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Subject[PATCH 08/12] afs: Make vnode->cb_interest RCU safe
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Date
Use RCU-based freeing for afs_cb_interest struct objects and use RCU on
vnode->cb_interest. Use that change to allow afs_check_validity() to use
read_seqbegin_or_lock() instead of read_seqlock_excl().

This also requires the caller of afs_check_validity() to hold the RCU read
lock across the call.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

fs/afs/callback.c | 21 ++++++++------
fs/afs/dir.c | 15 +++++++---
fs/afs/inode.c | 81 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
fs/afs/internal.h | 12 ++++++--
fs/afs/rotate.c | 18 ++++++++----
fs/afs/security.c | 8 +++--
fs/afs/super.c | 4 +--
7 files changed, 100 insertions(+), 59 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/afs/callback.c b/fs/afs/callback.c
index 4876079aa643..d441bef72163 100644
--- a/fs/afs/callback.c
+++ b/fs/afs/callback.c
@@ -94,15 +94,15 @@ int afs_register_server_cb_interest(struct afs_vnode *vnode,
struct afs_server *server = entry->server;

again:
- if (vnode->cb_interest &&
- likely(vnode->cb_interest == entry->cb_interest))
+ vcbi = rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->io_lock));
+ if (vcbi && likely(vcbi == entry->cb_interest))
return 0;

read_lock(&slist->lock);
cbi = afs_get_cb_interest(entry->cb_interest);
read_unlock(&slist->lock);

- vcbi = vnode->cb_interest;
if (vcbi) {
if (vcbi == cbi) {
afs_put_cb_interest(afs_v2net(vnode), cbi);
@@ -114,8 +114,9 @@ int afs_register_server_cb_interest(struct afs_vnode *vnode,
*/
if (cbi && vcbi->server == cbi->server) {
write_seqlock(&vnode->cb_lock);
- old = vnode->cb_interest;
- vnode->cb_interest = cbi;
+ old = rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->cb_lock.lock));
+ rcu_assign_pointer(vnode->cb_interest, cbi);
write_sequnlock(&vnode->cb_lock);
afs_put_cb_interest(afs_v2net(vnode), old);
return 0;
@@ -160,8 +161,9 @@ int afs_register_server_cb_interest(struct afs_vnode *vnode,
*/
write_seqlock(&vnode->cb_lock);

- old = vnode->cb_interest;
- vnode->cb_interest = cbi;
+ old = rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->cb_lock.lock));
+ rcu_assign_pointer(vnode->cb_interest, cbi);
vnode->cb_s_break = cbi->server->cb_s_break;
vnode->cb_v_break = vnode->volume->cb_v_break;
clear_bit(AFS_VNODE_CB_PROMISED, &vnode->flags);
@@ -191,10 +193,11 @@ void afs_put_cb_interest(struct afs_net *net, struct afs_cb_interest *cbi)
vi = NULL;

write_unlock(&cbi->server->cb_break_lock);
- kfree(vi);
+ if (vi)
+ kfree_rcu(vi, rcu);
afs_put_server(net, cbi->server);
}
- kfree(cbi);
+ kfree_rcu(cbi, rcu);
}
}

diff --git a/fs/afs/dir.c b/fs/afs/dir.c
index f7344b045799..338c2260b0a0 100644
--- a/fs/afs/dir.c
+++ b/fs/afs/dir.c
@@ -638,11 +638,12 @@ static struct inode *afs_do_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
struct key *key)
{
struct afs_lookup_cookie *cookie;
- struct afs_cb_interest *cbi = NULL;
+ struct afs_cb_interest *dcbi, *cbi = NULL;
struct afs_super_info *as = dir->i_sb->s_fs_info;
struct afs_status_cb *scb;
struct afs_iget_data data;
struct afs_fs_cursor fc;
+ struct afs_server *server;
struct afs_vnode *dvnode = AFS_FS_I(dir);
struct inode *inode = NULL;
int ret, i;
@@ -658,10 +659,14 @@ static struct inode *afs_do_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry,
cookie->nr_fids = 1; /* slot 0 is saved for the fid we actually want */

