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Subject[PATCH RESEND v3 1/3] KVM: x86: add support for user wait instructions
Date
UMONITOR, UMWAIT and TPAUSE are a set of user wait instructions.
This patch adds support for user wait instructions in KVM. Availability
of the user wait instructions is indicated by the presence of the CPUID
feature flag WAITPKG CPUID.0x07.0x0:ECX[5]. User wait instructions may
be executed at any privilege level, and use IA32_UMWAIT_CONTROL MSR to
set the maximum time.

The behavior of user wait instructions in VMX non-root operation is
determined first by the setting of the "enable user wait and pause"
secondary processor-based VM-execution control bit 26.
If the VM-execution control is 0, UMONITOR/UMWAIT/TPAUSE cause
an invalid-opcode exception (#UD).
If the VM-execution control is 1, treatment is based on the
setting of the “RDTSC exiting” VM-execution control. Because KVM never
enables RDTSC exiting, if the instruction causes a delay, the amount of
time delayed is called here the physical delay. The physical delay is
first computed by determining the virtual delay. If
IA32_UMWAIT_CONTROL[31:2] is zero, the virtual delay is the value in
EDX:EAX minus the value that RDTSC would return; if
IA32_UMWAIT_CONTROL[31:2] is not zero, the virtual delay is the minimum
of that difference and AND(IA32_UMWAIT_CONTROL,FFFFFFFCH).

Because umwait and tpause can put a (psysical) CPU into a power saving
state, by default we dont't expose it to kvm and enable it only when
guest CPUID has it.

Detailed information about user wait instructions can be found in the
latest Intel 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual.

Co-developed-by: Jingqi Liu <jingqi.liu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jingqi Liu <jingqi.liu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Tao Xu <tao3.xu@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h | 1 +
arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kvm/vmx/capabilities.h | 6 ++++++
arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 4 ++++
4 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
index a39136b0d509..8f00882664d3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
@@ -69,6 +69,7 @@
#define SECONDARY_EXEC_PT_USE_GPA 0x01000000
#define SECONDARY_EXEC_MODE_BASED_EPT_EXEC 0x00400000
#define SECONDARY_EXEC_TSC_SCALING 0x02000000
+#define SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_USR_WAIT_PAUSE 0x04000000

#define PIN_BASED_EXT_INTR_MASK 0x00000001
#define PIN_BASED_NMI_EXITING 0x00000008
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
index e18a9f9f65b5..48bd851a6ae5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
@@ -405,7 +405,7 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_ent(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
F(AVX512VBMI) | F(LA57) | F(PKU) | 0 /*OSPKE*/ |
F(AVX512_VPOPCNTDQ) | F(UMIP) | F(AVX512_VBMI2) | F(GFNI) |
F(VAES) | F(VPCLMULQDQ) | F(AVX512_VNNI) | F(AVX512_BITALG) |
- F(CLDEMOTE) | F(MOVDIRI) | F(MOVDIR64B);
+ F(CLDEMOTE) | F(MOVDIRI) | F(MOVDIR64B) | 0 /*WAITPKG*/;

/* cpuid 7.0.edx*/
const u32 kvm_cpuid_7_0_edx_x86_features =
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/capabilities.h b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/capabilities.h
index d6664ee3d127..fd77e17651b4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/capabilities.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/capabilities.h
@@ -253,6 +253,12 @@ static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_tsc_scaling(void)
SECONDARY_EXEC_TSC_SCALING;
}

+static inline bool vmx_waitpkg_supported(void)
+{
+ return vmcs_config.cpu_based_2nd_exec_ctrl &
+ SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_USR_WAIT_PAUSE;
+}
+
static inline bool cpu_has_vmx_apicv(void)
{
return cpu_has_vmx_apic_register_virt() &&
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
index b93e36ddee5e..b35bfac30a34 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
@@ -2250,6 +2250,7 @@ static __init int setup_vmcs_config(struct vmcs_config *vmcs_conf,
SECONDARY_EXEC_RDRAND_EXITING |
SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_PML |
SECONDARY_EXEC_TSC_SCALING |
+ SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_USR_WAIT_PAUSE |
SECONDARY_EXEC_PT_USE_GPA |
SECONDARY_EXEC_PT_CONCEAL_VMX |
SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_VMFUNC |
@@ -3987,6 +3988,9 @@ static void vmx_compute_secondary_exec_control(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
}
}

+ if (!guest_cpuid_has(vcpu, X86_FEATURE_WAITPKG))
+ exec_control &= ~SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_USR_WAIT_PAUSE;
+
vmx->secondary_exec_control = exec_control;
}

--
2.20.1
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