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Subject[PATCH v7 02/25] kernel: Define gettimeofday vdso common code
Date
In the last few years we have seen an explosion in vdso
implementations that mostly share similar code.

Try to unify the gettimeofday vdso implementation introducing
lib/vdso. The code contained in this library can ideally be
reused by all the architectures avoiding, where possible, code
duplication.

Signed-off-by: Vincenzo Frascino <vincenzo.frascino@arm.com>
Tested-by: Shijith Thotton <sthotton@marvell.com>
Tested-by: Andre Przywara <andre.przywara@arm.com>
---
include/linux/hrtimer.h | 15 +--
include/linux/hrtimer_defs.h | 25 ++++
include/vdso/helpers.h | 56 +++++++++
lib/Kconfig | 5 +
lib/vdso/Kconfig | 36 ++++++
lib/vdso/Makefile | 22 ++++
lib/vdso/gettimeofday.c | 227 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
7 files changed, 372 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/linux/hrtimer_defs.h
create mode 100644 include/vdso/helpers.h
create mode 100644 lib/vdso/Kconfig
create mode 100644 lib/vdso/Makefile
create mode 100644 lib/vdso/gettimeofday.c

diff --git a/include/linux/hrtimer.h b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
index 2e8957eac4d4..c922ce02e2e6 100644
--- a/include/linux/hrtimer.h
+++ b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#ifndef _LINUX_HRTIMER_H
#define _LINUX_HRTIMER_H

+#include <linux/hrtimer_defs.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/ktime.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
@@ -298,26 +299,12 @@ struct clock_event_device;

extern void hrtimer_interrupt(struct clock_event_device *dev);

-/*
- * The resolution of the clocks. The resolution value is returned in
- * the clock_getres() system call to give application programmers an
- * idea of the (in)accuracy of timers. Timer values are rounded up to
- * this resolution values.
- */
-# define HIGH_RES_NSEC 1
-# define KTIME_HIGH_RES (HIGH_RES_NSEC)
-# define MONOTONIC_RES_NSEC HIGH_RES_NSEC
-# define KTIME_MONOTONIC_RES KTIME_HIGH_RES
-
extern void clock_was_set_delayed(void);

extern unsigned int hrtimer_resolution;

#else

-# define MONOTONIC_RES_NSEC LOW_RES_NSEC
-# define KTIME_MONOTONIC_RES KTIME_LOW_RES
-
#define hrtimer_resolution (unsigned int)LOW_RES_NSEC

static inline void clock_was_set_delayed(void) { }
diff --git a/include/linux/hrtimer_defs.h b/include/linux/hrtimer_defs.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7179bfc04115
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/hrtimer_defs.h
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef _LINUX_HRTIMER_DEFS_H
+#define _LINUX_HRTIMER_DEFS_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS
+
+/*
+ * The resolution of the clocks. The resolution value is returned in
+ * the clock_getres() system call to give application programmers an
+ * idea of the (in)accuracy of timers. Timer values are rounded up to
+ * this resolution values.
+ */
+# define HIGH_RES_NSEC 1
+# define KTIME_HIGH_RES (HIGH_RES_NSEC)
+# define MONOTONIC_RES_NSEC HIGH_RES_NSEC
+# define KTIME_MONOTONIC_RES KTIME_HIGH_RES
+
+#else
+
+# define MONOTONIC_RES_NSEC LOW_RES_NSEC
+# define KTIME_MONOTONIC_RES KTIME_LOW_RES
+
+#endif
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/vdso/helpers.h b/include/vdso/helpers.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..01641dbb68ef
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/vdso/helpers.h
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef __VDSO_HELPERS_H
+#define __VDSO_HELPERS_H
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+#include <vdso/datapage.h>
+
+static __always_inline u32 vdso_read_begin(const struct vdso_data *vd)
+{
+ u32 seq;
+
+ while ((seq = READ_ONCE(vd->seq)) & 1)
+ cpu_relax();
+
+ smp_rmb();
+ return seq;
+}
+
+static __always_inline u32 vdso_read_retry(const struct vdso_data *vd,
+ u32 start)
+{
+ u32 seq;
+
+ smp_rmb();
+ seq = READ_ONCE(vd->seq);
+ return seq != start;
+}
+
+static __always_inline void vdso_write_begin(struct vdso_data *vd)
+{
+ /*
+ * WRITE_ONCE it is required otherwise the compiler can validly tear
+ * updates to vd[x].seq and it is possible that the value seen by the
+ * reader it is inconsistent.
+ */
+ WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq, vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq + 1);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_RAW].seq, vd[CS_RAW].seq + 1);
+ smp_wmb();
+}
+
+static __always_inline void vdso_write_end(struct vdso_data *vd)
+{
+ smp_wmb();
+ /*
+ * WRITE_ONCE it is required otherwise the compiler can validly tear
+ * updates to vd[x].seq and it is possible that the value seen by the
+ * reader it is inconsistent.
+ */
+ WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq, vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].seq + 1);
+ WRITE_ONCE(vd[CS_RAW].seq, vd[CS_RAW].seq + 1);
+}
+
+#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* __VDSO_HELPERS_H */
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig b/lib/Kconfig
index 90623a0e1942..8c8eefc5e54c 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig
+++ b/lib/Kconfig
@@ -576,6 +576,11 @@ config OID_REGISTRY
config UCS2_STRING
tristate

