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Subject[PATCH 31/73] tools lib traceevent: Man pages for function related libtraceevent APIs
Date
From: Tzvetomir Stoyanov <tstoyanov@vmware.com>

Added new man pages, describing function related libtraceevent APIs:

tep_register_function(),
tep_register_print_string(),
tep_find_function(),
tep_find_function_address(),
tep_set_function_resolver(),
tep_reset_function_resolver()

Signed-off-by: Tzvetomir Stoyanov <tstoyanov@vmware.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: linux-trace-devel@vger.kernel.org
Link: http://lore.kernel.org/linux-trace-devel/20190503091119.23399-12-tstoyanov@vmware.com
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190510200107.701962205@goodmis.org
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
---
.../Documentation/libtraceevent-func_apis.txt | 183 ++++++++++++++++++
.../Documentation/libtraceevent-func_find.txt | 88 +++++++++
2 files changed, 271 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/lib/traceevent/Documentation/libtraceevent-func_apis.txt
create mode 100644 tools/lib/traceevent/Documentation/libtraceevent-func_find.txt

diff --git a/tools/lib/traceevent/Documentation/libtraceevent-func_apis.txt b/tools/lib/traceevent/Documentation/libtraceevent-func_apis.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..38bfea30a5f6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/lib/traceevent/Documentation/libtraceevent-func_apis.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,183 @@
+libtraceevent(3)
+================
+
+NAME
+----
+tep_find_function, tep_find_function_address, tep_set_function_resolver,
+tep_reset_function_resolver, tep_register_function, tep_register_print_string -
+function related tep APIs
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+--
+*#include <event-parse.h>*
+
+typedef char pass:[*](*tep_func_resolver_t*)(void pass:[*]_priv_, unsigned long long pass:[*]_addrp_, char pass:[**]_modp_);
+int *tep_set_function_resolver*(struct tep_handle pass:[*]_tep_, tep_func_resolver_t pass:[*]_func_, void pass:[*]_priv_);
+void *tep_reset_function_resolver*(struct tep_handle pass:[*]_tep_);
+const char pass:[*]*tep_find_function*(struct tep_handle pass:[*]_tep_, unsigned long long _addr_);
+unsigned long long *tep_find_function_address*(struct tep_handle pass:[*]_tep_, unsigned long long _addr_);
+int *tep_register_function*(struct tep_handle pass:[*]_tep_, char pass:[*]_name_, unsigned long long _addr_, char pass:[*]_mod_);
+int *tep_register_print_string*(struct tep_handle pass:[*]_tep_, const char pass:[*]_fmt_, unsigned long long _addr_);
+--
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+Some tools may have already a way to resolve the kernel functions. These APIs
+allow them to keep using it instead of duplicating all the entries inside.
+
+The _tep_func_resolver_t_ type is the prototype of the alternative kernel
+functions resolver. This function receives a pointer to its custom context
+(set with the _tep_set_function_resolver()_ call ) and the address of a kernel
+function, which has to be resolved. In case of success, it should return
+the name of the function and its module (if any) in _modp_.
+
+The _tep_set_function_resolver()_ function registers _func_ as an alternative
+kernel functions resolver. The _tep_ argument is trace event parser context.
+The _priv_ argument is a custom context of the _func_ function. The function
+resolver is used by the APIs _tep_find_function()_,
+_tep_find_function_address()_, and _tep_print_func_field()_ to resolve
+a function address to a function name.
+
+The _tep_reset_function_resolver()_ function resets the kernel functions
+resolver to the default function. The _tep_ argument is trace event parser
+context.
+
+
+These APIs can be used to find function name and start address, by given
+address. The given address does not have to be exact, it will select
+the function that would contain it.
+
+The _tep_find_function()_ function returns the function name, which contains the
+given address _addr_. The _tep_ argument is the trace event parser context.
+
+The _tep_find_function_address()_ function returns the function start address,
+by given address _addr_. The _addr_ does not have to be exact, it will select
+the function that would contain it. The _tep_ argument is the trace event
+parser context.
+
+The _tep_register_function()_ function registers a function name mapped to an
+address and (optional) module. This mapping is used in case the function tracer
+or events have "%pF" or "%pS" parameter in its format string. It is common to
+pass in the kallsyms function names with their corresponding addresses with this
+function. The _tep_ argument is the trace event parser context. The _name_ is
+the name of the function, the string is copied internally. The _addr_ is
+the start address of the function. The _mod_ is the kernel module
+the function may be in (NULL for none).
+
+The _tep_register_print_string()_ function registers a string by the address
+it was stored in the kernel. Some strings internal to the kernel with static
+address are passed to certain events. The "%s" in the event's format field
+which has an address needs to know what string would be at that address. The
+tep_register_print_string() supplies the parsing with the mapping between kernel
+addresses and those strings. The _tep_ argument is the trace event parser
+context. The _fmt_ is the string to register, it is copied internally.
