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Subject[PATCH 5/7] scsi: mac_scsi: Fix pseudo DMA implementation, take 2
Date
A system bus error during a PDMA transfer can mess up the calculation of
the transfer residual (the PDMA handshaking hardware lacks a byte
counter). This results in data corruption.

The algorithm in this patch anticipates a bus error by starting each
transfer with a MOVE.B instruction. If a bus error is caught the transfer
will be retried. If a bus error is caught later in the transfer (for a
MOVE.W instruction) the transfer gets failed and subsequent requests for
that target will use PIO instead of PDMA.

This avoids the "!REQ and !ACK" error so the severity level of that
message is reduced to KERN_DEBUG.

Cc: Michael Schmitz <schmitzmic@gmail.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.14+
Fixes: 3a0f64bfa907 ("mac_scsi: Fix pseudo DMA implementation")
Reported-by: Chris Jones <chris@martin-jones.com>
Tested-by: Stan Johnson <userm57@yahoo.com>
Signed-off-by: Finn Thain <fthain@telegraphics.com.au>
---
arch/m68k/include/asm/mac_pdma.h | 179 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/scsi/mac_scsi.c | 201 ++++++++-----------------------
2 files changed, 226 insertions(+), 154 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/m68k/include/asm/mac_pdma.h

diff --git a/arch/m68k/include/asm/mac_pdma.h b/arch/m68k/include/asm/mac_pdma.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..44e2fb6d4b1c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/m68k/include/asm/mac_pdma.h
@@ -0,0 +1,179 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR MIT */
+/* Copyright (C) 2019 Finn Thain */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_MAC_PDMA_H_
+#define _ASM_MAC_PDMA_H_
+
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+
+/*
+ * According to "Inside Macintosh: Devices", Mac OS requires disk drivers to
+ * specify the number of bytes between the delays expected from a SCSI target.
+ * This allows the operating system to "prevent bus errors when a target fails
+ * to deliver the next byte within the processor bus error timeout period."
+ * Linux SCSI drivers lack knowledge of the timing behaviour of SCSI targets
+ * so bus errors are unavoidable.
+ *
+ * If a MOVE.B instruction faults, we assume that zero bytes were transferred
+ * and simply retry. That assumption probably depends on target behaviour but
+ * seems to hold up okay. The NOP provides synchronization: without it the
+ * fault can sometimes occur after the program counter has moved past the
+ * offending instruction. Post-increment addressing can't be used.
+ */
+
+#define MOVE_BYTE(operands) \
+ asm volatile ( \
+ "1: moveb " operands " \n" \
+ "11: nop \n" \
+ " addq #1,%0 \n" \
+ " subq #1,%1 \n" \
+ "40: \n" \
+ " \n" \
+ ".section .fixup,\"ax\" \n" \
+ ".even \n" \
+ "90: movel #1, %2 \n" \
+ " jra 40b \n" \
+ ".previous \n" \
+ " \n" \
+ ".section __ex_table,\"a\" \n" \
+ ".align 4 \n" \
+ ".long 1b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 11b,90b \n" \
+ ".previous \n" \
+ : "+a" (addr), "+r" (n), "+r" (result) : "a" (io))
+
+/*
+ * If a MOVE.W (or MOVE.L) instruction faults, it cannot be retried because
+ * the residual byte count would be uncertain. In that situation the MOVE_WORD
+ * macro clears n in the fixup section to abort the transfer.
+ */
+
+#define MOVE_WORD(operands) \
+ asm volatile ( \
+ "1: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "11: nop \n" \
+ " subq #2,%1 \n" \
+ "40: \n" \
+ " \n" \
+ ".section .fixup,\"ax\" \n" \
+ ".even \n" \
+ "90: movel #0, %1 \n" \
+ " movel #2, %2 \n" \
+ " jra 40b \n" \
+ ".previous \n" \
+ " \n" \
+ ".section __ex_table,\"a\" \n" \
+ ".align 4 \n" \
+ ".long 1b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 11b,90b \n" \
+ ".previous \n" \
+ : "+a" (addr), "+r" (n), "+r" (result) : "a" (io))
+
+#define MOVE_16_WORDS(operands) \
+ asm volatile ( \
+ "1: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "2: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "3: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "4: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "5: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "6: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "7: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "8: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "9: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "10: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "11: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "12: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "13: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "14: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "15: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "16: movew " operands " \n" \
+ "17: nop \n" \
+ " subl #32,%1 \n" \
+ "40: \n" \
+ " \n" \
+ ".section .fixup,\"ax\" \n" \
+ ".even \n" \
+ "90: movel #0, %1 \n" \
+ " movel #2, %2 \n" \
+ " jra 40b \n" \
+ ".previous \n" \
+ " \n" \
+ ".section __ex_table,\"a\" \n" \
+ ".align 4 \n" \
+ ".long 1b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 2b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 3b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 4b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 5b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 6b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 7b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 8b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 9b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 10b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 11b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 12b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 13b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 14b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 15b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 16b,90b \n" \
+ ".long 17b,90b \n" \
+ ".previous \n" \
+ : "+a" (addr), "+r" (n), "+r" (result) : "a" (io))
+
+#define MAC_PDMA_DELAY 32
+
+static inline int mac_pdma_recv(void __iomem *io, unsigned char *start, int n)
+{
+ unsigned char *addr = start;
+ int result = 0;
+
+ if (n >= 1) {
+ MOVE_BYTE("%3@,%0@");
+ if (result)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (n >= 1 && ((unsigned long)addr & 1)) {
+ MOVE_BYTE("%3@,%0@");
+ if (result)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ while (n >= 32)
+ MOVE_16_WORDS("%3@,%0@+");
+ while (n >= 2)
+ MOVE_WORD("%3@,%0@+");
+ if (result)
+ return start - addr; /* Negated to indicate uncertain length */
+ if (n == 1)
+ MOVE_BYTE("%3@,%0@");
+out:
+ return addr - start;
+}
+
+static inline int mac_pdma_send(unsigned char *start, void __iomem *io, int n)
+{
+ unsigned char *addr = start;
+ int result = 0;
+
+ if (n >= 1) {
+ MOVE_BYTE("%0@,%3@");
+ if (result)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (n >= 1 && ((unsigned long)addr & 1)) {
+ MOVE_BYTE("%0@,%3@");
+ if (result)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ while (n >= 32)
+ MOVE_16_WORDS("%0@+,%3@");
+ while (n >= 2)
+ MOVE_WORD("%0@+,%3@");
+ if (result)
+ return start - addr; /* Negated to indicate uncertain length */
+ if (n == 1)
+ MOVE_BYTE("%0@,%3@");
+out:
+ return addr - start;
+}
+
+#endif /* _ASM_MAC_PDMA_H_ */
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/mac_scsi.c b/drivers/scsi/mac_scsi.c
index ba1afcaadae8..e83b47a7e4b5 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/mac_scsi.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/mac_scsi.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@

