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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC tip/core/rcu 0/4] Forbid static SRCU use in modules
On Wed, Apr 03, 2019 at 09:20:39AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 03, 2019 at 10:27:42AM -0400, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> > ----- On Apr 3, 2019, at 9:32 AM, paulmck paulmck@linux.ibm.com wrote:
> >
> > > On Tue, Apr 02, 2019 at 11:34:07AM -0400, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> > >> ----- On Apr 2, 2019, at 11:23 AM, paulmck paulmck@linux.ibm.com wrote:
> > >>
> > >> > On Tue, Apr 02, 2019 at 11:14:40AM -0400, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> > >> >> ----- On Apr 2, 2019, at 10:28 AM, paulmck paulmck@linux.ibm.com wrote:
> > >> >>
> > >> >> > Hello!
> > >> >> >
> > >> >> > This series prohibits use of DEFINE_SRCU() and DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU()
> > >> >> > by loadable modules. The reason for this prohibition is the fact
> > >> >> > that using these two macros within modules requires that the size of
> > >> >> > the reserved region be increased, which is not something we want to
> > >> >> > be doing all that often. Instead, loadable modules should define an
> > >> >> > srcu_struct and invoke init_srcu_struct() from their module_init function
> > >> >> > and cleanup_srcu_struct() from their module_exit function. Note that
> > >> >> > modules using call_srcu() will also need to invoke srcu_barrier() from
> > >> >> > their module_exit function.
> > >> >>
> > >> >> This arbitrary API limitation seems weird.
> > >> >>
> > >> >> Isn't there a way to allow modules to use DEFINE_SRCU and DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU
> > >> >> while implementing them with dynamic allocation under the hood ?
> > >> >
> > >> > Although call_srcu() already has initialization hooks, some would
> > >> > also be required in srcu_read_lock(), and I am concerned about adding
> > >> > memory allocation at that point, especially given the possibility
> > >> > of memory-allocation failure. And the possibility that the first
> > >> > srcu_read_lock() happens in an interrupt handler or similar.
> > >> >
> > >> > Or am I missing a trick here?
> > >>
> > >> I was more thinking that under #ifdef MODULE, both DEFINE_SRCU and
> > >> DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU could append data in a dedicated section. module.c
> > >> would additionally lookup that section on module load, and deal with
> > >> those statically defined SRCU entries as if they were dynamically
> > >> allocated ones. It would of course cleanup those resources on module
> > >> unload.
> > >>
> > >> Am I missing some subtlety there ?
> > >
> > > If I understand you correctly, that is actually what is already done. The
> > > size of this dedicated section is currently set by PERCPU_MODULE_RESERVE,
> > > and the additions of DEFINE{_STATIC}_SRCU() in modules was requiring that
> > > this to be increased frequently. That led to a request that something
> > > be done, in turn leading to this patch series.
> >
> > I think we are not expressing quite the same idea.
> >
> > AFAIU, yours is to have DEFINE*_SRCU directly define per-cpu data within modules,
> > which ends up using percpu module reserved memory.
> >
> > My idea is to make DEFINE*_SRCU have a different behavior under #ifdef MODULE.
> > It could emit a _global variable_ (_not_ per-cpu) within a new section. That
> > section would then be used by module init/exit code to figure out what "srcu
> > descriptors" are present in the modules. It would therefore rely on dynamic
> > allocation for those, therefore removing the need to involve the percpu module
> > reserved pool at all.
> >
> > >
> > > I don't see a way around this short of changing module loading to do
> > > alloc_percpu() and then updating the relocation based on this result.
> > > Which would admittedly be far more convenient. I was assuming that
> > > this would be difficult due to varying CPU offsets or the like.
> > >
> > > But if it can be done reasonably, it would be quite a bit nicer than
> > > forcing dynamic allocation in cases where it is not otherwise needed.
> >
> > Hopefully my explanation above helps clear out what I have in mind.
> >
> > You can find similar tricks performed by include/linux/tracepoint.h:
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS
> > static inline struct tracepoint *tracepoint_ptr_deref(tracepoint_ptr_t *p)
> > {
> > return offset_to_ptr(p);
> > }
> >
> > #define __TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name) \
> > asm(" .section \"__tracepoints_ptrs\", \"a\" \n" \
> > " .balign 4 \n" \
> > " .long __tracepoint_" #name " - . \n" \
> > " .previous \n")
> > #else
> > static inline struct tracepoint *tracepoint_ptr_deref(tracepoint_ptr_t *p)
> > {
> > return *p;
> > }
> >
> > #define __TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name) \
> > static tracepoint_ptr_t __tracepoint_ptr_##name __used \
> > __attribute__((section("__tracepoints_ptrs"))) = \
> > &__tracepoint_##name
> > #endif
> >
> > [...]
> >
> > #define DEFINE_TRACE_FN(name, reg, unreg) \
> > static const char __tpstrtab_##name[] \
> > __attribute__((section("__tracepoints_strings"))) = #name; \
> > struct tracepoint __tracepoint_##name \
> > __attribute__((section("__tracepoints"), used)) = \
> > { __tpstrtab_##name, STATIC_KEY_INIT_FALSE, reg, unreg, NULL };\
> > __TRACEPOINT_ENTRY(name);
> >
> > And kernel/module.c:
> >
> > find_module_sections():
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS
> > mod->tracepoints_ptrs = section_objs(info, "__tracepoints_ptrs",
> > sizeof(*mod->tracepoints_ptrs),
> > &mod->num_tracepoints);
> > #endif
> >
> > And kernel/tracepoint.c:tracepoint_module_notify() for the module coming/going
> > notifier.
> >
> > Basically you would want to have your own structure within your own section of
> > the module which describes the srcu domain, and have a module coming/going
> > notifier responsible for dynamically allocating the srcu domain on "coming", and
> > doing a srcu barrier and cleanup the domain on "going".
>
> Ah, sounds like an excellent approach! I will give it a shot, thank you!

