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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mtd: spi-nor: use 16-bit WRR command when QE is set on spansion flashes
From
Date
Hi,

On 10-Jun-19 11:54 AM, Tudor.Ambarus@microchip.com wrote:
> From: Tudor Ambarus <tudor.ambarus@microchip.com>
>
> SPI memory devices from different manufacturers have widely
> different configurations for Status, Control and Configuration
> registers. JEDEC 216C defines a new map for these common register
> bits and their functions, and describes how the individual bits may
> be accessed for a specific device. For the JEDEC 216B compliant
> flashes, we can partially deduce Status and Configuration registers
> functions by inspecting the 16th DWORD of BFPT. Older flashes that
> don't declare the SFDP tables (SPANSION FL512SAIFG1 311QQ063 A ©11
> SPANSION) let the software decide how to interact with these registers.
>
> The commit dcb4b22eeaf4 ("spi-nor: s25fl512s supports region locking")
> uncovered a probe error for s25fl512s, when the QUAD bit CR[1] was set
> in the bootloader. When this bit is set, only the Write Register
> WRR command format with 16 data bits may be used, WRR with 8 bits
> is not recognized and hence the error when trying to clear the block
> protection bits.
>

I see above text in s25fl512s datasheet[1] as well. So the patch is
indeed needed:

Reviewed-by: Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr@ti.com>

Also, I was able to reproduce above scenario with TI's K2G EVM with
s25fl512s flash and can confirm that this patch fixes the issue:

