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SubjectRe: [RFC 1/2] iommu: arm-smmu: Handoff SMR registers and context banks
On Wed 12 Jun 11:07 PDT 2019, Jeffrey Hugo wrote:

> On Wed, Jun 5, 2019 at 3:09 PM Bjorn Andersson
> <bjorn.andersson@linaro.org> wrote:
> >
> > Boot splash screen or EFI framebuffer requires the display hardware to
> > operate while the Linux iommu driver probes. Therefore, we cannot simply
> > wipe out the SMR register settings programmed by the bootloader.
> >
> > Detect which SMR registers are in use during probe, and which context
> > banks they are associated with. Reserve these context banks for the
> > first Linux device whose stream-id matches the SMR register.
> >
> > Any existing page-tables will be discarded.
> >
> > Heavily based on downstream implementation by Patrick Daly
> > <pdaly@codeaurora.org>.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Bjorn Andersson <bjorn.andersson@linaro.org>
>
> Reviewed-by: Jeffrey Hugo <jeffrey.l.hugo@gmail.com>
>
> This is very similar to the hacked up version I did, and I'm glad to see it
> cleaned up and posted.
>
> This is important work, and I want to see it move forward, however it doesn't
> completely address everything, IMO. Fixing the remaining issues certainly
> can be follow on work, but I don't know if they would end up affecting this
> implementation.
>
> So, with this series, we've gone from a crash on msm8998/sdm845, to causing
> context faults. This is because while we are now not nuking the config, we
> are preventing the bootloader installed translations from working. Essentially
> the display already has a mapping (technically passthrough) that is likely being
> used by EFIFB. The instant the SMMU inits, that mapping becomes invalid,
> and the display is going to generate context faults. While not fatal,
> this provides
> a bad user experience as there are nasty messages, and EFIFB stops working.
>
> The situation does get resolved once the display driver inits and takes over the
> HW and SMMU mappings, so we are not stuck with it, but it would be nice to
> have that addressed as well, ie have EFIFB working up until the Linux display
> driver takes over.
>

But do you see this even though you don't enable the mdss driver?

> The only way I can see that happening is if the SMMU leaves the context bank
> alone, with M == 0, and the iommu framework defines a domain attribute or
> some other mechanism to allow the driver to flip the M bit in the context bank
> after installing the necessary handover translations.
>

From what I can tell this implementation leaves the framebuffer mapping
in working condition until the attach_dev of the display driver, at
which time we do get context faults until the display driver is done
initializing things.

So we're reducing the problem to a question of how to seamlessly carry
over the mapping during the attach.