read_seqlock_excl(&dvnode->cb_lock);
- if (dvnode->cb_interest &&
- dvnode->cb_interest->server &&
- test_bit(AFS_SERVER_FL_NO_IBULK, &dvnode->cb_interest->server->flags))
- cookie->one_only = true;
+ dcbi = rcu_dereference_protected(dvnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&dvnode->cb_lock.lock));
+ if (dcbi) {
+ server = dcbi->server;
+ if (server &&
+ test_bit(AFS_SERVER_FL_NO_IBULK, &server->flags))
+ cookie->one_only = true;
+ }
read_sequnlock_excl(&dvnode->cb_lock);

for (i = 0; i < 50; i++)
diff --git a/fs/afs/inode.c b/fs/afs/inode.c
index a89948a9dd0d..3633703dbc0c 100644
--- a/fs/afs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/afs/inode.c
@@ -139,9 +139,10 @@ static int afs_inode_init_from_status(struct afs_vnode *vnode, struct key *key,
vnode->cb_expires_at = ktime_get_real_seconds();
} else {
vnode->cb_expires_at = scb->callback.expires_at;
- old_cbi = vnode->cb_interest;
+ old_cbi = rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->cb_lock.lock));
if (cbi != old_cbi)
- vnode->cb_interest = afs_get_cb_interest(cbi);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(vnode->cb_interest, afs_get_cb_interest(cbi));
else
old_cbi = NULL;
set_bit(AFS_VNODE_CB_PROMISED, &vnode->flags);
@@ -245,9 +246,10 @@ static void afs_apply_callback(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc,

if (!afs_cb_is_broken(cb_break, vnode, fc->cbi)) {
vnode->cb_expires_at = cb->expires_at;
- old = vnode->cb_interest;
+ old = rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->cb_lock.lock));
if (old != fc->cbi) {
- vnode->cb_interest = afs_get_cb_interest(fc->cbi);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(vnode->cb_interest, afs_get_cb_interest(fc->cbi));
afs_put_cb_interest(afs_v2net(vnode), old);
}
set_bit(AFS_VNODE_CB_PROMISED, &vnode->flags);
@@ -564,36 +566,46 @@ void afs_zap_data(struct afs_vnode *vnode)
*/
bool afs_check_validity(struct afs_vnode *vnode)
{
+ struct afs_cb_interest *cbi;
+ struct afs_server *server;
+ struct afs_volume *volume = vnode->volume;
time64_t now = ktime_get_real_seconds();
bool valid;
+ unsigned int cb_break, cb_s_break, cb_v_break;
+ int seq = 0;

- /* Quickly check the callback state. Ideally, we'd use read_seqbegin
- * here, but we have no way to pass the net namespace to the RCU
- * cleanup for the server record.
- */
- read_seqlock_excl(&vnode->cb_lock);
-
- if (test_bit(AFS_VNODE_CB_PROMISED, &vnode->flags)) {
- if (vnode->cb_s_break != vnode->cb_interest->server->cb_s_break ||
- vnode->cb_v_break != vnode->volume->cb_v_break) {
- vnode->cb_s_break = vnode->cb_interest->server->cb_s_break;
- vnode->cb_v_break = vnode->volume->cb_v_break;
- valid = false;
- } else if (test_bit(AFS_VNODE_ZAP_DATA, &vnode->flags)) {
- valid = false;
- } else if (vnode->cb_expires_at - 10 <= now) {
- valid = false;
- } else {
+ do {
+ read_seqbegin_or_lock(&vnode->cb_lock, &seq);
+ cb_v_break = READ_ONCE(volume->cb_v_break);
+ cb_break = vnode->cb_break;
+
+ if (test_bit(AFS_VNODE_CB_PROMISED, &vnode->flags)) {
+ cbi = rcu_dereference(vnode->cb_interest);
+ server = rcu_dereference(cbi->server);
+ cb_s_break = READ_ONCE(server->cb_s_break);
+
+ if (vnode->cb_s_break != cb_s_break ||
+ vnode->cb_v_break != cb_v_break) {
+ vnode->cb_s_break = cb_s_break;
+ vnode->cb_v_break = cb_v_break;
+ valid = false;
+ } else if (test_bit(AFS_VNODE_ZAP_DATA, &vnode->flags)) {
+ valid = false;
+ } else if (vnode->cb_expires_at - 10 <= now) {
+ valid = false;
+ } else {
+ valid = true;
+ }
+ } else if (test_bit(AFS_VNODE_DELETED, &vnode->flags)) {
valid = true;
+ } else {
+ vnode->cb_v_break = cb_v_break;
+ valid = false;
}
- } else if (test_bit(AFS_VNODE_DELETED, &vnode->flags)) {
- valid = true;
- } else {
- vnode->cb_v_break = vnode->volume->cb_v_break;
- valid = false;
- }

