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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 01/18] kunit: test: add KUnit test runner core
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Quoting Brendan Higgins (2019-05-14 15:16:54)
> diff --git a/include/kunit/test.h b/include/kunit/test.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..e682ea0e1f9a5
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/kunit/test.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,162 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * Base unit test (KUnit) API.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
> + * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _KUNIT_TEST_H
> +#define _KUNIT_TEST_H
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>

Is this include used here?

> +
> +struct kunit;
> +
> +/**
> + * struct kunit_case - represents an individual test case.
> + * @run_case: the function representing the actual test case.
> + * @name: the name of the test case.
> + *
> + * A test case is a function with the signature, ``void (*)(struct kunit *)``
> + * that makes expectations (see KUNIT_EXPECT_TRUE()) about code under test. Each
> + * test case is associated with a &struct kunit_module and will be run after the
> + * module's init function and followed by the module's exit function.
> + *
> + * A test case should be static and should only be created with the KUNIT_CASE()
> + * macro; additionally, every array of test cases should be terminated with an
> + * empty test case.
> + *
> + * Example:
> + *
> + * .. code-block:: c
> + *
> + * void add_test_basic(struct kunit *test)
> + * {
> + * KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 1, add(1, 0));
> + * KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 2, add(1, 1));
> + * KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, 0, add(-1, 1));
> + * KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, INT_MAX, add(0, INT_MAX));
> + * KUNIT_EXPECT_EQ(test, -1, add(INT_MAX, INT_MIN));
> + * }
> + *
> + * static struct kunit_case example_test_cases[] = {
> + * KUNIT_CASE(add_test_basic),
> + * {},

Nitpick: Please drop the comma on the sentinel so nobody gets ideas to
add another entry after it.

> + * };
> + *
> + */
> +struct kunit_case {
> + void (*run_case)(struct kunit *test);
> + const char name[256];

Maybe 256 can be a #define KUNIT_NAME_MAX_LEN? Or it could just be a
const char pointer to a literal pool? Are unit tests making up names at
runtime?

> +
> + /* private: internal use only. */
> + bool success;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * KUNIT_CASE - A helper for creating a &struct kunit_case
> + * @test_name: a reference to a test case function.
> + *
> + * Takes a symbol for a function representing a test case and creates a
> + * &struct kunit_case object from it. See the documentation for
> + * &struct kunit_case for an example on how to use it.
> + */
> +#define KUNIT_CASE(test_name) { .run_case = test_name, .name = #test_name }
> +
> +/**
> + * struct kunit_module - describes a related collection of &struct kunit_case s.
> + * @name: the name of the test. Purely informational.
> + * @init: called before every test case.
> + * @exit: called after every test case.
> + * @test_cases: a null terminated array of test cases.
> + *
> + * A kunit_module is a collection of related &struct kunit_case s, such that
> + * @init is called before every test case and @exit is called after every test
> + * case, similar to the notion of a *test fixture* or a *test class* in other
> + * unit testing frameworks like JUnit or Googletest.
> + *
> + * Every &struct kunit_case must be associated with a kunit_module for KUnit to
> + * run it.
> + */
> +struct kunit_module {
> + const char name[256];
> + int (*init)(struct kunit *test);
> + void (*exit)(struct kunit *test);
> + struct kunit_case *test_cases;

Can this variable be const? Or we expect test modules to adjust test_cases after
the fact?

> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct kunit - represents a running instance of a test.
> + * @priv: for user to store arbitrary data. Commonly used to pass data created
> + * in the init function (see &struct kunit_module).
> + *
> + * Used to store information about the current context under which the test is
> + * running. Most of this data is private and should only be accessed indirectly
> + * via public functions; the one exception is @priv which can be used by the
> + * test writer to store arbitrary data.
> + */
> +struct kunit {
> + void *priv;
> +
> + /* private: internal use only. */
> + const char *name; /* Read only after initialization! */
> + spinlock_t lock; /* Gaurds all mutable test state. */
> + bool success; /* Protected by lock. */
> +};
> +
> +void kunit_init_test(struct kunit *test, const char *name);
> +
> +int kunit_run_tests(struct kunit_module *module);
> +
> +/**
> + * module_test() - used to register a &struct kunit_module with KUnit.
> + * @module: a statically allocated &struct kunit_module.
> + *
> + * Registers @module with the test framework. See &struct kunit_module for more
> + * information.
> + */
> +#define module_test(module) \
> + static int module_kunit_init##module(void) \
> + { \
> + return kunit_run_tests(&module); \
> + } \
> + late_initcall(module_kunit_init##module)

Maybe we need to introduce another initcall level after
late_initcall_sync() for tests? I wonder if there will be tests that
need to run after all other initcalls have run, including late sync
initcalls.

