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Subject[GIT PULL] x86 fixes
Linus,

Please pull the latest x86-urgent-for-linus git tree from:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip.git x86-urgent-for-linus

# HEAD: 9d8d0294e78a164d407133dea05caf4b84247d6a x86/speculation/mds: Improve CPU buffer clear documentation

Misc fixes and updates:

- a handful of MDS documentation/comment updates
- a cleanup related to hweight interfaces
- a SEV guest fix for large pages
- a kprobes LTO fix
- and a final cleanup commit for vDSO HPET support removal.


out-of-topic modifications in x86-urgent-for-linus:
-----------------------------------------------------
lib/hweight.c # 409ca45526a4: x86/kconfig: Disable CONFIG_

Thanks,

Ingo

------------------>
Andi Kleen (1):
x86/kprobes: Make trampoline_handler() global and visible

Andy Lutomirski (2):
x86/speculation/mds: Revert CPU buffer clear on double fault exit
x86/speculation/mds: Improve CPU buffer clear documentation

Brijesh Singh (1):
x86/mm: Do not use set_{pud, pmd}_safe() when splitting a large page

Jia Zhang (1):
x86/vdso: Remove hpet_page from vDSO

Masahiro Yamada (1):
x86/kconfig: Disable CONFIG_GENERIC_HWEIGHT and remove __HAVE_ARCH_SW_HWEIGHT


Documentation/x86/mds.rst | 44 ++---------
arch/x86/Kconfig | 3 -
arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso2c.c | 3 -
arch/x86/include/asm/arch_hweight.h | 2 -
arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h | 1 -
arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/traps.c | 8 --
arch/x86/mm/init_64.c | 144 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c | 10 ++-
arch/x86/mm/mm_internal.h | 3 +
lib/hweight.c | 4 -
11 files changed, 121 insertions(+), 103 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/mds.rst b/Documentation/x86/mds.rst
index 534e9baa4e1d..5d4330be200f 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/mds.rst
+++ b/Documentation/x86/mds.rst
@@ -142,45 +142,13 @@ Mitigation points
mds_user_clear.

The mitigation is invoked in prepare_exit_to_usermode() which covers
- most of the kernel to user space transitions. There are a few exceptions
- which are not invoking prepare_exit_to_usermode() on return to user
- space. These exceptions use the paranoid exit code.
+ all but one of the kernel to user space transitions. The exception
+ is when we return from a Non Maskable Interrupt (NMI), which is
+ handled directly in do_nmi().

- - Non Maskable Interrupt (NMI):
-
- Access to sensible data like keys, credentials in the NMI context is
- mostly theoretical: The CPU can do prefetching or execute a
- misspeculated code path and thereby fetching data which might end up
- leaking through a buffer.
-
- But for mounting other attacks the kernel stack address of the task is
- already valuable information. So in full mitigation mode, the NMI is
- mitigated on the return from do_nmi() to provide almost complete
- coverage.
-
- - Double fault (#DF):
-
- A double fault is usually fatal, but the ESPFIX workaround, which can
- be triggered from user space through modify_ldt(2) is a recoverable
- double fault. #DF uses the paranoid exit path, so explicit mitigation
- in the double fault handler is required.
-
- - Machine Check Exception (#MC):
-
- Another corner case is a #MC which hits between the CPU buffer clear
- invocation and the actual return to user. As this still is in kernel
- space it takes the paranoid exit path which does not clear the CPU
- buffers. So the #MC handler repopulates the buffers to some
- extent. Machine checks are not reliably controllable and the window is
- extremly small so mitigation would just tick a checkbox that this
- theoretical corner case is covered. To keep the amount of special
- cases small, ignore #MC.
-
- - Debug Exception (#DB):
-
- This takes the paranoid exit path only when the INT1 breakpoint is in
- kernel space. #DB on a user space address takes the regular exit path,
- so no extra mitigation required.
+ (The reason that NMI is special is that prepare_exit_to_usermode() can
+ enable IRQs. In NMI context, NMIs are blocked, and we don't want to
+ enable IRQs with NMIs blocked.)