#include <asm/hwtest.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/mac_pdma.h>
#include <asm/macints.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>

@@ -89,101 +90,47 @@ static int __init mac_scsi_setup(char *str)
__setup("mac5380=", mac_scsi_setup);
#endif /* !MODULE */

-/* Pseudo DMA asm originally by Ove Edlund */
-
-#define CP_IO_TO_MEM(s,d,n) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ \
- (" cmp.w #4,%2\n" \
- " bls 8f\n" \
- " move.w %1,%%d0\n" \
- " neg.b %%d0\n" \
- " and.w #3,%%d0\n" \
- " sub.w %%d0,%2\n" \
- " bra 2f\n" \
- " 1: move.b (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- " 2: dbf %%d0,1b\n" \
- " move.w %2,%%d0\n" \
- " lsr.w #5,%%d0\n" \
- " bra 4f\n" \
- " 3: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- "31: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- "32: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- "33: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- "34: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- "35: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- "36: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- "37: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- " 4: dbf %%d0,3b\n" \
- " move.w %2,%%d0\n" \
- " lsr.w #2,%%d0\n" \
- " and.w #7,%%d0\n" \
- " bra 6f\n" \
- " 5: move.l (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- " 6: dbf %%d0,5b\n" \
- " and.w #3,%2\n" \
- " bra 8f\n" \
- " 7: move.b (%0),(%1)+\n" \
- " 8: dbf %2,7b\n" \
- " moveq.l #0, %2\n" \
- " 9: \n" \
- ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \
- " .even\n" \
- "91: moveq.l #1, %2\n" \
- " jra 9b\n" \
- "94: moveq.l #4, %2\n" \
- " jra 9b\n" \
- ".previous\n" \
- ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n" \
- " .align 4\n" \
- " .long 1b,91b\n" \
- " .long 3b,94b\n" \
- " .long 31b,94b\n" \
- " .long 32b,94b\n" \
- " .long 33b,94b\n" \
- " .long 34b,94b\n" \
- " .long 35b,94b\n" \
- " .long 36b,94b\n" \
- " .long 37b,94b\n" \
- " .long 5b,94b\n" \
- " .long 7b,91b\n" \
- ".previous" \
- : "=a"(s), "=a"(d), "=d"(n) \
- : "0"(s), "1"(d), "2"(n) \
- : "d0")
-
static inline int macscsi_pread(struct NCR5380_hostdata *hostdata,
unsigned char *dst, int len)
{
u8 __iomem *s = hostdata->pdma_io + (INPUT_DATA_REG << 4);
unsigned char *d = dst;
- int n = len;
- int transferred;
+
+ hostdata->pdma_residual = len;

