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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] pid: add pidfd_open()
On Wed, May 15, 2019 at 3:04 AM Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> wrote:
>
> This adds the pidfd_open() syscall. It allows a caller to retrieve pollable
> pidfds for a process which did not get created via CLONE_PIDFD, i.e. for a
> process that is created via traditional fork()/clone() calls that is only
> referenced by a PID:

Thanks for doing this work. I'm really looking forward to this new
approach to process management.

> int pidfd = pidfd_open(1234, 0);
> ret = pidfd_send_signal(pidfd, SIGSTOP, NULL, 0);
>
> With the introduction of pidfds through CLONE_PIDFD it is possible to
> created pidfds at process creation time.
> However, a lot of processes get created with traditional PID-based calls
> such as fork() or clone() (without CLONE_PIDFD). For these processes a
> caller can currently not create a pollable pidfd. This is a huge problem
> for Android's low memory killer (LMK) and service managers such as systemd.
> Both are examples of tools that want to make use of pidfds to get reliable
> notification of process exit for non-parents (pidfd polling) and race-free
> signal sending (pidfd_send_signal()). They intend to switch to this API for
> process supervision/management as soon as possible. Having no way to get
> pollable pidfds from PID-only processes is one of the biggest blockers for
> them in adopting this api. With pidfd_open() making it possible to retrieve
> pidfd for PID-based processes we enable them to adopt this api.
>
> In line with Arnd's recent changes to consolidate syscall numbers across
> architectures, I have added the pidfd_open() syscall to all architectures
> at the same time.

I'm glad it's easier now.

> arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/arm64/include/asm/unistd32.h | 2 +
> arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/mips/kernel/syscalls/syscall_n32.tbl | 1 +
> arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
> arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1 +
> arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1 +
> arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +

It'd be nice to arrange the system call tables so that we need to
change only one file when adding a new system call.

[Snip system call wiring]

> --- a/include/linux/pid.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pid.h
> @@ -67,6 +67,7 @@ struct pid
> extern struct pid init_struct_pid;
>
> extern const struct file_operations pidfd_fops;
> +extern int pidfd_create(struct pid *pid);
>
> static inline struct pid *get_pid(struct pid *pid)
> {
> diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> index e2870fe1be5b..989055e0b501 100644
> --- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
> +++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> @@ -929,6 +929,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_clock_adjtime32(clockid_t which_clock,
> struct old_timex32 __user *tx);
> asmlinkage long sys_syncfs(int fd);
> asmlinkage long sys_setns(int fd, int nstype);
> +asmlinkage long sys_pidfd_open(pid_t pid, unsigned int flags);
> asmlinkage long sys_sendmmsg(int fd, struct mmsghdr __user *msg,
> unsigned int vlen, unsigned flags);
> asmlinkage long sys_process_vm_readv(pid_t pid,
> diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> index dee7292e1df6..94a257a93d20 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
> @@ -832,9 +832,11 @@ __SYSCALL(__NR_io_uring_setup, sys_io_uring_setup)
> __SYSCALL(__NR_io_uring_enter, sys_io_uring_enter)
> #define __NR_io_uring_register 427
> __SYSCALL(__NR_io_uring_register, sys_io_uring_register)
> +#define __NR_pidfd_open 428
> +__SYSCALL(__NR_pidfd_open, sys_pidfd_open)
>
> #undef __NR_syscalls
> -#define __NR_syscalls 428
> +#define __NR_syscalls 429
>
> /*
> * 32 bit systems traditionally used different
> diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
> index 737db1828437..980cc1d2b8d4 100644
> --- a/kernel/fork.c
> +++ b/kernel/fork.c
> @@ -1714,7 +1714,7 @@ const struct file_operations pidfd_fops = {
> * Return: On success, a cloexec pidfd is returned.
> * On error, a negative errno number will be returned.
> */
> -static int pidfd_create(struct pid *pid)
> +int pidfd_create(struct pid *pid)
> {
> int fd;
>
> diff --git a/kernel/pid.c b/kernel/pid.c
> index 20881598bdfa..237d18d6ecb8 100644
> --- a/kernel/pid.c
> +++ b/kernel/pid.c
> @@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
> #include <linux/syscalls.h>
> #include <linux/proc_ns.h>
> #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
> +#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
> #include <linux/sched/task.h>
> #include <linux/idr.h>
>
> @@ -451,6 +452,53 @@ struct pid *find_ge_pid(int nr, struct pid_namespace *ns)
> return idr_get_next(&ns->idr, &nr);
> }
>
> +/**
> + * pidfd_open() - Open new pid file descriptor.
> + *
> + * @pid: pid for which to retrieve a pidfd
> + * @flags: flags to pass
> + *
> + * This creates a new pid file descriptor with the O_CLOEXEC flag set for
> + * the process identified by @pid. Currently, the process identified by
> + * @pid must be a thread-group leader. This restriction currently exists
> + * for all aspects of pidfds including pidfd creation (CLONE_PIDFD cannot
> + * be used with CLONE_THREAD) and pidfd polling (only supports thread group
> + * leaders).
> + *
> + * Return: On success, a cloexec pidfd is returned.
> + * On error, a negative errno number will be returned.
> + */
> +SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pidfd_open, pid_t, pid, unsigned int, flags)
> +{
> + int fd, ret;
> + struct pid *p;
> + struct task_struct *tsk;
> +
> + if (flags)
> + return -EINVAL;

If we support blocking operations on pidfds, we'll want to be able to
put them in non-blocking mode. Does it make sense to accept and ignore
O_NONBLOCK here now?

> + if (pid <= 0)
> + return -EINVAL;

WDYT of defining pid == 0 to mean "open myself"?

> + p = find_get_pid(pid);
> + if (!p)
> + return -ESRCH;
> +
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + tsk = pid_task(p, PIDTYPE_PID);
> + if (!tsk)
> + ret = -ESRCH;
> + else if (unlikely(!thread_group_leader(tsk)))
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + else
> + ret = 0;
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> + fd = ret ?: pidfd_create(p);
> + put_pid(p);
> + return fd;
> +}

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