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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 03/12] mm/sparsemem: Add helpers track active portions of a section at boot
On Wed, Apr 17, 2019 at 2:53 PM Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> wrote:
>
> Prepare for hot{plug,remove} of sub-ranges of a section by tracking a
> section active bitmask, each bit representing 2MB (SECTION_SIZE (128M) /
> map_active bitmask length (64)). If it turns out that 2MB is too large
> of an active tracking granularity it is trivial to increase the size of
> the map_active bitmap.

Please mention that 2M on Intel, and 16M on Arm64.

>
> The implications of a partially populated section is that pfn_valid()
> needs to go beyond a valid_section() check and read the sub-section
> active ranges from the bitmask.
>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> Cc: Logan Gunthorpe <logang@deltatee.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> ---
> include/linux/mmzone.h | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> mm/page_alloc.c | 4 +++-
> mm/sparse.c | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> index 6726fc175b51..cffde898e345 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> @@ -1175,6 +1175,8 @@ struct mem_section_usage {
> unsigned long pageblock_flags[0];
> };
>
> +void section_active_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages);
> +
> struct page;
> struct page_ext;
> struct mem_section {
> @@ -1312,12 +1314,36 @@ static inline struct mem_section *__pfn_to_section(unsigned long pfn)
>
> extern int __highest_present_section_nr;
>
> +static inline int section_active_index(phys_addr_t phys)
> +{
> + return (phys & ~(PA_SECTION_MASK)) / SECTION_ACTIVE_SIZE;

How about also defining SECTION_ACTIVE_SHIFT like this:

/* BITS_PER_LONG = 2^6 */
#define BITS_PER_LONG_SHIFT 6
#define SECTION_ACTIVE_SHIFT (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - BITS_PER_LONG_SHIFT)
#define SECTION_ACTIVE_SIZE (1 << SECTION_ACTIVE_SHIFT)

The return above would become:
return (phys & ~(PA_SECTION_MASK)) >> SECTION_ACTIVE_SHIFT;

> +}
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
> +static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> + int idx = section_active_index(PFN_PHYS(pfn));
> +
> + return !!(ms->usage->map_active & (1UL << idx));
> +}
> +#else
> +static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> + return 1;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> #ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID
> static inline int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
> {
> + struct mem_section *ms;
> +
> if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS)
> return 0;
> - return valid_section(__nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn)));
> + ms = __nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn));
> + if (!valid_section(ms))
> + return 0;
> + return pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
> }
> #endif
>
> @@ -1349,6 +1375,7 @@ void sparse_init(void);
> #define sparse_init() do {} while (0)
> #define sparse_index_init(_sec, _nid) do {} while (0)
> #define pfn_present pfn_valid
> +#define section_active_init(_pfn, _nr_pages) do {} while (0)
> #endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
>
> /*
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index f671401a7c0b..c9ad28a78018 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -7273,10 +7273,12 @@ void __init free_area_init_nodes(unsigned long *max_zone_pfn)
>
> /* Print out the early node map */
> pr_info("Early memory node ranges\n");
> - for_each_mem_pfn_range(i, MAX_NUMNODES, &start_pfn, &end_pfn, &nid)
> + for_each_mem_pfn_range(i, MAX_NUMNODES, &start_pfn, &end_pfn, &nid) {
> pr_info(" node %3d: [mem %#018Lx-%#018Lx]\n", nid,
> (u64)start_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
> ((u64)end_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1);
> + section_active_init(start_pfn, end_pfn - start_pfn);
> + }
>
> /* Initialise every node */
> mminit_verify_pageflags_layout();
> diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
> index f87de7ad32c8..5ef2f884c4e1 100644
> --- a/mm/sparse.c
> +++ b/mm/sparse.c
> @@ -210,6 +210,54 @@ static inline unsigned long first_present_section_nr(void)
> return next_present_section_nr(-1);
> }
>
> +static unsigned long section_active_mask(unsigned long pfn,
> + unsigned long nr_pages)
> +{
> + int idx_start, idx_size;
> + phys_addr_t start, size;
> +
> + if (!nr_pages)
> + return 0;
> +
> + start = PFN_PHYS(pfn);
> + size = PFN_PHYS(min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
> + - (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK)));
> + size = ALIGN(size, SECTION_ACTIVE_SIZE);
> +
> + idx_start = section_active_index(start);
> + idx_size = section_active_index(size);
> +
> + if (idx_size == 0)
> + return -1;
> + return ((1UL << idx_size) - 1) << idx_start;
> +}
> +
> +void section_active_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
> +{
> + int end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
> + int i, start_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
> +
> + if (!nr_pages)
> + return;
> +
> + for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
> + struct mem_section *ms;
> + unsigned long mask;
> + unsigned long pfns;
> +
> + pfns = min(nr_pages, PAGES_PER_SECTION
> + - (pfn & ~PAGE_SECTION_MASK));
> + mask = section_active_mask(pfn, pfns);
> +
> + ms = __nr_to_section(i);
> + pr_debug("%s: sec: %d mask: %#018lx\n", __func__, i, mask);
> + ms->usage->map_active = mask;
> +
> + pfn += pfns;
> + nr_pages -= pfns;
> + }
> +}

For some reasons the above code is confusing to me. It seems all the
code supposed to do is set all map_active to -1, and trim the first
and last sections (can be the same section of course). So, I would
replace the above two functions with one function like this:

void section_active_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
{
int end_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn + nr_pages - 1);
int i, idx, start_sec = pfn_to_section_nr(pfn);
struct mem_section *ms;

if (!nr_pages)
return;
for (i = start_sec; i <= end_sec; i++) {
ms = __nr_to_section(i);
ms->usage->map_active = ~0ul;
}
/* Might need to trim active pfns from the beginning and end */
idx = section_active_index(PFN_PHYS(pfn));
ms = __nr_to_section(start_sec);
ms->usage->map_active &= (~0ul << idx);
idx = section_active_index(PFN_PHYS(pfn + nr_pages -1));
ms = __nr_to_section(end_sec);
ms->usage->map_active &= (~0ul >> (BITS_PER_LONG - idx - 1));
}
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