Regards,
Bjorn

> > ---
> > drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-regs.h | 2 +
> > drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> > 2 files changed, 77 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-regs.h b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-regs.h
> > index e9132a926761..8c1fd84032a2 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-regs.h
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu-regs.h
> > @@ -105,7 +105,9 @@
> > #define ARM_SMMU_GR0_SMR(n) (0x800 + ((n) << 2))
> > #define SMR_VALID (1 << 31)
> > #define SMR_MASK_SHIFT 16
> > +#define SMR_MASK_MASK 0x7fff
> > #define SMR_ID_SHIFT 0
> > +#define SMR_ID_MASK 0xffff
> >
> > #define ARM_SMMU_GR0_S2CR(n) (0xc00 + ((n) << 2))
> > #define S2CR_CBNDX_SHIFT 0
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
> > index 5e54cc0a28b3..c8629a656b42 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm-smmu.c
> > @@ -135,6 +135,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_s2cr {
> > enum arm_smmu_s2cr_type type;
> > enum arm_smmu_s2cr_privcfg privcfg;
> > u8 cbndx;
> > + bool handoff;
> > };
> >
> > #define s2cr_init_val (struct arm_smmu_s2cr){ \
> > @@ -399,9 +400,22 @@ static int arm_smmu_register_legacy_master(struct device *dev,
> > return err;
> > }
> >
> > -static int __arm_smmu_alloc_bitmap(unsigned long *map, int start, int end)
> > +static int __arm_smmu_alloc_cb(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, int start,
> > + struct device *dev)
> > {
> > + struct iommu_fwspec *fwspec = dev_iommu_fwspec_get(dev);
> > + unsigned long *map = smmu->context_map;
> > + int end = smmu->num_context_banks;
> > + int cbndx;
> > int idx;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + for_each_cfg_sme(fwspec, i, idx) {
> > + if (smmu->s2crs[idx].handoff) {
> > + cbndx = smmu->s2crs[idx].cbndx;
> > + goto found_handoff;
> > + }
> > + }
> >
> > do {
> > idx = find_next_zero_bit(map, end, start);
> > @@ -410,6 +424,17 @@ static int __arm_smmu_alloc_bitmap(unsigned long *map, int start, int end)
> > } while (test_and_set_bit(idx, map));
> >
> > return idx;
> > +
> > +found_handoff:
> > + for (i = 0; i < smmu->num_mapping_groups; i++) {
> > + if (smmu->s2crs[i].cbndx == cbndx) {
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].cbndx = 0;
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].handoff = false;
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].count--;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + return cbndx;
> > }
> >
> > static void __arm_smmu_free_bitmap(unsigned long *map, int idx)
> > @@ -759,7 +784,8 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_context_bank(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu, int idx)
> > }
> >
> > static int arm_smmu_init_domain_context(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > - struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
> > + struct arm_smmu_device *smmu,
> > + struct device *dev)
> > {
> > int irq, start, ret = 0;
> > unsigned long ias, oas;
> > @@ -873,8 +899,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_init_domain_context(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > ret = -EINVAL;
> > goto out_unlock;
> > }
> > - ret = __arm_smmu_alloc_bitmap(smmu->context_map, start,
> > - smmu->num_context_banks);
> > + ret = __arm_smmu_alloc_cb(smmu, start, dev);
> > if (ret < 0)
> > goto out_unlock;
> >
> > @@ -1264,7 +1289,7 @@ static int arm_smmu_attach_dev(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev)
> > return ret;
> >
> > /* Ensure that the domain is finalised */
> > - ret = arm_smmu_init_domain_context(domain, smmu);
> > + ret = arm_smmu_init_domain_context(domain, smmu, dev);
> > if (ret < 0)
> > goto rpm_put;
> >
> > @@ -1798,6 +1823,49 @@ static void arm_smmu_device_reset(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
> > writel(reg, ARM_SMMU_GR0_NS(smmu) + ARM_SMMU_GR0_sCR0);
> > }
> >
> > +static void arm_smmu_read_smr_state(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
> > +{
> > + u32 privcfg;
> > + u32 cbndx;
> > + u32 mask;
> > + u32 type;
> > + u32 s2cr;
> > + u32 smr;
> > + u32 id;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < smmu->num_mapping_groups; i++) {
> > + smr = readl_relaxed(ARM_SMMU_GR0(smmu) + ARM_SMMU_GR0_SMR(i));
> > + mask = (smr >> SMR_MASK_SHIFT) & SMR_MASK_MASK;
> > + id = smr & SMR_ID_MASK;
> > + if (!(smr & SMR_VALID))
> > + continue;
> > +
> > + s2cr = readl_relaxed(ARM_SMMU_GR0(smmu) + ARM_SMMU_GR0_S2CR(i));
> > + type = (s2cr >> S2CR_TYPE_SHIFT) & S2CR_TYPE_MASK;
> > + cbndx = (s2cr >> S2CR_CBNDX_SHIFT) & S2CR_CBNDX_MASK;
> > + privcfg = (s2cr >> S2CR_PRIVCFG_SHIFT) & S2CR_PRIVCFG_MASK;
> > + if (type != S2CR_TYPE_TRANS)
> > + continue;
> > +
> > + /* Populate the SMR */
> > + smmu->smrs[i].mask = mask;
> > + smmu->smrs[i].id = id;
> > + smmu->smrs[i].valid = true;
> > +
> > + /* Populate the S2CR */
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].group = NULL;
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].count = 1;
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].type = type;
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].privcfg = privcfg;
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].cbndx = cbndx;
> > + smmu->s2crs[i].handoff = true;
> > +
> > + /* Mark the context bank as busy */
> > + bitmap_set(smmu->context_map, cbndx, 1);
> > + }
> > +}
> > +
> > static int arm_smmu_id_size_to_bits(int size)
> > {
> > switch (size) {
> > @@ -2023,6 +2091,8 @@ static int arm_smmu_device_cfg_probe(struct arm_smmu_device *smmu)
> > dev_notice(smmu->dev, "\tStage-2: %lu-bit IPA -> %lu-bit PA\n",
> > smmu->ipa_size, smmu->pa_size);
> >
> > + arm_smmu_read_smr_state(smmu);
> > +
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > --
> > 2.18.0
> >
> >
> > _______________________________________________
> > linux-arm-kernel mailing list
> > linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> > http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

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