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SubjectRe: [PATCH bpf v2] bpf: fix nested bpf tracepoints with per-cpu data
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On 06/12/2019 07:00 AM, Andrii Nakryiko wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 8:48 PM Matt Mullins <mmullins@fb.com> wrote:
>>
>> BPF_PROG_TYPE_RAW_TRACEPOINTs can be executed nested on the same CPU, as
>> they do not increment bpf_prog_active while executing.
>>
>> This enables three levels of nesting, to support
>> - a kprobe or raw tp or perf event,
>> - another one of the above that irq context happens to call, and
>> - another one in nmi context
>> (at most one of which may be a kprobe or perf event).
>>
>> Fixes: 20b9d7ac4852 ("bpf: avoid excessive stack usage for perf_sample_data")

Generally, looks good to me. Two things below:

Nit, for stable, shouldn't fixes tag be c4f6699dfcb8 ("bpf: introduce BPF_RAW_TRACEPOINT")
instead of the one you currently have?

One more question / clarification: we have __bpf_trace_run() vs trace_call_bpf().

Only raw tracepoints can be nested since the rest has the bpf_prog_active per-CPU
counter via trace_call_bpf() and would bail out otherwise, iiuc. And raw ones use
the __bpf_trace_run() added in c4f6699dfcb8 ("bpf: introduce BPF_RAW_TRACEPOINT").

1) I tried to recall and find a rationale for mentioned trace_call_bpf() split in
the c4f6699dfcb8 log, but couldn't find any. Is the raison d'être purely because of
performance overhead (and desire to not miss events as a result of nesting)? (This
also means we're not protected by bpf_prog_active in all the map ops, of course.)
2) Wouldn't this also mean that we only need to fix the raw tp programs via
get_bpf_raw_tp_regs() / put_bpf_raw_tp_regs() and won't need this duplication for
the rest which relies upon trace_call_bpf()? I'm probably missing something, but
given they have separate pt_regs there, how could they be affected then?

Thanks,
Daniel

>> Signed-off-by: Matt Mullins <mmullins@fb.com>
>> ---
>
> LGTM, minor nit below.
>
> Acked-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
>
>> v1->v2:
>> * reverse-Christmas-tree-ize the declarations in bpf_perf_event_output
>> * instantiate err more readably
>>
>> I've done additional testing with the original workload that hit the
>> irq+raw-tp reentrancy problem, and as far as I can tell, it's still
>> solved with this solution (as opposed to my earlier per-map-element
>> version).
>>
>> kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
>> 1 file changed, 84 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
>> index f92d6ad5e080..1c9a4745e596 100644
>> --- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
>> +++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
>> @@ -410,8 +410,6 @@ static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_perf_event_read_value_proto = {
>> .arg4_type = ARG_CONST_SIZE,
>> };
>>
>> -static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct perf_sample_data, bpf_trace_sd);
>> -
>> static __always_inline u64
>> __bpf_perf_event_output(struct pt_regs *regs, struct bpf_map *map,
>> u64 flags, struct perf_sample_data *sd)
>> @@ -442,24 +440,50 @@ __bpf_perf_event_output(struct pt_regs *regs, struct bpf_map *map,
>> return perf_event_output(event, sd, regs);
>> }
>>
>> +/*
>> + * Support executing tracepoints in normal, irq, and nmi context that each call
>> + * bpf_perf_event_output
>> + */
>> +struct bpf_trace_sample_data {
>> + struct perf_sample_data sds[3];
>> +};
>> +
>> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct bpf_trace_sample_data, bpf_trace_sds);
>> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, bpf_trace_nest_level);
>> BPF_CALL_5(bpf_perf_event_output, struct pt_regs *, regs, struct bpf_map *, map,
>> u64, flags, void *, data, u64, size)
>> {
>> - struct perf_sample_data *sd = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_trace_sd);
>> + struct bpf_trace_sample_data *sds = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_trace_sds);
>> + int nest_level = this_cpu_inc_return(bpf_trace_nest_level);
>> struct perf_raw_record raw = {
>> .frag = {
>> .size = size,
>> .data = data,
>> },
>> };
>> + struct perf_sample_data *sd;
>> + int err;
>>
>> - if (unlikely(flags & ~(BPF_F_INDEX_MASK)))
>> - return -EINVAL;
>> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(nest_level > ARRAY_SIZE(sds->sds))) {
>> + err = -EBUSY;
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + sd = &sds->sds[nest_level - 1];
>> +
>> + if (unlikely(flags & ~(BPF_F_INDEX_MASK))) {
>> + err = -EINVAL;
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>
> Feel free to ignore, but just stylistically, given this check doesn't
> depend on sd, I'd move it either to the very top or right after
> `nest_level > ARRAY_SIZE(sds->sds)` check, so that all the error
> checking is grouped without interspersed assignment.

