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Subject[PATCH -tip v9 3/6] tracing/probe: Add ustring type for user-space string
Date
Add "ustring" type for fetching user-space string from kprobe event.
User can specify ustring type at uprobe event, and it is same as
"string" for uprobe.

Note that probe-event provides this option but it doesn't choose the
correct type automatically since we have not way to decide the address
is in user-space or not on some arch (and on some other arch, you can
fetch the string by "string" type). So user must carefully check the
target code (e.g. if you see __user on the target variable) and
use this new type.

Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>

---
Changes in v9:
- Fix other style & coding issues (Thanks Ingo!)
- Update fetch_store_string() for style consistency.
Changes in v8:
- Fix style issues according to Ingo's comment (Thanks!)
Changes in v5:
- Use strnlen_unsafe_user() in fetch_store_strlen_user().
Changes in v2:
- Use strnlen_user() instead of open code for fetch_store_strlen_user().
---
Documentation/trace/kprobetrace.rst | 9 ++++++--
kernel/trace/trace.c | 2 +-
kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
kernel/trace/trace_probe.c | 14 +++++++++---
kernel/trace/trace_probe.h | 1 +
kernel/trace/trace_probe_tmpl.h | 14 +++++++++++-
kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c | 12 ++++++++++
7 files changed, 84 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/kprobetrace.rst b/Documentation/trace/kprobetrace.rst
index 235ce2ab131a..a3ac7c9ac242 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/kprobetrace.rst
+++ b/Documentation/trace/kprobetrace.rst
@@ -55,7 +55,8 @@ Synopsis of kprobe_events
NAME=FETCHARG : Set NAME as the argument name of FETCHARG.
FETCHARG:TYPE : Set TYPE as the type of FETCHARG. Currently, basic types
(u8/u16/u32/u64/s8/s16/s32/s64), hexadecimal types
- (x8/x16/x32/x64), "string" and bitfield are supported.
+ (x8/x16/x32/x64), "string", "ustring" and bitfield
+ are supported.

(\*1) only for the probe on function entry (offs == 0).
(\*2) only for return probe.
@@ -77,7 +78,11 @@ apply it to registers/stack-entries etc. (for example, '$stack1:x8[8]' is
wrong, but '+8($stack):x8[8]' is OK.)
String type is a special type, which fetches a "null-terminated" string from
kernel space. This means it will fail and store NULL if the string container
-has been paged out.
+has been paged out. "ustring" type is an alternative of string for user-space.
+Note that kprobe-event provides string/ustring types, but doesn't change it
+automatically. So user has to decide if the targe string in kernel or in user
+space carefully. On some arch, if you choose wrong one, it always fails to
+record string data.
The string array type is a bit different from other types. For other base
types, <base-type>[1] is equal to <base-type> (e.g. +0(%di):x32[1] is same
as +0(%di):x32.) But string[1] is not equal to string. The string type itself
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index ec439999f387..69687ad83228 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -4812,7 +4812,7 @@ static const char readme_msg[] =
"\t $stack<index>, $stack, $retval, $comm\n"
#endif
"\t type: s8/16/32/64, u8/16/32/64, x8/16/32/64, string, symbol,\n"
- "\t b<bit-width>@<bit-offset>/<container-size>,\n"
+ "\t b<bit-width>@<bit-offset>/<container-size>, ustring,\n"
"\t <type>\\[<array-size>\\]\n"
#ifdef CONFIG_HIST_TRIGGERS
"\t field: <stype> <name>;\n"
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
index 5d5129b05df7..b24c87713f70 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
@@ -871,6 +871,15 @@ fetch_store_strlen(unsigned long addr)
return (ret < 0) ? ret : len;
}

+/* Return the length of string -- including null terminal byte */
+static nokprobe_inline int
+fetch_store_strlen_user(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ const void __user *uaddr = (__force const void __user *)addr;
+
+ return strnlen_unsafe_user(uaddr, MAX_STRING_SIZE);
+}
+
/*
* Fetch a null-terminated string. Caller MUST set *(u32 *)buf with max
* length and relative data location.
@@ -879,19 +888,46 @@ static nokprobe_inline int
fetch_store_string(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base)
{
int maxlen = get_loc_len(*(u32 *)dest);
- u8 *dst = get_loc_data(dest, base);
+ void *__dest;
long ret;

if (unlikely(!maxlen))
return -ENOMEM;
+
+ __dest = get_loc_data(dest, base);
+
/*
* Try to get string again, since the string can be changed while
* probing.
*/
- ret = strncpy_from_unsafe(dst, (void *)addr, maxlen);
+ ret = strncpy_from_unsafe(__dest, (void *)addr, maxlen);
+ if (ret >= 0)
+ *(u32 *)dest = make_data_loc(ret, __dest - base);
+
+ return ret;
+}

+/*
+ * Fetch a null-terminated string from user. Caller MUST set *(u32 *)buf
+ * with max length and relative data location.
+ */
+static nokprobe_inline int
+fetch_store_string_user(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base)
+{
+ const void __user *uaddr = (__force const void __user *)addr;
+ int maxlen = get_loc_len(*(u32 *)dest);
+ void *__dest;
+ long ret;
+
+ if (unlikely(!maxlen))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ __dest = get_loc_data(dest, base);
+
+ ret = strncpy_from_unsafe_user(__dest, uaddr, maxlen);
if (ret >= 0)
- *(u32 *)dest = make_data_loc(ret, (void *)dst - base);
+ *(u32 *)dest = make_data_loc(ret, __dest - base);
+
return ret;
}

