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Subject[RFC PATCH 3/4] KVM: selftests: Add processor code for s390x
Date
Code that takes care of basic CPU setup, page table walking, etc.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Huth <thuth@redhat.com>
---
MAINTAINERS | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile | 1 +
.../selftests/kvm/include/s390x/processor.h | 22 ++
.../selftests/kvm/lib/s390x/processor.c | 277 ++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 301 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/include/s390x/processor.h
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/s390x/processor.c

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index ee6cf4d1010c..514d1f88ee26 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -8645,6 +8645,7 @@ F: arch/s390/include/asm/gmap.h
F: arch/s390/include/asm/kvm*
F: arch/s390/kvm/
F: arch/s390/mm/gmap.c
+F: tools/testing/selftests/kvm/*/s390x/

KERNEL VIRTUAL MACHINE FOR X86 (KVM/x86)
M: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
index f8588cca2bef..690422c78fb2 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/Makefile
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ UNAME_M := $(shell uname -m)
LIBKVM = lib/assert.c lib/elf.c lib/io.c lib/kvm_util.c lib/ucall.c lib/sparsebit.c
LIBKVM_x86_64 = lib/x86_64/processor.c lib/x86_64/vmx.c
LIBKVM_aarch64 = lib/aarch64/processor.c
+LIBKVM_s390x = lib/s390x/processor.c

TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 = x86_64/platform_info_test
TEST_GEN_PROGS_x86_64 += x86_64/set_sregs_test
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/include/s390x/processor.h b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/include/s390x/processor.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e0e96a5f608c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/include/s390x/processor.h
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * s390x processor specific defines
+ */
+#ifndef SELFTEST_KVM_PROCESSOR_H
+#define SELFTEST_KVM_PROCESSOR_H
+
+/* Bits in the region/segment table entry */
+#define REGION_ENTRY_ORIGIN ~0xfffUL /* region/segment table origin */
+#define REGION_ENTRY_PROTECT 0x200 /* region protection bit */
+#define REGION_ENTRY_NOEXEC 0x100 /* region no-execute bit */
+#define REGION_ENTRY_OFFSET 0xc0 /* region table offset */
+#define REGION_ENTRY_INVALID 0x20 /* invalid region table entry */
+#define REGION_ENTRY_TYPE 0x0c /* region/segment table type mask */
+#define REGION_ENTRY_LENGTH 0x03 /* region third length */
+
+/* Bits in the page table entry */
+#define PAGE_INVALID 0x400 /* HW invalid bit */
+#define PAGE_PROTECT 0x200 /* HW read-only bit */
+#define PAGE_NOEXEC 0x100 /* HW no-execute bit */
+
+#endif
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/s390x/processor.c b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/s390x/processor.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d882b66f3e24
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/kvm/lib/s390x/processor.c
@@ -0,0 +1,277 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * KVM selftest s390x library code - CPU-related functions (page tables...)
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019, Red Hat, Inc.
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE /* for program_invocation_name */
+
+#include "processor.h"
+#include "kvm_util.h"
+#include "../kvm_util_internal.h"
+
+#define KVM_GUEST_PAGE_TABLE_MIN_PADDR 0x180000
+
+#define PAGES_PER_REGION 4
+
+void virt_pgd_alloc(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t memslot)
+{
+ vm_paddr_t paddr;
+
+ TEST_ASSERT(vm->page_size == 4096, "Unsupported page size: 0x%x",
+ vm->page_size);
+
+ if (vm->pgd_created)
+ return;
+
+ paddr = vm_phy_pages_alloc(vm, PAGES_PER_REGION,
+ KVM_GUEST_PAGE_TABLE_MIN_PADDR, memslot);
+ memset(addr_gpa2hva(vm, paddr), 0xff, PAGES_PER_REGION * vm->page_size);
+
+ vm->pgd = paddr;
+ vm->pgd_created = true;
+}
+
+static uint64_t virt_alloc_region(struct kvm_vm *vm, int ri, uint32_t memslot)
+{
+ uint64_t taddr, entry;
+
+ taddr = vm_phy_pages_alloc(vm, PAGES_PER_REGION,
+ KVM_GUEST_PAGE_TABLE_MIN_PADDR, memslot);
+ memset(addr_gpa2hva(vm, taddr), 0xff, PAGES_PER_REGION * vm->page_size);
+
+ entry = (taddr & REGION_ENTRY_ORIGIN)
+ | (((4 - ri) << 2) & REGION_ENTRY_TYPE)
+ | ((ri < 4 ? (PAGES_PER_REGION - 1) : 0) & REGION_ENTRY_LENGTH);
+
+ return entry;
+}
+
+/*
+ * VM Virtual Page Map
+ *
+ * Input Args:
+ * vm - Virtual Machine
+ * gva - VM Virtual Address
+ * gpa - VM Physical Address
+ * memslot - Memory region slot for new virtual translation tables
+ *
+ * Output Args: None
+ *
+ * Return: None
+ *
+ * Within the VM given by vm, creates a virtual translation for the page
+ * starting at vaddr to the page starting at paddr.