while (!NCR5380_poll_politely(hostdata, BUS_AND_STATUS_REG,
BASR_DRQ | BASR_PHASE_MATCH,
BASR_DRQ | BASR_PHASE_MATCH, HZ / 64)) {
- CP_IO_TO_MEM(s, d, n);
+ int bytes;
+
+ bytes = mac_pdma_recv(s, d, min(hostdata->pdma_residual, 512));

- transferred = d - dst - n;
- hostdata->pdma_residual = len - transferred;
+ if (bytes > 0) {
+ d += bytes;
+ hostdata->pdma_residual -= bytes;
+ }

- /* No bus error. */
- if (n == 0)
+ if (hostdata->pdma_residual == 0)
return 0;

- /* Target changed phase early? */
if (NCR5380_poll_politely2(hostdata, STATUS_REG, SR_REQ, SR_REQ,
- BUS_AND_STATUS_REG, BASR_ACK, BASR_ACK, HZ / 64) < 0)
- scmd_printk(KERN_ERR, hostdata->connected,
+ BUS_AND_STATUS_REG, BASR_ACK,
+ BASR_ACK, HZ / 64) < 0)
+ scmd_printk(KERN_DEBUG, hostdata->connected,
"%s: !REQ and !ACK\n", __func__);
if (!(NCR5380_read(BUS_AND_STATUS_REG) & BASR_PHASE_MATCH))
return 0;

+ if (bytes == 0)
+ udelay(MAC_PDMA_DELAY);
+
+ if (bytes >= 0)
+ continue;
+
dsprintk(NDEBUG_PSEUDO_DMA, hostdata->host,
- "%s: bus error (%d/%d)\n", __func__, transferred, len);
+ "%s: bus error (%d/%d)\n", __func__, d - dst, len);
NCR5380_dprint(NDEBUG_PSEUDO_DMA, hostdata->host);
- d = dst + transferred;
- n = len - transferred;
+ return -1;
}

scmd_printk(KERN_ERR, hostdata->connected,
@@ -192,93 +139,27 @@ static inline int macscsi_pread(struct NCR5380_hostdata *hostdata,
return -1;
}