+#
+# generic vdso
+#
+source "lib/vdso/Kconfig"
+
source "lib/fonts/Kconfig"

config SG_SPLIT
diff --git a/lib/vdso/Kconfig b/lib/vdso/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..cc00364bd2c2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/vdso/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+config HAVE_GENERIC_VDSO
+ bool
+
+if HAVE_GENERIC_VDSO
+
+config GENERIC_GETTIMEOFDAY
+ bool
+ help
+ This is a generic implementation of gettimeofday vdso.
+ Each architecture that enables this feature has to
+ provide the fallback implementation.
+
+config GENERIC_VDSO_32
+ bool
+ depends on GENERIC_GETTIMEOFDAY && !64BIT
+ help
+ This config option helps to avoid possible performance issues
+ in 32 bit only architectures.
+
+config GENERIC_COMPAT_VDSO
+ bool
+ help
+ This config option enables the compat VDSO layer.
+
+config CROSS_COMPILE_COMPAT_VDSO
+ string "32 bit Toolchain prefix for compat vDSO"
+ default ""
+ depends on GENERIC_COMPAT_VDSO
+ help
+ Defines the cross-compiler prefix for compiling compat vDSO.
+ If a 64 bit compiler (i.e. x86_64) can compile the VDSO for
+ 32 bit, it does not need to define this parameter.
+
+endif
diff --git a/lib/vdso/Makefile b/lib/vdso/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c415a685d61b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/vdso/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+GENERIC_VDSO_MK_PATH := $(abspath $(lastword $(MAKEFILE_LIST)))
+GENERIC_VDSO_DIR := $(dir $(GENERIC_VDSO_MK_PATH))
+
+c-gettimeofday-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_GETTIMEOFDAY) := $(addprefix $(GENERIC_VDSO_DIR), gettimeofday.c)
+
+# This cmd checks that the vdso library does not contain absolute relocation
+# It has to be called after the linking of the vdso library and requires it
+# as a parameter.
+#
+# $(ARCH_REL_TYPE_ABS) is defined in the arch specific makefile and corresponds
+# to the absolute relocation types printed by "objdump -R" and accepted by the
+# dynamic linker.
+ifndef ARCH_REL_TYPE_ABS
+$(error ARCH_REL_TYPE_ABS is not set)
+endif
+
+quiet_cmd_vdso_check = VDSOCHK $@
+ cmd_vdso_check = if $(OBJDUMP) -R $@ | egrep -h "$(ARCH_REL_TYPE_ABS)"; \
+ then (echo >&2 "$@: dynamic relocations are not supported"; \
+ rm -f $@; /bin/false); fi
diff --git a/lib/vdso/gettimeofday.c b/lib/vdso/gettimeofday.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..473e2dda0220
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/vdso/gettimeofday.c
@@ -0,0 +1,227 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Generic userspace implementations of gettimeofday() and similar.
+ */
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/math64.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/ktime.h>
+#include <linux/hrtimer_defs.h>
+#include <vdso/datapage.h>
+#include <vdso/helpers.h>
+
+/*
+ * The generic vDSO implementation requires that gettimeofday.h
+ * provides:
+ * - __arch_get_vdso_data(): to get the vdso datapage.
+ * - __arch_get_hw_counter(): to get the hw counter based on the
+ * clock_mode.
+ * - gettimeofday_fallback(): fallback for gettimeofday.
+ * - clock_gettime_fallback(): fallback for clock_gettime.
+ * - clock_getres_fallback(): fallback for clock_getres.
+ */
+#include <asm/vdso/gettimeofday.h>
+
+static int do_hres(const struct vdso_data *vd,
+ clockid_t clk,
+ struct __kernel_timespec *ts)
+{
+ const struct vdso_timestamp *vdso_ts = &vd->basetime[clk];
+ u64 cycles, last, sec, ns;
+ u32 seq;
+
+ do {
+ seq = vdso_read_begin(vd);
+ cycles = __arch_get_hw_counter(vd->clock_mode) &
+ vd->mask;
+ ns = vdso_ts->nsec;
+ last = vd->cycle_last;
+ if (unlikely((s64)cycles < 0))
+ return clock_gettime_fallback(clk, ts);
+ if (cycles > last)
+ ns += (cycles - last) * vd->mult;
+ ns >>= vd->shift;
+ sec = vdso_ts->sec;
+ } while (unlikely(vdso_read_retry(vd, seq)));
+
+ /*
+ * Do this outside the loop: a race inside the loop could result
+ * in __iter_div_u64_rem() being extremely slow.
+ */
+ ts->tv_sec = sec + __iter_div_u64_rem(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC, &ns);
+ ts->tv_nsec = ns;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void do_coarse(const struct vdso_data *vd,
+ clockid_t clk,
