lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2019]   [Jun]   [12]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] KVM: LAPIC: Optimize timer latency consider world switch time
On Tue, 11 Jun 2019 at 09:21, Sean Christopherson
<sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> wrote:
>
> On Fri, May 31, 2019 at 02:40:13PM +0800, Wanpeng Li wrote:
> > From: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> >
> > Advance lapic timer tries to hidden the hypervisor overhead between the
> > host emulated timer fires and the guest awares the timer is fired. However,
> > even though after more sustaining optimizations, kvm-unit-tests/tscdeadline_latency
> > still awares ~1000 cycles latency since we lost the time between the end of
> > wait_lapic_expire and the guest awares the timer is fired. There are
> > codes between the end of wait_lapic_expire and the world switch, furthermore,
> > the world switch itself also has overhead. Actually the guest_tsc is equal
> > to the target deadline time in wait_lapic_expire is too late, guest will
> > aware the latency between the end of wait_lapic_expire() and after vmentry
> > to the guest. This patch takes this time into consideration.
> >
> > The vmentry_lapic_timer_advance_ns module parameter should be well tuned by
> > host admin, setting bit 0 to 1 to finally cache parameter in KVM. This patch
> > can reduce average cyclictest latency from 3us to 2us on Skylake server.
> > (guest w/ nohz=off, idle=poll, host w/ preemption_timer=N, the cyclictest
> > latency is not too sensitive when preemption_timer=Y for this optimization in
> > my testing), kvm-unit-tests/tscdeadline_latency can reach 0.
> >
> > Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpengli@tencent.com>
> > ---
> > NOTE: rebase on https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/5/20/449
> > v1 -> v2:
> > * rename get_vmentry_advance_delta to get_vmentry_advance_cycles
> > * cache vmentry_advance_cycles by setting param bit 0
> > * add param max limit
> >
> > arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> > arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h | 3 +++
> > arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 2 +-
> > arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 9 +++++++++
> > arch/x86/kvm/x86.h | 2 ++
> > 5 files changed, 50 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > index fcf42a3..60587b5 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> > @@ -1531,6 +1531,38 @@ static inline void adjust_lapic_timer_advance(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> > apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_ns = timer_advance_ns;
> > }
> >
> > +#define MAX_VMENTRY_ADVANCE_NS 1000
> > +
> > +u64 compute_vmentry_advance_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
> This can be static, unless get_vmentry_advance_cycles() is moved to

compute_vmentry_advance_cycles() is also used in x86.c

> lapic.h, in which case compute_vmentry_advance_cycles() would need to be
> exported.
>
> > +{
> > + u64 cycles;
> > + struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
> > + u64 val = min_t(u32, vmentry_lapic_timer_advance_ns, MAX_VMENTRY_ADVANCE_NS);
> > +
> > + cycles = (val & ~1ULL) * vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz;
> > + do_div(cycles, 1000000);
> > +
> > + /* setting bit 0 locks the value, it is cached */
> > + if (val & 1)
> > + apic->lapic_timer.vmentry_advance_cycles = cycles;
> > +
> > + return cycles;
> > +}
> > +
> > +inline u64 get_vmentry_advance_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
> This shouldn't be 'inline' since it's exported from a C file. That being

Agreed.

