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Subject[PATCH v3 1/2] KVM: LAPIC: Optimize timer latency consider world switch time
Date
From: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>

Advance lapic timer tries to hidden the hypervisor overhead between the
host emulated timer fires and the guest awares the timer is fired. However,
even though after more sustaining optimizations, kvm-unit-tests/tscdeadline_latency
still awares ~1000 cycles latency since we lost the time between the end of
wait_lapic_expire and the guest awares the timer is fired. There are
codes between the end of wait_lapic_expire and the world switch, furthermore,
the world switch itself also has overhead. Actually the guest_tsc is equal
to the target deadline time in wait_lapic_expire is too late, guest will
aware the latency between the end of wait_lapic_expire() and after vmentry
to the guest. This patch takes this time into consideration.

The vmentry+vmexit time which is measured by kvm-unit-tests/vmexit.falt is
1800 cycles on my 2.5GHz Skylake server, the vmentry_advance_ns module
parameter default value is 300ns, it can be tuned/reworked in the further.
This patch can reduce average cyclictest latency from 3us to 2us on Skylake
server. (guest w/ nohz=off, idle=poll, host w/ preemption_timer=N, the
cyclictest latency is not too sensitive when preemption_timer=Y for this
optimization in my testing).

Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
---
v2 -> v3:
* read-only module parameter
* get_vmentry_advance_cycles() not inline
v1 -> v2:
* rename get_vmentry_advance_delta to get_vmentry_advance_cycles
* cache vmentry_advance_cycles by setting param bit 0
* add param max limit

arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h | 3 +++
arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 8 ++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/x86.h | 2 ++
5 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
index fcf42a3..c6d76f9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
@@ -1531,6 +1531,33 @@ static inline void adjust_lapic_timer_advance(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_ns = timer_advance_ns;
}

+u64 compute_vmentry_advance_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ u64 cycles;
+ struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
+
+ cycles = vmentry_advance_ns * vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz;
+ do_div(cycles, 1000000);
+
+ apic->lapic_timer.vmentry_advance_cycles = cycles;
+
+ return cycles;
+}
+
+u64 get_vmentry_advance_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
+
+ if (unlikely(!vmentry_advance_ns))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (likely(apic->lapic_timer.vmentry_advance_cycles))
+ return apic->lapic_timer.vmentry_advance_cycles;
+
+ return compute_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_vmentry_advance_cycles);
+
void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
@@ -1544,7 +1571,7 @@ void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)

tsc_deadline = apic->lapic_timer.expired_tscdeadline;
apic->lapic_timer.expired_tscdeadline = 0;
- guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc());
+ guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc()) + get_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
apic->lapic_timer.advance_expire_delta = guest_tsc - tsc_deadline;

if (guest_tsc < tsc_deadline)
@@ -1572,7 +1599,7 @@ static void start_sw_tscdeadline(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
local_irq_save(flags);

now = ktime_get();
- guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc());
+ guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc()) + get_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);

ns = (tscdeadline - guest_tsc) * 1000000ULL;
do_div(ns, this_tsc_khz);
@@ -2329,7 +2356,7 @@ int kvm_create_lapic(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int timer_advance_ns)
apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_ns = timer_advance_ns;
apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_adjust_done = true;
}
-
+ apic->lapic_timer.vmentry_advance_cycles = 0;

/*
* APIC is created enabled. This will prevent kvm_lapic_set_base from
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
index f974a3d..fb32e69 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ struct kvm_timer {
u64 expired_tscdeadline;
u32 timer_advance_ns;
s64 advance_expire_delta;
+ u64 vmentry_advance_cycles;
atomic_t pending; /* accumulated triggered timers */
bool hv_timer_in_use;
bool timer_advance_adjust_done;
@@ -221,6 +222,8 @@ static inline int kvm_lapic_latched_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
bool kvm_apic_pending_eoi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int vector);

void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+u64 compute_vmentry_advance_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
+u64 get_vmentry_advance_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);

bool kvm_intr_is_single_vcpu_fast(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_lapic_irq *irq,
struct kvm_vcpu **dest_vcpu);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
index 0861c71..0751a44 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
@@ -7041,7 +7041,7 @@ static int vmx_set_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 guest_deadline_tsc,

vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
tscl = rdtsc();
- guest_tscl = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, tscl);
+ guest_tscl = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, tscl) + get_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
delta_tsc = max(guest_deadline_tsc, guest_tscl) - guest_tscl;
lapic_timer_advance_cycles = nsec_to_cycles(vcpu,
ktimer->timer_advance_ns);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 553c292..4b983bb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -145,6 +145,12 @@ module_param(tsc_tolerance_ppm, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
static int __read_mostly lapic_timer_advance_ns = -1;
module_param(lapic_timer_advance_ns, int, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);

+/*
+ * lapic timer vmentry advance (tscdeadline mode only) in nanoseconds.
+ */
+u32 __read_mostly vmentry_advance_ns = 300;
+module_param(vmentry_advance_ns, uint, S_IRUGO);
+
static bool __read_mostly vector_hashing = true;
module_param(vector_hashing, bool, S_IRUGO);

@@ -1592,6 +1598,8 @@ static int kvm_set_tsc_khz(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 user_tsc_khz)
kvm_get_time_scale(user_tsc_khz * 1000LL, NSEC_PER_SEC,
&vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_shift,
&vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_mult);
+ if (vcpu->arch.apic && user_tsc_khz != vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz)
+ compute_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz = user_tsc_khz;

/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
index a470ff0..2174355 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
@@ -294,6 +294,8 @@ extern u64 kvm_supported_xcr0(void);

extern unsigned int min_timer_period_us;

+extern unsigned int vmentry_advance_ns;
+
extern bool enable_vmware_backdoor;

extern struct static_key kvm_no_apic_vcpu;
--
2.7.4
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