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Subject[patch V2 20/29] x86/dumpstack/64: Speedup in_exception_stack()
The current implementation of in_exception_stack() iterates over the
exception stacks array. Most of the time this is an useless exercise, but
even for the actual use cases (perf and ftrace) it takes at least 2
iterations to get to the NMI stack.

As the exception stacks and the guard pages are page aligned the loop can
be avoided completely.

Add a initial check whether the stack pointer is inside the full exception
stack area and leave early if not.

Create a lookup table which describes the stack area. The table index is
the page offset from the beginning of the exception stacks. So for any
given stack pointer the page offset is computed and a lookup in the
description table is performed. If it is inside a guard page, return. If
not, use the descriptor to fill in the info structure.

The table is filled at compile time and for the !KASAN case the interesting
page descriptors exactly fit into a single cache line. Just the last guard
page descriptor is in the next cacheline, but that should not be accessed
in the regular case.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
V2: Simplify the macro maze
---
arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c | 90 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
1 file changed, 55 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack_64.c
@@ -50,52 +50,72 @@ const char *stack_type_name(enum stack_t
return NULL;
}

-struct estack_layout {
- unsigned int begin;
- unsigned int end;
+/**
+ * struct estack_pages - Page descriptor for exception stacks
+ * @offs: Offset from the start of the exception stack area
+ * @size: Size of the exception stack
+ * @type: Type to store in the stack_info struct
+ */
+struct estack_pages {
+ u32 offs;
+ u16 size;
+ u16 type;
};

-#define ESTACK_ENTRY(x) { \
- .begin = offsetof(struct cea_exception_stacks, x## _stack), \
- .end = offsetof(struct cea_exception_stacks, x## _stack_guard) \
- }
-
-static const struct estack_layout layout[] = {
- [ ISTACK_DF ] = ESTACK_ENTRY(DF),
- [ ISTACK_NMI ] = ESTACK_ENTRY(NMI),
- [ ISTACK_DB2 ] = { .begin = 0, .end = 0},
- [ ISTACK_DB1 ] = ESTACK_ENTRY(DB1),
- [ ISTACK_DB ] = ESTACK_ENTRY(DB),
- [ ISTACK_MCE ] = ESTACK_ENTRY(MCE),
+#define EPAGERANGE(st) \
+ [PFN_DOWN(CEA_ESTACK_OFFS(st)) ... \
+ PFN_DOWN(CEA_ESTACK_OFFS(st) + CEA_ESTACK_SIZE(st) - 1)] = { \
+ .offs = CEA_ESTACK_OFFS(st), \
+ .size = CEA_ESTACK_SIZE(st), \
+ .type = STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION + ISTACK_ ##st, }
+
+/*
+ * Array of exception stack page descriptors. If the stack is larger than
+ * PAGE_SIZE, all pages covering a particular stack will have the same
+ * info. The guard pages including the not mapped DB2 stack are zeroed
+ * out.
+ */
+static const
+struct estack_pages estack_pages[CEA_ESTACK_PAGES] ____cacheline_aligned = {
+ EPAGERANGE(DF),
+ EPAGERANGE(NMI),
+ EPAGERANGE(DB1),
+ EPAGERANGE(DB),
+ EPAGERANGE(MCE),
};

static bool in_exception_stack(unsigned long *stack, struct stack_info *info)
{
- unsigned long estacks, begin, end, stk = (unsigned long)stack;
+ unsigned long begin, end, stk = (unsigned long)stack;
+ const struct estack_pages *ep;
struct pt_regs *regs;
unsigned int k;

BUILD_BUG_ON(N_EXCEPTION_STACKS != 6);

- estacks = (unsigned long)__this_cpu_read(cea_exception_stacks);
-
- for (k = 0; k < N_EXCEPTION_STACKS; k++) {
- begin = estacks + layout[k].begin;
- end = estacks + layout[k].end;
- regs = (struct pt_regs *)end - 1;
-
- if (stk < begin || stk >= end)
- continue;
-
- info->type = STACK_TYPE_EXCEPTION + k;
- info->begin = (unsigned long *)begin;
- info->end = (unsigned long *)end;
- info->next_sp = (unsigned long *)regs->sp;
-
- return true;
- }
-
- return false;
+ begin = (unsigned long)__this_cpu_read(cea_exception_stacks);
+ end = begin + sizeof(struct cea_exception_stacks);
+ /* Bail if @stack is outside the exception stack area. */
+ if (stk < begin || stk >= end)
+ return false;
+
+ /* Calc page offset from start of exception stacks */
+ k = (stk - begin) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ /* Lookup the page descriptor */
+ ep = &estack_pages[k];
+ /* Guard page? */
+ if (!ep->size)
+ return false;
+
+ begin += (unsigned long)ep->offs;
+ end = begin + (unsigned long)ep->size;
+ regs = (struct pt_regs *)end - 1;
+
+ info->type = ep->type;
+ info->begin = (unsigned long *)begin;
+ info->end = (unsigned long *)end;
+ info->next_sp = (unsigned long *)regs->sp;
+ return true;
}

static bool in_irq_stack(unsigned long *stack, struct stack_info *info)

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