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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC] bpf: Add support for reading user pointers
On Sun, May 5, 2019 at 11:08 AM Joel Fernandes <joel@joelfernandes.org> wrote:
>
> On Sun, May 05, 2019 at 03:52:23PM +0000, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > On Sun, May 05, 2019 at 03:46:08PM +0100, Qais Yousef wrote:
> > > On 05/05/19 13:29, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > > > On Sun, May 05, 2019 at 12:04:24PM +0100, Qais Yousef wrote:
> > > > > On 05/03/19 09:49, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > > > > > On Fri, May 03, 2019 at 01:12:34PM +0100, Qais Yousef wrote:
> > > > > > > Hi Joel
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > On 05/02/19 16:49, Joel Fernandes (Google) wrote:
> > > > > > > > The eBPF based opensnoop tool fails to read the file path string passed
> > > > > > > > to the do_sys_open function. This is because it is a pointer to
> > > > > > > > userspace address and causes an -EFAULT when read with
> > > > > > > > probe_kernel_read. This is not an issue when running the tool on x86 but
> > > > > > > > is an issue on arm64. This patch adds a new bpf function call based
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I just did an experiment and if I use Android 4.9 kernel I indeed fail to see
> > > > > > > PATH info when running opensnoop. But if I run on 5.1-rc7 opensnoop behaves
> > > > > > > correctly on arm64.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > My guess either a limitation that was fixed on later kernel versions or Android
> > > > > > > kernel has some strict option/modifications that make this fail?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Thanks a lot for checking, yes I was testing 4.9 kernel with this patch (pixel 3).
> > > > > >
> > > > > > I am not sure what has changed since then, but I still think it is a good
> > > > > > idea to make the code more robust against such future issues anyway. In
> > > > > > particular, we learnt with extensive discussions that user/kernel pointers
> > > > > > are not necessarily distinguishable purely based on their address.
> > > > >
> > > > > Yes I wasn't arguing against that. But the commit message is misleading or
> > > > > needs more explanation at least. I tried 4.9.y stable and arm64 worked on that
> > > > > too. Why do you think it's an arm64 problem?
> > > >
> > > > Well it is broken on at least on at least one arm64 device and the patch I
> > > > sent fixes it. We know that the bpf is using wrong kernel API so why not fix
> > > > it? Are you saying we should not fix it like in this patch? Or do you have
> > > > another fix in mind?
> > >
> > > Again I have no issue with the new API. But the claim that it's a fix for
> > > a broken arm64 is a big stretch. AFAICT you don't understand the root cause of
> > > why copy_to_user_inatomic() fails in your case. Given that Android 4.9 has
> > > its own patches on top of 4.9 stable, it might be something that was introduced
> > > in one of these patches that breaks opensnoop, and by making it use the new API
> > > you might be simply working around the problem. All I can see is that vanilla
> > > 4.9 stable works on arm64.
> >
> > Agreed that commit message could be improved. I believe issue is something to
> > do with differences in 4.9 PAN emulation backports. AIUI PAN was introduced
> > in upstream only in 4.10 so 4.9 needed backports.
> >
> > I did not root cause this completely because "doing the right thing" fixed
> > the issue. I will look more closely once I am home.
> >
> > Thank you.
>
> +Mark, Will since discussion is about arm64 arch code.
>
> The difference between observing the bug and everything just working seems to
> be the set_fs(USER_DS) as done by Masami's patch that this patch is based on.
> The following diff shows 'ret' as 255 when set_fs(KERN_DS) is used, and then
> after we retry with set_fs(USER_DS), the read succeeds.
>
> diff --git a/mm/maccess.c b/mm/maccess.c
> index 78f9274dd49d..d3e01a33c712 100644
> --- a/mm/maccess.c
> +++ b/mm/maccess.c
> @@ -32,9 +32,20 @@ long __probe_kernel_read(void *dst, const void *src, size_t size)
> pagefault_disable();
> ret = __copy_from_user_inatomic(dst,
> (__force const void __user *)src, size);
> + trace_printk("KERNEL_DS: __copy_from_user_inatomic: ret=%d\n", ret);
> pagefault_enable();
> set_fs(old_fs);
>
> + if (ret) {
> + set_fs(USER_DS);
> + pagefault_disable();
> + ret = __copy_from_user_inatomic(dst,
> + (__force const void __user *)src, size);
> + trace_printk("RETRY WITH USER_DS: __copy_from_user_inatomic: ret=%d\n", ret);
> + pagefault_enable();
> + set_fs(old_fs);
> + }
> +
> return ret ? -EFAULT : 0;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(probe_kernel_read);
>
> In initially thought this was because of the addr_limit pointer masking done
> by this patch from Mark Rutland "arm64: Use pointer masking to limit uaccess
> speculation"
>
> However removing this masking still makes it fail with KERNEL_DS.
>
> Fwiw, I am still curious which other paths in arm64 check the addr_limit
> which might make the __copy_from_user_inatomic fail if the set_fs is not
> setup correctly.
>
> Either way, I will resubmit the patch with the commit message fixed correctly
> as we agreed and also address Alexei's comments.

Can you please also split the sync of tools/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
into separate commit. Having it along the other changes causes issues
when syncing libbpf code (and headers it depends on) to a github
mirror (github.com/libbpf/libbpf). Thanks!

>
> Thank you!
>
> - Joel
>
> --
> 2.21.0.1020.gf2820cf01a-goog
>

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