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SubjectRe: [PATCH] powerpc/boot: fix broken way to pass CONFIG options
On Mon, May 13, 2019 at 11:24 PM Oliver <oohall@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> On Mon, May 13, 2019 at 9:23 PM Masahiro Yamada
> <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> wrote:
> >
> > Commit 5e9dcb6188a4 ("powerpc/boot: Expose Kconfig symbols to wrapper")
> > was wrong, but commit e41b93a6be57 ("powerpc/boot: Fix build failures
> > with -j 1") was also wrong.
> >
> > Check-in source files never ever depend on build artifacts.
> >
> > The correct dependency is:
> >
> > $(obj)/serial.o: $(obj)/autoconf.h
> >
> > However, copying autoconf.h to arch/power/boot/ is questionable
> > in the first place.
> >
> > arch/powerpc/Makefile adopted multiple ways to pass CONFIG options.
> >
> > arch/powerpc/boot/decompress.c references CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP and
> > CONFIG_KERNEL_XZ, which are passed via the command line.
> >
> > arch/powerpc/boot/serial.c includes the copied autoconf.h to
> > reference a couple of CONFIG options.
> >
> > Do not do this.
> >
> > We should have already learned that including autoconf.h from each
> > source file is really fragile.
> >
> > In fact, it is already broken.
> >
> > arch/powerpc/boot/ppc_asm.h references CONFIG_PPC_8xx, but
> > arch/powerpc/boot/utils.S is not given any way to access CONFIG
> > options. So, CONFIG_PPC_8xx is never defined here.
> >
> > Just pass $(LINUXINCLUDE) and remove all broken code.
>
> I'm not sure how safe this is.


I chose to use $(LINUXINCLUDE) since this is
what other boot decompressors do.
(e.g. arch/arm/boot/compressed)

With this, two headers are included:
include/linux/kconfig.h
include/generated/autoconf.h

The first one enables to use IS_ENABLE(), etc.
The second one is the list of CONFIG options.

If you want to minimize the number of included headers,
you can add
-include include/generated/autoconf.h instead.


> The original reason for the
> CONFIG_KERNEL_XZ hack in the makefile was because the kernel headers
> couldn't be included directly. The bootwrapper is compiled with a
> 32bit toolchain when the kernel is compiled for 64bit big endian
> because of older systems with broken firmware that can't load 64bit
> ELFs directly.

I do not see CONFIG_32BIT or CONFIG_64BIT in arch/power/boot.

If you are saying "including autoconf.h itself is bad",
we should revert 5e9dcb6188a40e604e66dc30fab30c2be89aa1cc
But, I doubt it.


> When I added XZ support to the wrapper I did experiment
> with including the kernel headers directly and couldn't make it work
> reliably.

Right. I am pretty sure it won't work.
But, it is unrelated to including CONFIG options.


I am not a PPC developer, so I am not excited about
looking into boot wrapper.

When I was seeing Makefiles for my Kbuild refactoring,
I found
$(srctree)/$(src)/serial.c: $(obj)/autoconf.h
then I shuddered.


If PPC folks want to keep the breakage as is,
I can send the following.

It it Michael's call.

--- a/arch/powerpc/boot/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/boot/Makefile
@@ -202,7 +202,7 @@ $(obj)/empty.c:
$(obj)/zImage.coff.lds $(obj)/zImage.ps3.lds : $(obj)/%: $(srctree)/$(src)/%.S
$(Q)cp $< $@

-$(srctree)/$(src)/serial.c: $(obj)/autoconf.h
+$(obj)/serial.o: $(obj)/autoconf.h

