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SubjectRE: [PATCHv3 1/3] vfio/mdev: Improve the create/remove sequence
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Hi Alex, Cornelia,


> -----Original Message-----
> From: linux-kernel-owner@vger.kernel.org <linux-kernel-
> owner@vger.kernel.org> On Behalf Of Parav Pandit
> Sent: Thursday, May 16, 2019 6:31 PM
> To: kvm@vger.kernel.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; cohuck@redhat.com;
> kwankhede@nvidia.com; alex.williamson@redhat.com
> Cc: cjia@nvidia.com; Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> Subject: [PATCHv3 1/3] vfio/mdev: Improve the create/remove sequence
>
> This patch addresses below two issues and prepares the code to address 3rd
> issue listed below.
>
> 1. mdev device is placed on the mdev bus before it is created in the vendor
> driver. Once a device is placed on the mdev bus without creating its
> supporting underlying vendor device, mdev driver's probe() gets triggered.
> However there isn't a stable mdev available to work on.
>
> create_store()
> mdev_create_device()
> device_register()
> ...
> vfio_mdev_probe()
> [...]
> parent->ops->create()
> vfio_ap_mdev_create()
> mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, matrix_mdev);
> /* Valid pointer set above */
>
> Due to this way of initialization, mdev driver who wants to use the mdev,
> doesn't have a valid mdev to work on.
>
> 2. Current creation sequence is,
> parent->ops_create()
> groups_register()
>
> Remove sequence is,
> parent->ops->remove()
> groups_unregister()
>
> However, remove sequence should be exact mirror of creation sequence.
> Once this is achieved, all users of the mdev will be terminated first before
> removing underlying vendor device.
> (Follow standard linux driver model).
> At that point vendor's remove() ops shouldn't fail because taking the device
> off the bus should terminate any usage.
>
> 3. When remove operation fails, mdev sysfs removal attempts to add the file
> back on already removed device. Following call trace [1] is observed.
>
> [1] call trace:
> kernel: WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 9348 at fs/sysfs/file.c:327
> sysfs_create_file_ns+0x7f/0x90
> kernel: CPU: 2 PID: 9348 Comm: bash Kdump: loaded Not tainted 5.1.0-rc6-
> vdevbus+ #6
> kernel: Hardware name: Supermicro SYS-6028U-TR4+/X10DRU-i+, BIOS 2.0b
> 08/09/2016
> kernel: RIP: 0010:sysfs_create_file_ns+0x7f/0x90
> kernel: Call Trace:
> kernel: remove_store+0xdc/0x100 [mdev]
> kernel: kernfs_fop_write+0x113/0x1a0
> kernel: vfs_write+0xad/0x1b0
> kernel: ksys_write+0x5a/0xe0
> kernel: do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x210
> kernel: entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
>
> Therefore, mdev core is improved in following ways.
>
> 1. Split the device registration/deregistration sequence so that some things
> can be done between initialization of the device and hooking it up to the
> bus respectively after deregistering it from the bus but before giving up our
> final reference.
> In particular, this means invoking the ->create and ->remove callbacks in
> those new windows. This gives the vendor driver an initialized mdev device
> to work with during creation.
> At the same time, a bus driver who wish to bind to mdev driver also gets
> initialized mdev device.
>
> This follows standard Linux kernel bus and device model.
>
> 2. During remove flow, first remove the device from the bus. This ensures
> that any bus specific devices are removed.
> Once device is taken off the mdev bus, invoke remove() of mdev from the
> vendor driver.
>
> 3. The driver core device model provides way to register and auto unregister
> the device sysfs attribute groups at dev->groups.
> Make use of dev->groups to let core create the groups and eliminate code to
> avoid explicit groups creation and removal.
>
> To ensure, that new sequence is solid, a below stack dump of a process is
> taken who attempts to remove the device while device is in use by vfio
> driver and user application.
> This stack dump validates that vfio driver guards against such device removal
> when device is in use.
>
> cat /proc/21962/stack
> [<0>] vfio_del_group_dev+0x216/0x3c0 [vfio] [<0>] mdev_remove+0x21/0x40
> [mdev] [<0>] device_release_driver_internal+0xe8/0x1b0
> [<0>] bus_remove_device+0xf9/0x170
> [<0>] device_del+0x168/0x350
> [<0>] mdev_device_remove_common+0x1d/0x50 [mdev] [<0>]
> mdev_device_remove+0x8c/0xd0 [mdev] [<0>] remove_store+0x71/0x90
> [mdev] [<0>] kernfs_fop_write+0x113/0x1a0 [<0>] vfs_write+0xad/0x1b0
> [<0>] ksys_write+0x5a/0xe0 [<0>] do_syscall_64+0x5a/0x210 [<0>]
> entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
> [<0>] 0xffffffffffffffff
>
> This prepares the code to eliminate calling device_create_file() in subsquent
> patch.
>
> Signed-off-by: Parav Pandit <parav@mellanox.com>
> ---
> drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 94 +++++++++-----------------------
> drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h | 2 +-
> drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c | 2 +-
> 3 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 71 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> index 3cc1a05fde1c..0bef0cae1d4b 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> @@ -102,55 +102,10 @@ static void mdev_put_parent(struct mdev_parent
