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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/2] ceph: fix buffer length handling in virtual xattrs
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On Mon, 2019-06-24 at 12:00 +0200, Ilya Dryomov wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 21, 2019 at 4:18 PM Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org> wrote:
> > The convention with xattrs is to not store the termination with string
> > data, given that it returns the length. This is how setfattr/getfattr
> > operate.
> >
> > Most of ceph's virtual xattr routines use snprintf to plop the string
> > directly into the destination buffer, but snprintf always NULL
> > terminates the string. This means that if we send the kernel a buffer
> > that is the exact length needed to hold the string, it'll end up
> > truncated.
> >
> > Add new routines to format the string into an on-stack buffer that is
> > always large enough to hold the whole thing and then memcpy the result
> > into the destination buffer. Then, change over the virtual xattr
> > routines to use the new helper functions as appropriate.
> >
> > Finally, make the code return ERANGE if the destination buffer size was
> > too small to hold the returned value.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>
> > ---
> > fs/ceph/xattr.c | 103 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> > 1 file changed, 78 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/ceph/xattr.c b/fs/ceph/xattr.c
> > index 6621d27e64f5..359d3cbbb37b 100644
> > --- a/fs/ceph/xattr.c
> > +++ b/fs/ceph/xattr.c
> > @@ -112,22 +112,47 @@ static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_layout(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > return ret;
> > }
> >
> > +/* Enough to hold any possible expression of integer TYPE in base 10 */
> > +#define INT_STR_SIZE(_type) 3*sizeof(_type)+2
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * snprintf always NULL terminates, but we need for xattrs to not be. For
> > + * the integer vxattrs, just create an on-stack buffer for snprintf's
> > + * destination, and just don't copy the termination to the actual buffer.
> > + */
> > +#define GENERATE_XATTR_INT_FORMATTER(_lbl, _format, _type) \
> > +static size_t format_ ## _lbl ## _xattr(char *val, size_t size, _type src) \
> > +{ \
> > + size_t ret; \
> > + char buf[INT_STR_SIZE(_type)]; \
> > + \
> > + ret = snprintf(buf, size ? sizeof(buf) : 0, _format, src); \
> > + if (ret <= size) \
> > + memcpy(val, buf, ret); \
> > + return ret; \
> > +}
> > +
> > +GENERATE_XATTR_INT_FORMATTER(u, "%u", unsigned int)
> > +GENERATE_XATTR_INT_FORMATTER(d, "%d", int)
> > +GENERATE_XATTR_INT_FORMATTER(lld, "%lld", long long)
> > +GENERATE_XATTR_INT_FORMATTER(llu, "%llu", unsigned long long)
> > +
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_layout_stripe_unit(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> > char *val, size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%u", ci->i_layout.stripe_unit);
> > + return format_u_xattr(val, size, ci->i_layout.stripe_unit);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_layout_stripe_count(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> > char *val, size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%u", ci->i_layout.stripe_count);
> > + return format_u_xattr(val, size, ci->i_layout.stripe_count);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_layout_object_size(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> > char *val, size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%u", ci->i_layout.object_size);
> > + return format_u_xattr(val, size, ci->i_layout.object_size);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_layout_pool(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> > @@ -141,10 +166,14 @@ static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_layout_pool(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> >
> > down_read(&osdc->lock);
> > pool_name = ceph_pg_pool_name_by_id(osdc->osdmap, pool);
> > - if (pool_name)
> > - ret = snprintf(val, size, "%s", pool_name);
> > - else
> > - ret = snprintf(val, size, "%lld", (unsigned long long)pool);
> > + if (pool_name) {
> > + ret = strlen(pool_name);
> > +
> > + if (ret <= size)
> > + memcpy(val, pool_name, ret);
> > + } else {
> > + ret = format_lld_xattr(val, size, pool);
> > + }
> > up_read(&osdc->lock);
> > return ret;
> > }
> > @@ -155,7 +184,11 @@ static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_layout_pool_namespace(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> > int ret = 0;
> > struct ceph_string *ns = ceph_try_get_string(ci->i_layout.pool_ns);
> > if (ns) {
> > - ret = snprintf(val, size, "%.*s", (int)ns->len, ns->str);
> > + ret = ns->len;
> > +
> > + if (ret <= size)
> > + memcpy(val, ns->str, ns->len);
> > +
> > ceph_put_string(ns);
> > }
> > return ret;
