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SubjectRe: [PATCH bpf-next v5 1/4] bpf: sock ops: add netns ino and dev in bpf context
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On 06/07/2019 04:11 PM, Iago López Galeiras wrote:
> From: Alban Crequy <alban@kinvolk.io>
>
> sockops programs can now access the network namespace inode and device
> via (struct bpf_sock_ops)->netns_ino and ->netns_dev. This can be useful
> to apply different policies on different network namespaces.
>
> In the unlikely case where network namespaces are not compiled in
> (CONFIG_NET_NS=n), the verifier will return netns_dev as usual and will
> return 0 for netns_ino.
>
> The generated BPF bytecode for netns_ino is loading the correct inode
> number at the time of execution.
>
> However, the generated BPF bytecode for netns_dev is loading an
> immediate value determined at BPF-load-time by looking at the initial
> network namespace. In practice, this works because all netns currently
> use the same virtual device. If this was to change, this code would need
> to be updated too.
>
> Co-authored-by: Iago López Galeiras <iago@kinvolk.io>
> Signed-off-by: Alban Crequy <alban@kinvolk.io>
> Signed-off-by: Iago López Galeiras <iago@kinvolk.io>
>
> ---
>
> Changes since v1:
> - add netns_dev (review from Alexei)
>
> Changes since v2:
> - replace __u64 by u64 in kernel code (review from Y Song)
> - remove unneeded #else branch: program would be rejected in
> is_valid_access (review from Y Song)
> - allow partial reads (<u64) (review from Y Song)
>
> Changes since v3:
> - return netns_dev unconditionally and set netns_ino to 0 if
> CONFIG_NET_NS is not enabled (review from Jakub Kicinski)
> - use bpf_ctx_record_field_size and bpf_ctx_narrow_access_ok instead of
> manually deal with partial reads (review from Y Song)
> - update commit message to reflect new code and remove note about
> partial reads since it was discussed in the review
> - use bpf_ctx_range() and offsetofend()
>
> Changes since v4:
> - add netns_dev comment on uapi header (review from Y Song)
> - remove redundant bounds check (review from Y Song)
> ---
> include/uapi/linux/bpf.h | 6 ++++
> net/core/filter.c | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 73 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> index 63e0cf66f01a..41f54ac3db95 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
> @@ -3261,6 +3261,12 @@ struct bpf_sock_ops {
> __u32 sk_txhash;
> __u64 bytes_received;
> __u64 bytes_acked;
> + /*
> + * netns_dev might be zero if there's an error getting it
> + * when loading the BPF program. This is very unlikely.
> + */
> + __u64 netns_dev;
> + __u64 netns_ino;
> };
>
> /* Definitions for bpf_sock_ops_cb_flags */
> diff --git a/net/core/filter.c b/net/core/filter.c
> index 55bfc941d17a..ce3dc5fef57e 100644
> --- a/net/core/filter.c
> +++ b/net/core/filter.c
> @@ -76,6 +76,8 @@
> #include <net/lwtunnel.h>
> #include <net/ipv6_stubs.h>
> #include <net/bpf_sk_storage.h>
> +#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
> +#include <linux/proc_ns.h>
>
> /**
> * sk_filter_trim_cap - run a packet through a socket filter
> @@ -6822,6 +6824,15 @@ static bool sock_ops_is_valid_access(int off, int size,
> }
> } else {
> switch (off) {
> + case bpf_ctx_range(struct bpf_sock_ops, netns_dev):
> + bpf_ctx_record_field_size(info, sizeof(u64));
> + if (!bpf_ctx_narrow_access_ok(off, size, sizeof(u64)))
> + return false;
> + break;
> + case offsetof(struct bpf_sock_ops, netns_ino):
> + if (size != sizeof(u64))
> + return false;
> + break;
> case bpf_ctx_range_till(struct bpf_sock_ops, bytes_received,
> bytes_acked):
> if (size != sizeof(__u64))
> @@ -7739,6 +7750,11 @@ static u32 sock_addr_convert_ctx_access(enum bpf_access_type type,
> return insn - insn_buf;
> }
>
> +static struct ns_common *sockops_netns_cb(void *private_data)
> +{
> + return &init_net.ns;
> +}
> +
> static u32 sock_ops_convert_ctx_access(enum bpf_access_type type,
> const struct bpf_insn *si,
> struct bpf_insn *insn_buf,
> @@ -7747,6 +7763,10 @@ static u32 sock_ops_convert_ctx_access(enum bpf_access_type type,
> {
> struct bpf_insn *insn = insn_buf;
> int off;
> + struct inode *ns_inode;
> + struct path ns_path;
> + u64 netns_dev;
> + void *res;
>
> /* Helper macro for adding read access to tcp_sock or sock fields. */
> #define SOCK_OPS_GET_FIELD(BPF_FIELD, OBJ_FIELD, OBJ) \
> @@ -7993,6 +8013,53 @@ static u32 sock_ops_convert_ctx_access(enum bpf_access_type type,
> SOCK_OPS_GET_OR_SET_FIELD(sk_txhash, sk_txhash,
> struct sock, type);
> break;
> +
> + case bpf_ctx_range(struct bpf_sock_ops, netns_dev):
> + /* We get the netns_dev at BPF-load-time and not at
> + * BPF-exec-time. We assume that netns_dev is a constant.
> + */
> + res = ns_get_path_cb(&ns_path, sockops_netns_cb, NULL);
> + if (IS_ERR(res)) {
> + netns_dev = 0;
> + } else {
> + ns_inode = ns_path.dentry->d_inode;
> + netns_dev = new_encode_dev(ns_inode->i_sb->s_dev);
> + }