+ */
+void virt_pg_map(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint64_t gva, uint64_t gpa,
+ uint32_t memslot)
+{
+ int ri, idx;
+ uint64_t *entry;
+
+ TEST_ASSERT((gva % vm->page_size) == 0,
+ "Virtual address not on page boundary,\n"
+ " vaddr: 0x%lx vm->page_size: 0x%x",
+ gva, vm->page_size);
+ TEST_ASSERT(sparsebit_is_set(vm->vpages_valid,
+ (gva >> vm->page_shift)),
+ "Invalid virtual address, vaddr: 0x%lx",
+ gva);
+ TEST_ASSERT((gpa % vm->page_size) == 0,
+ "Physical address not on page boundary,\n"
+ " paddr: 0x%lx vm->page_size: 0x%x",
+ gva, vm->page_size);
+ TEST_ASSERT((gpa >> vm->page_shift) <= vm->max_gfn,
+ "Physical address beyond beyond maximum supported,\n"
+ " paddr: 0x%lx vm->max_gfn: 0x%lx vm->page_size: 0x%x",
+ gva, vm->max_gfn, vm->page_size);
+
+ /* Walk through region and segment tables */
+ entry = addr_gpa2hva(vm, vm->pgd);
+ for (ri = 1; ri <= 4; ri++) {
+ idx = (gva >> (64 - 11 * ri)) & 0x7ffu;
+ if (entry[idx] & REGION_ENTRY_INVALID)
+ entry[idx] = virt_alloc_region(vm, ri, memslot);
+ entry = addr_gpa2hva(vm, entry[idx] & REGION_ENTRY_ORIGIN);
+ }
+
+ /* Fill in page table entry */
+ idx = (gva >> 12) & 0x0ffu; /* page index */
+ if (!(entry[idx] & PAGE_INVALID))
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "WARNING: PTE for gpa=0x%"PRIx64" already set!\n", gpa);
+ entry[idx] = gpa;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Address Guest Virtual to Guest Physical
+ *
+ * Input Args:
+ * vm - Virtual Machine
+ * gpa - VM virtual address
+ *
+ * Output Args: None
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * Equivalent VM physical address
+ *
+ * Translates the VM virtual address given by gva to a VM physical
+ * address and then locates the memory region containing the VM
+ * physical address, within the VM given by vm. When found, the host
+ * virtual address providing the memory to the vm physical address is
+ * returned.
+ * A TEST_ASSERT failure occurs if no region containing translated
+ * VM virtual address exists.
+ */
+vm_paddr_t addr_gva2gpa(struct kvm_vm *vm, vm_vaddr_t gva)
+{
+ int ri, idx;
+ uint64_t *entry;
+
+ TEST_ASSERT(vm->page_size == 4096, "Unsupported page size: 0x%x",
+ vm->page_size);
+
+ entry = addr_gpa2hva(vm, vm->pgd);
+ for (ri = 1; ri <= 4; ri++) {
+ idx = (gva >> (64 - 11 * ri)) & 0x7ffu;
+ TEST_ASSERT(!(entry[idx] & REGION_ENTRY_INVALID),
+ "No region mapping for vm virtual address 0x%lx",
+ gva);
+ entry = addr_gpa2hva(vm, entry[idx] & REGION_ENTRY_ORIGIN);
+ }
+
+ idx = (gva >> 12) & 0x0ffu; /* page index */
+
+ TEST_ASSERT(!(entry[idx] & PAGE_INVALID),
+ "No page mapping for vm virtual address 0x%lx", gva);
+
+ return (entry[idx] & ~0xffful) + (gva & 0xffful);
+}
+
+static void virt_dump_ptes(FILE *stream, struct kvm_vm *vm, uint8_t indent,
+ uint64_t ptea_start)
+{
+ uint64_t *pte, ptea;
+
+ for (ptea = ptea_start; ptea < ptea_start + 0x100 * 8; ptea += 8) {
+ pte = addr_gpa2hva(vm, ptea);
+ if (*pte & PAGE_INVALID)
+ continue;
+ fprintf(stream, "%*spte @ 0x%lx: 0x%016lx\n",
+ indent, "", ptea, *pte);
+ }
+}
+
+static void virt_dump_region(FILE *stream, struct kvm_vm *vm, uint8_t indent,
+ uint64_t reg_tab_addr)
+{
+ uint64_t addr, *entry;
+
+ for (addr = reg_tab_addr; addr < reg_tab_addr + 0x400 * 8; addr += 8) {
+ entry = addr_gpa2hva(vm, addr);
+ if (*entry & REGION_ENTRY_INVALID)
+ continue;
+ fprintf(stream, "%*srt%lde @ 0x%lx: 0x%016lx\n",
+ indent, "", 4 - ((*entry & REGION_ENTRY_TYPE) >> 2),
+ addr, *entry);
+ if (*entry & REGION_ENTRY_TYPE) {
+ virt_dump_region(stream, vm, indent + 2,
+ *entry & REGION_ENTRY_ORIGIN);
+ } else {
+ virt_dump_ptes(stream, vm, indent + 2,
+ *entry & REGION_ENTRY_ORIGIN);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+void virt_dump(FILE *stream, struct kvm_vm *vm, uint8_t indent)
+{
+ if (!vm->pgd_created)
+ return;
+
+ virt_dump_region(stream, vm, indent, vm->pgd);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Create a VM with reasonable defaults
+ *
+ * Input Args:
+ * vcpuid - The id of the single VCPU to add to the VM.