2. C-State transition
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 326b2d5bab9d..6bc9dd6e7534 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -259,9 +259,6 @@ config GENERIC_BUG
config GENERIC_BUG_RELATIVE_POINTERS
bool

-config GENERIC_HWEIGHT
- def_bool y
-
config ARCH_MAY_HAVE_PC_FDC
def_bool y
depends on ISA_DMA_API
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso2c.c b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso2c.c
index 8e470b018512..3a4d8d4d39f8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso2c.c
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso2c.c
@@ -73,14 +73,12 @@ const char *outfilename;
enum {
sym_vvar_start,
sym_vvar_page,
- sym_hpet_page,
sym_pvclock_page,
sym_hvclock_page,
};

const int special_pages[] = {
sym_vvar_page,
- sym_hpet_page,
sym_pvclock_page,
sym_hvclock_page,
};
@@ -93,7 +91,6 @@ struct vdso_sym {
struct vdso_sym required_syms[] = {
[sym_vvar_start] = {"vvar_start", true},
[sym_vvar_page] = {"vvar_page", true},
- [sym_hpet_page] = {"hpet_page", true},
[sym_pvclock_page] = {"pvclock_page", true},
[sym_hvclock_page] = {"hvclock_page", true},
{"VDSO32_NOTE_MASK", true},
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/arch_hweight.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/arch_hweight.h
index fc0693569f7a..ba88edd0d58b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/arch_hweight.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/arch_hweight.h
@@ -12,8 +12,6 @@
#define REG_OUT "a"
#endif

-#define __HAVE_ARCH_SW_HWEIGHT
-
static __always_inline unsigned int __arch_hweight32(unsigned int w)
{
unsigned int res;
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
index 27566e57e87d..230474e2ddb5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h
@@ -19,7 +19,6 @@ struct vdso_image {
long sym_vvar_start; /* Negative offset to the vvar area */

long sym_vvar_page;
- long sym_hpet_page;
long sym_pvclock_page;
long sym_hvclock_page;
long sym_VDSO32_NOTE_MASK;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
index cf52ee0d8711..9e4fa2484d10 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
@@ -768,7 +768,7 @@ static struct kprobe kretprobe_kprobe = {
/*
* Called from kretprobe_trampoline
*/
-static __used void *trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
+__used __visible void *trampoline_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb;
struct kretprobe_instance *ri = NULL;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index 7de466eb960b..8b6d03e55d2f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -58,7 +58,6 @@
#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/fpu/xstate.h>
#include <asm/trace/mpx.h>
-#include <asm/nospec-branch.h>
#include <asm/mpx.h>
#include <asm/vm86.h>
#include <asm/umip.h>
@@ -368,13 +367,6 @@ dotraplinkage void do_double_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
regs->ip = (unsigned long)general_protection;
regs->sp = (unsigned long)&gpregs->orig_ax;

- /*
- * This situation can be triggered by userspace via
- * modify_ldt(2) and the return does not take the regular
- * user space exit, so a CPU buffer clear is required when
- * MDS mitigation is enabled.
- */
- mds_user_clear_cpu_buffers();
return;
}
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 20d14254b686..62fc457f3849 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -58,6 +58,37 @@

#include "ident_map.c"

