lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jun]   [24]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: [PATCH] bcache: make stripe_size configurable and persistent for hardware raid5/6
From
Date
On 2019/6/23 7:16 上午, Eric Wheeler wrote:
> From: Eric Wheeler <git@linux.ewheeler.net>
>
> While some drivers set queue_limits.io_opt (e.g., md raid5), there are
> currently no SCSI/RAID controller drivers that do. Previously stripe_size
> and partial_stripes_expensive were read-only values and could not be
> tuned by users (eg, for hardware RAID5/6).
>
> This patch enables users to save the optimal IO size via sysfs through
> the backing device attributes stripe_size and partial_stripes_expensive
> into the bcache superblock.
>
> Superblock changes are backwards-compatable:
>
> * partial_stripes_expensive: One bit was used in the superblock flags field
>
> * stripe_size: There are eight 64-bit "pad" fields for future use in
> the superblock which default to 0; from those, 32-bits are now used
> to save the stripe_size and load at device registration time.
>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Wheeler <bcache@linux.ewheeler.net>

Hi Eric,

In general I am OK with this patch. Since Peter comments lots of SCSI
RAID devices reports a stripe width, could you please list the hardware
raid devices which don't list stripe size ? Then we can make decision
whether it is necessary to have such option enabled.

Another point is, this patch changes struct cache_sb, it is no problem
to change on-disk format. I plan to update the super block version soon,
to store more configuration persistently into super block. stripe_size
can be added to cache_sb with other on-disk changes.

Thanks.

