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SubjectRe: INFO: task hung in __get_super
On Wed 15-05-19 15:07:30, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Wed 15-05-19 20:32:27, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
> > On 2019/05/15 19:21, Jan Kara wrote:
> > > The question is how to fix this problem. The simplest fix I can see is that
> > > we'd just refuse to do LOOP_SET_FD if someone has the block device
> > > exclusively open as there are high chances such user will be unpleasantly
> > > surprised by the device changing under him. OTOH this has some potential
> > > for userspace visible regressions. But I guess it's worth a try. Something
> > > like attached patch?
> >
> > (1) If I understand correctly, FMODE_EXCL is set at blkdev_open() only if
> > O_EXCL is specified.
>
> Yes.
>
> > How can we detect if O_EXCL was not used, for the reproducer (
> > https://syzkaller.appspot.com/text?tag=ReproC&x=135385a8a00000 ) is not
> > using O_EXCL ?
>
> mount_bdev() is using O_EXCL and that's what matters.
>
> > (2) There seems to be no serialization. What guarantees that mount_bdev()
> > does not start due to preempted after the check added by this patch?
>
> That's a good question. lo_ctl_mutex actually synchronizes most of this
> (taken in both loop_set_fd() and lo_open()) but you're right that there's
> still a small race window where loop_set_fd() need not see bdev->bd_holders
> elevated while blkdev_get() will succeed. So I need to think a bit more
> about proper synchronization of this.

OK, so non-racy fix was a bit more involved and I've ended up just
upgrading the file reference to an exclusive one in loop_set_fd() instead
of trying to hand-craft some locking solution. The result is attached and
it passes blktests.

Let syzbot also test it:

#syz test: git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git v5.1

Honza
--
Jan Kara <jack@suse.com>
SUSE Labs, CR
From e7a35f48a902b42894eba8cc4201ca745bfd5dfe Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Date: Wed, 15 May 2019 11:45:10 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] loop: Don't change loop device under exclusive opener

Loop module allows calling LOOP_SET_FD while there are other openers of
the loop device. Even exclusive ones. This can lead to weird
consequences such as kernel deadlocks like:

mount_bdev() lo_ioctl()
udf_fill_super()
udf_load_vrs()
sb_set_blocksize() - sets desired block size B
udf_tread()
sb_bread()
__bread_gfp(bdev, block, B)
loop_set_fd()
set_blocksize()
- now __getblk_slow() indefinitely loops because B != bdev
block size

Fix the problem by disallowing LOOP_SET_FD ioctl when there are
exclusive openers of a loop device.

[Deliberately chosen not to CC stable as a user with priviledges to
trigger this race has other means of taking the system down and this
has a potential of breaking some weird userspace setup]

Reported-by: syzbot+10007d66ca02b08f0e60@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
---
drivers/block/loop.c | 18 +++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/block/loop.c b/drivers/block/loop.c
index 102d79575895..f11b7dc16e9d 100644
--- a/drivers/block/loop.c
+++ b/drivers/block/loop.c
@@ -945,9 +945,20 @@ static int loop_set_fd(struct loop_device *lo, fmode_t mode,
if (!file)
goto out;

+ /*
+ * If we don't hold exclusive handle for the device, upgrade to it
+ * here to avoid changing device under exclusive owner.
+ */
+ if (!(mode & FMODE_EXCL)) {
+ bdgrab(bdev);
+ error = blkdev_get(bdev, mode | FMODE_EXCL, loop_set_fd);
+ if (error)
+ goto out_putf;
+ }
+
error = mutex_lock_killable(&loop_ctl_mutex);
if (error)
- goto out_putf;
+ goto out_bdev;

error = -EBUSY;
if (lo->lo_state != Lo_unbound)
@@ -1012,10 +1023,15 @@ static int loop_set_fd(struct loop_device *lo, fmode_t mode,
mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex);
if (partscan)
loop_reread_partitions(lo, bdev);
+ if (!(mode & FMODE_EXCL))
+ blkdev_put(bdev, mode | FMODE_EXCL);
return 0;

out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&loop_ctl_mutex);
+out_bdev:
+ if (!(mode & FMODE_EXCL))
+ blkdev_put(bdev, mode | FMODE_EXCL);
out_putf:
fput(file);
out:
--
2.16.4
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