> said, I think it's short enough to define as a 'static inline' in lapic.h.
>
> > +{
> > + struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
> > +
> > + if (!vmentry_lapic_timer_advance_ns)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + if (likely(apic->lapic_timer.vmentry_advance_cycles))
> > + return apic->lapic_timer.vmentry_advance_cycles;
> > +
> > + return compute_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_vmentry_advance_cycles);
> > +
> > void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > {
> > struct kvm_lapic *apic = vcpu->arch.apic;
> > @@ -1544,7 +1576,7 @@ void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> >
> > tsc_deadline = apic->lapic_timer.expired_tscdeadline;
> > apic->lapic_timer.expired_tscdeadline = 0;
> > - guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc());
> > + guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc()) + get_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
> > apic->lapic_timer.advance_expire_delta = guest_tsc - tsc_deadline;
> >
> > if (guest_tsc < tsc_deadline)
> > @@ -1572,7 +1604,7 @@ static void start_sw_tscdeadline(struct kvm_lapic *apic)
> > local_irq_save(flags);
> >
> > now = ktime_get();
> > - guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc());
> > + guest_tsc = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, rdtsc()) + get_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
> >
> > ns = (tscdeadline - guest_tsc) * 1000000ULL;
> > do_div(ns, this_tsc_khz);
> > @@ -2329,7 +2361,7 @@ int kvm_create_lapic(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int timer_advance_ns)
> > apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_ns = timer_advance_ns;
> > apic->lapic_timer.timer_advance_adjust_done = true;
> > }
> > -
> > + apic->lapic_timer.vmentry_advance_cycles = 0;
> >
> > /*
> > * APIC is created enabled. This will prevent kvm_lapic_set_base from
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
> > index f974a3d..70854a9 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.h
> > @@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ struct kvm_timer {
> > u64 expired_tscdeadline;
> > u32 timer_advance_ns;
> > s64 advance_expire_delta;
> > + u64 vmentry_advance_cycles;
> > atomic_t pending; /* accumulated triggered timers */
> > bool hv_timer_in_use;
> > bool timer_advance_adjust_done;
> > @@ -221,6 +222,8 @@ static inline int kvm_lapic_latched_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> > bool kvm_apic_pending_eoi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int vector);
> >
> > void kvm_wait_lapic_expire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > +u64 compute_vmentry_advance_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> > +inline u64 get_vmentry_advance_cycles(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> >
> > bool kvm_intr_is_single_vcpu_fast(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_lapic_irq *irq,
> > struct kvm_vcpu **dest_vcpu);
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > index a341663..255b5d5 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> > @@ -7047,7 +7047,7 @@ static int vmx_set_hv_timer(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 guest_deadline_tsc,
> >
> > vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
> > tscl = rdtsc();
> > - guest_tscl = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, tscl);
> > + guest_tscl = kvm_read_l1_tsc(vcpu, tscl) + get_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
> > delta_tsc = max(guest_deadline_tsc, guest_tscl) - guest_tscl;
> > lapic_timer_advance_cycles = nsec_to_cycles(vcpu,
> > ktimer->timer_advance_ns);
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > index 69c3672e..0d4eb27 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > @@ -145,6 +145,13 @@ module_param(tsc_tolerance_ppm, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
> > static int __read_mostly lapic_timer_advance_ns = -1;
> > module_param(lapic_timer_advance_ns, int, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
> >
> > +/*
> > + * lapic timer vmentry advance (tscdeadline mode only) in nanoseconds. Setting
> > + * bit 0 to 1 after well manually tuning to cache vmentry advance time.
> > + */
> > +u32 __read_mostly vmentry_lapic_timer_advance_ns = 0;
> > +module_param(vmentry_lapic_timer_advance_ns, uint, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
> > +
> > static bool __read_mostly vector_hashing = true;
> > module_param(vector_hashing, bool, S_IRUGO);
> >
> > @@ -1592,6 +1599,8 @@ static int kvm_set_tsc_khz(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 user_tsc_khz)
> > kvm_get_time_scale(user_tsc_khz * 1000LL, NSEC_PER_SEC,
> > &vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_shift,
> > &vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_mult);
> > + if (vcpu->arch.apic && user_tsc_khz != vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz)
> > + compute_vmentry_advance_cycles(vcpu);
> > vcpu->arch.virtual_tsc_khz = user_tsc_khz;
> >
> > /*
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
> > index 275b3b6..b0a3b84 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
> > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.h
> > @@ -294,6 +294,8 @@ extern u64 kvm_supported_xcr0(void);
> >
> > extern unsigned int min_timer_period_us;
> >
> > +extern unsigned int vmentry_lapic_timer_advance_ns;
> > +
> > extern bool enable_vmware_backdoor;
> >
> > extern struct static_key kvm_no_apic_vcpu;
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2019-06-12 11:27    [W:0.124 / U:0.156 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site