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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 4/9] KVM: arm/arm64: preserve host HCR_EL2 value
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Hi,

On 4/5/19 4:32 PM, Dave Martin wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 02, 2019 at 07:57:12AM +0530, Amit Daniel Kachhap wrote:
>> From: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
>>
>> When restoring HCR_EL2 for the host, KVM uses HCR_HOST_VHE_FLAGS, which
>> is a constant value. This works today, as the host HCR_EL2 value is
>> always the same, but this will get in the way of supporting extensions
>> that require HCR_EL2 bits to be set conditionally for the host.
>>
>> To allow such features to work without KVM having to explicitly handle
>> every possible host feature combination, this patch has KVM save/restore
>> for the host HCR when switching to/from a guest HCR. The saving of the
>> register is done once during cpu hypervisor initialization state and is
>> just restored after switch from guest.
>>
>> For fetching HCR_EL2 during kvm initialisation, a hyp call is made using
>> kvm_call_hyp and is helpful in non-VHE case.
>>
>> For the hyp TLB maintenance code, __tlb_switch_to_host_vhe() is updated
>> to toggle the TGE bit with a RMW sequence, as we already do in
>> __tlb_switch_to_guest_vhe().
>>
>> The value of hcr_el2 is now stored in struct kvm_cpu_context as both host
>> and guest can now use this field in a common way.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
>> [Added cpu_init_host_ctxt, hcr_el2 field in struct kvm_cpu_context,
>> save hcr_el2 in hyp init stage]
>> Signed-off-by: Amit Daniel Kachhap <amit.kachhap@arm.com>
>> Reviewed-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
>> Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>> Cc: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@arm.com>
>> Cc: kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
>
> [...]
>
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> index a01fe087..3b09fd0 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
>> @@ -209,6 +209,8 @@ struct kvm_cpu_context {
>> u32 copro[NR_COPRO_REGS];
>> };
>>
>> + /* HYP host/guest configuration */
>> + u64 hcr_el2;
>
> Minor nit: You could delete "host/guest" from the comment here. This is
> implied by the fact that the member is in struct kvm_cpu_context in the
> first place.
ok. Agree with you.
>
>> struct kvm_vcpu *__hyp_running_vcpu;
>> };
>
> [...]
>
>> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
>> index 3563fe6..f5cefa1 100644
>> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
>> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
>
> [...]
>
>> @@ -159,9 +159,10 @@ static void deactivate_traps_vhe(void)
>> }
>> NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(deactivate_traps_vhe);
>>
>> -static void __hyp_text __deactivate_traps_nvhe(void)
>> +static void __hyp_text __deactivate_traps_nvhe(struct kvm_cpu_context *host_ctxt)
>
> Where __hyp_text functions accept pointer arguments, they are usually
> hyp pointers already... (see below)
>
>> {
>> u64 mdcr_el2 = read_sysreg(mdcr_el2);
>> + struct kvm_cpu_context *hyp_host_ctxt = kern_hyp_va(host_ctxt);
>>
>> __deactivate_traps_common();
>>
>> @@ -169,25 +170,28 @@ static void __hyp_text __deactivate_traps_nvhe(void)
>> mdcr_el2 |= MDCR_EL2_E2PB_MASK << MDCR_EL2_E2PB_SHIFT;
>>
>> write_sysreg(mdcr_el2, mdcr_el2);
>> - write_sysreg(HCR_HOST_NVHE_FLAGS, hcr_el2);
>> + write_sysreg(hyp_host_ctxt->hcr_el2, hcr_el2);
>> write_sysreg(CPTR_EL2_DEFAULT, cptr_el2);
>> }
>>
>> static void __hyp_text __deactivate_traps(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> {
>> + struct kvm_cpu_context *host_ctxt;
>> +
>> + host_ctxt = vcpu->arch.host_cpu_context;
>
> host_ctxt is not otherwise used here, so can we convert it up-front so
> that the argument to __deactivate_traps_nvhe() and
> deactivate_traps_vhe() is a hyp pointer already?
>
> So:
>
> struct kvm_cpu_context *hyp_host_ctxt;
>
> hyp_host_ctxt = kern_hyp_va(vcpu->arch.host_cpu_context);
>
>> /*
>> * If we pended a virtual abort, preserve it until it gets
>> * cleared. See D1.14.3 (Virtual Interrupts) for details, but
>> * the crucial bit is "On taking a vSError interrupt,
>> * HCR_EL2.VSE is cleared to 0."
>> */
>> - if (vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 & HCR_VSE)
>> - vcpu->arch.hcr_el2 = read_sysreg(hcr_el2);
>> + if (vcpu->arch.ctxt.hcr_el2 & HCR_VSE)
>> + vcpu->arch.ctxt.hcr_el2 = read_sysreg(hcr_el2);
>>
>> if (has_vhe())
>> - deactivate_traps_vhe();
>> + deactivate_traps_vhe(host_ctxt);
>> else
>> - __deactivate_traps_nvhe();
>> + __deactivate_traps_nvhe(host_ctxt);
>
> Then just pass hyp_host_ctxt to both of these, and drop the
> kern_hyp_va() conversion from __deactivate_traps_nvhe().
>
> This may be a bit less confusing.
Yes your explanation makes sense.
>
> Alternatively, just pass in the vcpu pointer (since this pattern is
> already well established all over the place).
I think passing vcpu as parameter will make it consistent with other
existing functions. __kvm_vcpu_run_nvhe function also takes vcpu and
extracts hyp_host_ctxt.
>
> Another option could be to pull the hcr_el2 write out of the backends
> entirely and put it in this common code instead. This doesn't look
> straightforward though (or at least, I don't remember enough about how
> all these traps handling functions fit together...)
ok.

Thanks,
Amit D
>
> [...]
>
> Cheers
> ---Dave
>

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