This is leaking the netns path ref here, you're missing a path_put().

The feature looks very useful, thanks! But more on a higher level, the assumption
that netns_dev is and will remain a constant is a bit troublesome to me. As soon
as this assumption changes at some point, this ctx uapi restriction will give us
a potentially hard time to fix up at runtime. It basically would mean that all this
needs to be correctly resolved via BPF asm ctx rewrite at program /runtime/ as
opposed to load time.

Imho, it would be more future proof to design this as a helper function which would
pass dev and ino back to the program when passed as args plus perhaps a bitmask
which can select to fill in one of them or both (but that's an implementation detail).
Issue I'd see here is that __ns_get_path() can be quite expensive and potentially
sleep, but perhaps ns->stashed could be filled / cached such that we'll always hit
fast-path at BPF runtime? (Anyway, as a helper, this should also be enabled for other
program types.)

> + *target_size = 8;
> + *insn++ = BPF_MOV64_IMM(si->dst_reg, netns_dev);
> + break;
> +
> + case offsetof(struct bpf_sock_ops, netns_ino):
> +#ifdef CONFIG_NET_NS
> + /* Loading: sk_ops->sk->__sk_common.skc_net.net->ns.inum
> + * Type: (struct bpf_sock_ops_kern *)
> + * ->(struct sock *)
> + * ->(struct sock_common)
> + * .possible_net_t
> + * .(struct net *)
> + * ->(struct ns_common)
> + * .(unsigned int)
> + */
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(struct sock, __sk_common) != 0);
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(offsetof(possible_net_t, net) != 0);
> + *insn++ = BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_FIELD_SIZEOF(
> + struct bpf_sock_ops_kern, sk),
> + si->dst_reg, si->src_reg,
> + offsetof(struct bpf_sock_ops_kern, sk));
> + *insn++ = BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_FIELD_SIZEOF(
> + possible_net_t, net),
> + si->dst_reg, si->dst_reg,
> + offsetof(struct sock_common, skc_net));
> + *insn++ = BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_FIELD_SIZEOF(
> + struct ns_common, inum),
> + si->dst_reg, si->dst_reg,
> + offsetof(struct net, ns) +
> + offsetof(struct ns_common, inum));
> +#else
> + *insn++ = BPF_MOV64_IMM(si->dst_reg, 0);
> +#endif
> + break;
> +
> }
> return insn - insn_buf;
> }
>

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