> *parent)
> kref_put(&parent->ref, mdev_release_parent); }
>
> -static int mdev_device_create_ops(struct kobject *kobj,
> - struct mdev_device *mdev)
> -{
> - struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
> - int ret;
> -
> - ret = parent->ops->create(kobj, mdev);
> - if (ret)
> - return ret;
> -
> - ret = sysfs_create_groups(&mdev->dev.kobj,
> - parent->ops->mdev_attr_groups);
> - if (ret)
> - parent->ops->remove(mdev);
> -
> - return ret;
> -}
> -
> -/*
> - * mdev_device_remove_ops gets called from sysfs's 'remove' and when
> parent
> - * device is being unregistered from mdev device framework.
> - * - 'force_remove' is set to 'false' when called from sysfs's 'remove' which
> - * indicates that if the mdev device is active, used by VMM or userspace
> - * application, vendor driver could return error then don't remove the
> device.
> - * - 'force_remove' is set to 'true' when called from
> mdev_unregister_device()
> - * which indicate that parent device is being removed from mdev device
> - * framework so remove mdev device forcefully.
> - */
> -static int mdev_device_remove_ops(struct mdev_device *mdev, bool
> force_remove) -{
> - struct mdev_parent *parent = mdev->parent;
> - int ret;
> -
> - /*
> - * Vendor driver can return error if VMM or userspace application is
> - * using this mdev device.
> - */
> - ret = parent->ops->remove(mdev);
> - if (ret && !force_remove)
> - return ret;
> -
> - sysfs_remove_groups(&mdev->dev.kobj, parent->ops-
> >mdev_attr_groups);
> - return 0;
> -}
> -
> static int mdev_device_remove_cb(struct device *dev, void *data) {
> if (dev_is_mdev(dev))
> - mdev_device_remove(dev, true);
> + mdev_device_remove(dev);
>
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -310,41 +265,43 @@ int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj,
>
> mdev->parent = parent;
>
> + device_initialize(&mdev->dev);
> mdev->dev.parent = dev;
> mdev->dev.bus = &mdev_bus_type;
> mdev->dev.release = mdev_device_release;
> dev_set_name(&mdev->dev, "%pUl", uuid);
> + mdev->dev.groups = parent->ops->mdev_attr_groups;
> + mdev->type_kobj = kobj;
>
> - ret = device_register(&mdev->dev);
> - if (ret) {
> - put_device(&mdev->dev);
> - goto mdev_fail;
> - }
> + ret = parent->ops->create(kobj, mdev);
> + if (ret)
> + goto ops_create_fail;
>
> - ret = mdev_device_create_ops(kobj, mdev);
> + ret = device_add(&mdev->dev);
> if (ret)
> - goto create_fail;
> + goto add_fail;
>
> ret = mdev_create_sysfs_files(&mdev->dev, type);
> - if (ret) {
> - mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, true);
> - goto create_fail;
> - }
> + if (ret)
> + goto sysfs_fail;
>
> - mdev->type_kobj = kobj;
> mdev->active = true;
> dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: created\n");
>
> return 0;
>
> -create_fail:
> - device_unregister(&mdev->dev);
> +sysfs_fail:
> + device_del(&mdev->dev);
> +add_fail:
> + parent->ops->remove(mdev);
> +ops_create_fail:
> + put_device(&mdev->dev);
> mdev_fail:
> mdev_put_parent(parent);
> return ret;
> }
>
> -int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove)
> +int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev)
> {
> struct mdev_device *mdev, *tmp;
> struct mdev_parent *parent;
> @@ -373,16 +330,15 @@ int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool
> force_remove)
> mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
>
> type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
> + mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
> + device_del(&mdev->dev);
> parent = mdev->parent;
> + ret = parent->ops->remove(mdev);
> + if (ret)
> + dev_err(&mdev->dev, "Remove failed: err=%d\n", ret);
>
> - ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
> - if (ret) {
> - mdev->active = true;
> - return ret;
> - }
> -
> - mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
> - device_unregister(dev);
> + /* Balances with device_initialize() */
> + put_device(&mdev->dev);
> mdev_put_parent(parent);
>
> return 0;
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> index 36cbbdb754de..924ed2274941 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
> @@ -60,6 +60,6 @@ void mdev_remove_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct
> mdev_type *type);
>
> int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj,
> struct device *dev, const guid_t *uuid); -int
> mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove);
> +int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev);
>
> #endif /* MDEV_PRIVATE_H */
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
> index cbf94b8165ea..9f774b91d275 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
> @@ -236,7 +236,7 @@ static ssize_t remove_store(struct device *dev, struct
> device_attribute *attr,
> if (val && device_remove_file_self(dev, attr)) {
> int ret;
>
> - ret = mdev_device_remove(dev, false);
> + ret = mdev_device_remove(dev);
> if (ret) {
> device_create_file(dev, attr);
> return ret;
> --
> 2.19.2

Seems 3rd patch will take few more days to settle down with new flag and its review.
Given that fix of 3rd patch is fixing a different race condition, if patch 1 and 2 look ok, shall we move forward with those 2 fixes it in 5.2-rc?
Fixes 1,2 prepare mdev to be usable for non vfio use case for the series we are working on.

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