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Subject[v6 0/3] "Hotremove" persistent memory
Date
Changelog:

v6
- A few minor changes and added reviewed-by's.
- Spent time studying lock ordering issue that was reported by Vishal
Verma, but that issue already exists in Linux, and can be reproduced
with exactly the same steps with ACPI memory hotplugging.

v5
- Addressed comments from Dan Williams: made remove_memory() to return
an error code, and use this function from dax.

v4
- Addressed comments from Dave Hansen

v3
- Addressed comments from David Hildenbrand. Don't release
lock_device_hotplug after checking memory status, and rename
memblock_offlined_cb() to check_memblock_offlined_cb()

v2
- Dan Williams mentioned that drv->remove() return is ignored
by unbind. Unbind always succeeds. Because we cannot guarantee
that memory can be offlined from the driver, don't even
attempt to do so. Simply check that every section is offlined
beforehand and only then proceed with removing dax memory.

---

Recently, adding a persistent memory to be used like a regular RAM was
added to Linux. This work extends this functionality to also allow hot
removing persistent memory.

We (Microsoft) have an important use case for this functionality.

The requirement is for physical machines with small amount of RAM (~8G)
to be able to reboot in a very short period of time (<1s). Yet, there is
a userland state that is expensive to recreate (~2G).

The solution is to boot machines with 2G preserved for persistent
memory.

Copy the state, and hotadd the persistent memory so machine still has
all 8G available for runtime. Before reboot, offline and hotremove
device-dax 2G, copy the memory that is needed to be preserved to pmem0
device, and reboot.

The series of operations look like this:

1. After boot restore /dev/pmem0 to ramdisk to be consumed by apps.
and free ramdisk.
2. Convert raw pmem0 to devdax
ndctl create-namespace --mode devdax --map mem -e namespace0.0 -f
3. Hotadd to System RAM
echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/dax/drivers/device_dax/unbind
echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/dax/drivers/kmem/new_id
echo online_movable > /sys/devices/system/memoryXXX/state
4. Before reboot hotremove device-dax memory from System RAM
echo offline > /sys/devices/system/memoryXXX/state
echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/dax/drivers/kmem/unbind
5. Create raw pmem0 device
ndctl create-namespace --mode raw -e namespace0.0 -f
6. Copy the state that was stored by apps to ramdisk to pmem device
7. Do kexec reboot or reboot through firmware if firmware does not
zero memory in pmem0 region (These machines have only regular
volatile memory). So to have pmem0 device either memmap kernel
parameter is used, or devices nodes in dtb are specified.

Pavel Tatashin (3):
device-dax: fix memory and resource leak if hotplug fails
mm/hotplug: make remove_memory() interface useable
device-dax: "Hotremove" persistent memory that is used like normal RAM

drivers/dax/dax-private.h | 2 ++
drivers/dax/kmem.c | 46 +++++++++++++++++++++---
include/linux/memory_hotplug.h | 8 +++--
mm/memory_hotplug.c | 64 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
4 files changed, 92 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

--
2.21.0

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