+ struct __kernel_timespec *ts)
+{
+ const struct vdso_timestamp *vdso_ts = &vd->basetime[clk];
+ u32 seq;
+
+ do {
+ seq = vdso_read_begin(vd);
+ ts->tv_sec = vdso_ts->sec;
+ ts->tv_nsec = vdso_ts->nsec;
+ } while (unlikely(vdso_read_retry(vd, seq)));
+}
+
+static __maybe_unused int
+__cvdso_clock_gettime(clockid_t clock, struct __kernel_timespec *ts)
+{
+ const struct vdso_data *vd = __arch_get_vdso_data();
+ u32 msk;
+
+ /* Check for negative values or invalid clocks */
+ if (unlikely((u32) clock >= MAX_CLOCKS))
+ goto fallback;
+
+ /*
+ * Convert the clockid to a bitmask and use it to check which
+ * clocks are handled in the VDSO directly.
+ */
+ msk = 1U << clock;
+ if (likely(msk & VDSO_HRES)) {
+ return do_hres(&vd[CS_HRES_COARSE], clock, ts);
+ } else if (msk & VDSO_COARSE) {
+ do_coarse(&vd[CS_HRES_COARSE], clock, ts);
+ return 0;
+ } else if (msk & VDSO_RAW) {
+ return do_hres(&vd[CS_RAW], clock, ts);
+ }
+
+fallback:
+ return clock_gettime_fallback(clock, ts);
+}
+
+static __maybe_unused int
+__cvdso_clock_gettime32(clockid_t clock, struct old_timespec32 *res)
+{
+ struct __kernel_timespec ts;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (res == NULL)
+ goto fallback;
+
+ ret = __cvdso_clock_gettime(clock, &ts);
+
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ res->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec;
+ res->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+
+fallback:
+ return clock_gettime_fallback(clock, (struct __kernel_timespec *)res);
+}
+
+static __maybe_unused int
+__cvdso_gettimeofday(struct __kernel_old_timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz)
+{
+ const struct vdso_data *vd = __arch_get_vdso_data();
+
+ if (likely(tv != NULL)) {
+ struct __kernel_timespec ts;
+
+ if (do_hres(&vd[CS_HRES_COARSE], CLOCK_REALTIME, &ts))
+ return gettimeofday_fallback(tv, tz);
+
+ tv->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec;
+ tv->tv_usec = (u32)ts.tv_nsec / NSEC_PER_USEC;
+ }
+
+ if (unlikely(tz != NULL)) {
+ tz->tz_minuteswest = vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].tz_minuteswest;
+ tz->tz_dsttime = vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].tz_dsttime;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef VDSO_HAS_TIME
+static __maybe_unused time_t __cvdso_time(time_t *time)
+{
+ const struct vdso_data *vd = __arch_get_vdso_data();
+ time_t t = READ_ONCE(vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].basetime[CLOCK_REALTIME].sec);
+
+ if (time)
+ *time = t;
+
+ return t;
+}
+#endif /* VDSO_HAS_TIME */
+
+#ifdef VDSO_HAS_CLOCK_GETRES
+static __maybe_unused
+int __cvdso_clock_getres(clockid_t clock, struct __kernel_timespec *res)
+{
+ const struct vdso_data *vd = __arch_get_vdso_data();
+ u64 ns;
+ u32 msk;
+ u64 hrtimer_res = READ_ONCE(vd[CS_HRES_COARSE].hrtimer_res);
+
+ /* Check for negative values or invalid clocks */
+ if (unlikely((u32) clock >= MAX_CLOCKS))
+ goto fallback;
+
+ /*
+ * Convert the clockid to a bitmask and use it to check which
+ * clocks are handled in the VDSO directly.
+ */
+ msk = 1U << clock;
+ if (msk & VDSO_HRES) {
+ /*
+ * Preserves the behaviour of posix_get_hrtimer_res().
+ */
+ ns = hrtimer_res;
+ } else if (msk & VDSO_COARSE) {
+ /*
+ * Preserves the behaviour of posix_get_coarse_res().
+ */
+ ns = LOW_RES_NSEC;
+ } else if (msk & VDSO_RAW) {
+ /*
+ * Preserves the behaviour of posix_get_hrtimer_res().
+ */
+ ns = hrtimer_res;
+ } else {
+ goto fallback;
+ }
+
+ if (res) {
+ res->tv_sec = 0;
+ res->tv_nsec = ns;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+fallback:
+ return clock_getres_fallback(clock, res);
+}
+
+static __maybe_unused int
+__cvdso_clock_getres_time32(clockid_t clock, struct old_timespec32 *res)
+{
+ struct __kernel_timespec ts;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (res == NULL)
+ goto fallback;
+
+ ret = __cvdso_clock_getres(clock, &ts);
+
+ if (ret == 0) {
+ res->tv_sec = ts.tv_sec;
+ res->tv_nsec = ts.tv_nsec;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+
+fallback:
+ return clock_getres_fallback(clock, (struct __kernel_timespec *)res);
+}
+#endif /* VDSO_HAS_CLOCK_GETRES */
--
2.21.0
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