+#define DEFINE_POPULATE(fname, type1, type2, init) \
+static inline void fname##_init(struct mm_struct *mm, \
+ type1##_t *arg1, type2##_t *arg2, bool init) \
+{ \
+ if (init) \
+ fname##_safe(mm, arg1, arg2); \
+ else \
+ fname(mm, arg1, arg2); \
+}
+
+DEFINE_POPULATE(p4d_populate, p4d, pud, init)
+DEFINE_POPULATE(pgd_populate, pgd, p4d, init)
+DEFINE_POPULATE(pud_populate, pud, pmd, init)
+DEFINE_POPULATE(pmd_populate_kernel, pmd, pte, init)
+
+#define DEFINE_ENTRY(type1, type2, init) \
+static inline void set_##type1##_init(type1##_t *arg1, \
+ type2##_t arg2, bool init) \
+{ \
+ if (init) \
+ set_##type1##_safe(arg1, arg2); \
+ else \
+ set_##type1(arg1, arg2); \
+}
+
+DEFINE_ENTRY(p4d, p4d, init)
+DEFINE_ENTRY(pud, pud, init)
+DEFINE_ENTRY(pmd, pmd, init)
+DEFINE_ENTRY(pte, pte, init)
+
+
/*
* NOTE: pagetable_init alloc all the fixmap pagetables contiguous on the
* physical space so we can cache the place of the first one and move
@@ -414,7 +445,7 @@ void __init cleanup_highmap(void)
*/
static unsigned long __meminit
phys_pte_init(pte_t *pte_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
- pgprot_t prot)
+ pgprot_t prot, bool init)
{
unsigned long pages = 0, paddr_next;
unsigned long paddr_last = paddr_end;
@@ -432,7 +463,7 @@ phys_pte_init(pte_t *pte_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
E820_TYPE_RAM) &&
!e820__mapped_any(paddr & PAGE_MASK, paddr_next,
E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN))
- set_pte_safe(pte, __pte(0));
+ set_pte_init(pte, __pte(0), init);
continue;
}

@@ -452,7 +483,7 @@ phys_pte_init(pte_t *pte_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
pr_info(" pte=%p addr=%lx pte=%016lx\n", pte, paddr,
pfn_pte(paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_KERNEL).pte);
pages++;
- set_pte_safe(pte, pfn_pte(paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot));
+ set_pte_init(pte, pfn_pte(paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot), init);
paddr_last = (paddr & PAGE_MASK) + PAGE_SIZE;
}

@@ -468,7 +499,7 @@ phys_pte_init(pte_t *pte_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
*/
static unsigned long __meminit
phys_pmd_init(pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
- unsigned long page_size_mask, pgprot_t prot)
+ unsigned long page_size_mask, pgprot_t prot, bool init)
{
unsigned long pages = 0, paddr_next;
unsigned long paddr_last = paddr_end;
@@ -487,7 +518,7 @@ phys_pmd_init(pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
E820_TYPE_RAM) &&
!e820__mapped_any(paddr & PMD_MASK, paddr_next,
E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN))
- set_pmd_safe(pmd, __pmd(0));
+ set_pmd_init(pmd, __pmd(0), init);
continue;
}

@@ -496,7 +527,8 @@ phys_pmd_init(pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pte = (pte_t *)pmd_page_vaddr(*pmd);
paddr_last = phys_pte_init(pte, paddr,
- paddr_end, prot);
+ paddr_end, prot,
+ init);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
continue;
}
@@ -524,19 +556,20 @@ phys_pmd_init(pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
if (page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_2M)) {
pages++;
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
- set_pte_safe((pte_t *)pmd,
- pfn_pte((paddr & PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
- __pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | _PAGE_PSE)));
+ set_pte_init((pte_t *)pmd,
+ pfn_pte((paddr & PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+ __pgprot(pgprot_val(prot) | _PAGE_PSE)),
+ init);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
paddr_last = paddr_next;
continue;
}

pte = alloc_low_page();
- paddr_last = phys_pte_init(pte, paddr, paddr_end, new_prot);
+ paddr_last = phys_pte_init(pte, paddr, paddr_end, new_prot, init);

spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
- pmd_populate_kernel_safe(&init_mm, pmd, pte);
+ pmd_populate_kernel_init(&init_mm, pmd, pte, init);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
}
update_page_count(PG_LEVEL_2M, pages);
@@ -551,7 +584,7 @@ phys_pmd_init(pmd_t *pmd_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
*/
static unsigned long __meminit
phys_pud_init(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
- unsigned long page_size_mask)
+ unsigned long page_size_mask, bool init)
{
unsigned long pages = 0, paddr_next;
unsigned long paddr_last = paddr_end;
@@ -573,7 +606,7 @@ phys_pud_init(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
E820_TYPE_RAM) &&
!e820__mapped_any(paddr & PUD_MASK, paddr_next,
E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN))
- set_pud_safe(pud, __pud(0));
+ set_pud_init(pud, __pud(0), init);
continue;
}

