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Subject[PATCH v1 4/4] staging: media: tegra-vde: Defer dmabuf's unmapping
Date
Frequent IOMMU remappings take about 50% of CPU usage because there is
quite a lot to remap. Defer dmabuf's unmapping by 5 seconds in order to
mitigate the mapping overhead which goes away completely and driver works
as fast as in a case of a disabled IOMMU. The case of a disabled IOMMU
should also benefit a tad from the caching since CPU cache maintenance
that happens on dmabuf's attaching takes some resources.

Signed-off-by: Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@gmail.com>
---
drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/Makefile | 2 +-
.../staging/media/tegra-vde/dmabuf-cache.c | 223 ++++++++++++++++++
drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/iommu.c | 2 -
drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.c | 143 +++--------
drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.h | 18 +-
5 files changed, 273 insertions(+), 115 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/dmabuf-cache.c

diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/Makefile b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/Makefile
index c11867e28233..2827f7601de8 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
-tegra-vde-y := vde.o iommu.o
+tegra-vde-y := vde.o iommu.o dmabuf-cache.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEGRA_VDE) += tegra-vde.o
diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/dmabuf-cache.c b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/dmabuf-cache.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..fcde8d1c37e7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/dmabuf-cache.c
@@ -0,0 +1,223 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * NVIDIA Tegra Video decoder driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016-2019 GRATE-DRIVER project
+ */
+
+#include <linux/dma-buf.h>
+#include <linux/iova.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+
+#include "vde.h"
+
+struct tegra_vde_cache_entry {
+ enum dma_data_direction dma_dir;
+ struct dma_buf_attachment *a;
+ struct delayed_work dwork;
+ struct tegra_vde *vde;
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct sg_table *sgt;
+ struct iova *iova;
+ unsigned int refcnt;
+};
+
+static void tegra_vde_release_entry(struct tegra_vde_cache_entry *entry)
+{
+ struct dma_buf *dmabuf = entry->a->dmabuf;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(entry->refcnt);
+
+ if (entry->vde->domain)
+ tegra_vde_iommu_unmap(entry->vde, entry->iova);
+
+ dma_buf_unmap_attachment(entry->a, entry->sgt, entry->dma_dir);
+ dma_buf_detach(dmabuf, entry->a);
+ dma_buf_put(dmabuf);
+
+ list_del(&entry->list);
+ kfree(entry);
+}
+
+static void tegra_vde_delayed_unmap(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct tegra_vde_cache_entry *entry;
+
+ entry = container_of(work, struct tegra_vde_cache_entry,
+ dwork.work);
+
+ mutex_lock(&entry->vde->map_lock);
+ tegra_vde_release_entry(entry);
+ mutex_unlock(&entry->vde->map_lock);
+}
+
+int tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_map(struct tegra_vde *vde,
+ struct dma_buf *dmabuf,
+ enum dma_data_direction dma_dir,
+ struct dma_buf_attachment **ap,
+ dma_addr_t *addrp)
+{
+ struct device *dev = vde->miscdev.parent;
+ struct tegra_vde_cache_entry *entry;
+ struct dma_buf_attachment *attachment;
+ struct sg_table *sgt;
+ struct iova *iova;
+ int err;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vde->map_lock);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(entry, &vde->map_list, list) {
+ if (entry->a->dmabuf != dmabuf)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!cancel_delayed_work(&entry->dwork))
+ continue;
+
+ if (entry->dma_dir != dma_dir)
+ entry->dma_dir = DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL;
+
+ dma_buf_put(dmabuf);
+
+ if (vde->domain)
+ *addrp = iova_dma_addr(&vde->iova, entry->iova);
+ else
+ *addrp = sg_dma_address(entry->sgt->sgl);
+
+ goto ref;
+ }
+
+ attachment = dma_buf_attach(dmabuf, dev);
+ if (IS_ERR(attachment)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to attach dmabuf\n");
+ err = PTR_ERR(attachment);
+ goto err_unlock;
+ }
+
+ sgt = dma_buf_map_attachment(attachment, dma_dir);
+ if (IS_ERR(sgt)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to get dmabufs sg_table\n");
+ err = PTR_ERR(sgt);
+ goto err_detach;
+ }
+
+ if (!vde->domain && sgt->nents > 1) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Sparse DMA region is unsupported, please enable IOMMU\n");
+ err = -EINVAL;
+ goto err_unmap;
+ }
+
+ entry = kzalloc(sizeof(*entry), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_unmap;
+ }
+
+ if (vde->domain) {
+ err = tegra_vde_iommu_map(vde, sgt, &iova, dmabuf->size);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_free;
+
+ *addrp = iova_dma_addr(&vde->iova, iova);
+ } else {
+ *addrp = sg_dma_address(sgt->sgl);
+ }
+
+ INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&entry->dwork, tegra_vde_delayed_unmap);
+ list_add(&entry->list, &vde->map_list);
+
+ entry->dma_dir = dma_dir;
+ entry->iova = iova;
+ entry->vde = vde;
+ entry->sgt = sgt;
+ entry->a = attachment;
+ref:
+ entry->refcnt++;
+
+ *ap = entry->a;
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vde->map_lock);
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_free:
+ kfree(entry);
+err_unmap:
+ dma_buf_unmap_attachment(attachment, sgt, dma_dir);
+err_detach:
+ dma_buf_detach(dmabuf, attachment);
+err_unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&vde->map_lock);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+void tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(struct tegra_vde *vde,
+ struct dma_buf_attachment *a,
+ bool release)
+{
+ struct tegra_vde_cache_entry *entry;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vde->map_lock);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(entry, &vde->map_list, list) {
+ if (entry->a != a)
+ continue;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!entry->refcnt);
+
+ if (--entry->refcnt == 0) {
+ if (release)
+ tegra_vde_release_entry(entry);
+ else
+ schedule_delayed_work(&entry->dwork, 5 * HZ);
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vde->map_lock);
+}
+
+void tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap_sync(struct tegra_vde *vde)
+{
+ struct tegra_vde_cache_entry *entry, *tmp;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vde->map_lock);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, tmp, &vde->map_list, list) {
+ if (entry->refcnt)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!cancel_delayed_work(&entry->dwork))
+ continue;
+
+ tegra_vde_release_entry(entry);
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vde->map_lock);
+}
+
+void tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap_all(struct tegra_vde *vde)
+{
+ struct tegra_vde_cache_entry *entry, *tmp;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vde->map_lock);
+
+ do {
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, tmp, &vde->map_list, list) {
+ if (!cancel_delayed_work(&entry->dwork))
+ continue;
+
+ tegra_vde_release_entry(entry);
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vde->map_lock);
+ schedule();
+ mutex_lock(&vde->map_lock);
+ } while (!list_empty(&vde->map_list));
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vde->map_lock);
+}
diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/iommu.c b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/iommu.c
index 295c3d7cccd3..6d635332e0ec 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/iommu.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/iommu.c
@@ -19,7 +19,6 @@
int tegra_vde_iommu_map(struct tegra_vde *vde,
struct sg_table *sgt,
struct iova **iovap,
- dma_addr_t *addrp,
size_t size)
{
struct iova *iova;
@@ -45,7 +44,6 @@ int tegra_vde_iommu_map(struct tegra_vde *vde,
}