$(obj)/autoconf.h: $(obj)/%: $(objtree)/include/generated/%
$(Q)cp $< $@



> I don't remember what the exact reason was, but I think it
> was something to do with the generated headers not always matching
> what you would expect when compiling for 32bit. It's also possible I
> was just being paranoid. Either way it's about time we found a real
> fix...
>
> The stuff in serial.c and ppc_asm.h was added later to work around
> other issues without anyone thinking too hard about it. Oh well.
>
> > I also removed the -traditional flag to make include/linux/kconfig.h
> > work. I do not understand why it needs to imitate the behavior of
> > pre-standard C preprocessors.
>
> I'm not sure why it's there either. The boot wrapper was re-written at
> some point so it might just be a hold over from the dawn of time.
>
> > Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
> > ---
> >
> > arch/powerpc/boot/.gitignore | 2 --
> > arch/powerpc/boot/Makefile | 14 +++-----------
> > arch/powerpc/boot/serial.c | 1 -
> > 3 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/powerpc/boot/.gitignore b/arch/powerpc/boot/.gitignore
> > index 32034a0cc554..6610665fcf5e 100644
> > --- a/arch/powerpc/boot/.gitignore
> > +++ b/arch/powerpc/boot/.gitignore
> > @@ -44,5 +44,3 @@ fdt_sw.c
> > fdt_wip.c
> > libfdt.h
> > libfdt_internal.h
> > -autoconf.h
> > -
> > diff --git a/arch/powerpc/boot/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/boot/Makefile
> > index 73d1f3562978..b8a82be2af2a 100644
> > --- a/arch/powerpc/boot/Makefile
> > +++ b/arch/powerpc/boot/Makefile
> > @@ -20,9 +20,6 @@
> >
> > all: $(obj)/zImage
> >
> > -compress-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP) := CONFIG_KERNEL_GZIP
> > -compress-$(CONFIG_KERNEL_XZ) := CONFIG_KERNEL_XZ
> > -
> > ifdef CROSS32_COMPILE
> > BOOTCC := $(CROSS32_COMPILE)gcc
> > BOOTAR := $(CROSS32_COMPILE)ar
> > @@ -34,7 +31,7 @@ endif
> > BOOTCFLAGS := -Wall -Wundef -Wstrict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs \
> > -fno-strict-aliasing -O2 -msoft-float -mno-altivec -mno-vsx \
> > -pipe -fomit-frame-pointer -fno-builtin -fPIC -nostdinc \
> > - -D$(compress-y)
> > + $(LINUXINCLUDE)
> >
> > ifdef CONFIG_PPC64_BOOT_WRAPPER
> > BOOTCFLAGS += -m64
> > @@ -51,7 +48,7 @@ BOOTCFLAGS += -mlittle-endian
> > BOOTCFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mabi=elfv2)
> > endif
> >
> > -BOOTAFLAGS := -D__ASSEMBLY__ $(BOOTCFLAGS) -traditional -nostdinc
> > +BOOTAFLAGS := -D__ASSEMBLY__ $(BOOTCFLAGS) -nostdinc
> >
> > BOOTARFLAGS := -cr$(KBUILD_ARFLAGS)
> >
> > @@ -202,14 +199,9 @@ $(obj)/empty.c:
> > $(obj)/zImage.coff.lds $(obj)/zImage.ps3.lds : $(obj)/%: $(srctree)/$(src)/%.S
> > $(Q)cp $< $@
> >
> > -$(srctree)/$(src)/serial.c: $(obj)/autoconf.h
> > -
> > -$(obj)/autoconf.h: $(obj)/%: $(objtree)/include/generated/%
> > - $(Q)cp $< $@
> > -
> > clean-files := $(zlib-) $(zlibheader-) $(zliblinuxheader-) \
> > $(zlib-decomp-) $(libfdt) $(libfdtheader) \
> > - autoconf.h empty.c zImage.coff.lds zImage.ps3.lds zImage.lds
> > + empty.c zImage.coff.lds zImage.ps3.lds zImage.lds
> >
> > quiet_cmd_bootcc = BOOTCC $@
> > cmd_bootcc = $(BOOTCC) -Wp,-MD,$(depfile) $(BOOTCFLAGS) -c -o $@ $<
> > diff --git a/arch/powerpc/boot/serial.c b/arch/powerpc/boot/serial.c
> > index b0491b8c0199..9457863147f9 100644
> > --- a/arch/powerpc/boot/serial.c
> > +++ b/arch/powerpc/boot/serial.c
> > @@ -18,7 +18,6 @@
> > #include "stdio.h"
> > #include "io.h"
> > #include "ops.h"
> > -#include "autoconf.h"
> >
> > static int serial_open(void)
> > {
> > --
> > 2.17.1
> >



--
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

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