@@ -583,7 +616,7 @@ phys_pud_init(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
paddr_last = phys_pmd_init(pmd, paddr,
paddr_end,
page_size_mask,
- prot);
+ prot, init);
continue;
}
/*
@@ -610,9 +643,10 @@ phys_pud_init(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
if (page_size_mask & (1<<PG_LEVEL_1G)) {
pages++;
spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
- set_pte_safe((pte_t *)pud,
- pfn_pte((paddr & PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
- PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE));
+ set_pte_init((pte_t *)pud,
+ pfn_pte((paddr & PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+ PAGE_KERNEL_LARGE),
+ init);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
paddr_last = paddr_next;
continue;
@@ -620,10 +654,10 @@ phys_pud_init(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,

pmd = alloc_low_page();
paddr_last = phys_pmd_init(pmd, paddr, paddr_end,
- page_size_mask, prot);
+ page_size_mask, prot, init);

spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
- pud_populate_safe(&init_mm, pud, pmd);
+ pud_populate_init(&init_mm, pud, pmd, init);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
}

@@ -634,14 +668,15 @@ phys_pud_init(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,

static unsigned long __meminit
phys_p4d_init(p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
- unsigned long page_size_mask)
+ unsigned long page_size_mask, bool init)
{
unsigned long paddr_next, paddr_last = paddr_end;
unsigned long vaddr = (unsigned long)__va(paddr);
int i = p4d_index(vaddr);

if (!pgtable_l5_enabled())
- return phys_pud_init((pud_t *) p4d_page, paddr, paddr_end, page_size_mask);
+ return phys_pud_init((pud_t *) p4d_page, paddr, paddr_end,
+ page_size_mask, init);

for (; i < PTRS_PER_P4D; i++, paddr = paddr_next) {
p4d_t *p4d;
@@ -657,39 +692,34 @@ phys_p4d_init(p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long paddr, unsigned long paddr_end,
E820_TYPE_RAM) &&
!e820__mapped_any(paddr & P4D_MASK, paddr_next,
E820_TYPE_RESERVED_KERN))
- set_p4d_safe(p4d, __p4d(0));
+ set_p4d_init(p4d, __p4d(0), init);
continue;
}

if (!p4d_none(*p4d)) {
pud = pud_offset(p4d, 0);
- paddr_last = phys_pud_init(pud, paddr,
- paddr_end,
- page_size_mask);
+ paddr_last = phys_pud_init(pud, paddr, paddr_end,
+ page_size_mask, init);
continue;
}

pud = alloc_low_page();
paddr_last = phys_pud_init(pud, paddr, paddr_end,
- page_size_mask);
+ page_size_mask, init);

spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
- p4d_populate_safe(&init_mm, p4d, pud);
+ p4d_populate_init(&init_mm, p4d, pud, init);
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
}

return paddr_last;
}

-/*
- * Create page table mapping for the physical memory for specific physical
- * addresses. The virtual and physical addresses have to be aligned on PMD level
- * down. It returns the last physical address mapped.
- */
-unsigned long __meminit
-kernel_physical_mapping_init(unsigned long paddr_start,
- unsigned long paddr_end,
- unsigned long page_size_mask)
+static unsigned long __meminit
+__kernel_physical_mapping_init(unsigned long paddr_start,
+ unsigned long paddr_end,
+ unsigned long page_size_mask,
+ bool init)
{
bool pgd_changed = false;
unsigned long vaddr, vaddr_start, vaddr_end, vaddr_next, paddr_last;
@@ -709,19 +739,22 @@ kernel_physical_mapping_init(unsigned long paddr_start,
p4d = (p4d_t *)pgd_page_vaddr(*pgd);
paddr_last = phys_p4d_init(p4d, __pa(vaddr),
__pa(vaddr_end),
- page_size_mask);
+ page_size_mask,
+ init);
continue;
}

p4d = alloc_low_page();
paddr_last = phys_p4d_init(p4d, __pa(vaddr), __pa(vaddr_end),
- page_size_mask);
+ page_size_mask, init);

spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
if (pgtable_l5_enabled())
- pgd_populate_safe(&init_mm, pgd, p4d);
+ pgd_populate_init(&init_mm, pgd, p4d, init);
else
- p4d_populate_safe(&init_mm, p4d_offset(pgd, vaddr), (pud_t *) p4d);
+ p4d_populate_init(&init_mm, p4d_offset(pgd, vaddr),
+ (pud_t *) p4d, init);
+
spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
pgd_changed = true;
}
@@ -732,6 +765,37 @@ kernel_physical_mapping_init(unsigned long paddr_start,
return paddr_last;
}

+
+/*
+ * Create page table mapping for the physical memory for specific physical
+ * addresses. Note that it can only be used to populate non-present entries.
+ * The virtual and physical addresses have to be aligned on PMD level
+ * down. It returns the last physical address mapped.
+ */
+unsigned long __meminit
+kernel_physical_mapping_init(unsigned long paddr_start,
+ unsigned long paddr_end,
+ unsigned long page_size_mask)
+{
+ return __kernel_physical_mapping_init(paddr_start, paddr_end,
+ page_size_mask, true);
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is similar to kernel_physical_mapping_init() above with the
+ * exception that it uses set_{pud,pmd}() instead of the set_{pud,pte}_safe()
+ * when updating the mapping. The caller is responsible to flush the TLBs after
+ * the function returns.
+ */
+unsigned long __meminit
+kernel_physical_mapping_change(unsigned long paddr_start,
+ unsigned long paddr_end,
+ unsigned long page_size_mask)
+{
+ return __kernel_physical_mapping_init(paddr_start, paddr_end,
+ page_size_mask, false);
+}
+
#ifndef CONFIG_NUMA
void __init initmem_init(void)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
index 385afa2b9e17..51f50a7a07ef 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mem_encrypt.c
@@ -301,9 +301,13 @@ static int __init early_set_memory_enc_dec(unsigned long vaddr,
else
split_page_size_mask = 1 << PG_LEVEL_2M;

- kernel_physical_mapping_init(__pa(vaddr & pmask),
- __pa((vaddr_end & pmask) + psize),
- split_page_size_mask);
+ /*
+ * kernel_physical_mapping_change() does not flush the TLBs, so
+ * a TLB flush is required after we exit from the for loop.
+ */
+ kernel_physical_mapping_change(__pa(vaddr & pmask),
+ __pa((vaddr_end & pmask) + psize),
+ split_page_size_mask);
}

ret = 0;
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mm_internal.h b/arch/x86/mm/mm_internal.h
index 319bde386d5f..eeae142062ed 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mm_internal.h
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mm_internal.h
@@ -13,6 +13,9 @@ void early_ioremap_page_table_range_init(void);
unsigned long kernel_physical_mapping_init(unsigned long start,
unsigned long end,
unsigned long page_size_mask);
+unsigned long kernel_physical_mapping_change(unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end,
+ unsigned long page_size_mask);
void zone_sizes_init(void);

extern int after_bootmem;
diff --git a/lib/hweight.c b/lib/hweight.c
index 7660d88fd496..c94586b62551 100644
--- a/lib/hweight.c
+++ b/lib/hweight.c
@@ -10,7 +10,6 @@
* The Hamming Weight of a number is the total number of bits set in it.
*/

-#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SW_HWEIGHT
unsigned int __sw_hweight32(unsigned int w)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_FAST_MULTIPLIER
@@ -27,7 +26,6 @@ unsigned int __sw_hweight32(unsigned int w)
#endif
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sw_hweight32);
-#endif

unsigned int __sw_hweight16(unsigned int w)
{
@@ -46,7 +44,6 @@ unsigned int __sw_hweight8(unsigned int w)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sw_hweight8);

-#ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_SW_HWEIGHT
unsigned long __sw_hweight64(__u64 w)
{
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
@@ -69,4 +66,3 @@ unsigned long __sw_hweight64(__u64 w)
#endif
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sw_hweight64);
-#endif
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