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SubjectRe: [PATCH bpf v2] bpf: fix nested bpf tracepoints with per-cpu data
On 06/14/2019 02:51 AM, Matt Mullins wrote:
> On Fri, 2019-06-14 at 00:47 +0200, Daniel Borkmann wrote:
>> On 06/12/2019 07:00 AM, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:
>>> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 8:48 PM Matt Mullins <> wrote:
>>>> BPF_PROG_TYPE_RAW_TRACEPOINTs can be executed nested on the same CPU, as
>>>> they do not increment bpf_prog_active while executing.
>>>> This enables three levels of nesting, to support
>>>> - a kprobe or raw tp or perf event,
>>>> - another one of the above that irq context happens to call, and
>>>> - another one in nmi context
>>>> (at most one of which may be a kprobe or perf event).
>>>> Fixes: 20b9d7ac4852 ("bpf: avoid excessive stack usage for perf_sample_data")
>> Generally, looks good to me. Two things below:
>> Nit, for stable, shouldn't fixes tag be c4f6699dfcb8 ("bpf: introduce BPF_RAW_TRACEPOINT")
>> instead of the one you currently have?
> Ah, yeah, that's probably more reasonable; I haven't managed to come up
> with a scenario where one could hit this without raw tracepoints. I'll
> fix up the nits that've accumulated since v2.
>> One more question / clarification: we have __bpf_trace_run() vs trace_call_bpf().
>> Only raw tracepoints can be nested since the rest has the bpf_prog_active per-CPU
>> counter via trace_call_bpf() and would bail out otherwise, iiuc. And raw ones use
>> the __bpf_trace_run() added in c4f6699dfcb8 ("bpf: introduce BPF_RAW_TRACEPOINT").
>> 1) I tried to recall and find a rationale for mentioned trace_call_bpf() split in
>> the c4f6699dfcb8 log, but couldn't find any. Is the raison d'être purely because of
>> performance overhead (and desire to not miss events as a result of nesting)? (This
>> also means we're not protected by bpf_prog_active in all the map ops, of course.)
>> 2) Wouldn't this also mean that we only need to fix the raw tp programs via
>> get_bpf_raw_tp_regs() / put_bpf_raw_tp_regs() and won't need this duplication for
>> the rest which relies upon trace_call_bpf()? I'm probably missing something, but
>> given they have separate pt_regs there, how could they be affected then?
> For the pt_regs, you're correct: I only used get/put_raw_tp_regs for
> the _raw_tp variants. However, consider the following nesting:
> trace_nest_level raw_tp_nest_level
> (kprobe) bpf_perf_event_output 1 0
> (raw_tp) bpf_perf_event_output_raw_tp 2 1
> (raw_tp) bpf_get_stackid_raw_tp 2 2
> I need to increment a nest level (and ideally increment it only once)
> between the kprobe and the first raw_tp, because they would otherwise
> share the struct perf_sample_data. But I also need to increment a nest

I'm not sure I follow on this one: the former would still keep using the
bpf_trace_sd as-is today since only ever /one/ can be active on a given CPU
as we otherwise bail out in trace_call_bpf() due to bpf_prog_active counter.
Given these two are /not/ shared, you only need the code you have below for
nesting to deal with the raw_tps via get_bpf_raw_tp_regs() / put_bpf_raw_tp_regs()
which should also simplify the code quite a bit.

> level between the two raw_tps, since they share the pt_regs -- I can't
> use trace_nest_level for everything because it's not used by
> get_stackid, and I can't use raw_tp_nest_level for everything because
> it's not incremented by kprobes.

(See above wrt kprobes.)

> If raw tracepoints were to bump bpf_prog_active, then I could get away
> with just using that count in these callsites -- I'm reluctant to do
> that, though, since it would prevent kprobes from ever running inside a
> raw_tp. I'd like to retain the ability to (e.g.)
> -K htab_map_update_elem
> and get some stack traces from at least within raw tracepoints.
> That said, as I wrote up this example, bpf_trace_nest_level seems to be
> wildly misnamed; I should name those after the structure they're
> protecting...

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