- read_sequnlock_excl(&vnode->cb_lock);
+ } while (need_seqretry(&vnode->cb_lock, seq));
+
+ done_seqretry(&vnode->cb_lock, seq);
return valid;
}

@@ -615,7 +627,9 @@ int afs_validate(struct afs_vnode *vnode, struct key *key)
vnode->fid.vid, vnode->fid.vnode, vnode->flags,
key_serial(key));

+ rcu_read_lock();
valid = afs_check_validity(vnode);
+ rcu_read_unlock();

if (test_bit(AFS_VNODE_DELETED, &vnode->flags))
clear_nlink(&vnode->vfs_inode);
@@ -702,6 +716,7 @@ int afs_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
*/
void afs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
+ struct afs_cb_interest *cbi;
struct afs_vnode *vnode;

vnode = AFS_FS_I(inode);
@@ -718,10 +733,14 @@ void afs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data);
clear_inode(inode);

- if (vnode->cb_interest) {
- afs_put_cb_interest(afs_i2net(inode), vnode->cb_interest);
- vnode->cb_interest = NULL;
+ write_seqlock(&vnode->cb_lock);
+ cbi = rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->cb_lock.lock));
+ if (cbi) {
+ afs_put_cb_interest(afs_i2net(inode), cbi);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(vnode->cb_interest, NULL);
}
+ write_sequnlock(&vnode->cb_lock);

while (!list_empty(&vnode->wb_keys)) {
struct afs_wb_key *wbk = list_entry(vnode->wb_keys.next,
diff --git a/fs/afs/internal.h b/fs/afs/internal.h
index d19182e9c15c..0a5a3a77ed9d 100644
--- a/fs/afs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/afs/internal.h
@@ -553,7 +553,10 @@ struct afs_server {
struct afs_vol_interest {
struct hlist_node srv_link; /* Link in server->cb_volumes */
struct hlist_head cb_interests; /* List of callback interests on the server */
- afs_volid_t vid; /* Volume ID to match */
+ union {
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ afs_volid_t vid; /* Volume ID to match */
+ };
unsigned int usage;
};

@@ -565,7 +568,10 @@ struct afs_cb_interest {
struct afs_vol_interest *vol_interest;
struct afs_server *server; /* Server on which this interest resides */
struct super_block *sb; /* Superblock on which inodes reside */
- afs_volid_t vid; /* Volume ID to match */
+ union {
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ afs_volid_t vid; /* Volume ID to match */
+ };
refcount_t usage;
};

@@ -675,7 +681,7 @@ struct afs_vnode {
afs_lock_type_t lock_type : 8;

/* outstanding callback notification on this file */
- struct afs_cb_interest *cb_interest; /* Server on which this resides */
+ struct afs_cb_interest __rcu *cb_interest; /* Server on which this resides */
unsigned int cb_s_break; /* Mass break counter on ->server */
unsigned int cb_v_break; /* Mass break counter on ->volume */
unsigned int cb_break; /* Break counter on vnode */
diff --git a/fs/afs/rotate.c b/fs/afs/rotate.c
index cb47f45c9681..641168a11071 100644
--- a/fs/afs/rotate.c
+++ b/fs/afs/rotate.c
@@ -66,7 +66,8 @@ static bool afs_start_fs_iteration(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc,
fc->untried = (1UL << fc->server_list->nr_servers) - 1;
fc->index = READ_ONCE(fc->server_list->preferred);

- cbi = vnode->cb_interest;
+ cbi = rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->io_lock));
if (cbi) {
/* See if the vnode's preferred record is still available */
for (i = 0; i < fc->server_list->nr_servers; i++) {
@@ -87,8 +88,8 @@ static bool afs_start_fs_iteration(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc,