Please see below for an untested shot.

The original commits posted in this series are still available within
the -srcu tree at branch srcunomod.2019.04.05a. Yes, I am a digital
packrat. Why do you ask?

Thoughts? Or more accurately, given that this is the first time I
have used linker sections, what did I mess up?

Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------

commit e24a0dab1414c563bb96bcb28d5963c9df18b1e8
Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>
Date: Fri Apr 5 16:15:00 2019 -0700

srcu: Allocate per-CPU data for DEFINE_SRCU() in modules

Adding DEFINE_SRCU() or DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU() to a loadable module requires
that the size of the reserved region be increased, which is not something
we want to be doing all that often. One approach would be to require
that loadable modules define an srcu_struct and invoke init_srcu_struct()
from their module_init function and cleanup_srcu_struct() from their
module_exit function. However, this is more than a bit user unfriendly.

This commit therefore creates an ___srcu_struct_ptrs linker section,
and pointers to srcu_struct structures created by DEFINE_SRCU() and
DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU() within a module are placed into that module's
___srcu_struct_ptrs section. The required init_srcu_struct() and
cleanup_srcu_struct() functions are then automatically invoked as needed
when that module is loaded and unloaded, thus allowing modules to continue
to use DEFINE_SRCU() and DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU() while avoiding the need
to increase the size of the reserved region.

Many of the algorithms and some of the code was cheerfully cherry-picked
from other code making use of linker sections, perhaps most notably from
tracepoints. All bugs are nevertheless the sole property of the author.

Suggested-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.ibm.com>

diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
index f8f6f04c4453..c2d919a1566e 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
@@ -338,6 +338,10 @@
KEEP(*(__tracepoints_ptrs)) /* Tracepoints: pointer array */ \
__stop___tracepoints_ptrs = .; \
*(__tracepoints_strings)/* Tracepoints: strings */ \
+ . = ALIGN(8); \
+ __start___srcu_struct = .; \
+ *(___srcu_struct_ptrs) \
+ __end___srcu_struct = .; \
} \
\
.rodata1 : AT(ADDR(.rodata1) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
index 5bf5dcd91009..921443a026dd 100644
--- a/include/linux/module.h
+++ b/include/linux/module.h
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <linux/rbtree_latch.h>
#include <linux/error-injection.h>
#include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h>
+#include <linux/srcu.h>