*iovap = iova;
- *addrp = addr;

return 0;
}
diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.c b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.c
index cbcdbfef072d..3466daddf663 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/genalloc.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/iopoll.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/of_device.h>
@@ -37,18 +38,10 @@
#define BSE_DMA_BUSY BIT(23)

struct video_frame {
- struct iova *y_iova;
- struct iova *cb_iova;
- struct iova *cr_iova;
- struct iova *aux_iova;
struct dma_buf_attachment *y_dmabuf_attachment;
struct dma_buf_attachment *cb_dmabuf_attachment;
struct dma_buf_attachment *cr_dmabuf_attachment;
struct dma_buf_attachment *aux_dmabuf_attachment;
- struct sg_table *y_sgt;
- struct sg_table *cb_sgt;
- struct sg_table *cr_sgt;
- struct sg_table *aux_sgt;
dma_addr_t y_addr;
dma_addr_t cb_addr;
dma_addr_t cr_addr;
@@ -494,22 +487,6 @@ static void tegra_vde_decode_frame(struct tegra_vde *vde,
vde->sxe, 0x00);
}

-static void tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(struct tegra_vde *vde,
- enum dma_data_direction dma_dir,
- struct dma_buf_attachment *a,
- struct sg_table *sgt,
- struct iova *iova)
-{
- struct dma_buf *dmabuf = a->dmabuf;
-
- if (vde->domain)
- tegra_vde_iommu_unmap(vde, iova);
-
- dma_buf_unmap_attachment(a, sgt, dma_dir);
- dma_buf_detach(dmabuf, a);
- dma_buf_put(dmabuf);
-}
-
static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabuf(struct tegra_vde *vde,
int fd,
unsigned long offset,
@@ -517,15 +494,11 @@ static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabuf(struct tegra_vde *vde,
size_t align_size,
struct dma_buf_attachment **a,
dma_addr_t *addrp,
- struct sg_table **s,
- struct iova **iovap,
size_t *size,
enum dma_data_direction dma_dir)
{
struct device *dev = vde->miscdev.parent;
- struct dma_buf_attachment *attachment;
struct dma_buf *dmabuf;
- struct sg_table *sgt;
int err;

dmabuf = dma_buf_get(fd);
@@ -546,49 +519,17 @@ static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabuf(struct tegra_vde *vde,
return -EINVAL;
}