-
-#define CP_MEM_TO_IO(s,d,n) \
-__asm__ __volatile__ \
- (" cmp.w #4,%2\n" \
- " bls 8f\n" \
- " move.w %0,%%d0\n" \
- " neg.b %%d0\n" \
- " and.w #3,%%d0\n" \
- " sub.w %%d0,%2\n" \
- " bra 2f\n" \
- " 1: move.b (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- " 2: dbf %%d0,1b\n" \
- " move.w %2,%%d0\n" \
- " lsr.w #5,%%d0\n" \
- " bra 4f\n" \
- " 3: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- "31: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- "32: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- "33: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- "34: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- "35: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- "36: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- "37: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- " 4: dbf %%d0,3b\n" \
- " move.w %2,%%d0\n" \
- " lsr.w #2,%%d0\n" \
- " and.w #7,%%d0\n" \
- " bra 6f\n" \
- " 5: move.l (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- " 6: dbf %%d0,5b\n" \
- " and.w #3,%2\n" \
- " bra 8f\n" \
- " 7: move.b (%0)+,(%1)\n" \
- " 8: dbf %2,7b\n" \
- " moveq.l #0, %2\n" \
- " 9: \n" \
- ".section .fixup,\"ax\"\n" \
- " .even\n" \
- "91: moveq.l #1, %2\n" \
- " jra 9b\n" \
- "94: moveq.l #4, %2\n" \
- " jra 9b\n" \
- ".previous\n" \
- ".section __ex_table,\"a\"\n" \
- " .align 4\n" \
- " .long 1b,91b\n" \
- " .long 3b,94b\n" \
- " .long 31b,94b\n" \
- " .long 32b,94b\n" \
- " .long 33b,94b\n" \
- " .long 34b,94b\n" \
- " .long 35b,94b\n" \
- " .long 36b,94b\n" \
- " .long 37b,94b\n" \
- " .long 5b,94b\n" \
- " .long 7b,91b\n" \
- ".previous" \
- : "=a"(s), "=a"(d), "=d"(n) \
- : "0"(s), "1"(d), "2"(n) \
- : "d0")
-
static inline int macscsi_pwrite(struct NCR5380_hostdata *hostdata,
unsigned char *src, int len)
{
unsigned char *s = src;
u8 __iomem *d = hostdata->pdma_io + (OUTPUT_DATA_REG << 4);
- int n = len;
- int transferred;
+
+ hostdata->pdma_residual = len;

while (!NCR5380_poll_politely(hostdata, BUS_AND_STATUS_REG,
BASR_DRQ | BASR_PHASE_MATCH,
BASR_DRQ | BASR_PHASE_MATCH, HZ / 64)) {
- CP_MEM_TO_IO(s, d, n);
+ int bytes;

- transferred = s - src - n;
- hostdata->pdma_residual = len - transferred;
+ bytes = mac_pdma_send(s, d, min(hostdata->pdma_residual, 512));

- /* Target changed phase early? */
- if (NCR5380_poll_politely2(hostdata, STATUS_REG, SR_REQ, SR_REQ,
- BUS_AND_STATUS_REG, BASR_ACK, BASR_ACK, HZ / 64) < 0)
- scmd_printk(KERN_ERR, hostdata->connected,
- "%s: !REQ and !ACK\n", __func__);
- if (!(NCR5380_read(BUS_AND_STATUS_REG) & BASR_PHASE_MATCH))
- return 0;
+ if (bytes > 0) {
+ s += bytes;
+ hostdata->pdma_residual -= bytes;
+ }

- /* No bus error. */
- if (n == 0) {
+ if (hostdata->pdma_residual == 0) {
if (NCR5380_poll_politely(hostdata, TARGET_COMMAND_REG,
TCR_LAST_BYTE_SENT,
TCR_LAST_BYTE_SENT, HZ / 64) < 0)
@@ -287,17 +168,29 @@ static inline int macscsi_pwrite(struct NCR5380_hostdata *hostdata,
return 0;
}

+ if (NCR5380_poll_politely2(hostdata, STATUS_REG, SR_REQ, SR_REQ,
+ BUS_AND_STATUS_REG, BASR_ACK,
+ BASR_ACK, HZ / 64) < 0)
+ scmd_printk(KERN_DEBUG, hostdata->connected,
+ "%s: !REQ and !ACK\n", __func__);
+ if (!(NCR5380_read(BUS_AND_STATUS_REG) & BASR_PHASE_MATCH))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (bytes == 0)
+ udelay(MAC_PDMA_DELAY);
+
+ if (bytes >= 0)
+ continue;
+
dsprintk(NDEBUG_PSEUDO_DMA, hostdata->host,
- "%s: bus error (%d/%d)\n", __func__, transferred, len);
+ "%s: bus error (%d/%d)\n", __func__, s - src, len);
NCR5380_dprint(NDEBUG_PSEUDO_DMA, hostdata->host);
- s = src + transferred;
- n = len - transferred;
+ return -1;
}

scmd_printk(KERN_ERR, hostdata->connected,
"%s: phase mismatch or !DRQ\n", __func__);
NCR5380_dprint(NDEBUG_PSEUDO_DMA, hostdata->host);
-
return -1;
}

--
2.21.0
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