+ case _genf(PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification);
+ case _genf(PARAM_ENUM, param_enum);
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&fc->uapi_mutex);
if (ret == 0) {
ret = -EIO;
@@ -432,6 +526,9 @@ static const struct fsinfo_attr_info fsinfo_buffer_info[FSINFO_ATTR__NR] = {
FSINFO_STRING (VOLUME_NAME, -),
FSINFO_STRING (NAME_ENCODING, -),
FSINFO_STRING (NAME_CODEPAGE, -),
+ FSINFO_STRUCT (PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description),
+ FSINFO_STRUCT_N (PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification),
+ FSINFO_STRUCT_N (PARAM_ENUM, param_enum),
};

/**
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h b/include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h
index a7a7c731d992..9d929d2f7eee 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/fsinfo.h
@@ -27,6 +27,9 @@ enum fsinfo_attribute {
FSINFO_ATTR_VOLUME_NAME = 9, /* Volume name (string) */
FSINFO_ATTR_NAME_ENCODING = 10, /* Filename encoding (string) */
FSINFO_ATTR_NAME_CODEPAGE = 11, /* Filename codepage (string) */
+ FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_DESCRIPTION = 12, /* General fs parameter description */
+ FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_SPECIFICATION = 13, /* Nth parameter specification */
+ FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_ENUM = 14, /* Nth enum-to-val */
FSINFO_ATTR__NR
};

@@ -216,4 +219,59 @@ struct fsinfo_fsinfo {
__u32 max_cap; /* Number of supported capabilities (fsinfo_cap__nr) */
};

+/*
+ * Information struct for fsinfo(fsinfo_attr_param_description).
+ *
+ * Query the parameter set for a filesystem.
+ */
+struct fsinfo_param_description {
+ __u32 nr_params; /* Number of individual parameters */
+ __u32 nr_enum_names; /* Number of enum names */
+};
+
+/*
+ * Information struct for fsinfo(fsinfo_attr_param_specification).
+ *
+ * Query the specification of the Nth filesystem parameter.
+ */
+struct fsinfo_param_specification {
+ __u32 type; /* enum fsinfo_param_specification_type */
+ __u32 flags; /* Qualifiers */
+ __u32 opt; /* Corresponding params have same ID here */
+ char name[240];
+};
+
+enum fsinfo_param_specification_type {
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_NOT_DEFINED = 0,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_FLAG = 1,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BOOL = 2,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32 = 3,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32_OCTAL = 4,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32_HEX = 5,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_S32 = 6,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U64 = 7,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_ENUM = 8,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_STRING = 9,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BLOB = 10,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BLOCKDEV = 11,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_PATH = 12,
+ FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_FD = 13,
+ NR__FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC
+};
+
+#define FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_VALUE_IS_OPTIONAL 0X00000001
+#define FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_PREFIX_NO_IS_NEG 0X00000002
+#define FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_EMPTY_STRING_IS_NEG 0X00000004
+#define FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_DEPRECATED 0X00000008
+
+/*
+ * Information struct for fsinfo(fsinfo_attr_param_enum).
+ *
+ * Query the Nth filesystem enum parameter value name.
+ */
+struct fsinfo_param_enum {
+ __u32 opt; /* ->opt of the relevant parameter specification */
+ char name[252]; /* Name of the enum value */
+};
+
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_FSINFO_H */
diff --git a/samples/vfs/Makefile b/samples/vfs/Makefile
index d3cc8e9a4fd8..3c542d3b9479 100644
--- a/samples/vfs/Makefile
+++ b/samples/vfs/Makefile
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
# List of programs to build
hostprogs-y := \
test-fsinfo \
+ test-fs-query \
test-fsmount \
test-statx

@@ -10,5 +11,6 @@ always := $(hostprogs-y)
HOSTCFLAGS_test-fsinfo.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
HOSTLDLIBS_test-fsinfo += -lm

