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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/1] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Add support to use system cache
On Tue, May 14, 2019 at 12:26 PM Vivek Gautam
<vivek.gautam@codeaurora.org> wrote:
>
> Hi Robin,
>
>
> On Mon, May 13, 2019 at 5:02 PM Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com> wrote:
> >
> > On 13/05/2019 11:04, Vivek Gautam wrote:
> > > Few Qualcomm platforms such as, sdm845 have an additional outer
> > > cache called as System cache, aka. Last level cache (LLC) that
> > > allows non-coherent devices to upgrade to using caching.
> > > This cache sits right before the DDR, and is tightly coupled
> > > with the memory controller. The clients using this cache request
> > > their slices from this system cache, make it active, and can then
> > > start using it.
> > >
> > > There is a fundamental assumption that non-coherent devices can't
> > > access caches. This change adds an exception where they *can* use
> > > some level of cache despite still being non-coherent overall.
> > > The coherent devices that use cacheable memory, and CPU make use of
> > > this system cache by default.
> > >
> > > Looking at memory types, we have following -
> > > a) Normal uncached :- MAIR 0x44, inner non-cacheable,
> > > outer non-cacheable;
> > > b) Normal cached :- MAIR 0xff, inner read write-back non-transient,
> > > outer read write-back non-transient;
> > > attribute setting for coherenet I/O devices.
> > > and, for non-coherent i/o devices that can allocate in system cache
> > > another type gets added -
> > > c) Normal sys-cached :- MAIR 0xf4, inner non-cacheable,
> > > outer read write-back non-transient
> > >
> > > Coherent I/O devices use system cache by marking the memory as
> > > normal cached.
> > > Non-coherent I/O devices should mark the memory as normal
> > > sys-cached in page tables to use system cache.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Vivek Gautam <vivek.gautam@codeaurora.org>
> > > ---
> > >
> > > V3 version of this patch and related series can be found at [1].
> > >
> > > This change is a realisation of following changes from downstream msm-4.9:
> > > iommu: io-pgtable-arm: Implement IOMMU_USE_UPSTREAM_HINT[2]
> > >
> > > Changes since v3:
> > > - Dropping support to cache i/o page tables to system cache. Getting support
> > > for data buffers is the first step.
> > > Removed io-pgtable quirk and related change to add domain attribute.
> > >
> > > Glmark2 numbers on SDM845 based cheza board:
> > >
> > > S.No.| with LLC support | without LLC support
> > > | for data buffers |
> > > ---------------------------------------------------
> > > 1 | 4480; 72.3fps | 4042; 65.2fps
> > > 2 | 4500; 72.6fps | 4039; 65.1fps
> > > 3 | 4523; 72.9fps | 4106; 66.2fps
> > > 4 | 4489; 72.4fps | 4104; 66.2fps
> > > 5 | 4518; 72.9fps | 4072; 65.7fps
> > >
> > > [1] https://patchwork.kernel.org/cover/10772629/
> > > [2] https://source.codeaurora.org/quic/la/kernel/msm-4.9/commit/?h=msm-4.9&id=d4c72c413ea27c43f60825193d4de9cb8ffd9602
> > >
> > > drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c | 9 ++++++++-
> > > include/linux/iommu.h | 1 +
> > > 2 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
> > > index d3700ec15cbd..2dbafe697531 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
> > > @@ -167,10 +167,12 @@
> > > #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_MASK 0xff
> > > #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE 0x04
> > > #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_NC 0x44
> > > +#define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_QCOM_SYS_CACHE 0xf4

s/QCOM_SYS_CACHE/INC_OWBRWA/ looks more appropriate here.

> > > #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_WBRWA 0xff
> > > #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_NC 0
> > > #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_CACHE 1
> > > #define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_DEV 2
> > > +#define ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_QCOM_SYS_CACHE 3
> >
> > Here at the implementation level, I'd rather just call these what they
> > are, i.e. s/QCOM_SYS_CACHE/INC_OWBRWA/.