Tested-by: Vignesh Raghavendra <vigneshr@ti.com>

Regards
Vignesh

[1] https://www.cypress.com/file/177971/download 9.3.7 Write Registers
> Fix the above by using 16-bits WRR command when Quad bit is set.
>
> Backward compatibility should be fine. The newly introduced
> spi_nor_spansion_clear_sr_bp() is tightly coupled with the
> spansion_quad_enable() function. Both assume that the Write Register
> with 16 bits, together with the Read Configuration Register (35h)
> instructions are supported.
>
> Reported-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
> Signed-off-by: Tudor Ambarus <tudor.ambarus@microchip.com>
> ---
> Geert, Jonas,
>
> This patch is compile-tested only. I don't have the flash, I need your
> help for testing this.
>
> Thanks,
> ta
>
> drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c | 116 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h | 1 +
> 2 files changed, 106 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
> index c0a8837c0575..af9ac7f09cc2 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
> @@ -1636,6 +1636,92 @@ static int sr2_bit7_quad_enable(struct spi_nor *nor)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +/**
> + * spi_nor_clear_sr_bp() - clear the Status Register Block Protection bits.
> + * @nor: pointer to a 'struct spi_nor'
> + *
> + * Read-modify-write function that clears the Block Protection bits from the
> + * Status Register without affecting other bits.
> + *
> + * Return: 0 on success, -errno otherwise.
> + */
> +static int spi_nor_clear_sr_bp(struct spi_nor *nor)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + u8 mask = SR_BP2 | SR_BP1 | SR_BP0;
> +
> + ret = read_sr(nor);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(nor->dev, "error while reading status register\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + write_enable(nor);
> +
> + ret = write_sr(nor, ret & ~mask);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(nor->dev, "write to status register failed\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = spi_nor_wait_till_ready(nor);
> + if (ret)
> + dev_err(nor->dev, "timeout while writing status register\n");
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * spi_nor_spansion_clear_sr_bp() - clear the Status Register Block Protection
> + * bits on spansion flashes.
> + * @nor: pointer to a 'struct spi_nor'
> + *
> + * Read-modify-write function that clears the Block Protection bits from the
> + * Status Register without affecting other bits. The function is tightly
> + * coupled with the spansion_quad_enable() function. Both assume that the Write
> + * Register with 16 bits, together with the Read Configuration Register (35h)
> + * instructions are supported
> + *
> + * Return: 0 on success, -errno otherwise.
> + */
> +static int spi_nor_spansion_clear_sr_bp(struct spi_nor *nor)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + u8 mask = SR_BP2 | SR_BP1 | SR_BP0;
> + u8 sr_cr[2] = {0};
> +
> + /* Check current Quad Enable bit value. */
> + ret = read_cr(nor);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(nor->dev,
> + "error while reading configuration register\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * When the configuration register QUAD bit CR[1] is 1, only
> + * the WRR command format with 16 data bits may be used.
> + */
> + if (ret & CR_QUAD_EN_SPAN) {
> + sr_cr[1] = ret;
> +
> + ret = read_sr(nor);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(nor->dev,
> + "error while reading status register\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> + sr_cr[0] = ret & ~mask;
> +
> + ret = write_sr_cr(nor, sr_cr);
> + if (ret)
> + dev_err(nor->dev, "16-bit write register failed\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + /* If quad bit is not set, use 8-bit WRR command. */
> + return spi_nor_clear_sr_bp(nor);
> +}
> +
> /* Used when the "_ext_id" is two bytes at most */
> #define INFO(_jedec_id, _ext_id, _sector_size, _n_sectors, _flags) \
> .id = { \
> @@ -3663,6 +3749,8 @@ static int spi_nor_init_params(struct spi_nor *nor,
> default:
> /* Kept only for backward compatibility purpose. */
> params->quad_enable = spansion_quad_enable;
> + if (nor->clear_sr_bp)
> + nor->clear_sr_bp = spi_nor_spansion_clear_sr_bp;
> break;
> }
>
> @@ -3915,17 +4003,13 @@ static int spi_nor_init(struct spi_nor *nor)
> {
> int err;
>
> - /*
> - * Atmel, SST, Intel/Numonyx, and others serial NOR tend to power up
> - * with the software protection bits set
> - */
> - if (JEDEC_MFR(nor->info) == SNOR_MFR_ATMEL ||
> - JEDEC_MFR(nor->info) == SNOR_MFR_INTEL ||
> - JEDEC_MFR(nor->info) == SNOR_MFR_SST ||
> - nor->info->flags & SPI_NOR_HAS_LOCK) {
> - write_enable(nor);
> - write_sr(nor, 0);
> - spi_nor_wait_till_ready(nor);
> + if (nor->clear_sr_bp) {
> + err = nor->clear_sr_bp(nor);
> + if (err) {
> + dev_err(nor->dev,
> + "fail to clear block protection bits\n");
> + return err;
> + }
> }
>
> if (nor->quad_enable) {
> @@ -4050,6 +4134,16 @@ int spi_nor_scan(struct spi_nor *nor, const char *name,
> if (info->flags & SPI_S3AN)
> nor->flags |= SNOR_F_READY_XSR_RDY;
>
> + /*
> + * Atmel, SST, Intel/Numonyx, and others serial NOR tend to power up
> + * with the software protection bits set.
> + */
> + if (JEDEC_MFR(nor->info) == SNOR_MFR_ATMEL ||
> + JEDEC_MFR(nor->info) == SNOR_MFR_INTEL ||
> + JEDEC_MFR(nor->info) == SNOR_MFR_SST ||
> + nor->info->flags & SPI_NOR_HAS_LOCK)
> + nor->clear_sr_bp = spi_nor_clear_sr_bp;
> +
> /* Parse the Serial Flash Discoverable Parameters table. */
> ret = spi_nor_init_params(nor, &params);
> if (ret)
> diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h b/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
> index b3d360b0ee3d..566bd5010bc8 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
> @@ -410,6 +410,7 @@ struct spi_nor {
> int (*flash_unlock)(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len);
> int (*flash_is_locked)(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len);
> int (*quad_enable)(struct spi_nor *nor);
> + int (*clear_sr_bp)(struct spi_nor *nor);
>
> void *priv;
> };
>

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