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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 01/12] mm/sparsemem: Introduce struct mem_section_usage
On Wed, Jun 05, 2019 at 02:57:54PM -0700, Dan Williams wrote:
>Towards enabling memory hotplug to track partial population of a
>section, introduce 'struct mem_section_usage'.
>
>A pointer to a 'struct mem_section_usage' instance replaces the existing
>pointer to a 'pageblock_flags' bitmap. Effectively it adds one more
>'unsigned long' beyond the 'pageblock_flags' (usemap) allocation to
>house a new 'subsection_map' bitmap. The new bitmap enables the memory
>hot{plug,remove} implementation to act on incremental sub-divisions of a
>section.
>
>The default SUBSECTION_SHIFT is chosen to keep the 'subsection_map' no
>larger than a single 'unsigned long' on the major architectures.
>Alternatively an architecture can define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT to
>override the default PMD_SHIFT. Note that PowerPC needs to use
>ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT to workaround PMD_SHIFT being a non-constant
>expression on PowerPC.
>
>The primary motivation for this functionality is to support platforms
>that mix "System RAM" and "Persistent Memory" within a single section,
>or multiple PMEM ranges with different mapping lifetimes within a single
>section. The section restriction for hotplug has caused an ongoing saga
>of hacks and bugs for devm_memremap_pages() users.
>
>Beyond the fixups to teach existing paths how to retrieve the 'usemap'
>from a section, and updates to usemap allocation path, there are no
>expected behavior changes.
>
>Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
>Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
>Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
>Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
>Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
>Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
>Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
>Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
>Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
>---
> arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h | 3 +
> include/linux/mmzone.h | 48 +++++++++++++++++++-
> mm/memory_hotplug.c | 18 ++++----
> mm/page_alloc.c | 2 -
> mm/sparse.c | 81 +++++++++++++++++-----------------
> 5 files changed, 99 insertions(+), 53 deletions(-)
>
>diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
>index 3192d454a733..1aa3c9303bf8 100644
>--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
>+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/sparsemem.h
>@@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
> */
> #define SECTION_SIZE_BITS 24
>
>+/* Reflect the largest possible PMD-size as the subsection-size constant */
>+#define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT 24
>+
> #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
>diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
>index 427b79c39b3c..ac163f2f274f 100644
>--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
>+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
>@@ -1161,6 +1161,44 @@ static inline unsigned long section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec)
> #define SECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn) (((pfn) + PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
> #define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
>
>+/*
>+ * SUBSECTION_SHIFT must be constant since it is used to declare
>+ * subsection_map and related bitmaps without triggering the generation
>+ * of variable-length arrays. The most natural size for a subsection is
>+ * a PMD-page. For architectures that do not have a constant PMD-size
>+ * ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT can be set to a constant max size, or otherwise
>+ * fallback to 2MB.
>+ */
>+#if defined(ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
>+#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT (ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
>+#elif defined(PMD_SHIFT)
>+#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT (PMD_SHIFT)
>+#else
>+/*
>+ * Memory hotplug enabled platforms avoid this default because they
>+ * either define ARCH_SUBSECTION_SHIFT, or PMD_SHIFT is a constant, but
>+ * this is kept as a backstop to allow compilation on
>+ * !ARCH_ENABLE_MEMORY_HOTPLUG archs.
>+ */
>+#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21
>+#endif
>+
>+#define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
>+#define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
>+#define PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK ((~(PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION-1)))

One pair of brackets could be removed, IMHO.

>+
>+#if SUBSECTION_SHIFT > SECTION_SIZE_BITS
>+#error Subsection size exceeds section size
>+#else
>+#define SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION (1UL << (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - SUBSECTION_SHIFT))
>+#endif
>+
>+struct mem_section_usage {
>+ DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
>+ /* See declaration of similar field in struct zone */
>+ unsigned long pageblock_flags[0];
>+};
>+
> struct page;
> struct page_ext;
> struct mem_section {
>@@ -1178,8 +1216,7 @@ struct mem_section {
> */
> unsigned long section_mem_map;
>
>- /* See declaration of similar field in struct zone */
>- unsigned long *pageblock_flags;
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage;
> #ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION
> /*
> * If SPARSEMEM, pgdat doesn't have page_ext pointer. We use
>@@ -1210,6 +1247,11 @@ extern struct mem_section **mem_section;
> extern struct mem_section mem_section[NR_SECTION_ROOTS][SECTIONS_PER_ROOT];
> #endif
>
>+static inline unsigned long *section_to_usemap(struct mem_section *ms)
>+{
>+ return ms->usage->pageblock_flags;

Do we need to consider the case when ms->usage is NULL?

