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Subject[PATCH 2/6] perf: arm64: Add test to check userspace access to hardware counters.
Date
This test relies on the fact that the PMU registers are accessible
from userspace. It then uses the perf_event_mmap_page to retrieve
the counter index and access the underlying register.

This test uses sched_setaffinity(2) in order to run on all CPU and thus
check the behaviour of the PMU of all cpus in a big.LITTLE environment.

Signed-off-by: Raphael Gault <raphael.gault@arm.com>
---
tools/perf/arch/arm64/include/arch-tests.h | 6 +
tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/Build | 1 +
tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/arch-tests.c | 4 +
tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c | 255 +++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 266 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c

diff --git a/tools/perf/arch/arm64/include/arch-tests.h b/tools/perf/arch/arm64/include/arch-tests.h
index 90ec4c8cb880..a9b17ae0560b 100644
--- a/tools/perf/arch/arm64/include/arch-tests.h
+++ b/tools/perf/arch/arm64/include/arch-tests.h
@@ -2,11 +2,17 @@
#ifndef ARCH_TESTS_H
#define ARCH_TESTS_H

+#define __maybe_unused __attribute__((unused))
#ifdef HAVE_DWARF_UNWIND_SUPPORT
struct thread;
struct perf_sample;
+int test__arch_unwind_sample(struct perf_sample *sample,
+ struct thread *thread);
#endif

extern struct test arch_tests[];
+int test__rd_pmevcntr(struct test *test __maybe_unused,
+ int subtest __maybe_unused);
+

#endif
diff --git a/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/Build b/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/Build
index a61c06bdb757..3f9a20c17fc6 100644
--- a/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/Build
+++ b/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/Build
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
perf-y += regs_load.o
perf-$(CONFIG_DWARF_UNWIND) += dwarf-unwind.o