#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <asm/module.h>
@@ -448,6 +449,10 @@ struct module {
unsigned int num_tracepoints;
tracepoint_ptr_t *tracepoints_ptrs;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_SRCU
+ unsigned int num_srcu_structs;
+ struct srcu_struct **srcu_struct_ptrs;
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_EVENTS
unsigned int num_bpf_raw_events;
struct bpf_raw_event_map *bpf_raw_events;
diff --git a/include/linux/srcutree.h b/include/linux/srcutree.h
index 7f7c8c050f63..93685a9f3b4c 100644
--- a/include/linux/srcutree.h
+++ b/include/linux/srcutree.h
@@ -120,9 +120,17 @@ struct srcu_struct {
*
* See include/linux/percpu-defs.h for the rules on per-CPU variables.
*/
-#define __DEFINE_SRCU(name, is_static) \
- static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct srcu_data, name##_srcu_data);\
- is_static struct srcu_struct name = __SRCU_STRUCT_INIT(name, name##_srcu_data)
+#ifdef MODULE
+# define __DEFINE_SRCU(name, is_static) \
+ is_static struct srcu_struct name; \
+ struct srcu_struct *__srcu_struct_##name \
+ __attribute__((section("___srcu_struct_ptrs"))) = &name
+#else
+# define __DEFINE_SRCU(name, is_static) \
+ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct srcu_data, name##_srcu_data); \
+ is_static struct srcu_struct name = \
+ __SRCU_STRUCT_INIT(name, name##_srcu_data)
+#endif
#define DEFINE_SRCU(name) __DEFINE_SRCU(name, /* not static */)
#define DEFINE_STATIC_SRCU(name) __DEFINE_SRCU(name, static)

diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index 0b9aa8ab89f0..524da609c884 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -3093,6 +3093,11 @@ static int find_module_sections(struct module *mod, struct load_info *info)
sizeof(*mod->tracepoints_ptrs),
&mod->num_tracepoints);
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_SRCU
+ mod->srcu_struct_ptrs = section_objs(info, "___srcu_struct_ptrs",
+ sizeof(*mod->srcu_struct_ptrs),
+ &mod->num_srcu_structs);
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_EVENTS
mod->bpf_raw_events = section_objs(info, "__bpf_raw_tp_map",
sizeof(*mod->bpf_raw_events),
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c b/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
index 9b761e546de8..ac0f6f0a8916 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
@@ -1310,3 +1310,70 @@ void __init srcu_init(void)
queue_work(rcu_gp_wq, &ssp->work.work);
}
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
+
+/* Initialize any global-scope srcu_struct structures used by this module. */
+static int srcu_module_coming(struct module *mod)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct srcu_struct **sspp = mod->srcu_struct_ptrs;
+ int ret;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mod->num_srcu_structs; i++) {
+ ret = init_srcu_struct(*(sspp++));
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(ret))
+ return ret;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Clean up any global-scope srcu_struct structures used by this module. */
+static void srcu_module_going(struct module *mod)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct srcu_struct **sspp = mod->srcu_struct_ptrs;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < mod->num_srcu_structs; i++)
+ cleanup_srcu_struct(*(sspp++));
+}
+
+/* Handle one module, either coming or going. */
+static int srcu_module_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long val, void *data)
+{
+ struct module *mod = data;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ switch (val) {
+ case MODULE_STATE_COMING:
+ ret = srcu_module_coming(mod);
+ break;
+ case MODULE_STATE_LIVE:
+ break;
+ case MODULE_STATE_GOING:
+ srcu_module_going(mod);
+ break;
+ case MODULE_STATE_UNFORMED:
+ break;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block srcu_module_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = srcu_module_notify,
+ .priority = 0,
+};
+
+static __init int init_srcu_module_notifier(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = register_module_notifier(&srcu_module_nb);
+ if (ret)
+ pr_warn("Failed to register srcu module notifier\n");
+ return ret;
+}
+late_initcall(init_srcu_module_notifier);
+
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_MODULES */
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