/* Note that the callback promise is effectively broken */
write_seqlock(&vnode->cb_lock);
- ASSERTCMP(cbi, ==, vnode->cb_interest);
- vnode->cb_interest = NULL;
+ ASSERTCMP(cbi, ==, rcu_access_pointer(vnode->cb_interest));
+ rcu_assign_pointer(vnode->cb_interest, NULL);
if (test_and_clear_bit(AFS_VNODE_CB_PROMISED, &vnode->flags))
vnode->cb_break++;
write_sequnlock(&vnode->cb_lock);
@@ -417,7 +418,9 @@ bool afs_select_fileserver(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc)
if (error < 0)
goto failed_set_error;

- fc->cbi = afs_get_cb_interest(vnode->cb_interest);
+ fc->cbi = afs_get_cb_interest(
+ rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->io_lock)));

read_lock(&server->fs_lock);
alist = rcu_dereference_protected(server->addresses,
@@ -485,12 +488,15 @@ bool afs_select_fileserver(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc)
bool afs_select_current_fileserver(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc)
{
struct afs_vnode *vnode = fc->vnode;
- struct afs_cb_interest *cbi = vnode->cb_interest;
+ struct afs_cb_interest *cbi;
struct afs_addr_list *alist;
int error = fc->ac.error;

_enter("");

+ cbi = rcu_dereference_protected(vnode->cb_interest,
+ lockdep_is_held(&vnode->io_lock));
+
switch (error) {
case SHRT_MAX:
if (!cbi) {
@@ -499,7 +505,7 @@ bool afs_select_current_fileserver(struct afs_fs_cursor *fc)
return false;
}

- fc->cbi = afs_get_cb_interest(vnode->cb_interest);
+ fc->cbi = afs_get_cb_interest(cbi);

read_lock(&cbi->server->fs_lock);
alist = rcu_dereference_protected(cbi->server->addresses,
diff --git a/fs/afs/security.c b/fs/afs/security.c
index 857f09d09ee9..5d8ece98561e 100644
--- a/fs/afs/security.c
+++ b/fs/afs/security.c
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ void afs_cache_permit(struct afs_vnode *vnode, struct key *key,
}

if (afs_cb_is_broken(cb_break, vnode,
- vnode->cb_interest)) {
+ rcu_dereference(vnode->cb_interest))) {
changed = true;
break;
}
@@ -176,7 +176,7 @@ void afs_cache_permit(struct afs_vnode *vnode, struct key *key,
}
}

- if (afs_cb_is_broken(cb_break, vnode, vnode->cb_interest))
+ if (afs_cb_is_broken(cb_break, vnode, rcu_dereference(vnode->cb_interest)))
goto someone_else_changed_it;

/* We need a ref on any permits list we want to copy as we'll have to
@@ -253,14 +253,16 @@ void afs_cache_permit(struct afs_vnode *vnode, struct key *key,

kfree(new);

+ rcu_read_lock();
spin_lock(&vnode->lock);
zap = rcu_access_pointer(vnode->permit_cache);
- if (!afs_cb_is_broken(cb_break, vnode, vnode->cb_interest) &&
+ if (!afs_cb_is_broken(cb_break, vnode, rcu_dereference(vnode->cb_interest)) &&
zap == permits)
rcu_assign_pointer(vnode->permit_cache, replacement);
else
zap = replacement;
spin_unlock(&vnode->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
afs_put_permits(zap);
out_put:
afs_put_permits(permits);
diff --git a/fs/afs/super.c b/fs/afs/super.c
index a81c235f8c57..f76473ad7bbb 100644
--- a/fs/afs/super.c
+++ b/fs/afs/super.c
@@ -677,7 +677,7 @@ static struct inode *afs_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
vnode->volume = NULL;
vnode->lock_key = NULL;
vnode->permit_cache = NULL;
- vnode->cb_interest = NULL;
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(vnode->cb_interest, NULL);
#ifdef CONFIG_AFS_FSCACHE
vnode->cache = NULL;
#endif
@@ -707,7 +707,7 @@ static void afs_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)

_debug("DESTROY INODE %p", inode);

- ASSERTCMP(vnode->cb_interest, ==, NULL);
+ ASSERTCMP(rcu_access_pointer(vnode->cb_interest), ==, NULL);

atomic_dec(&afs_count_active_inodes);
}
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