> +
> +void __printf(3, 4) kunit_printk(const char *level,
> + const struct kunit *test,
> + const char *fmt, ...);
> +
> +/**
> + * kunit_info() - Prints an INFO level message associated with the current test.
> + * @test: The test context object.
> + * @fmt: A printk() style format string.
> + *
> + * Prints an info level message associated with the test module being run. Takes
> + * a variable number of format parameters just like printk().
> + */
> +#define kunit_info(test, fmt, ...) \
> + kunit_printk(KERN_INFO, test, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +
> +/**
> + * kunit_warn() - Prints a WARN level message associated with the current test.
> + * @test: The test context object.
> + * @fmt: A printk() style format string.
> + *
> + * See kunit_info().

Why? Just write out that it "Prints a warning level message".

> + */
> +#define kunit_warn(test, fmt, ...) \
> + kunit_printk(KERN_WARNING, test, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +
> +/**
> + * kunit_err() - Prints an ERROR level message associated with the current test.
> + * @test: The test context object.
> + * @fmt: A printk() style format string.
> + *
> + * See kunit_info().

Same comment.

> + */
> +#define kunit_err(test, fmt, ...) \
> + kunit_printk(KERN_ERR, test, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +
> +#endif /* _KUNIT_TEST_H */
> diff --git a/kunit/Kconfig b/kunit/Kconfig
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..64480092b2c24
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kunit/Kconfig
> @@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
> +#
> +# KUnit base configuration
> +#
> +
> +menu "KUnit support"
> +
> +config KUNIT
> + bool "Enable support for unit tests (KUnit)"
> + help
> + Enables support for kernel unit tests (KUnit), a lightweight unit
> + testing and mocking framework for the Linux kernel. These tests are
> + able to be run locally on a developer's workstation without a VM or
> + special hardware. For more information, please see
> + Documentation/kunit/

This moved and needs an update.

> +
> +endmenu
> diff --git a/kunit/Makefile b/kunit/Makefile
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..5efdc4dea2c08
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kunit/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1 @@
> +obj-$(CONFIG_KUNIT) += test.o
> diff --git a/kunit/test.c b/kunit/test.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..86f65ba2bcf92
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kunit/test.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,229 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Base unit test (KUnit) API.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019, Google LLC.
> + * Author: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/sched.h>

This include gets removed later in the series, was it ever needed?

> +#include <linux/sched/debug.h>
> +#include <kunit/test.h>
> +
> +static bool kunit_get_success(struct kunit *test)
> +{
> + unsigned long flags;
> + bool success;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&test->lock, flags);
> + success = test->success;
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&test->lock, flags);
> +
> + return success;
> +}
> +
> +static void kunit_set_success(struct kunit *test, bool success)
> +{
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&test->lock, flags);
> + test->success = success;
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&test->lock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +static int kunit_vprintk_emit(int level, const char *fmt, va_list args)
> +{
> + return vprintk_emit(0, level, NULL, 0, fmt, args);
> +}
> +
> +static int kunit_printk_emit(int level, const char *fmt, ...)
> +{
> + va_list args;
> + int ret;
> +
> + va_start(args, fmt);
> + ret = kunit_vprintk_emit(level, fmt, args);
> + va_end(args);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static void kunit_vprintk(const struct kunit *test,
> + const char *level,
> + struct va_format *vaf)
> +{
> + kunit_printk_emit(level[1] - '0', "\t# %s: %pV", test->name, vaf);
> +}
> +
> +static bool kunit_has_printed_tap_version;
> +
> +static void kunit_print_tap_version(void)
> +{
> + if (!kunit_has_printed_tap_version) {
> + kunit_printk_emit(LOGLEVEL_INFO, "TAP version 14\n");
> + kunit_has_printed_tap_version = true;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static size_t kunit_test_cases_len(struct kunit_case *test_cases)
> +{
> + struct kunit_case *test_case;
> + size_t len = 0;
> +
> + for (test_case = test_cases; test_case->run_case; test_case++)
> + len++;
> +
> + return len;
> +}
> +
> +static void kunit_print_subtest_start(struct kunit_module *module)
> +{
> + kunit_print_tap_version();
> + kunit_printk_emit(LOGLEVEL_INFO, "\t# Subtest: %s\n", module->name);
> + kunit_printk_emit(LOGLEVEL_INFO,
> + "\t1..%zd\n",
> + kunit_test_cases_len(module->test_cases));
> +}
> +
> +static void kunit_print_ok_not_ok(bool should_indent,
> + bool is_ok,
> + size_t test_number,
> + const char *description)
> +{
> + const char *indent, *ok_not_ok;
> +
> + if (should_indent)
> + indent = "\t";
> + else
> + indent = "";
> +
> + if (is_ok)
> + ok_not_ok = "ok";
> + else
> + ok_not_ok = "not ok";
> +
> + kunit_printk_emit(LOGLEVEL_INFO,
> + "%s%s %zd - %s\n",
> + indent, ok_not_ok, test_number, description);
> +}
> +
> +static bool kunit_module_has_succeeded(struct kunit_module *module)
> +{
> + struct kunit_case *test_case;

This can be const?