Allow me to change this to - s/QCOM_SYS_CACHE/INC_OC, or
s/QCOM_SYS_CACHE/INC_OCACHE to go inline with IDX_NC and IDX_CACHE.
Sounds okay?

> >
>
> Thanks for the review.
> Sure, will change this as suggested.
>
> > >
> > > /* IOPTE accessors */
> > > #define iopte_deref(pte,d) __va(iopte_to_paddr(pte, d))
> > > @@ -442,6 +444,9 @@ static arm_lpae_iopte arm_lpae_prot_to_pte(struct arm_lpae_io_pgtable *data,
> > > else if (prot & IOMMU_CACHE)
> > > pte |= (ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_CACHE
> > > << ARM_LPAE_PTE_ATTRINDX_SHIFT);
> > > + else if (prot & IOMMU_QCOM_SYS_CACHE)
> >
> > Where in the call stack is this going to be decided? (I don't recall the
> > previous discussions ever really reaching a solid conclusion on how to
> > separate responsibilities).
> >
>
> Based on the last discussion [1], I understood that we may not want to expose
> these cache protections to DMA APIs. So such control would lie with the masters
> that are creating the individual domains. An example [2] of this is
> graphics on sdm845.
> Please ignore the change in naming at [2] IOMMU_UPSTREAM_HINT in [2] is same as
> IOMMU_QCOM_SYS_CACHE here.
>
> At that point [1] I also pointed to the fact that video that uses DMA
> APIs to handle
> buffers too uses system cache on sdm845. In this case shouldn't we expose the
> protection controls to DMA APIs? Or would you suggest that such devices get
> iommu domains in the driver, and then update these protection flags?
>
> [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/12/4/790
> [2] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10302791/
>
> > > + pte |= (ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_QCOM_SYS_CACHE
> > > + << ARM_LPAE_PTE_ATTRINDX_SHIFT);
> > > } else {
> > > pte = ARM_LPAE_PTE_HAP_FAULT;
> > > if (prot & IOMMU_READ)
> > > @@ -841,7 +846,9 @@ arm_64_lpae_alloc_pgtable_s1(struct io_pgtable_cfg *cfg, void *cookie)
> > > (ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_WBRWA
> > > << ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_SHIFT(ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_CACHE)) |
> > > (ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_DEVICE
> > > - << ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_SHIFT(ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_DEV));
> > > + << ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_SHIFT(ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_DEV)) |
> > > + (ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_QCOM_SYS_CACHE
> > > + << ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_SHIFT(ARM_LPAE_MAIR_ATTR_IDX_QCOM_SYS_CACHE));
> > >
> > > cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.mair[0] = reg;
> > > cfg->arm_lpae_s1_cfg.mair[1] = 0;
> > > diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
> > > index a815cf6f6f47..29dd2c624348 100644
> > > --- a/include/linux/iommu.h
> > > +++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
> > > @@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
> > > #define IOMMU_CACHE (1 << 2) /* DMA cache coherency */
> > > #define IOMMU_NOEXEC (1 << 3)
> > > #define IOMMU_MMIO (1 << 4) /* e.g. things like MSI doorbells */
> > > +#define IOMMU_QCOM_SYS_CACHE (1 << 6)
> >
> > Nit: 6 usually comes *after* 5 ;)
>
> Sorry, pasting mistake.
>
> >
> > Plus although it's fairly self-evident that this value has *something*
> > to do with Qcom system caches and isn't as generic as, say, IOMMU_PRIV,
> > it probably still warrants some degree of comment.
>
> I will add the necessary comments.
>
> Best regards
> Vivek
> >
> > Robin.
> >
> > > /*
> > > * Where the bus hardware includes a privilege level as part of its access type
> > > * markings, and certain devices are capable of issuing transactions marked as
> > >
> > _______________________________________________
> > iommu mailing list
> > iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
> > https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/iommu
>
>
>
> --
> QUALCOMM INDIA, on behalf of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member
> of Code Aurora Forum, hosted by The Linux Foundation



--
QUALCOMM INDIA, on behalf of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member
of Code Aurora Forum, hosted by The Linux Foundation

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