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Subject[PATCH 1/2] proc/sysctl: add shared variables for range check
In the sysctl code the proc_dointvec_minmax() function is often used to
validate the user supplied value between an allowed range. This function
uses the extra1 and extra2 members from struct ctl_table as minimum and
maximum allowed value.

On sysctl handler declaration, in every source file there are some readonly
variables containing just an integer which address is assigned to the
extra1 and extra2 members, so the sysctl range is enforced.

The special values 0, 1 and INT_MAX are very often used as range boundary,
leading duplication of variables like zero=0, one=1, int_max=INT_MAX in
different source files:

$ git grep -E '\.extra[12].*&(zero|one|int_max)' |wc -l

This patch adds three variables for the most commonly used values, so they
can be referenced instead of creating a local one for every object file.

Signed-off-by: Matteo Croce <>
fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c | 5 +++++
include/linux/sysctl.h | 4 ++++
2 files changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c b/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
index d65390727541..e7a96169fced 100644
--- a/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
+++ b/fs/proc/proc_sysctl.c
@@ -21,6 +21,11 @@ static const struct inode_operations proc_sys_inode_operations;
static const struct file_operations proc_sys_dir_file_operations;
static const struct inode_operations proc_sys_dir_operations;

+/* shared constants to be used in various sysctls */
+const int sysctl_zero = 0;
+const int sysctl_one = 1;
+const int sysctl_int_max = INT_MAX;
/* Support for permanently empty directories */

struct ctl_table sysctl_mount_point[] = {
diff --git a/include/linux/sysctl.h b/include/linux/sysctl.h
index b769ecfcc3bd..f3b191799747 100644
--- a/include/linux/sysctl.h
+++ b/include/linux/sysctl.h
@@ -37,6 +37,10 @@ struct ctl_table_root;
struct ctl_table_header;
struct ctl_dir;

+extern const int sysctl_zero;
+extern const int sysctl_one;
+extern const int sysctl_int_max;
typedef int proc_handler (struct ctl_table *ctl, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos);

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