>+}
>+
> static inline struct mem_section *__nr_to_section(unsigned long nr)
> {
> #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME
>@@ -1221,7 +1263,7 @@ static inline struct mem_section *__nr_to_section(unsigned long nr)
> return &mem_section[SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(nr)][nr & SECTION_ROOT_MASK];
> }
> extern int __section_nr(struct mem_section* ms);
>-extern unsigned long usemap_size(void);
>+extern size_t mem_section_usage_size(void);
>
> /*
> * We use the lower bits of the mem_map pointer to store
>diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>index a88c5f334e5a..7b963c2d3a0d 100644
>--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
>@@ -166,9 +166,10 @@ void put_page_bootmem(struct page *page)
> #ifndef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
> static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
> {
>- unsigned long *usemap, mapsize, section_nr, i;
>+ unsigned long mapsize, section_nr, i;
> struct mem_section *ms;
> struct page *page, *memmap;
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage;
>
> section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
> ms = __nr_to_section(section_nr);
>@@ -188,10 +189,10 @@ static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
> for (i = 0; i < mapsize; i++, page++)
> get_page_bootmem(section_nr, page, SECTION_INFO);
>
>- usemap = ms->pageblock_flags;
>- page = virt_to_page(usemap);
>+ usage = ms->usage;
>+ page = virt_to_page(usage);
>
>- mapsize = PAGE_ALIGN(usemap_size()) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>+ mapsize = PAGE_ALIGN(mem_section_usage_size()) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>
> for (i = 0; i < mapsize; i++, page++)
> get_page_bootmem(section_nr, page, MIX_SECTION_INFO);
>@@ -200,9 +201,10 @@ static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
> #else /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP */
> static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
> {
>- unsigned long *usemap, mapsize, section_nr, i;
>+ unsigned long mapsize, section_nr, i;
> struct mem_section *ms;
> struct page *page, *memmap;
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage;
>
> section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
> ms = __nr_to_section(section_nr);
>@@ -211,10 +213,10 @@ static void register_page_bootmem_info_section(unsigned long start_pfn)
>
> register_page_bootmem_memmap(section_nr, memmap, PAGES_PER_SECTION);
>
>- usemap = ms->pageblock_flags;
>- page = virt_to_page(usemap);
>+ usage = ms->usage;
>+ page = virt_to_page(usage);
>
>- mapsize = PAGE_ALIGN(usemap_size()) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>+ mapsize = PAGE_ALIGN(mem_section_usage_size()) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>
> for (i = 0; i < mapsize; i++, page++)
> get_page_bootmem(section_nr, page, MIX_SECTION_INFO);
>diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
>index c061f66c2d0c..c6d8224d792e 100644
>--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
>+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
>@@ -404,7 +404,7 @@ static inline unsigned long *get_pageblock_bitmap(struct page *page,
> unsigned long pfn)
> {
> #ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
>- return __pfn_to_section(pfn)->pageblock_flags;
>+ return section_to_usemap(__pfn_to_section(pfn));
> #else
> return page_zone(page)->pageblock_flags;
> #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
>diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
>index 1552c855d62a..71da15cc7432 100644
>--- a/mm/sparse.c
>+++ b/mm/sparse.c
>@@ -288,33 +288,31 @@ struct page *sparse_decode_mem_map(unsigned long coded_mem_map, unsigned long pn
>
> static void __meminit sparse_init_one_section(struct mem_section *ms,
> unsigned long pnum, struct page *mem_map,
>- unsigned long *pageblock_bitmap)
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage)
> {
> ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_MAP_MASK;
> ms->section_mem_map |= sparse_encode_mem_map(mem_map, pnum) |
> SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
>- ms->pageblock_flags = pageblock_bitmap;
>+ ms->usage = usage;
> }
>
>-unsigned long usemap_size(void)
>+static unsigned long usemap_size(void)
> {
> return BITS_TO_LONGS(SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS) * sizeof(unsigned long);
> }
>
>-#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
>-static unsigned long *__kmalloc_section_usemap(void)
>+size_t mem_section_usage_size(void)
> {
>- return kmalloc(usemap_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
>+ return sizeof(struct mem_section_usage) + usemap_size();
> }
>-#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE
>-static unsigned long * __init
>+static struct mem_section_usage * __init
> sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
> unsigned long size)
> {
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage;
> unsigned long goal, limit;
>- unsigned long *p;
> int nid;
> /*
> * A page may contain usemaps for other sections preventing the
>@@ -330,15 +328,16 @@ sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
> limit = goal + (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT);
> nid = early_pfn_to_nid(goal >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> again:
>- p = memblock_alloc_try_nid(size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES, goal, limit, nid);
>- if (!p && limit) {
>+ usage = memblock_alloc_try_nid(size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES, goal, limit, nid);
>+ if (!usage && limit) {
> limit = 0;
> goto again;
> }
>- return p;
