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Subject[v2 PATCH] RISC-V: Add a PE/COFF compliant Image header.
Date
Currently, last stage boot loaders such as U-Boot can accept only
uImage which is an unnecessary additional step in automating boot flows.

Add a PE/COFF compliant image header that boot loaders can parse and
directly load kernel flat Image. The existing booting methods will continue
to work as it is.

Another goal of this header is to support EFI stub for RISC-V in future.
EFI specification needs PE/COFF image header in the beginning of the kernel
image in order to load it as an EFI application. In order to support
EFI stub, code0 should be replaced with "MZ" magic string and res5(at
offset 0x3c) should point to the rest of the PE/COFF header (which will
be added during EFI support).

Tested on both QEMU and HiFive Unleashed using OpenSBI + U-Boot + Linux.

Signed-off-by: Atish Patra <atish.patra@wdc.com>
---
Changes from v1-v2:
1. Added additional reserved elements to make it fully PE compatible.
---
arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/riscv/kernel/head.S | 30 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 67 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h

diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..927333ededee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/image.h
@@ -0,0 +1,37 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_IMAGE_H
+#define __ASM_IMAGE_H
+
+#define RISCV_IMAGE_MAGIC "RISCV"
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+/*
+ * struct riscv_image_header - riscv kernel image header
+ *
+ * @code0: Executable code
+ * @code1: Executable code
+ * @text_offset: Image load offset
+ * @image_size: Effective Image size
+ * @reserved: reserved
+ * @reserved: reserved
+ * @reserved: reserved
+ * @magic: Magic number
+ * @reserved: reserved
+ * @reserved: reserved (will be used for PE COFF offset)
+ */
+
+struct riscv_image_header {
+ u32 code0;
+ u32 code1;
+ u64 text_offset;
+ u64 image_size;
+ u64 res1;
+ u64 res2;
+ u64 res3;
+ u64 magic;
+ u32 res4;
+ u32 res5;
+};
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* __ASM_IMAGE_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
index fe884cd69abd..12d660d929ba 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/head.S
@@ -19,9 +19,39 @@
#include <asm/thread_info.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/csr.h>
+#include <asm/image.h>

__INIT
ENTRY(_start)
+ /*
+ * Image header expected by Linux boot-loaders. The image header data
+ * structure is described in asm/image.h.
+ * Do not modify it without modifying the structure and all bootloaders
+ * that expects this header format!!
+ */
+ /* jump to start kernel */
+ j _start_kernel
+ /* reserved */
+ .word 0
+ .balign 8
+#if __riscv_xlen == 64
+ /* Image load offset(2MB) from start of RAM */
+ .dword 0x200000
+#else
+ /* Image load offset(4MB) from start of RAM */
+ .dword 0x400000
+#endif
+ /* Effective size of kernel image */
+ .dword _end - _start
+ .dword 0
+ .dword 0
+ .dword 0
+ .asciz RISCV_IMAGE_MAGIC
+ .word 0
+ .word 0
+
+.global _start_kernel
+_start_kernel:
/* Mask all interrupts */
csrw sie, zero

--
2.21.0
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