Makes sense.

>> perf_sample_data_init(sd, 0, 0);
>> sd->raw = &raw;
>>
>> - return __bpf_perf_event_output(regs, map, flags, sd);
>> + err = __bpf_perf_event_output(regs, map, flags, sd);
>> +
>> +out:
>> + this_cpu_dec(bpf_trace_nest_level);
>> + return err;
>> }
>>
>> static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_perf_event_output_proto = {
>> @@ -822,16 +846,48 @@ pe_prog_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
>> /*
>> * bpf_raw_tp_regs are separate from bpf_pt_regs used from skb/xdp
>> * to avoid potential recursive reuse issue when/if tracepoints are added
>> - * inside bpf_*_event_output, bpf_get_stackid and/or bpf_get_stack
>> + * inside bpf_*_event_output, bpf_get_stackid and/or bpf_get_stack.
>> + *
>> + * Since raw tracepoints run despite bpf_prog_active, support concurrent usage
>> + * in normal, irq, and nmi context.
>> */
>> -static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct pt_regs, bpf_raw_tp_regs);
>> +struct bpf_raw_tp_regs {
>> + struct pt_regs regs[3];
>> +};
>> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct bpf_raw_tp_regs, bpf_raw_tp_regs);
>> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, bpf_raw_tp_nest_level);
>> +static struct pt_regs *get_bpf_raw_tp_regs(void)
>> +{
>> + struct bpf_raw_tp_regs *tp_regs = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_raw_tp_regs);
>> + int nest_level = this_cpu_inc_return(bpf_raw_tp_nest_level);
>> +
>> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(nest_level > ARRAY_SIZE(tp_regs->regs))) {
>> + this_cpu_dec(bpf_raw_tp_nest_level);
>> + return ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
>> + }
>> +
>> + return &tp_regs->regs[nest_level - 1];
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void put_bpf_raw_tp_regs(void)
>> +{
>> + this_cpu_dec(bpf_raw_tp_nest_level);
>> +}
>> +
>> BPF_CALL_5(bpf_perf_event_output_raw_tp, struct bpf_raw_tracepoint_args *, args,
>> struct bpf_map *, map, u64, flags, void *, data, u64, size)
>> {
>> - struct pt_regs *regs = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_raw_tp_regs);
>> + struct pt_regs *regs = get_bpf_raw_tp_regs();
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + if (IS_ERR(regs))
>> + return PTR_ERR(regs);
>>
>> perf_fetch_caller_regs(regs);
>> - return ____bpf_perf_event_output(regs, map, flags, data, size);
>> + ret = ____bpf_perf_event_output(regs, map, flags, data, size);
>> +
>> + put_bpf_raw_tp_regs();
>> + return ret;
>> }
>>
>> static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_perf_event_output_proto_raw_tp = {
>> @@ -848,12 +904,18 @@ static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_perf_event_output_proto_raw_tp = {
>> BPF_CALL_3(bpf_get_stackid_raw_tp, struct bpf_raw_tracepoint_args *, args,
>> struct bpf_map *, map, u64, flags)
>> {
>> - struct pt_regs *regs = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_raw_tp_regs);
>> + struct pt_regs *regs = get_bpf_raw_tp_regs();
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + if (IS_ERR(regs))
>> + return PTR_ERR(regs);
>>
>> perf_fetch_caller_regs(regs);
>> /* similar to bpf_perf_event_output_tp, but pt_regs fetched differently */
>> - return bpf_get_stackid((unsigned long) regs, (unsigned long) map,
>> - flags, 0, 0);
>> + ret = bpf_get_stackid((unsigned long) regs, (unsigned long) map,
>> + flags, 0, 0);
>> + put_bpf_raw_tp_regs();
>> + return ret;
>> }
>>
>> static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_stackid_proto_raw_tp = {
>> @@ -868,11 +930,17 @@ static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_stackid_proto_raw_tp = {
>> BPF_CALL_4(bpf_get_stack_raw_tp, struct bpf_raw_tracepoint_args *, args,
>> void *, buf, u32, size, u64, flags)
>> {
>> - struct pt_regs *regs = this_cpu_ptr(&bpf_raw_tp_regs);
>> + struct pt_regs *regs = get_bpf_raw_tp_regs();
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + if (IS_ERR(regs))
>> + return PTR_ERR(regs);
>>
>> perf_fetch_caller_regs(regs);
>> - return bpf_get_stack((unsigned long) regs, (unsigned long) buf,
>> - (unsigned long) size, flags, 0);
>> + ret = bpf_get_stack((unsigned long) regs, (unsigned long) buf,
>> + (unsigned long) size, flags, 0);
>> + put_bpf_raw_tp_regs();
>> + return ret;
>> }
>>
>> static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_stack_proto_raw_tp = {
>> --
>> 2.17.1
>>

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