>+ return usage;
> }
>
>-static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid, unsigned long *usemap)
>+static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid,
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage)
> {
> unsigned long usemap_snr, pgdat_snr;
> static unsigned long old_usemap_snr;
>@@ -352,7 +351,7 @@ static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid, unsigned long *usemap)
> old_pgdat_snr = NR_MEM_SECTIONS;
> }
>
>- usemap_snr = pfn_to_section_nr(__pa(usemap) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
>+ usemap_snr = pfn_to_section_nr(__pa(usage) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> pgdat_snr = pfn_to_section_nr(__pa(pgdat) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> if (usemap_snr == pgdat_snr)
> return;
>@@ -380,14 +379,15 @@ static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid, unsigned long *usemap)
> usemap_snr, pgdat_snr, nid);
> }
> #else
>-static unsigned long * __init
>+static struct mem_section_usage * __init
> sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
> unsigned long size)
> {
> return memblock_alloc_node(size, SMP_CACHE_BYTES, pgdat->node_id);
> }
>
>-static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid, unsigned long *usemap)
>+static void __init check_usemap_section_nr(int nid,
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage)
> {
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE */
>@@ -474,14 +474,13 @@ static void __init sparse_init_nid(int nid, unsigned long pnum_begin,
> unsigned long pnum_end,
> unsigned long map_count)
> {
>- unsigned long pnum, usemap_longs, *usemap;
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage;
>+ unsigned long pnum;
> struct page *map;
>
>- usemap_longs = BITS_TO_LONGS(SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS);
>- usemap = sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(NODE_DATA(nid),
>- usemap_size() *
>- map_count);
>- if (!usemap) {
>+ usage = sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section(NODE_DATA(nid),
>+ mem_section_usage_size() * map_count);
>+ if (!usage) {
> pr_err("%s: node[%d] usemap allocation failed", __func__, nid);
> goto failed;
> }
>@@ -497,9 +496,9 @@ static void __init sparse_init_nid(int nid, unsigned long pnum_begin,
> pnum_begin = pnum;
> goto failed;
> }
>- check_usemap_section_nr(nid, usemap);
>- sparse_init_one_section(__nr_to_section(pnum), pnum, map, usemap);
>- usemap += usemap_longs;
>+ check_usemap_section_nr(nid, usage);
>+ sparse_init_one_section(__nr_to_section(pnum), pnum, map, usage);
>+ usage = (void *) usage + mem_section_usage_size();
> }
> sparse_buffer_fini();
> return;
>@@ -697,9 +696,9 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
> struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
> {
> unsigned long section_nr = pfn_to_section_nr(start_pfn);
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage;
> struct mem_section *ms;
> struct page *memmap;
>- unsigned long *usemap;
> int ret;
>
> /*
>@@ -713,8 +712,8 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
> memmap = kmalloc_section_memmap(section_nr, nid, altmap);
> if (!memmap)
> return -ENOMEM;
>- usemap = __kmalloc_section_usemap();
>- if (!usemap) {
>+ usage = kzalloc(mem_section_usage_size(), GFP_KERNEL);
>+ if (!usage) {
> __kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
> return -ENOMEM;
> }
>@@ -732,11 +731,11 @@ int __meminit sparse_add_one_section(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
> page_init_poison(memmap, sizeof(struct page) * PAGES_PER_SECTION);
>
> section_mark_present(ms);
>- sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usemap);
>+ sparse_init_one_section(ms, section_nr, memmap, usage);
>
> out:
> if (ret < 0) {
>- kfree(usemap);
>+ kfree(usage);
> __kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
> }
> return ret;
>@@ -772,20 +771,20 @@ static inline void clear_hwpoisoned_pages(struct page *memmap, int nr_pages)
> }
> #endif
>
>-static void free_section_usemap(struct page *memmap, unsigned long *usemap,
>- struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
>+static void free_section_usage(struct page *memmap,
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage, struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
> {
>- struct page *usemap_page;
>+ struct page *usage_page;
>
>- if (!usemap)
>+ if (!usage)
> return;
>
>- usemap_page = virt_to_page(usemap);
>+ usage_page = virt_to_page(usage);
> /*
> * Check to see if allocation came from hot-plug-add
> */
>- if (PageSlab(usemap_page) || PageCompound(usemap_page)) {
>- kfree(usemap);
>+ if (PageSlab(usage_page) || PageCompound(usage_page)) {
>+ kfree(usage);
> if (memmap)
> __kfree_section_memmap(memmap, altmap);
> return;
>@@ -804,18 +803,18 @@ void sparse_remove_one_section(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long map_offset,
> struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
> {
> struct page *memmap = NULL;
>- unsigned long *usemap = NULL;
>+ struct mem_section_usage *usage = NULL;
>
> if (ms->section_mem_map) {
>- usemap = ms->pageblock_flags;
>+ usage = ms->usage;
> memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map,
> __section_nr(ms));
> ms->section_mem_map = 0;
>- ms->pageblock_flags = NULL;
>+ ms->usage = NULL;
> }
>
> clear_hwpoisoned_pages(memmap + map_offset,
> PAGES_PER_SECTION - map_offset);
>- free_section_usemap(memmap, usemap, altmap);
>+ free_section_usage(memmap, usage, altmap);
> }
> #endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */

--
Wei Yang
Help you, Help me

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