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SubjectRe: [RT WARNING] DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(rt_mutex_owner(lock) != current) with fsfreeze (4.19.25-rt16)
On Tue, Apr 30, 2019 at 03:28:11PM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:

> Yeah, but AFAIK fs freezing code has a history of doing exactly that..
> This is just the latest incarnation here.
>
> So the immediate problem here is that the task doing thaw isn't the same
> that did freeze, right? The thing is, I'm not seeing how that isn't a
> problem with upstream either.
>
> The freeze code seems to do: percpu_down_write() for the various states,
> and then frobs lockdep state.
>
> Thaw then does the reverse, frobs lockdep and then does: percpu_up_write().
>
> percpu_down_write() directly relies on down_write(), and
> percpu_up_write() on up_write(). And note how __up_write() has:
>
> DEBUG_RWSEMS_WARN_ON(sem->owner != current, sem);
>
> So why isn't this same code coming unstuck in mainline?

Anyway; I cobbled together the below. Oleg, could you have a look, I'm
sure I messed it up.

---
fs/super.c | 31 ++----------------
include/linux/fs.h | 4 +--
include/linux/percpu-rwsem.h | 25 ++++++--------
kernel/locking/percpu-rwsem.c | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
4 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 65 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
index 583a0124bc39..bf9c54d05edb 100644
--- a/fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/super.c
@@ -1629,30 +1629,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__sb_start_write);
*/
static void sb_wait_write(struct super_block *sb, int level)
{
- percpu_down_write(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1);
-}
-
-/*
- * We are going to return to userspace and forget about these locks, the
- * ownership goes to the caller of thaw_super() which does unlock().
- */
-static void lockdep_sb_freeze_release(struct super_block *sb)
-{
- int level;
-
- for (level = SB_FREEZE_LEVELS - 1; level >= 0; level--)
- percpu_rwsem_release(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level, 0, _THIS_IP_);
-}
-
-/*
- * Tell lockdep we are holding these locks before we call ->unfreeze_fs(sb).
- */
-static void lockdep_sb_freeze_acquire(struct super_block *sb)
-{
- int level;
-
- for (level = 0; level < SB_FREEZE_LEVELS; ++level)
- percpu_rwsem_acquire(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level, 0, _THIS_IP_);
+ percpu_down_write_non_owner(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level-1);
}

static void sb_freeze_unlock(struct super_block *sb)
@@ -1660,7 +1637,7 @@ static void sb_freeze_unlock(struct super_block *sb)
int level;

for (level = SB_FREEZE_LEVELS - 1; level >= 0; level--)
- percpu_up_write(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level);
+ percpu_up_write_non_owner(sb->s_writers.rw_sem + level);
}

/**
@@ -1753,7 +1730,6 @@ int freeze_super(struct super_block *sb)
* when frozen is set to SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE, and for thaw_super().
*/
sb->s_writers.frozen = SB_FREEZE_COMPLETE;
- lockdep_sb_freeze_release(sb);
up_write(&sb->s_umount);
return 0;
}
@@ -1779,14 +1755,11 @@ static int thaw_super_locked(struct super_block *sb)
goto out;
}

- lockdep_sb_freeze_acquire(sb);
-
if (sb->s_op->unfreeze_fs) {
error = sb->s_op->unfreeze_fs(sb);
if (error) {
printk(KERN_ERR
"VFS:Filesystem thaw failed\n");
- lockdep_sb_freeze_release(sb);
up_write(&sb->s_umount);
return error;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index dd28e7679089..3b61740b90d7 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1557,9 +1557,9 @@ void __sb_end_write(struct super_block *sb, int level);
int __sb_start_write(struct super_block *sb, int level, bool wait);

#define __sb_writers_acquired(sb, lev) \
- percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_)
+ percpu_rwsem_acquire(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], _THIS_IP_)
#define __sb_writers_release(sb, lev) \
- percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], 1, _THIS_IP_)
+ percpu_rwsem_release(&(sb)->s_writers.rw_sem[(lev)-1], _THIS_IP_)

/**
* sb_end_write - drop write access to a superblock
diff --git a/include/linux/percpu-rwsem.h b/include/linux/percpu-rwsem.h
index 03cb4b6f842e..e0c02d0f82a6 100644
--- a/include/linux/percpu-rwsem.h
+++ b/include/linux/percpu-rwsem.h
@@ -5,15 +5,15 @@
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
-#include <linux/rcuwait.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/rcu_sync.h>
#include <linux/lockdep.h>

struct percpu_rw_semaphore {
struct rcu_sync rss;
unsigned int __percpu *read_count;
- struct rw_semaphore rw_sem; /* slowpath */
- struct rcuwait writer; /* blocked writer */
+ struct rw_semaphore rw_sem;
+ wait_queue_head_t writer;
int readers_block;
};

@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ static struct percpu_rw_semaphore name = { \
.rss = __RCU_SYNC_INITIALIZER(name.rss, RCU_SCHED_SYNC), \
.read_count = &__percpu_rwsem_rc_##name, \
.rw_sem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name.rw_sem), \
- .writer = __RCUWAIT_INITIALIZER(name.writer), \
+ .writer = __WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_INITIALIZER(name.writer), \
}

extern int __percpu_down_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *, int);
@@ -95,6 +95,9 @@ static inline void percpu_up_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
extern void percpu_down_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *);
extern void percpu_up_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *);

