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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 4/9] iommu: Add bounce page APIs
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Hi,

On 6/10/19 11:56 PM, Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 03, 2019 at 09:16:15AM +0800, Lu Baolu wrote:
>> IOMMU hardware always use paging for DMA remapping. The
>> minimum mapped window is a page size. The device drivers
>> may map buffers not filling whole IOMMU window. It allows
>> device to access to possibly unrelated memory and various
>> malicious devices can exploit this to perform DMA attack.
>>
>> This introduces the bouce buffer mechanism for DMA buffers
>> which doesn't fill a minimal IOMMU page. It could be used
>> by various vendor specific IOMMU drivers as long as the
>> DMA domain is managed by the generic IOMMU layer. Below
>> APIs are added:
>>
>> * iommu_bounce_map(dev, addr, paddr, size, dir, attrs)
>> - Map a buffer start at DMA address @addr in bounce page
>> manner. For buffer parts that doesn't cross a whole
>> minimal IOMMU page, the bounce page policy is applied.
>> A bounce page mapped by swiotlb will be used as the DMA
>> target in the IOMMU page table. Otherwise, the physical
>> address @paddr is mapped instead.
>>
>> * iommu_bounce_unmap(dev, addr, size, dir, attrs)
>> - Unmap the buffer mapped with iommu_bounce_map(). The bounce
>> page will be torn down after the bounced data get synced.
>>
>> * iommu_bounce_sync(dev, addr, size, dir, target)
>> - Synce the bounced data in case the bounce mapped buffer is
>> reused.
>>
>> The whole APIs are included within a kernel option IOMMU_BOUNCE_PAGE.
>> It's useful for cases where bounce page doesn't needed, for example,
>> embedded cases.
>>
>> Cc: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
>> Cc: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
>> Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
>> Cc: Alan Cox <alan@linux.intel.com>
>> Cc: Mika Westerberg <mika.westerberg@intel.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/iommu/Kconfig | 14 +++++
>> drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 119 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>> include/linux/iommu.h | 35 +++++++++++++
>> 3 files changed, 168 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
>> index 83664db5221d..d837ec3f359b 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/Kconfig
>> @@ -86,6 +86,20 @@ config IOMMU_DEFAULT_PASSTHROUGH
>>
>> If unsure, say N here.
>>
>> +config IOMMU_BOUNCE_PAGE
>> + bool "Use bounce page for untrusted devices"
>> + depends on IOMMU_API
>> + select SWIOTLB
>
> I think you want:
> depends on IOMMU_API && SWIOTLB
>
> As people may want to have IOMMU and SWIOTLB, and not IOMMU_BOUNCE_PAGE enabled.

Yes. Yours makes more sense.