+The _addr_ is the address the string was located at.
+
+
+RETURN VALUE
+------------
+The _tep_set_function_resolver()_ function returns 0 in case of success, or -1
+in case of an error.
+
+The _tep_find_function()_ function returns the function name, or NULL in case
+it cannot be found.
+
+The _tep_find_function_address()_ function returns the function start address,
+or 0 in case it cannot be found.
+
+The _tep_register_function()_ function returns 0 in case of success. In case of
+an error -1 is returned, and errno is set to the appropriate error number.
+
+The _tep_register_print_string()_ function returns 0 in case of success. In case
+of an error -1 is returned, and errno is set to the appropriate error number.
+
+EXAMPLE
+-------
+[source,c]
+--
+#include <event-parse.h>
+...
+struct tep_handle *tep = tep_alloc();
+...
+char *my_resolve_kernel_addr(void *context,
+ unsigned long long *addrp, char **modp)
+{
+ struct db *function_database = context;
+ struct symbol *sym = sql_lookup(function_database, *addrp);
+
+ if (!sym)
+ return NULL;
+
+ *modp = sym->module_name;
+ return sym->name;
+}
+
+void show_function( unsigned long long addr)
+{
+ unsigned long long fstart;
+ const char *fname;
+
+ if (tep_set_function_resolver(tep, my_resolve_kernel_addr,
+ function_database) != 0) {
+ /* failed to register my_resolve_kernel_addr */
+ }
+
+ /* These APIs use my_resolve_kernel_addr() to resolve the addr */
+ fname = tep_find_function(tep, addr);
+ fstart = tep_find_function_address(tep, addr);
+
+ /*
+ addr is in function named fname, starting at fstart address,
+ at offset (addr - fstart)
+ */
+
+ tep_reset_function_resolver(tep);
+
+}
+...
+ if (tep_register_function(tep, "kvm_exit",
+ (unsigned long long) 0x12345678, "kvm") != 0) {
+ /* Failed to register kvm_exit address mapping */
+ }
+...
+ if (tep_register_print_string(tep, "print string",
+ (unsigned long long) 0x87654321, NULL) != 0) {
+ /* Failed to register "print string" address mapping */
+ }
+...
+--
+
+FILES
+-----
+[verse]
+--
+*event-parse.h*
+ Header file to include in order to have access to the library APIs.
+*-ltraceevent*
+ Linker switch to add when building a program that uses the library.
+--
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+_libtraceevent(3)_, _trace-cmd(1)_
+
+AUTHOR
+------
+[verse]
+--
+*Steven Rostedt* <rostedt@goodmis.org>, author of *libtraceevent*.
+*Tzvetomir Stoyanov* <tz.stoyanov@gmail.com>, author of this man page.
+--
+REPORTING BUGS
+--------------
+Report bugs to <linux-trace-devel@vger.kernel.org>
+
+LICENSE
+-------
+libtraceevent is Free Software licensed under the GNU LGPL 2.1
+
+RESOURCES
+---------
+https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git
diff --git a/tools/lib/traceevent/Documentation/libtraceevent-func_find.txt b/tools/lib/traceevent/Documentation/libtraceevent-func_find.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..04840e244445
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/lib/traceevent/Documentation/libtraceevent-func_find.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,88 @@
+libtraceevent(3)
+================
+
+NAME
+----
+tep_find_function,tep_find_function_address - Find function name / start address.
+
+SYNOPSIS
+--------
+[verse]
+--
+*#include <event-parse.h>*
+
+const char pass:[*]*tep_find_function*(struct tep_handle pass:[*]_tep_, unsigned long long _addr_);
+unsigned long long *tep_find_function_address*(struct tep_handle pass:[*]_tep_, unsigned long long _addr_);
+--
+
+DESCRIPTION
+-----------
+These functions can be used to find function name and start address, by given
+address. The given address does not have to be exact, it will select the function
+that would contain it.
+
+The _tep_find_function()_ function returns the function name, which contains the
+given address _addr_. The _tep_ argument is the trace event parser context.
+
+The _tep_find_function_address()_ function returns the function start address,
+by given address _addr_. The _addr_ does not have to be exact, it will select the
+function that would contain it. The _tep_ argument is the trace event parser context.
+
+RETURN VALUE
+------------
+The _tep_find_function()_ function returns the function name, or NULL in case
+it cannot be found.
+
+The _tep_find_function_address()_ function returns the function start address,
+or 0 in case it cannot be found.
+
+EXAMPLE
+-------
+[source,c]
+--
+#include <event-parse.h>
+...
+struct tep_handle *tep = tep_alloc();
+...
+void show_function( unsigned long long addr)
+{
+ const char *fname = tep_find_function(tep, addr);
+ unsigned long long fstart = tep_find_function_address(tep, addr);
+
+ /* addr is in function named fname, starting at fstart address, at offset (addr - fstart) */
+}
+...
+--
+
+FILES
+-----
+[verse]
+--
+*event-parse.h*
+ Header file to include in order to have access to the library APIs.
+*-ltraceevent*
+ Linker switch to add when building a program that uses the library.
+--
+
+SEE ALSO
+--------
+_libtraceevent(3)_, _trace-cmd(1)_
+
+AUTHOR
+------
+[verse]
+--
+*Steven Rostedt* <rostedt@goodmis.org>, author of *libtraceevent*.
+*Tzvetomir Stoyanov* <tz.stoyanov@gmail.com>, author of this man page.
+--
+REPORTING BUGS
+--------------
+Report bugs to <linux-trace-devel@vger.kernel.org>
+
+LICENSE
+-------
+libtraceevent is Free Software licensed under the GNU LGPL 2.1
+
+RESOURCES
+---------
+https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git
--
2.20.1
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