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SubjectRe: [PATCHv3 1/2] mm/gup: fix omission of check on FOLL_LONGTERM in get_user_pages_fast()
On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 12:46 AM Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 08:29:35PM +0800, Pingfan Liu wrote:
> > On Fri, Jun 07, 2019 at 02:10:15PM +0800, Pingfan Liu wrote:
> > > On Fri, Jun 7, 2019 at 5:17 AM John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On 6/5/19 7:19 PM, Pingfan Liu wrote:
> > > > > On Thu, Jun 6, 2019 at 5:49 AM Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
> > > > ...
> > > > >>> --- a/mm/gup.c
> > > > >>> +++ b/mm/gup.c
> > > > >>> @@ -2196,6 +2196,26 @@ static int __gup_longterm_unlocked(unsigned long start, int nr_pages,
> > > > >>> return ret;
> > > > >>> }
> > > > >>>
> > > > >>> +#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
> > > > >>> +static inline int reject_cma_pages(int nr_pinned, struct page **pages)
> > > > >>> +{
> > > > >>> + int i;
> > > > >>> +
> > > > >>> + for (i = 0; i < nr_pinned; i++)
> > > > >>> + if (is_migrate_cma_page(pages[i])) {
> > > > >>> + put_user_pages(pages + i, nr_pinned - i);
> > > > >>> + return i;
> > > > >>> + }
> > > > >>> +
> > > > >>> + return nr_pinned;
> > > > >>> +}
> > > > >>
> > > > >> There's no point in inlining this.
> > > > > OK, will drop it in V4.
> > > > >
> > > > >>
> > > > >> The code seems inefficient. If it encounters a single CMA page it can
> > > > >> end up discarding a possibly significant number of non-CMA pages. I
> > > > > The trick is the page is not be discarded, in fact, they are still be
> > > > > referrenced by pte. We just leave the slow path to pick up the non-CMA
> > > > > pages again.
> > > > >
> > > > >> guess that doesn't matter much, as get_user_pages(FOLL_LONGTERM) is
> > > > >> rare. But could we avoid this (and the second pass across pages[]) by
> > > > >> checking for a CMA page within gup_pte_range()?
> > > > > It will spread the same logic to hugetlb pte and normal pte. And no
> > > > > improvement in performance due to slow path. So I think maybe it is
> > > > > not worth.
> > > > >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> > > > I think the concern is: for the successful gup_fast case with no CMA
> > > > pages, this patch is adding another complete loop through all the
> > > > pages. In the fast case.
> > > >
> > > > If the check were instead done as part of the gup_pte_range(), then
> > > > it would be a little more efficient for that case.
> > > >
> > > > As for whether it's worth it, *probably* this is too small an effect to measure.
> > > > But in order to attempt a measurement: running fio (https://github.com/axboe/fio)
> > > > with O_DIRECT on an NVMe drive, might shed some light. Here's an fio.conf file
> > > > that Jan Kara and Tom Talpey helped me come up with, for related testing:
> > > >
> > > > [reader]
> > > > direct=1
> > > > ioengine=libaio
> > > > blocksize=4096
> > > > size=1g
> > > > numjobs=1
> > > > rw=read
> > > > iodepth=64
> > > >
> > Unable to get a NVME device to have a test. And when testing fio on the
> > tranditional disk, I got the error "fio: engine libaio not loadable
> > fio: failed to load engine
> > fio: file:ioengines.c:89, func=dlopen, error=libaio: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory"
> >
> > But I found a test case which can be slightly adjusted to met the aim.
> > It is tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
> >
> > Test enviroment:
> > MemTotal: 264079324 kB
> > MemFree: 262306788 kB
> > CmaTotal: 0 kB
> > CmaFree: 0 kB
> > on AMD EPYC 7601
> >
> > Test command:
> > gup_benchmark -r 100 -n 64
> > gup_benchmark -r 100 -n 64 -l
> > where -r stands for repeat times, -n is nr_pages param for
> > get_user_pages_fast(), -l is a new option to test FOLL_LONGTERM in fast
> > path, see a patch at the tail.
>
> Thanks! That is a good test to add. You should add the patch to the series.
OK.
>
> >
> > Test result:
> > w/o 477.800000
> > w/o-l 481.070000
> > a 481.800000
> > a-l 640.410000
> > b 466.240000 (question a: b outperforms w/o ?)
> > b-l 529.740000
> >
> > Where w/o is baseline without any patch using v5.2-rc2, a is this series, b
> > does the check in gup_pte_range(). '-l' means FOLL_LONGTERM.
> >
> > I am suprised that b-l has about 17% improvement than a. (640.41 -529.74)/640.41
>
> Wow that is bigger than I would have thought. I suspect it gets worse as -n
> increases?
Yes. I test with -n 64/128/256/512. It has this trend. See the data below.

>
> >
> > As for "question a: b outperforms w/o ?", I can not figure out why, maybe it can be
> > considered as variance.
>
> :-/
>
> Does this change with larger -r or -n values?
-r should have no effect on this. And I change -n 64/128/256/512. The
data always shows b outperforms w/o a bit.