Best regards,
Baolu

>
>> + help
>> + IOMMU hardware always use paging for DMA remapping. The minimum
>> + mapped window is a page size. The device drivers may map buffers
>> + not filling whole IOMMU window. This allows device to access to
>> + possibly unrelated memory and malicious device can exploit this
>> + to perform a DMA attack. Select this to use a bounce page for the
>> + buffer which doesn't fill a whole IOMU page.
>> +
>> + If unsure, say N here.
>> +
>> config OF_IOMMU
>> def_bool y
>> depends on OF && IOMMU_API
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
>> index 2a906386bb8e..fa44f681a82b 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
>> @@ -2246,3 +2246,122 @@ int iommu_sva_get_pasid(struct iommu_sva *handle)
>> return ops->sva_get_pasid(handle);
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_get_pasid);
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_BOUNCE_PAGE
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Bounce buffer support for external devices:
>> + *
>> + * IOMMU hardware always use paging for DMA remapping. The minimum mapped
>> + * window is a page size. The device drivers may map buffers not filling
>> + * whole IOMMU window. This allows device to access to possibly unrelated
>> + * memory and malicious device can exploit this to perform a DMA attack.
>> + * Use bounce pages for the buffer which doesn't fill whole IOMMU pages.
>> + */
>> +
>> +static inline size_t
>> +get_aligned_size(struct iommu_domain *domain, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size)
>> +{
>> + unsigned long page_size = 1 << __ffs(domain->pgsize_bitmap);
>> + unsigned long offset = page_size - 1;
>> +
>> + return ALIGN((addr & offset) + size, page_size);
>> +}
>> +
>> +dma_addr_t iommu_bounce_map(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t iova,
>> + phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir,
>> + unsigned long attrs)
>> +{
>> + struct iommu_domain *domain;
>> + unsigned int min_pagesz;
>> + phys_addr_t tlb_addr;
>> + size_t aligned_size;
>> + int prot = 0;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + domain = iommu_get_dma_domain(dev);
>> + if (!domain)
>> + return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
>> +
>> + if (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)
>> + prot |= IOMMU_READ;
>> + if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)
>> + prot |= IOMMU_WRITE;
>> +
>> + aligned_size = get_aligned_size(domain, paddr, size);
>> + min_pagesz = 1 << __ffs(domain->pgsize_bitmap);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * If both the physical buffer start address and size are
>> + * page aligned, we don't need to use a bounce page.
>> + */
>> + if (!IS_ALIGNED(paddr | size, min_pagesz)) {
>> + tlb_addr = swiotlb_tbl_map_single(dev,
>> + __phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_start),
>> + paddr, size, aligned_size, dir, attrs);
>> + if (tlb_addr == DMA_MAPPING_ERROR)
>> + return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
>> + } else {
>> + tlb_addr = paddr;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = iommu_map(domain, iova, tlb_addr, aligned_size, prot);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, tlb_addr, size,
>> + aligned_size, dir, attrs);
>> + return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
>> + }
>> +
>> + return iova;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_bounce_map);
>> +
>> +static inline phys_addr_t
>> +iova_to_tlb_addr(struct iommu_domain *domain, dma_addr_t addr)
>> +{
>> + if (unlikely(!domain->ops || !domain->ops->iova_to_phys))
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> + return domain->ops->iova_to_phys(domain, addr);
>> +}
>> +
>> +void iommu_bounce_unmap(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t iova, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
>> +{
>> + struct iommu_domain *domain;
>> + phys_addr_t tlb_addr;
>> + size_t aligned_size;
>> +
>> + domain = iommu_get_dma_domain(dev);
>> + if (WARN_ON(!domain))
>> + return;
>> +
>> + aligned_size = get_aligned_size(domain, iova, size);
>> + tlb_addr = iova_to_tlb_addr(domain, iova);
>> + if (WARN_ON(!tlb_addr))
>> + return;
>> +
>> + iommu_unmap(domain, iova, aligned_size);
>> + if (is_swiotlb_buffer(tlb_addr))
>> + swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, tlb_addr, size,
>> + aligned_size, dir, attrs);
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_bounce_unmap);
>> +
>> +void iommu_bounce_sync(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir, enum dma_sync_target target)
>> +{
>> + struct iommu_domain *domain;
>> + phys_addr_t tlb_addr;
>> +
>> + domain = iommu_get_dma_domain(dev);
>> + if (WARN_ON(!domain))
>> + return;
>> +
>> + tlb_addr = iova_to_tlb_addr(domain, addr);
>> + if (is_swiotlb_buffer(tlb_addr))
>> + swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(dev, tlb_addr, size, dir, target);
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_bounce_sync);
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_BOUNCE_PAGE */
>> diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
>> index 91af22a344e2..814c0da64692 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/iommu.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
>> @@ -25,6 +25,8 @@
>> #include <linux/errno.h>
>> #include <linux/err.h>
>> #include <linux/of.h>
>> +#include <linux/swiotlb.h>
>> +#include <linux/dma-direct.h>
>>
>> #define IOMMU_READ (1 << 0)
>> #define IOMMU_WRITE (1 << 1)
>> @@ -499,6 +501,39 @@ int iommu_sva_set_ops(struct iommu_sva *handle,
>> const struct iommu_sva_ops *ops);
>> int iommu_sva_get_pasid(struct iommu_sva *handle);
>>
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_BOUNCE_PAGE
>> +dma_addr_t iommu_bounce_map(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t iova,
>> + phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir,
>> + unsigned long attrs);
>> +void iommu_bounce_unmap(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t iova, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs);
>> +void iommu_bounce_sync(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir,
>> + enum dma_sync_target target);
>> +#else
>> +static inline
>> +dma_addr_t iommu_bounce_map(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t iova,
>> + phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir,
>> + unsigned long attrs)
>> +{
>> + return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static inline
>> +void iommu_bounce_unmap(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t iova, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
>> +{
>> +}
>> +
>> +static inline
>> +void iommu_bounce_sync(struct device *dev, dma_addr_t addr, size_t size,
>> + enum dma_data_direction dir, enum dma_sync_target target)
>> +{
>> +}
>> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOMMU_BOUNCE_PAGE */
>> +
>> #else /* CONFIG_IOMMU_API */
>>
>> struct iommu_ops {};
>> --
>> 2.17.1
>>
>

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