- attachment = dma_buf_attach(dmabuf, dev);
- if (IS_ERR(attachment)) {
- dev_err(dev, "Failed to attach dmabuf\n");
- err = PTR_ERR(attachment);
+ err = tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_map(vde, dmabuf, dma_dir, a, addrp);
+ if (err)
goto err_put;
- }
-
- sgt = dma_buf_map_attachment(attachment, dma_dir);
- if (IS_ERR(sgt)) {
- dev_err(dev, "Failed to get dmabufs sg_table\n");
- err = PTR_ERR(sgt);
- goto err_detach;
- }
-
- if (!vde->domain && sgt->nents > 1) {
- dev_err(dev, "Sparse DMA region is unsupported, please enable IOMMU\n");
- err = -EINVAL;
- goto err_unmap;
- }
-
- if (vde->domain) {
- err = tegra_vde_iommu_map(vde, sgt, iovap, addrp, dmabuf->size);
- if (err) {
- dev_err(dev, "IOMMU mapping failed: %d\n", err);
- goto err_unmap;
- }
- } else {
- *addrp = sg_dma_address(sgt->sgl);
- }

*addrp = *addrp + offset;
- *a = attachment;
- *s = sgt;

if (size)
*size = dmabuf->size - offset;

return 0;

-err_unmap:
- dma_buf_unmap_attachment(attachment, sgt, dma_dir);
-err_detach:
- dma_buf_detach(dmabuf, attachment);
err_put:
dma_buf_put(dmabuf);

@@ -608,8 +549,6 @@ static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabufs_to_frame(struct tegra_vde *vde,
src->y_offset, lsize, SZ_256,
&frame->y_dmabuf_attachment,
&frame->y_addr,
- &frame->y_sgt,
- &frame->y_iova,
NULL, dma_dir);
if (err)
return err;
@@ -618,8 +557,6 @@ static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabufs_to_frame(struct tegra_vde *vde,
src->cb_offset, csize, SZ_256,
&frame->cb_dmabuf_attachment,
&frame->cb_addr,
- &frame->cb_sgt,
- &frame->cb_iova,
NULL, dma_dir);
if (err)
goto err_release_y;
@@ -628,8 +565,6 @@ static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabufs_to_frame(struct tegra_vde *vde,
src->cr_offset, csize, SZ_256,
&frame->cr_dmabuf_attachment,
&frame->cr_addr,
- &frame->cr_sgt,
- &frame->cr_iova,
NULL, dma_dir);
if (err)
goto err_release_cb;
@@ -643,8 +578,6 @@ static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabufs_to_frame(struct tegra_vde *vde,
src->aux_offset, csize, SZ_256,
&frame->aux_dmabuf_attachment,
&frame->aux_addr,
- &frame->aux_sgt,
- &frame->aux_iova,
NULL, dma_dir);
if (err)
goto err_release_cr;
@@ -652,20 +585,11 @@ static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabufs_to_frame(struct tegra_vde *vde,
return 0;

err_release_cr:
- tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(vde, dma_dir,
- frame->cr_dmabuf_attachment,
- frame->cr_sgt,
- frame->cr_iova);
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(vde, frame->cr_dmabuf_attachment, true);
err_release_cb:
- tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(vde, dma_dir,
- frame->cb_dmabuf_attachment,
- frame->cb_sgt,
- frame->cb_iova);
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(vde, frame->cb_dmabuf_attachment, true);
err_release_y:
- tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(vde, dma_dir,
- frame->y_dmabuf_attachment,
- frame->y_sgt,
- frame->y_iova);
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(vde, frame->y_dmabuf_attachment, true);

return err;
}
@@ -673,28 +597,16 @@ static int tegra_vde_attach_dmabufs_to_frame(struct tegra_vde *vde,
static void tegra_vde_release_frame_dmabufs(struct tegra_vde *vde,
struct video_frame *frame,
enum dma_data_direction dma_dir,
- bool baseline_profile)
+ bool baseline_profile,
+ bool release)
{
if (!baseline_profile)
- tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(vde, dma_dir,
- frame->aux_dmabuf_attachment,
- frame->aux_sgt,
- frame->aux_iova);
-
- tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(vde, dma_dir,
- frame->cr_dmabuf_attachment,
- frame->cr_sgt,
- frame->cr_iova);
-
- tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(vde, dma_dir,
- frame->cb_dmabuf_attachment,
- frame->cb_sgt,
- frame->cb_iova);
-
- tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(vde, dma_dir,
- frame->y_dmabuf_attachment,
- frame->y_sgt,
- frame->y_iova);
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(vde, frame->aux_dmabuf_attachment,
+ release);
+
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(vde, frame->cr_dmabuf_attachment, release);
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(vde, frame->cb_dmabuf_attachment, release);
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(vde, frame->y_dmabuf_attachment, release);
}

