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Subject[PATCH v3 0/8] staging: erofs: decompression inplace approach
Date
This is patch v3 of erofs decompression inplace approach, which is sent
out by my personal email since I'm out of office to attend Open Source
Summit China 2019 these days. No major change from PATCH v2 since no
noticeable issue raised from landing to our products till now, mainly
as a response to Chao's suggestions.

See the bottom lines which are taken from RFC PATCH v1 and describe
the principle of these technologies.

The series is based on the latest staging-next since all dependencies
have already been merged.

changelog from v2:
- wrap up some offsets as marcos;
- add some error handling for erofs_get_pcpubuf();
- move some decompression inplace stuffes from PATCH 5 -> 6.

changelog from v1:
- keep Z_EROFS_NR_INLINE_PAGEVECS in unzip_vle.h after switching to
new decompression backend;
- add some DBG_BUGONs in new decompression backend to observe
potential issues;
- minor code cleanup.

8<--------

Hi,

After working on for more than half a year, the detail of erofs decompression
inplace is almost determined and ready for linux-next.

Currently, inplace IO is used if the whole compressed data is used
in order to reduce compressed pages extra memory overhead and an extra
memcpy (the only one memcpy) will be used for each inplace IO since
temporary buffer is needed to keep decompressing safe for inplace IO.

However, most of lz-based decompression algorithms support decompression
inplace by their algorithm designs, such as LZ4, LZO, etc.

If iend - oend margin is large enough, decompression inplace can be done
in the same buffer safely, as illustrated below:

start of compressed logical extent
| end of this logical extent
| |
______v___________________________v________
... | page 6 | page 7 | page 8 | page 9 | ...
|__________|__________|__________|__________|
. ^ . ^
. |compressed|
. | data |
. . .
|< dstsize >|<margin>|
oend iend
op ip

Fixed-size output compression can make the full use of this feature
to reduce memory overhead and avoid extra memcpy compared with fixed-size
input compression since iend is strictly not less than oend for fixed-size
output compression with inplace IO to last pages.

In addition, erofs compression indexes have been improved as well by
introducing compacted compression indexes.

These two techniques all benefit sequential read (on x86_64, 710.8MiB/s ->
755.4MiB/s; on Kirin980, 725MiB/s -> 812MiB/s) therefore erofs could have
similar sequential read performance against ext4 in a larger CR range
on high-spend SSD / NVMe devices as well.

However, note that it is _cpu vs storage device_ tradeoff, there is no
absolute performance conclusion for all on-market combinations.

Test images:
name size CR
enwik9 1000000000 1.00
enwik9_4k.squashfs.img 621211648 1.61
enwik9_4k.erofs.img 558133248 1.79
enwik9_8k.squashfs.img 556191744 1.80
enwik9_16k.squashfs.img 502661120 1.99
enwik9_128k.squashfs.img 398204928 2.51

Test Environment:
CPU: Intel(R) Core(TM) i5-8250U CPU @ 1.60GHz (4 cores, 8 threads)
DDR: 8G
SSD: INTEL SSDPEKKF360G7H
Kernel: Linux 5.2-rc3+ (with lz4-1.8.3 algorithm)

Test configuration:
squashfs:
CONFIG_SQUASHFS=y
CONFIG_SQUASHFS_FILE_DIRECT=y
CONFIG_SQUASHFS_DECOMP_MULTI_PERCPU=y
CONFIG_SQUASHFS_LZ4=y
CONFIG_SQUASHFS_4K_DEVBLK_SIZE=y
erofs:
CONFIG_EROFS_FS_USE_VM_MAP_RAM=y
CONFIG_EROFS_FS_ZIP=y
CONFIG_EROFS_FS_CLUSTER_PAGE_LIMIT=1
CONFIG_EROFS_FS_ZIP_CACHE_BIPOLAR=y

with intel_pstate=disable,
8 cpus on at 1801000 scaling_{min,max}_freq,
userspace scaling_governor

Sequential read results (MiB/s):
1 2 3 4 5 avg
enwik9_4k.ext4.img 767 770 738 726 724 745
enwik9_4k.erofs.img 756 745 770 746 760 755.4
enwik9_4k.squashfs.img 90.3 83.0 94.3 90.7 92.6 90.18
enwik9_8k.squashfs.img 111 108 110 108 110 109.4
enwik9_16k.squashfs.img 158 163 146 165 174 161.2
enwik9_128k.squashfs.img 324 314 262 262 296 291.6


Thanks,
Gao Xiang

Gao Xiang (8):
staging: erofs: add compacted ondisk compression indexes
staging: erofs: add compacted compression indexes support
staging: erofs: move per-CPU buffers implementation to utils.c
staging: erofs: move stagingpage operations to compress.h
staging: erofs: introduce generic decompression backend
staging: erofs: introduce LZ4 decompression inplace
staging: erofs: switch to new decompression backend
staging: erofs: integrate decompression inplace

drivers/staging/erofs/Makefile | 2 +-
drivers/staging/erofs/compress.h | 62 ++++
drivers/staging/erofs/data.c | 4 +-
drivers/staging/erofs/decompressor.c | 329 ++++++++++++++++++
drivers/staging/erofs/erofs_fs.h | 68 +++-
drivers/staging/erofs/inode.c | 12 +-
drivers/staging/erofs/internal.h | 52 ++-
drivers/staging/erofs/unzip_vle.c | 368 ++------------------
drivers/staging/erofs/unzip_vle.h | 38 +--
drivers/staging/erofs/unzip_vle_lz4.c | 229 -------------
drivers/staging/erofs/utils.c | 12 +
drivers/staging/erofs/zmap.c | 463 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
12 files changed, 1006 insertions(+), 633 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/staging/erofs/compress.h
create mode 100644 drivers/staging/erofs/decompressor.c
delete mode 100644 drivers/staging/erofs/unzip_vle_lz4.c
create mode 100644 drivers/staging/erofs/zmap.c

--
2.17.1

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