+perf-y += user-events.o
perf-y += arch-tests.o
diff --git a/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/arch-tests.c b/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/arch-tests.c
index 5b1543c98022..57df9b89dede 100644
--- a/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/arch-tests.c
+++ b/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/arch-tests.c
@@ -10,6 +10,10 @@ struct test arch_tests[] = {
.func = test__dwarf_unwind,
},
#endif
+ {
+ .desc = "User counter access",
+ .func = test__rd_pmevcntr,
+ },
{
.func = NULL,
},
diff --git a/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c b/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..958e4cd000c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/arch/arm64/tests/user-events.c
@@ -0,0 +1,255 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <asm/bug.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/sysinfo.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include "perf.h"
+#include "debug.h"
+#include "tests/tests.h"
+#include "cloexec.h"
+#include "util.h"
+#include "arch-tests.h"
+
+/*
+ * ARMv8 ARM reserves the following encoding for system registers:
+ * (Ref: ARMv8 ARM, Section: "System instruction class encoding overview",
+ * C5.2, version:ARM DDI 0487A.f)
+ * [20-19] : Op0
+ * [18-16] : Op1
+ * [15-12] : CRn
+ * [11-8] : CRm
+ * [7-5] : Op2
+ */
+#define Op0_shift 19
+#define Op0_mask 0x3
+#define Op1_shift 16
+#define Op1_mask 0x7
+#define CRn_shift 12
+#define CRn_mask 0xf
+#define CRm_shift 8
+#define CRm_mask 0xf
+#define Op2_shift 5
+#define Op2_mask 0x7
+
+#define __stringify(x) #x
+
+#define read_sysreg(r) ({ \
+ u64 __val; \
+ asm volatile("mrs %0, " __stringify(r) : "=r" (__val)); \
+ __val; \
+})
+
+#define PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(idx) \
+ case idx: \
+ return read_sysreg(pmevcntr##idx##_el0)
+
+#define PMEVCNTR_CASES(readwrite) \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(0); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(1); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(2); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(3); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(4); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(5); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(6); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(7); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(8); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(9); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(10); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(11); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(12); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(13); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(14); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(15); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(16); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(17); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(18); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(19); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(20); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(21); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(22); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(23); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(24); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(25); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(26); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(27); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(28); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(29); \
+ PMEVCNTR_READ_CASE(30)
+
+/*
+ * Read a value direct from PMEVCNTR<idx>
+ */
+static u64 read_evcnt_direct(int idx)
+{
+ switch (idx) {
+ PMEVCNTR_CASES(READ);
+ default:
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static u64 mmap_read_self(void *addr)
+{
+ struct perf_event_mmap_page *pc = addr;
+ u32 seq, idx, time_mult = 0, time_shift = 0;
+ u64 count, cyc = 0, time_offset = 0, enabled, running, delta;
+
+ do {
+ seq = READ_ONCE(pc->lock);
+ barrier();
+
+ enabled = READ_ONCE(pc->time_enabled);
+ running = READ_ONCE(pc->time_running);
+
+ if (enabled != running) {
+ cyc = read_sysreg(cntvct_el0);
+ time_mult = READ_ONCE(pc->time_mult);
+ time_shift = READ_ONCE(pc->time_shift);
+ time_offset = READ_ONCE(pc->time_offset);
+ }
+
+ idx = READ_ONCE(pc->index);
+ count = READ_ONCE(pc->offset);
+ if (idx)
+ count += read_evcnt_direct(idx - 1);
+
+ barrier();
+ } while (READ_ONCE(pc->lock) != seq);
+
+ if (enabled != running) {
+ u64 quot, rem;
+
+ quot = (cyc >> time_shift);
+ rem = cyc & (((u64)1 << time_shift) - 1);
+ delta = time_offset + quot * time_mult +
+ ((rem * time_mult) >> time_shift);
+
+ enabled += delta;
+ if (idx)
+ running += delta;
+
+ quot = count / running;
+ rem = count % running;
+ count = quot * enabled + (rem * enabled) / running;
+ }
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+static int __test__rd_pmevcntr(void)
+{
+ volatile int tmp = 0;
+ u64 i, loops = 1000;
+ int n;
+ int fd;
+ void *addr;
+ struct perf_event_attr attr = {
+ .type = PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE,
+ .config = PERF_COUNT_HW_INSTRUCTIONS,
+ .exclude_kernel = 1,
+ };
+ u64 delta_sum = 0;
+ char sbuf[STRERR_BUFSIZE];
+
+ fd = sys_perf_event_open(&attr, 0, -1, -1,
+ perf_event_open_cloexec_flag());
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ pr_err("Error: sys_perf_event_open() syscall returned "
+ "with %d (%s)\n", fd,
+ str_error_r(errno, sbuf, sizeof(sbuf)));
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ addr = mmap(NULL, page_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
+ if (addr == (void *)(-1)) {
+ pr_err("Error: mmap() syscall returned with (%s)\n",
+ str_error_r(errno, sbuf, sizeof(sbuf)));
+ goto out_close;
+ }
+
+ for (n = 0; n < 6; n++) {
+ u64 stamp, now, delta;
+
+ stamp = mmap_read_self(addr);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < loops; i++)
+ tmp++;
+
+ now = mmap_read_self(addr);
+ loops *= 10;
+
+ delta = now - stamp;
+ pr_debug("%14d: %14llu\n", n, (long long)delta);
+
+ delta_sum += delta;
+ }
+
+ munmap(addr, page_size);
+ pr_debug(" ");
+
+out_close:
+ close(fd);
+
+ if (!delta_sum)
+ return -1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int test__rd_pmevcntr(struct test __maybe_unused *test,
+ int __maybe_unused subtest)
+{
+ int status = 0;
+ int wret = 0;
+ int ret = 0;
+ int pid;
+ int cpu;
+ cpu_set_t cpu_set;
+
+ pid = fork();
+ if (pid < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (!pid) {
+ for (cpu = 0; cpu < get_nprocs(); cpu++) {
+ pr_info("setting affinity to cpu: %d\n", cpu);
+ CPU_ZERO(&cpu_set);
+ CPU_SET(cpu, &cpu_set);
+ if (sched_setaffinity(getpid(),
+ sizeof(cpu_set),
+ &cpu_set) == -1) {
+ pr_err("Error: impossible to set cpu (%d) affinity\n",
+ cpu);
+ continue;
+ }
+ ret = __test__rd_pmevcntr();
+ }
+ exit(ret);
+ }
+
+ wret = waitpid(pid, &status, 0);
+ if (wret < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
+ pr_err("Error: the child process was interrupted by a signal\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (WIFEXITED(status) && WEXITSTATUS(status)) {
+ pr_err("Error: the child process exited with: %d\n",
+ WEXITSTATUS(status));
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
--
2.17.1
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