+HOSTCFLAGS_test-fs-query.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
HOSTCFLAGS_test-fsmount.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
HOSTCFLAGS_test-statx.o += -I$(objtree)/usr/include
diff --git a/samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c b/samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7572411ddb7e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/vfs/test-fs-query.c
@@ -0,0 +1,138 @@
+/* Test using the fsinfo() system call to query mount parameters.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#define _ATFILE_SOURCE
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <math.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <linux/fsinfo.h>
+#include <linux/fcntl.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+
+#ifndef __NR_fsopen
+#define __NR_fsopen -1
+#endif
+#ifndef __NR_fsinfo
+#define __NR_fsinfo -1
+#endif
+
+static int fsopen(const char *fs_name, unsigned int flags)
+{
+ return syscall(__NR_fsopen, fs_name, flags);
+}
+
+static ssize_t fsinfo(int dfd, const char *filename, struct fsinfo_params *params,
+ void *buffer, size_t buf_size)
+{
+ return syscall(__NR_fsinfo, dfd, filename, params, buffer, buf_size);
+}
+
+static const char *param_types[NR__FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC] = {
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_NOT_DEFINED] = "?undef",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_FLAG] = "flag",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BOOL] = "bool",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32] = "u32",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32_OCTAL] = "octal",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U32_HEX] = "hex",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_S32] = "s32",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_U64] = "u64",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_ENUM] = "enum",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_STRING] = "string",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BLOB] = "binary",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_BLOCKDEV] = "blockdev",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_PATH] = "path",
+ [FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_IS_FD] = "fd",
+};
+
+/*
+ *
+ */
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ struct fsinfo_param_description desc;
+ struct fsinfo_param_specification spec;
+ struct fsinfo_param_enum enum_name;
+
+ struct fsinfo_params params = {
+ .at_flags = AT_FSINFO_FROM_FSOPEN,
+ };
+ int fd;
+
+ if (argc != 2) {
+ printf("Format: test-fs-query <fs_name>\n");
+ exit(2);
+ }
+
+ fd = fsopen(argv[1], 0);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ perror(argv[1]);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ params.request = FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_DESCRIPTION;
+ if (fsinfo(fd, NULL, &params, &desc, sizeof(desc)) == -1) {
+ perror("fsinfo/desc");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ printf("Filesystem %s has %u parameters\n", argv[1], desc.nr_params);
+
+ params.request = FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_SPECIFICATION;
+ for (params.Nth = 0; params.Nth < desc.nr_params; params.Nth++) {
+ char type[32];
+
+ if (fsinfo(fd, NULL, &params, &spec, sizeof(spec)) == -1) {
+ if (errno == ENODATA)
+ break;
+ perror("fsinfo/spec");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ if (spec.type < NR__FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC)
+ strcpy(type, param_types[spec.type]);
+ else
+ sprintf(type, "?%u", spec.type);
+
+ printf("- PARAM[%3u] %-20s %3u %s%s%s%s%s\n",
+ params.Nth,
+ spec.name,
+ spec.opt,
+ type,
+ spec.flags & FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_VALUE_IS_OPTIONAL ? ",opt" : "",
+ spec.flags & FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_PREFIX_NO_IS_NEG ? ",neg-no" : "",
+ spec.flags & FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_EMPTY_STRING_IS_NEG ? ",neg-empty" : "",
+ spec.flags & FSINFO_PARAM_SPEC_DEPRECATED ? ",dep" : "");
+ }
+
+ printf("Filesystem has %u enumeration values\n", desc.nr_enum_names);
+
+ params.request = FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_ENUM;
+ for (params.Nth = 0; params.Nth < desc.nr_enum_names; params.Nth++) {
+ if (fsinfo(fd, NULL, &params, &enum_name, sizeof(enum_name)) == -1) {
+ if (errno == ENODATA)
+ break;
+ perror("fsinfo/enum");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ printf("- ENUM[%3u] %3u: %s\n",
+ params.Nth, enum_name.opt, enum_name.name);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c b/samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c
index 8cce1986df7e..3c6ea3a5c157 100644
--- a/samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c
+++ b/samples/vfs/test-fsinfo.c
@@ -78,6 +78,9 @@ static const struct fsinfo_attr_info fsinfo_buffer_info[FSINFO_ATTR__NR] = {
FSINFO_STRING (VOLUME_NAME, volume_name),
FSINFO_STRING (NAME_ENCODING, name_encoding),
FSINFO_STRING (NAME_CODEPAGE, name_codepage),
+ FSINFO_STRUCT (PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description),
+ FSINFO_STRUCT_N (PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification),
+ FSINFO_STRUCT_N (PARAM_ENUM, param_enum),
};

#define FSINFO_NAME(X,Y) [FSINFO_ATTR_##X] = #Y
@@ -94,6 +97,9 @@ static const char *fsinfo_attr_names[FSINFO_ATTR__NR] = {
FSINFO_NAME (VOLUME_NAME, volume_name),
FSINFO_NAME (NAME_ENCODING, name_encoding),
FSINFO_NAME (NAME_CODEPAGE, name_codepage),
+ FSINFO_NAME (PARAM_DESCRIPTION, param_description),
+ FSINFO_NAME (PARAM_SPECIFICATION, param_specification),
+ FSINFO_NAME (PARAM_ENUM, param_enum),
};

union reply {
@@ -514,6 +520,14 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
}

for (attr = 0; attr <= FSINFO_ATTR__NR; attr++) {
+ switch (attr) {
+ case FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_DESCRIPTION:
+ case FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_SPECIFICATION:
+ case FSINFO_ATTR_PARAM_ENUM:
+ /* See test-fs-query.c instead */
+ continue;
+ }
+
Nth = 0;
do {
Mth = 0;
\
 
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