static int tegra_vde_validate_frame(struct device *dev,
@@ -786,8 +698,6 @@ static int tegra_vde_ioctl_decode_h264(struct tegra_vde *vde,
struct tegra_vde_h264_frame __user *frames_user;
struct video_frame *dpb_frames;
struct dma_buf_attachment *bitstream_data_dmabuf_attachment;
- struct sg_table *bitstream_sgt;
- struct iova *bitstream_iova;
enum dma_data_direction dma_dir;
dma_addr_t bitstream_data_addr;
dma_addr_t bsev_ptr;
@@ -812,8 +722,6 @@ static int tegra_vde_ioctl_decode_h264(struct tegra_vde *vde,
SZ_16K, SZ_16K,
&bitstream_data_dmabuf_attachment,
&bitstream_data_addr,
- &bitstream_sgt,
- &bitstream_iova,
&bitstream_data_size,
DMA_TO_DEVICE);
if (ret)
@@ -944,7 +852,7 @@ static int tegra_vde_ioctl_decode_h264(struct tegra_vde *vde,
dma_dir = (i == 0) ? DMA_FROM_DEVICE : DMA_TO_DEVICE;

tegra_vde_release_frame_dmabufs(vde, &dpb_frames[i], dma_dir,
- ctx.baseline_profile);
+ ctx.baseline_profile, ret != 0);
}

free_dpb_frames:
@@ -954,10 +862,8 @@ static int tegra_vde_ioctl_decode_h264(struct tegra_vde *vde,
kfree(frames);

release_bitstream_dmabuf:
- tegra_vde_detach_and_put_dmabuf(vde, DMA_TO_DEVICE,
- bitstream_data_dmabuf_attachment,
- bitstream_sgt,
- bitstream_iova);
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(vde, bitstream_data_dmabuf_attachment,
+ ret != 0);

return ret;
}
@@ -979,9 +885,21 @@ static long tegra_vde_unlocked_ioctl(struct file *filp,
return -ENOTTY;
}

+static int tegra_vde_release_file(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ struct miscdevice *miscdev = filp->private_data;
+ struct tegra_vde *vde = container_of(miscdev, struct tegra_vde,
+ miscdev);
+
+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap_sync(vde);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static const struct file_operations tegra_vde_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.unlocked_ioctl = tegra_vde_unlocked_ioctl,
+ .release = tegra_vde_release_file,
};

static irqreturn_t tegra_vde_isr(int irq, void *data)
@@ -1159,6 +1077,8 @@ static int tegra_vde_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
return -ENOMEM;
}

+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vde->map_list);
+ mutex_init(&vde->map_lock);
mutex_init(&vde->lock);
init_completion(&vde->decode_completion);

@@ -1221,6 +1141,7 @@ static int tegra_vde_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)

misc_deregister(&vde->miscdev);

+ tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap_all(vde);
tegra_vde_iommu_deinit(vde);

gen_pool_free(vde->iram_pool, (unsigned long)vde->iram,
diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.h b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.h
index 37414b7fdee1..e138878e8e14 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.h
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/tegra-vde/vde.h
@@ -9,16 +9,20 @@
#define TEGRA_VDE_H

#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/dma-direction.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/iova.h>

struct clk;
+struct dma_buf;
struct gen_pool;
struct iommu_group;
struct iommu_domain;
struct reset_control;
+struct dma_buf_attachment;

struct tegra_vde {
void __iomem *sxe;
@@ -31,6 +35,8 @@ struct tegra_vde {
void __iomem *vdma;
void __iomem *frameid;
struct mutex lock;
+ struct mutex map_lock;
+ struct list_head map_list;
struct miscdevice miscdev;
struct reset_control *rst;
struct reset_control *rst_mc;
@@ -49,10 +55,20 @@ void tegra_vde_iommu_deinit(struct tegra_vde *vde);
int tegra_vde_iommu_map(struct tegra_vde *vde,
struct sg_table *sgt,
struct iova **iovap,
- dma_addr_t *addrp,
size_t size);
void tegra_vde_iommu_unmap(struct tegra_vde *vde, struct iova *iova);

+int tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_map(struct tegra_vde *vde,
+ struct dma_buf *dmabuf,
+ enum dma_data_direction dma_dir,
+ struct dma_buf_attachment **ap,
+ dma_addr_t *addrp);
+void tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap(struct tegra_vde *vde,
+ struct dma_buf_attachment *a,
+ bool release);
+void tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap_sync(struct tegra_vde *vde);
+void tegra_vde_dmabuf_cache_unmap_all(struct tegra_vde *vde);
+
static __maybe_unused char const *
tegra_vde_reg_base_name(struct tegra_vde *vde, void __iomem *base)
{
--
2.21.0
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