> + bool success = true;
> +
> + for (test_case = module->test_cases; test_case->run_case; test_case++)
> + if (!test_case->success)
> + success = false;

Bail out early here on first "fail" with return false?

> +
> + return success;
> +}
> +
> +size_t kunit_module_counter = 1;
> +
> +static void kunit_print_subtest_end(struct kunit_module *module)
> +{
> + kunit_print_ok_not_ok(false,
> + kunit_module_has_succeeded(module),
> + kunit_module_counter++,
> + module->name);
> +}
> +
> +static void kunit_print_test_case_ok_not_ok(struct kunit_case *test_case,
> + size_t test_number)
> +{
> + kunit_print_ok_not_ok(true,
> + test_case->success,
> + test_number,
> + test_case->name);
> +}
> +
> +void kunit_init_test(struct kunit *test, const char *name)
> +{
> + spin_lock_init(&test->lock);
> + test->name = name;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Initializes and runs test case. Does not clean up or do post validations.
> + */
> +static void kunit_run_case_internal(struct kunit *test,
> + struct kunit_module *module,
> + struct kunit_case *test_case)
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (module->init) {
> + ret = module->init(test);
> + if (ret) {
> + kunit_err(test, "failed to initialize: %d\n", ret);
> + kunit_set_success(test, false);
> + return;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + test_case->run_case(test);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Performs post validations and cleanup after a test case was run.
> + * XXX: Should ONLY BE CALLED AFTER kunit_run_case_internal!
> + */
> +static void kunit_run_case_cleanup(struct kunit *test,
> + struct kunit_module *module,
> + struct kunit_case *test_case)

But test_case isn't used?

> +{
> + if (module->exit)

Aha, so we don't need empty functions in the sysctl test.

> + module->exit(test);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Performs all logic to run a test case.
> + */
> +static void kunit_run_case(struct kunit_module *module,
> + struct kunit_case *test_case)
> +{
> + struct kunit test;
> +
> + kunit_init_test(&test, test_case->name);
> + kunit_set_success(&test, true);

Can kunit_init_test() also kunit_set_success() to true or false,
depending on what is desired as the initial state?

> +
> + kunit_run_case_internal(&test, module, test_case);
> + kunit_run_case_cleanup(&test, module, test_case);

I find this odd, we have run_case_internal() that does two things, init
and run_case, while case_cleanup() does one thing, call module->exit().

Can we just inline all those functions in here so that it looks like
this:

int ret = 0;

if (module->init) {
ret = module->init(test);
if (ret) {
kunit_err(test, "failed to initialize: %d\n", ret);
kunit_set_success(&test, false);
}
}

if (!ret)
test_case->run_case(&test);

if (module->exit)
module->exit(&test);

return kunit_get_success(&test);

Then I don't have to read two more functions to figure out the flow of
running a test case.

> +
> + test_case->success = kunit_get_success(&test);
> +}
> +
> +int kunit_run_tests(struct kunit_module *module)
> +{
> + struct kunit_case *test_case;
> + size_t test_case_count = 1;

Might make sense to assign this to 0 first and then pre-increment so
that test_case_count can't be 1 when there aren't any tests?

> +
> + kunit_print_subtest_start(module);
> +
> + for (test_case = module->test_cases; test_case->run_case; test_case++) {
> + kunit_run_case(module, test_case);
> + kunit_print_test_case_ok_not_ok(test_case, test_case_count++);

Can this be pushed into kunit_run_case() and have that function take a
test_case_count number? Maybe that would allow us to avoid storing
test_case->success entirely? Assuming that kunit_run_case() returned a
value like success or failure, then yes it would work.

unsigned int failed = 0;

for (test_case = module->test_cases; test_case->run_case; test_case++) {
failed |= kunit_run_case(module, test_case, ++test_case_count);

kunit_print_ok_not_ok(false,
!failed,
kunit_module_counter++,
module->name);

> + kunit_print_subtest_end(module);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}

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