64 128 256 512
a-l 633.23 676.83 747.14 683.19 (n=256 should be disturbed by
something, but the overall trend keeps going up)
b-l 528.32 529.10 523.95 512.88
w/o 479.73 473.87 477.67 488.70
b 470.13 467.11 463.06 469.62

Thanks,
Pingfan
>
> >
> > Based on the above result, I think it is better to do the check inside
> > gup_pte_range().
> >
> > Any comment?
>
> I agree.
>
> Ira
>
> >
> > Thanks,
> >
> >
> > > Yeah, agreed. Data is more persuasive. Thanks for your suggestion. I
> > > will try to bring out the result.
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > > Pingfan
> > >
> >
>
> > ---
> > Patch to do check inside gup_pte_range()
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
> > index 2ce3091..ba213a0 100644
> > --- a/mm/gup.c
> > +++ b/mm/gup.c
> > @@ -1757,6 +1757,10 @@ static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> > VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
> > page = pte_page(pte);
> >
> > + if (unlikely(flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) &&
> > + is_migrate_cma_page(page))
> > + goto pte_unmap;
> > +
> > head = try_get_compound_head(page, 1);
> > if (!head)
> > goto pte_unmap;
> > @@ -1900,6 +1904,12 @@ static int gup_huge_pmd(pmd_t orig, pmd_t *pmdp, unsigned long addr,
> > refs++;
> > } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
> >
> > + if (unlikely(flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) &&
> > + is_migrate_cma_page(page)) {
> > + *nr -= refs;
> > + return 0;
> > + }
> > +
> > head = try_get_compound_head(pmd_page(orig), refs);
> > if (!head) {
> > *nr -= refs;
> > @@ -1941,6 +1951,12 @@ static int gup_huge_pud(pud_t orig, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
> > refs++;
> > } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
> >
> > + if (unlikely(flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) &&
> > + is_migrate_cma_page(page)) {
> > + *nr -= refs;
> > + return 0;
> > + }
> > +
> > head = try_get_compound_head(pud_page(orig), refs);
> > if (!head) {
> > *nr -= refs;
> > @@ -1978,6 +1994,12 @@ static int gup_huge_pgd(pgd_t orig, pgd_t *pgdp, unsigned long addr,
> > refs++;
> > } while (addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
> >
> > + if (unlikely(flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) &&
> > + is_migrate_cma_page(page)) {
> > + *nr -= refs;
> > + return 0;
> > + }
> > +
> > head = try_get_compound_head(pgd_page(orig), refs);
> > if (!head) {
> > *nr -= refs;
>
> > ---
> > Patch for testing
> >
> > diff --git a/mm/gup_benchmark.c b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > index 7dd602d..61dec5f 100644
> > --- a/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > +++ b/mm/gup_benchmark.c
> > @@ -6,8 +6,9 @@
> > #include <linux/debugfs.h>
> >
> > #define GUP_FAST_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 1, struct gup_benchmark)
> > -#define GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 2, struct gup_benchmark)
> > -#define GUP_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 3, struct gup_benchmark)
> > +#define GUP_FAST_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 2, struct gup_benchmark)
> > +#define GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 3, struct gup_benchmark)
> > +#define GUP_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 4, struct gup_benchmark)
> >
> > struct gup_benchmark {
> > __u64 get_delta_usec;
> > @@ -53,6 +54,11 @@ static int __gup_benchmark_ioctl(unsigned int cmd,
> > nr = get_user_pages_fast(addr, nr, gup->flags & 1,
> > pages + i);
> > break;
> > + case GUP_FAST_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK:
> > + nr = get_user_pages_fast(addr, nr,
> > + (gup->flags & 1) | FOLL_LONGTERM,
> > + pages + i);
> > + break;
> > case GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK:
> > nr = get_user_pages(addr, nr,
> > (gup->flags & 1) | FOLL_LONGTERM,
> > @@ -96,6 +102,7 @@ static long gup_benchmark_ioctl(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd,
> >
> > switch (cmd) {
> > case GUP_FAST_BENCHMARK:
> > + case GUP_FAST_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK:
> > case GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK:
> > case GUP_BENCHMARK:
> > break;
> > diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
> > index c0534e2..ade8acb 100644
> > --- a/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
> > +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/vm/gup_benchmark.c
> > @@ -15,8 +15,9 @@
> > #define PAGE_SIZE sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE)
> >
> > #define GUP_FAST_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 1, struct gup_benchmark)
> > -#define GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 2, struct gup_benchmark)
> > -#define GUP_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 3, struct gup_benchmark)
> > +#define GUP_FAST_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 2, struct gup_benchmark)
> > +#define GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 3, struct gup_benchmark)
> > +#define GUP_BENCHMARK _IOWR('g', 4, struct gup_benchmark)
> >
> > struct gup_benchmark {
> > __u64 get_delta_usec;
> > @@ -37,7 +38,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
> > char *file = "/dev/zero";
> > char *p;
> >
> > - while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "m:r:n:f:tTLUSH")) != -1) {
> > + while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "m:r:n:f:tTlLUSH")) != -1) {
> > switch (opt) {
> > case 'm':
> > size = atoi(optarg) * MB;
> > @@ -54,6 +55,9 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
> > case 'T':
> > thp = 0;
> > break;
> > + case 'l':
> > + cmd = GUP_FAST_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK;
> > + break;
> > case 'L':
> > cmd = GUP_LONGTERM_BENCHMARK;
> > break;
> > --
> > 2.7.5
> >
>

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