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SubjectRe: [PATCH V6 0/6] x86/jump_label: Bound IPIs sent when updating a static key
On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 11:57:25AM +0200, Daniel Bristot de Oliveira wrote:
> Daniel Bristot de Oliveira (6):
> jump_label: Add a jump_label_can_update() helper
> x86/jump_label: Add a __jump_label_set_jump_code() helper
> jump_label: Sort entries of the same key by the code
> x86/alternative: Batch of patch operations
> jump_label: Batch updates if arch supports it
> x86/jump_label: Batch jump label updates
>
> arch/x86/include/asm/jump_label.h | 2 +
> arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h | 15 +++
> arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 154 +++++++++++++++++++++------
> arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c | 110 ++++++++++++++++---
> include/linux/jump_label.h | 3 +
> kernel/jump_label.c | 65 +++++++++--
> 6 files changed, 290 insertions(+), 59 deletions(-)

OK, so I like these. I did make me some change, but mostly cosmetic
(although patch #2 got a bigger shuffle than intended).

I've also done my text_poke_bp() emulation thing on top of this, to make
sure it all works properly. Funnily, that shrank the size of
text_poke_loc to 24 bytes and thus we now fit 170 locations in the one
page.

---
Subject: x86/alternatives: Teach text_poke_bp() to emulate instructions
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Date: Wed Jun 5 10:48:37 CEST 2019

In preparation for static_call support, teach text_poke_bp() to
emulate instructions, including CALL.

The current text_poke_bp() takes a @handler argument which is used as
a jump target when the temporary INT3 is hit by a different CPU.

When patching CALL instructions, this doesn't work because we'd miss
the PUSH of the return address. Instead, teach poke_int3_handler() to
emulate an instruction, typically the instruction we're patching in.

This fits almost all text_poke_bp() users, except
arch_unoptimize_kprobe() which restores random text, and for that site
we have to build an explicit emulate instruction.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h | 24 +++++++--
arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c | 88 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c | 9 +--
arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/opt.c | 11 +++-
4 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/text-patching.h
@@ -26,10 +26,11 @@ static inline void apply_paravirt(struct
#define POKE_MAX_OPCODE_SIZE 5

struct text_poke_loc {
- void *detour;
void *addr;
- size_t len;
- const char opcode[POKE_MAX_OPCODE_SIZE];
+ int len;
+ s32 rel32;
+ u8 opcode;
+ const char text[POKE_MAX_OPCODE_SIZE];
};

extern void text_poke_early(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
@@ -51,8 +52,10 @@ extern void text_poke_early(void *addr,
extern void *text_poke(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
extern void *text_poke_kgdb(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
extern int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs);
-extern void text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, void *handler);
+extern void text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, const void *emulate);
extern void text_poke_bp_batch(struct text_poke_loc *tp, unsigned int nr_entries);
+extern void text_poke_loc_init(struct text_poke_loc *tp, void *addr,
+ const void *opcode, size_t len, const void *emulate);
extern int after_bootmem;
extern __ro_after_init struct mm_struct *poking_mm;
extern __ro_after_init unsigned long poking_addr;
@@ -63,8 +66,17 @@ static inline void int3_emulate_jmp(stru
regs->ip = ip;
}

-#define INT3_INSN_SIZE 1
-#define CALL_INSN_SIZE 5
+#define INT3_INSN_SIZE 1
+#define INT3_INSN_OPCODE 0xCC
+
+#define CALL_INSN_SIZE 5
+#define CALL_INSN_OPCODE 0xE9
+
+#define JMP32_INSN_SIZE 5
+#define JMP32_INSN_OPCODE 0xE8
+
+#define JMP8_INSN_SIZE 2
+#define JMP8_INSN_OPCODE 0xEB

static inline void int3_emulate_push(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long val)
{
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -941,16 +941,15 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(patch_cmp);
int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
struct text_poke_loc *tp;
- unsigned char int3 = 0xcc;
void *ip;

/*
* Having observed our INT3 instruction, we now must observe
* bp_patching.nr_entries.
*
- * nr_entries != 0 INT3
- * WMB RMB
- * write INT3 if (nr_entries)
+ * nr_entries != 0 INT3
+ * WMB RMB
+ * write INT3 if (nr_entries)
*
* Idem for other elements in bp_patching.
*/
@@ -963,9 +962,9 @@ int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *re
return 0;

/*
- * Discount the sizeof(int3). See text_poke_bp_batch().
+ * Discount the INT3. See text_poke_bp_batch().
*/
- ip = (void *) regs->ip - sizeof(int3);
+ ip = (void *) regs->ip - INT3_INSN_SIZE;

/*
* Skip the binary search if there is a single member in the vector.
@@ -982,8 +981,22 @@ int poke_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *re
return 0;
}