Coly Li


> ---
> Documentation/admin-guide/bcache.rst | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/md/bcache/super.c | 15 ++++++++++++++-
> drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> include/uapi/linux/bcache.h | 6 ++++--
> 4 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/bcache.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/bcache.rst
> index c0ce64d..ef82022 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/bcache.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/bcache.rst
> @@ -420,6 +420,12 @@ dirty_data
> label
> Name of underlying device.
>
> +partial_stripes_expensive
> + Flag to bcache that partial or unaligned stripe_size'd
> + writes to the backing device are expensive (e.g., RAID5/6 incur
> + read-copy-write). Writing this sysfs attribute updates the superblock
> + and also takes effect immediately. See also stripe_size, below.
> +
> readahead
> Size of readahead that should be performed. Defaults to 0. If set to e.g.
> 1M, it will round cache miss reads up to that size, but without overlapping
> @@ -458,6 +464,21 @@ stop
> Write to this file to shut down the bcache device and close the backing
> device.
>
> +stripe_size
> + The stripe size in bytes of the backing device for optimial
> + write performance (also known as the "stride width"). This is set
> + automatically when using a device driver sets blk_limits_io_opt
> + (e.g., md, rbd, skd, zram, virtio_blk). No hardware RAID controller
> + sets blk_limits_io_opt as of 2019-06-15, so configure this to suit
> + your needs. Note that you must unregister and re-register the backing
> + device after making a change to stripe_size.
> +
> + Where N is the number of data disks,
> + RAID5: stripe_size = (N-1)*RAID_CHUNK_SIZE.
> + RAID6: stripe_size = (N-2)*RAID_CHUNK_SIZE.
> +
> + See also partial_stripes_expensive, above.
> +
> writeback_delay
> When dirty data is written to the cache and it previously did not contain
> any, waits some number of seconds before initiating writeback. Defaults to
> diff --git a/drivers/md/bcache/super.c b/drivers/md/bcache/super.c
> index 1b63ac8..d0b9501 100644
> --- a/drivers/md/bcache/super.c
> +++ b/drivers/md/bcache/super.c
> @@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ static const char *read_super(struct cache_sb *sb, struct block_device *bdev,
>
> sb->flags = le64_to_cpu(s->flags);
> sb->seq = le64_to_cpu(s->seq);
> + sb->stripe_size = le32_to_cpu(s->stripe_size);
> sb->last_mount = le32_to_cpu(s->last_mount);
> sb->first_bucket = le16_to_cpu(s->first_bucket);
> sb->keys = le16_to_cpu(s->keys);
> @@ -221,6 +222,7 @@ static void __write_super(struct cache_sb *sb, struct bio *bio)
>
> out->flags = cpu_to_le64(sb->flags);
> out->seq = cpu_to_le64(sb->seq);
> + out->stripe_size = cpu_to_le32(sb->stripe_size);
>
> out->last_mount = cpu_to_le32(sb->last_mount);
> out->first_bucket = cpu_to_le16(sb->first_bucket);
> @@ -1258,7 +1260,18 @@ static int cached_dev_init(struct cached_dev *dc, unsigned int block_size)
>
> dc->disk.stripe_size = q->limits.io_opt >> 9;
>
> - if (dc->disk.stripe_size)
> + if (dc->sb.stripe_size) {
> + if (dc->disk.stripe_size &&
> + dc->disk.stripe_size != dc->sb.stripe_size) {
> + pr_warn("superblock stripe_size (%d) overrides bdev stripe_size (%d)\n",
> + (int)dc->sb.stripe_size,
> + (int)dc->disk.stripe_size);
> + }
> +
> + dc->disk.stripe_size = dc->sb.stripe_size;
> + dc->partial_stripes_expensive =
> + (unsigned int)BDEV_PARTIAL_STRIPES_EXPENSIVE(&dc->sb);
> + } else if (dc->disk.stripe_size)
> dc->partial_stripes_expensive =
> q->limits.raid_partial_stripes_expensive;
>
> diff --git a/drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c b/drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c
> index bfb437f..4ebca52 100644
> --- a/drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c
> +++ b/drivers/md/bcache/sysfs.c
> @@ -111,8 +111,8 @@
> rw_attribute(writeback_rate_minimum);
> read_attribute(writeback_rate_debug);
>
> -read_attribute(stripe_size);
> -read_attribute(partial_stripes_expensive);
> +rw_attribute(stripe_size);
> +rw_attribute(partial_stripes_expensive);
>
> rw_attribute(synchronous);
> rw_attribute(journal_delay_ms);
> @@ -343,6 +343,35 @@ static ssize_t bch_snprint_string_list(char *buf,
> }
> }
>
> + if (attr == &sysfs_stripe_size) {
> + int v = strtoul_or_return(buf);
> +
> + if (v & 0x1FF) {
> + pr_err("stripe_size must be a muliple of 512-byte sectors");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + v >>= 9;
> +
> + if (v != dc->sb.stripe_size) {
> + dc->sb.stripe_size = v;
> + pr_info("stripe_size=%d, re-register to take effect.",
> + v<<9);
> + bch_write_bdev_super(dc, NULL);
> + } else
> + pr_info("stripe_size is already set to %d.", v<<9);
> + }
> +
> + if (attr == &sysfs_partial_stripes_expensive) {
> + int v = strtoul_or_return(buf);
> +
> + if (v != BDEV_PARTIAL_STRIPES_EXPENSIVE(&dc->sb)) {
> + SET_BDEV_PARTIAL_STRIPES_EXPENSIVE(&dc->sb, v);
> + dc->partial_stripes_expensive = v;
> + bch_write_bdev_super(dc, NULL);
> + }
> + }
> +
> if (attr == &sysfs_stop_when_cache_set_failed) {
> v = __sysfs_match_string(bch_stop_on_failure_modes, -1, buf);
> if (v < 0)
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bcache.h b/include/uapi/linux/bcache.h
> index 5d4f58e..ee60914 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/bcache.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/bcache.h
> @@ -172,7 +172,9 @@ struct cache_sb {
>
> __u64 flags;
> __u64 seq;
> - __u64 pad[8];
> + __u32 stripe_size;
> + __u32 pad_u32;
> + __u64 pad_u64[7];
>
> union {
> struct {
> @@ -230,7 +232,7 @@ static inline _Bool SB_IS_BDEV(const struct cache_sb *sb)
> #define BDEV_STATE_CLEAN 1U
> #define BDEV_STATE_DIRTY 2U
> #define BDEV_STATE_STALE 3U
> -
> +BITMASK(BDEV_PARTIAL_STRIPES_EXPENSIVE, struct cache_sb, flags, 60, 1);
> /*
> * Magic numbers
> *
>


--

Coly Li

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-06-24 09:06    [W:0.086 / U:93.888 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site