+extern void percpu_down_write_non_owner(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *);
+extern void percpu_up_write_non_owner(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *);
+
extern int __percpu_init_rwsem(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *,
const char *, struct lock_class_key *);

@@ -112,23 +115,15 @@ extern void percpu_free_rwsem(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *);
lockdep_assert_held(&(sem)->rw_sem)

static inline void percpu_rwsem_release(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem,
- bool read, unsigned long ip)
+ unsigned long ip)
{
lock_release(&sem->rw_sem.dep_map, 1, ip);
-#ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER
- if (!read)
- sem->rw_sem.owner = RWSEM_OWNER_UNKNOWN;
-#endif
}

static inline void percpu_rwsem_acquire(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem,
- bool read, unsigned long ip)
+ unsigned long ip)
{
- lock_acquire(&sem->rw_sem.dep_map, 0, 1, read, 1, NULL, ip);
-#ifdef CONFIG_RWSEM_SPIN_ON_OWNER
- if (!read)
- sem->rw_sem.owner = current;
-#endif
+ lock_acquire(&sem->rw_sem.dep_map, 0, 1, 1, 1, NULL, ip);
}

#endif
diff --git a/kernel/locking/percpu-rwsem.c b/kernel/locking/percpu-rwsem.c
index f17dad99eec8..a51fd2a9ee90 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/percpu-rwsem.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/percpu-rwsem.c
@@ -1,6 +1,7 @@
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/percpu-rwsem.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
@@ -19,7 +20,7 @@ int __percpu_init_rwsem(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem,
/* ->rw_sem represents the whole percpu_rw_semaphore for lockdep */
rcu_sync_init(&sem->rss, RCU_SCHED_SYNC);
__init_rwsem(&sem->rw_sem, name, rwsem_key);
- rcuwait_init(&sem->writer);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&sem->writer);
sem->readers_block = 0;
return 0;
}
@@ -40,6 +41,40 @@ void percpu_free_rwsem(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_free_rwsem);

+static void readers_block(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
+{
+ wait_event_cmd(sem->writer, !sem->readers_block,
+ __up_read(&sem->rw_sem), __down_read(&sem->rw_sem));
+}
+
+static void block_readers(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
+{
+ wait_event_exclusive_cmd(sem->writer, !sem->readers_block,
+ __up_write(&sem->rw_sem),
+ __down_write(&sem->rw_sem));
+ /*
+ * Notify new readers to block; up until now, and thus throughout the
+ * longish rcu_sync_enter() above, new readers could still come in.
+ */
+ WRITE_ONCE(sem->readers_block, 1);
+}
+
+static void unblock_readers(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
+{
+ /*
+ * Signal the writer is done, no fast path yet.
+ *
+ * One reason that we cannot just immediately flip to readers_fast is
+ * that new readers might fail to see the results of this writer's
+ * critical section.
+ *
+ * Therefore we force it through the slow path which guarantees an
+ * acquire and thereby guarantees the critical section's consistency.
+ */
+ smp_store_release(&sem->readers_block, 0);
+ wake_up(&sem->writer);
+}
+
int __percpu_down_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem, int try)
{
/*
@@ -85,6 +120,9 @@ int __percpu_down_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem, int try)
* Avoid lockdep for the down/up_read() we already have them.
*/
__down_read(&sem->rw_sem);
+
+ readers_block(sem);
+
this_cpu_inc(*sem->read_count);
__up_read(&sem->rw_sem);

@@ -104,7 +142,7 @@ void __percpu_up_read(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
__this_cpu_dec(*sem->read_count);

/* Prod writer to recheck readers_active */
- rcuwait_wake_up(&sem->writer);
+ wake_up(&sem->writer);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__percpu_up_read);

@@ -146,11 +184,7 @@ void percpu_down_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)

down_write(&sem->rw_sem);

- /*
- * Notify new readers to block; up until now, and thus throughout the
- * longish rcu_sync_enter() above, new readers could still come in.
- */
- WRITE_ONCE(sem->readers_block, 1);
+ block_readers(sem);

smp_mb(); /* D matches A */

@@ -161,23 +195,13 @@ void percpu_down_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
*/

/* Wait for all now active readers to complete. */
- rcuwait_wait_event(&sem->writer, readers_active_check(sem));
+ wait_event(sem->writer, readers_active_check(sem));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_down_write);

void percpu_up_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
{
- /*
- * Signal the writer is done, no fast path yet.
- *
- * One reason that we cannot just immediately flip to readers_fast is
- * that new readers might fail to see the results of this writer's
- * critical section.
- *
- * Therefore we force it through the slow path which guarantees an
- * acquire and thereby guarantees the critical section's consistency.
- */
- smp_store_release(&sem->readers_block, 0);
+ unblock_readers(sem);

/*
* Release the write lock, this will allow readers back in the game.
@@ -191,4 +215,18 @@ void percpu_up_write(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
*/
rcu_sync_exit(&sem->rss);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_up_write_non_owner);
+
+void percpu_down_write_non_owner(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
+{
+ percpu_down_write(sem);
+ up_write(&sem->rw_sem);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_down_write_non_owner);
+
+void percpu_up_write_non_owner(struct percpu_rw_semaphore *sem)
+{
+ down_write(&sem->rw_sem);
+ percpu_up_write(sem);
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(percpu_up_write);
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