> > @@ -166,50 +199,61 @@ static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_layout_pool_namespace(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_entries(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld", ci->i_files + ci->i_subdirs);
> > + return format_lld_xattr(val, size, ci->i_files + ci->i_subdirs);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_files(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld", ci->i_files);
> > + return format_lld_xattr(val, size, ci->i_files);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_subdirs(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld", ci->i_subdirs);
> > + return format_lld_xattr(val, size, ci->i_subdirs);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_rentries(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld", ci->i_rfiles + ci->i_rsubdirs);
> > + return format_lld_xattr(val, size, ci->i_rfiles + ci->i_rsubdirs);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_rfiles(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld", ci->i_rfiles);
> > + return format_lld_xattr(val, size, ci->i_rfiles);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_rsubdirs(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld", ci->i_rsubdirs);
> > + return format_lld_xattr(val, size, ci->i_rsubdirs);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_rbytes(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld", ci->i_rbytes);
> > + return format_lld_xattr(val, size, ci->i_rbytes);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static size_t format_ts64_xattr(char *val, size_t size, struct timespec64 *src)
> > +{
> > + size_t ret;
> > + char buf[INT_STR_SIZE(long long) + 1 + 9];
> > +
> > + ret = snprintf(buf, size ? sizeof(buf) : 0, "%lld.%09ld", src->tv_sec,
> > + src->tv_nsec);
> > + if (ret <= size)
> > + memcpy(val, buf, ret);
> > + return ret;
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_rctime(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld.%09ld", ci->i_rctime.tv_sec,
> > - ci->i_rctime.tv_nsec);
> > + return format_ts64_xattr(val, size, &ci->i_rctime);
> > }
> >
> > /* dir pin */
> > @@ -221,7 +265,7 @@ static bool ceph_vxattrcb_dir_pin_exists(struct ceph_inode_info *ci)
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_dir_pin(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%d", (int)ci->i_dir_pin);
> > + return format_d_xattr(val, size, ci->i_dir_pin);
> > }
> >
> > /* quotas */
> > @@ -241,20 +285,27 @@ static bool ceph_vxattrcb_quota_exists(struct ceph_inode_info *ci)
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_quota(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "max_bytes=%llu max_files=%llu",
> > - ci->i_max_bytes, ci->i_max_files);
> > + size_t ret;
> > + char buf[(2*INT_STR_SIZE(unsigned long long)) + 10 + 11];
> > +
> > + ret = snprintf(buf, size ? sizeof(buf) : 0,
> > + "max_bytes=%llu max_files=%llu",
> > + ci->i_max_bytes, ci->i_max_files);
> > + if (ret <= size)
> > + memcpy(val, buf, ret);
> > + return ret;
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_quota_max_bytes(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> > char *val, size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%llu", ci->i_max_bytes);
> > + return format_llu_xattr(val, size, ci->i_max_bytes);
> > }
> >
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_quota_max_files(struct ceph_inode_info *ci,
> > char *val, size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%llu", ci->i_max_files);
> > + return format_llu_xattr(val, size, ci->i_max_files);
> > }
> >
> > /* snapshots */
> > @@ -266,8 +317,7 @@ static bool ceph_vxattrcb_snap_btime_exists(struct ceph_inode_info *ci)
> > static size_t ceph_vxattrcb_snap_btime(struct ceph_inode_info *ci, char *val,
> > size_t size)
> > {
> > - return snprintf(val, size, "%lld.%09ld", ci->i_snap_btime.tv_sec,
> > - ci->i_snap_btime.tv_nsec);
> > + return format_ts64_xattr(val, size, &ci->i_snap_btime);
> > }
> >
> > #define CEPH_XATTR_NAME(_type, _name) XATTR_CEPH_PREFIX #_type "." #_name
>
> Hi Jeff,
>
> This seems over-engineered to me. You have four functions just for
> ints, two more for ts64 and quota and several ad-hoc %s memcpys. Why
> not define a single function with a generously-sized buffer, BUG in
> case it's too small and take a format string?

Having to declare a 64 byte (or 128 byte or whatever) buffer on the
stack for an int seemed a bit wasteful, but ok. We can certainly do it
that way instead.

> Regardless, I would much prefer
>
> char buf[64];
>
> over
>
> #define INT_STR_SIZE(_type) 3*sizeof(_type)+2
> char buf[(2*INT_STR_SIZE(unsigned long long)) + 10 + 11];
>

We'll have to agree to disagree here. I rather like seeing the math for
the buffer length calculations expanded out, particularly in the event
that they need to be changed in the future.
--
Jeff Layton <jlayton@kernel.org>

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