+ * extra_mem_pages - The size of extra memories to add (this will
+ * decide how much extra space we will need to
+ * setup the page tables using mem slot 0)
+ * guest_code - The vCPU's entry point
+ *
+ * Output Args: None
+ *
+ * Return:
+ * Pointer to opaque structure that describes the created VM.
+ */
+struct kvm_vm *vm_create_default(uint32_t vcpuid, uint64_t extra_mem_pages,
+ void *guest_code)
+{
+ uint64_t extra_pg_pages = extra_mem_pages / 512 * 2;
+ struct kvm_vm *vm;
+
+ /* VM_MODE_P52V48_4K is just a dummy, we don't really use it */
+ vm = vm_create(VM_MODE_P52V48_4K,
+ DEFAULT_GUEST_PHY_PAGES + extra_pg_pages, O_RDWR);
+
+ kvm_vm_elf_load(vm, program_invocation_name, 0, 0);
+ vm_vcpu_add_default(vm, vcpuid, guest_code);
+
+ return vm;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Adds a vCPU with reasonable defaults (i.e. a stack and initial PSW)
+ *
+ * Input Args:
+ * vcpuid - The id of the VCPU to add to the VM.
+ * guest_code - The vCPU's entry point
+ */
+void vm_vcpu_add_default(struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid, void *guest_code)
+{
+ size_t stack_size = DEFAULT_STACK_PGS * getpagesize();
+ uint64_t stack_vaddr;
+ struct kvm_regs regs;
+ struct kvm_run *run;
+
+ stack_vaddr = vm_vaddr_alloc(vm, stack_size,
+ DEFAULT_GUEST_STACK_VADDR_MIN, 0, 0);
+
+ vm_vcpu_add(vm, vcpuid, 0, 0);
+
+ /* Setup guest general purpose registers */
+ vcpu_regs_get(vm, vcpuid, &regs);
+ regs.gprs[15] = stack_vaddr + (DEFAULT_STACK_PGS * getpagesize()) - 160;
+ vcpu_regs_set(vm, vcpuid, &regs);
+
+ run = vcpu_state(vm, vcpuid);
+ run->psw_mask = 0x0400000180000000ULL; /* DAT enabled + 64 bit mode */
+ run->psw_addr = (uintptr_t)guest_code;
+}
+
+void vcpu_setup(struct kvm_vm *vm, int vcpuid, int pgd_memslot, int gdt_memslot)
+{
+ struct kvm_sregs sregs;
+
+ TEST_ASSERT(vm->pgd_created, "Page tables have not been created yet");
+ TEST_ASSERT(vm->page_size == 4096, "Unsupported page size: 0x%x",
+ vm->page_size);
+
+ /* Set mode specific system register values. */
+ vcpu_sregs_get(vm, vcpuid, &sregs);
+ sregs.crs[0] |= 0x00040000; /* Enable floating point regs */
+ sregs.crs[1] = vm->pgd | 0xf; /* Primary region table */
+ vcpu_sregs_set(vm, vcpuid, &sregs);
+}
+
+void vcpu_dump(FILE *stream, struct kvm_vm *vm, uint32_t vcpuid, uint8_t indent)
+{
+ struct vcpu *vcpu = vm->vcpu_head;
+
+ fprintf(stream, "%*spstate: psw: 0x%.16llx:0x%.16llx\n",
+ indent, "", vcpu->state->psw_mask, vcpu->state->psw_addr);
+}
--
2.21.0
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