- /* set up the specified breakpoint detour */
- regs->ip = (unsigned long) tp->detour;
+ ip += tp->len;
+
+ switch (tp->opcode) {
+ case CALL_INSN_OPCODE:
+ int3_emulate_call(regs, (long)ip + tp->rel32);
+ break;
+
+ case JMP32_INSN_OPCODE:
+ case JMP8_INSN_OPCODE:
+ int3_emulate_jmp(regs, (long)ip + tp->rel32);
+ break;
+
+ default: /* nop */
+ int3_emulate_jmp(regs, (long)ip);
+ break;
+ }

return 1;
}
@@ -1012,8 +1025,8 @@ NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(poke_int3_handler);
*/
void text_poke_bp_batch(struct text_poke_loc *tp, unsigned int nr_entries)
{
+ unsigned char int3 = INT3_INSN_OPCODE;
int patched_all_but_first = 0;
- unsigned char int3 = 0xcc;
unsigned int i;

lockdep_assert_held(&text_mutex);
@@ -1041,7 +1054,7 @@ void text_poke_bp_batch(struct text_poke
for (i = 0; i < nr_entries; i++) {
if (tp[i].len - sizeof(int3) > 0) {
text_poke((char *)tp[i].addr + sizeof(int3),
- (const char *)tp[i].opcode + sizeof(int3),
+ (const char *)tp[i].text + sizeof(int3),
tp[i].len - sizeof(int3));
patched_all_but_first++;
}
@@ -1061,7 +1074,7 @@ void text_poke_bp_batch(struct text_poke
* replacing opcode.
*/
for (i = 0; i < nr_entries; i++)
- text_poke(tp[i].addr, tp[i].opcode, sizeof(int3));
+ text_poke(tp[i].addr, tp[i].text, sizeof(int3));

on_each_cpu(do_sync_core, NULL, 1);
/*
@@ -1072,6 +1085,43 @@ void text_poke_bp_batch(struct text_poke
bp_patching.nr_entries = 0;
}

+void text_poke_loc_init(struct text_poke_loc *tp, void *addr,
+ const void *opcode, size_t len, const void *emulate)
+{
+ struct insn insn;
+
+ if (!opcode)
+ opcode = (void *)tp->text;
+ else
+ memcpy((void *)tp->text, opcode, len);
+
+ if (!emulate)
+ emulate = opcode;
+
+ kernel_insn_init(&insn, emulate, MAX_INSN_SIZE);
+ insn_get_length(&insn);
+
+ BUG_ON(!insn_complete(&insn));
+ BUG_ON(len != insn.length);
+
+ tp->addr = addr;
+ tp->len = len;
+ tp->opcode = insn.opcode.bytes[0];
+
+ switch (tp->opcode) {
+ case CALL_INSN_OPCODE:
+ case JMP32_INSN_OPCODE:
+ case JMP8_INSN_OPCODE:
+ tp->rel32 = insn.immediate.value;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ BUG_ON(len != 5);
+ BUG_ON(memcmp(emulate, ideal_nops[NOP_ATOMIC5], len));
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
/**
* text_poke_bp() -- update instructions on live kernel on SMP
* @addr: address to patch
@@ -1083,20 +1133,10 @@ void text_poke_bp_batch(struct text_poke
* dynamically allocated memory. This function should be used when it is
* not possible to allocate memory.
*/
-void text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, void *handler)
+void text_poke_bp(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len, const void *emulate)
{
- struct text_poke_loc tp = {
- .detour = handler,
- .addr = addr,
- .len = len,
- };
-
- if (len > POKE_MAX_OPCODE_SIZE) {
- WARN_ONCE(1, "len is larger than %d\n", POKE_MAX_OPCODE_SIZE);
- return;
- }
-
- memcpy((void *)tp.opcode, opcode, len);
+ struct text_poke_loc tp;

+ text_poke_loc_init(&tp, addr, opcode, len, emulate);
text_poke_bp_batch(&tp, 1);
}
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/jump_label.c
@@ -89,8 +89,7 @@ static void __ref __jump_label_transform
return;
}

- text_poke_bp((void *)jump_entry_code(entry), &code, JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE,
- (void *)jump_entry_code(entry) + JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE);
+ text_poke_bp((void *)jump_entry_code(entry), &code, JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE, NULL);
}

void arch_jump_label_transform(struct jump_entry *entry,
@@ -147,11 +146,9 @@ bool arch_jump_label_transform_queue(str
}

__jump_label_set_jump_code(entry, type,
- (union jump_code_union *) &tp->opcode, 0);
+ (union jump_code_union *)&tp->text, 0);

- tp->addr = entry_code;
- tp->detour = entry_code + JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE;
- tp->len = JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE;
+ text_poke_loc_init(tp, entry_code, NULL, JUMP_LABEL_NOP_SIZE, NULL);

tp_vec_nr++;

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/opt.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/opt.c
@@ -437,8 +437,7 @@ void arch_optimize_kprobes(struct list_h
insn_buff[0] = RELATIVEJUMP_OPCODE;
*(s32 *)(&insn_buff[1]) = rel;

- text_poke_bp(op->kp.addr, insn_buff, RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE,
- op->optinsn.insn);
+ text_poke_bp(op->kp.addr, insn_buff, RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE, NULL);

list_del_init(&op->list);
}
@@ -448,12 +447,18 @@ void arch_optimize_kprobes(struct list_h
void arch_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op)
{
u8 insn_buff[RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE];
+ u8 emulate_buff[RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE];

/* Set int3 to first byte for kprobes */
insn_buff[0] = BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION;
memcpy(insn_buff + 1, op->optinsn.copied_insn, RELATIVE_ADDR_SIZE);
+
+ emulate_buff[0] = RELATIVEJUMP_OPCODE;
+ *(s32 *)(&emulate_buff[1]) = (s32)((long)op->optinsn.insn -
+ ((long)op->kp.addr + RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE));
+
text_poke_bp(op->kp.addr, insn_buff, RELATIVEJUMP_SIZE,
- op->optinsn.insn);
+ emulate_buff);
}

/*
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