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.c
index 8f8411e7835f..30054136cfde 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.c
@@ -73,6 +73,8 @@ static const struct fetch_type probe_fetch_types[] = {
/* Special types */
__ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE("string", string, string, sizeof(u32), 1,
"__data_loc char[]"),
+ __ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE("ustring", string, string, sizeof(u32), 1,
+ "__data_loc char[]"),
/* Basic types */
ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(u8, u8, 0),
ASSIGN_FETCH_TYPE(u16, u16, 0),
@@ -455,7 +457,8 @@ static int traceprobe_parse_probe_arg_body(char *arg, ssize_t *size,
goto fail;

/* Store operation */
- if (!strcmp(parg->type->name, "string")) {
+ if (!strcmp(parg->type->name, "string") ||
+ !strcmp(parg->type->name, "ustring")) {
if (code->op != FETCH_OP_DEREF && code->op != FETCH_OP_IMM &&
code->op != FETCH_OP_COMM) {
pr_info("string only accepts memory or address.\n");
@@ -474,7 +477,11 @@ static int traceprobe_parse_probe_arg_body(char *arg, ssize_t *size,
goto fail;
}
}
- code->op = FETCH_OP_ST_STRING; /* In DEREF case, replace it */
+ /* If op == DEREF, replace it with STRING */
+ if (!strcmp(parg->type->name, "ustring"))
+ code->op = FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING;
+ else
+ code->op = FETCH_OP_ST_STRING;
code->size = parg->type->size;
parg->dynamic = true;
} else if (code->op == FETCH_OP_DEREF) {
@@ -499,7 +506,8 @@ static int traceprobe_parse_probe_arg_body(char *arg, ssize_t *size,
/* Loop(Array) operation */
if (parg->count) {
if (scode->op != FETCH_OP_ST_MEM &&
- scode->op != FETCH_OP_ST_STRING) {
+ scode->op != FETCH_OP_ST_STRING &&
+ scode->op != FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING) {
pr_info("array only accepts memory or address\n");
ret = -EINVAL;
goto fail;
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
index 2177c206de15..94cdcfdaced0 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
@@ -96,6 +96,7 @@ enum fetch_op {
FETCH_OP_ST_RAW, /* Raw: .size */
FETCH_OP_ST_MEM, /* Mem: .offset, .size */
FETCH_OP_ST_STRING, /* String: .offset, .size */
+ FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING, /* User String: .offset, .size */
// Stage 4 (modify) op
FETCH_OP_MOD_BF, /* Bitfield: .basesize, .lshift, .rshift */
// Stage 5 (loop) op
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_probe_tmpl.h b/kernel/trace/trace_probe_tmpl.h
index 4737bb8c07a3..7526f6f8d7b0 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_probe_tmpl.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_probe_tmpl.h
@@ -59,6 +59,9 @@ process_fetch_insn(struct fetch_insn *code, struct pt_regs *regs,
static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_strlen(unsigned long addr);
static nokprobe_inline int
fetch_store_string(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base);
+static nokprobe_inline int fetch_store_strlen_user(unsigned long addr);
+static nokprobe_inline int
+fetch_store_string_user(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base);
static nokprobe_inline int
probe_mem_read(void *dest, void *src, size_t size);

@@ -91,6 +94,10 @@ process_fetch_insn_bottom(struct fetch_insn *code, unsigned long val,
ret += fetch_store_strlen(val + code->offset);
code++;
goto array;
+ } else if (code->op == FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING) {
+ ret += fetch_store_strlen_user(val + code->offset);
+ code++;
+ goto array;
} else
return -EILSEQ;
}
@@ -106,6 +113,10 @@ process_fetch_insn_bottom(struct fetch_insn *code, unsigned long val,
loc = *(u32 *)dest;
ret = fetch_store_string(val + code->offset, dest, base);
break;
+ case FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING:
+ loc = *(u32 *)dest;
+ ret = fetch_store_string_user(val + code->offset, dest, base);
+ break;
default:
return -EILSEQ;
}
@@ -123,7 +134,8 @@ process_fetch_insn_bottom(struct fetch_insn *code, unsigned long val,
total += ret;
if (++i < code->param) {
code = s3;
- if (s3->op != FETCH_OP_ST_STRING) {
+ if (s3->op != FETCH_OP_ST_STRING &&
+ s3->op != FETCH_OP_ST_USTRING) {
dest += s3->size;
val += s3->size;
goto stage3;
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
index be78d99ee6bc..f4e37c4f8a21 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
@@ -173,6 +173,12 @@ fetch_store_string(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base)
return ret;
}

+static nokprobe_inline int
+fetch_store_string_user(unsigned long addr, void *dest, void *base)
+{
+ return fetch_store_string(addr, dest, base);
+}
+
/* Return the length of string -- including null terminal byte */
static nokprobe_inline int
fetch_store_strlen(unsigned long addr)
@@ -185,6 +191,12 @@ fetch_store_strlen(unsigned long addr)
return (len > MAX_STRING_SIZE) ? 0 : len;
}

+static nokprobe_inline int
+fetch_store_strlen_user(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return fetch_store_strlen(addr);
+}
+
static unsigned long translate_user_vaddr(unsigned long file_offset)
{
unsigned long base_addr;
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