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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 02/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot
On Mon, Jun 17, 2019 at 3:32 PM Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Jun 17, 2019 at 3:22 PM Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Wed, Jun 05, 2019 at 02:57:59PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
> > >Prepare for hot{plug,remove} of sub-ranges of a section by tracking a
> > >sub-section active bitmask, each bit representing a PMD_SIZE span of the
> > >architecture's memory hotplug section size.
> > >
> > >The implications of a partially populated section is that pfn_valid()
> > >needs to go beyond a valid_section() check and read the sub-section
> > >active ranges from the bitmask. The expectation is that the bitmask
> > >(subsection_map) fits in the same cacheline as the valid_section() data,
> > >so the incremental performance overhead to pfn_valid() should be
> > >negligible.
> > >
> > >Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> > >Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> > >Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> > >Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> > >Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
> > >Tested-by: Jane Chu <jane.chu@oracle.com>
> > >Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> > >---
> > > include/linux/mmzone.h | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > > mm/page_alloc.c | 4 +++-
> > > mm/sparse.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > 3 files changed, 66 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > >
> > >diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> > >index ac163f2f274f..6dd52d544857 100644
> > >--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> > >+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> > >@@ -1199,6 +1199,8 @@ struct mem_section_usage {
> > > unsigned long pageblock_flags[0];
> > > };
> > >
> > >+void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages);
> > >+
> > > struct page;
> > > struct page_ext;
> > > struct mem_section {
> > >@@ -1336,12 +1338,36 @@ static inline struct mem_section *__pfn_to_section(unsigned long pfn)
> > >
> > > extern int __highest_present_section_nr;
> > >
> > >+static inline int subsection_map_index(unsigned long pfn)
> > >+{
> > >+ return (pfn & ~(PAGE_SECTION_MASK)) / PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION;
> > >+}
> > >+
> > >+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
> > >+static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
> > >+{
> > >+ int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
> > >+
> > >+ return test_bit(idx, ms->usage->subsection_map);
> > >+}
> > >+#else
> > >+static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
> > >+{
> > >+ return 1;
> > >+}
> > >+#endif
> > >+
> > > #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID
> > > static inline int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
> > > {
> > >+ struct mem_section *ms;
> > >+
> > > if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS)
> > > return 0;
> > >- return valid_section(__nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)));
> > >+ ms = __nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn));
> > >+ if (!valid_section(ms))
> > >+ return 0;
> > >+ return pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
> > > }
> > > #endif
> > >
> > >@@ -1373,6 +1399,7 @@ void sparse_init(void);
> > > #define sparse_init() do {} while (0)
> > > #define sparse_index_init(_sec, _nid) do {} while (0)
> > > #define pfn_present pfn_valid
> > >+#define subsection_map_init(_pfn, _nr_pages) do {} while (0)
> > > #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
> > >
> > > /*
> > >diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> > >index c6d8224d792e..bd773efe5b82 100644
> > >--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> > >+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> > >@@ -7292,10 +7292,12 @@ void __init free_area_init_nodes(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn)
> > >
> > > /* Print out the early node map */
> > > pr_info("Early memory node ranges\n");
> > >- for_each_mem_pfn_range(i, MAX_NUMNODES, &start_pfn, &end_pfn, &nid)
> > >+ for_each_mem_pfn_range(i, MAX_NUMNODES, &start_pfn, &end_pfn, &nid) {
> > > pr_info(" node %3d: [mem %#018Lx-%#018Lx]\n", nid,
> > > (u64)start_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
> > > ((u64)end_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1);
> > >+ subsection_map_init(start_pfn, end_pfn - start_pfn);
> > >+ }
> >
> > Just curious about why we set subsection here?
> >
> > Function free_area_init_nodes() mostly handles pgdat, if I am correct. Setup
> > subsection here looks like touching some lower level system data structure.
>
> Correct, I'm not sure how it ended up there, but it was the source of
> a bug that was fixed with this change:
>
> https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAPcyv4hjvBPDYKpp2Gns3-cc2AQ0AVS1nLk-K3fwXeRUvvzQLg@mail.gmail.com/

On second thought I'm going to keep subsection_map_init() in
free_area_init_nodes(), but instead teach pfn_valid() to return true
for all "early" sections. There are code paths that use pfn_valid() as
a coarse check before validating against pgdat for real validity of
online memory. It is sufficient and safe for those to assume that all
early sections are fully pfn_valid, while ZONE_DEVICE hotplug can see
the more precise subsection_map.

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