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Subject[PATCH 16/17] riscv: clear the instruction cache and all registers when booting
Date
When we get booted we want a clear slate without any leaks from previous
supervisors or the firmware. Flush the instruction cache and then clear
all registers to known good values. This is really important for the
upcoming nommu support that runs on M-mode, but can't really harm when
running in S-mode either. Vaguely based on the concepts from opensbi.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
---
arch/riscv/kernel/head.S | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 85 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
index a4c170e41a34..74feb17737b4 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/csr.h>
+#include <asm/hwcap.h>

__INIT
ENTRY(_start)
@@ -19,6 +20,12 @@ ENTRY(_start)
csrw CSR_XIP, zero

#ifdef CONFIG_M_MODE
+ /* flush the instruction cache */
+ fence.i
+
+ /* Reset all registers except ra, a0, a1 */
+ call reset_regs
+
/*
* The hartid in a0 is expected later on, and we have no firmware
* to hand it to us.
@@ -168,6 +175,84 @@ relocate:
j .Lsecondary_park
END(_start)

+#ifdef CONFIG_M_MODE
+ENTRY(reset_regs)
+ li sp, 0
+ li gp, 0
+ li tp, 0
+ li t0, 0
+ li t1, 0
+ li t2, 0
+ li s0, 0
+ li s1, 0
+ li a2, 0
+ li a3, 0
+ li a4, 0
+ li a5, 0
+ li a6, 0
+ li a7, 0
+ li s2, 0
+ li s3, 0
+ li s4, 0
+ li s5, 0
+ li s6, 0
+ li s7, 0
+ li s8, 0
+ li s9, 0
+ li s10, 0
+ li s11, 0
+ li t3, 0
+ li t4, 0
+ li t5, 0
+ li t6, 0
+ csrw sscratch, 0
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FPU
+ csrr t0, misa
+ andi t0, t0, (COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_F | COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_D)
+ bnez t0, .Lreset_regs_done
+
+ li t1, SR_FS
+ csrs sstatus, t1
+ fmv.s.x f0, zero
+ fmv.s.x f1, zero
+ fmv.s.x f2, zero
+ fmv.s.x f3, zero
+ fmv.s.x f4, zero
+ fmv.s.x f5, zero
+ fmv.s.x f6, zero
+ fmv.s.x f7, zero
+ fmv.s.x f8, zero
+ fmv.s.x f9, zero
+ fmv.s.x f10, zero
+ fmv.s.x f11, zero
+ fmv.s.x f12, zero
+ fmv.s.x f13, zero
+ fmv.s.x f14, zero
+ fmv.s.x f15, zero
+ fmv.s.x f16, zero
+ fmv.s.x f17, zero
+ fmv.s.x f18, zero
+ fmv.s.x f19, zero
+ fmv.s.x f20, zero
+ fmv.s.x f21, zero
+ fmv.s.x f22, zero
+ fmv.s.x f23, zero
+ fmv.s.x f24, zero
+ fmv.s.x f25, zero
+ fmv.s.x f26, zero
+ fmv.s.x f27, zero
+ fmv.s.x f28, zero
+ fmv.s.x f29, zero
+ fmv.s.x f30, zero
+ fmv.s.x f31, zero
+ csrw fcsr, 0
+#endif /* CONFIG_FPU */
+.Lreset_regs_done:
+ ret
+END(reset_regs)
+#endif /* CONFIG_M_MODE */
+
__PAGE_ALIGNED_BSS
/* Empty zero page */
.balign PAGE_SIZE
--
2.20.1
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