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SubjectRe: [PATCH v0] kernfs: Skip kernfs_put of parent from child node
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On 4/5/2019 5:40 PM, Greg KH wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 05, 2019 at 05:13:00PM +0530, Gaurav Kohli wrote:
>> On 4/5/2019 5:03 PM, Greg KH wrote:
>>> On Fri, Apr 05, 2019 at 04:51:07PM +0530, Gaurav Kohli wrote:
>>>> While adding kernfs node for child to the parent kernfs
>>>> node and when child node founds that parent kn count is
>>>> zero, then below comes like:
>>>>
>>>> WARNING: fs/kernfs/dir.c:494 kernfs_get+0x64/0x88
>>>>
>>>> This indicates that parent is in kernfs_put path/ or already
>>>> freed, and if the child node keeps continue to
>>>> make new kernfs node, then there is chance of
>>>> below race for parent node:
>>>>
>>>> CPU0 CPU1
>>>> //Parent node //child node
>>>> kernfs_put
>>>> atomic_dec_and_test(&kn->count)
>>>> //count is 0, so continue
>>>> kernfs_new_node(child)
>>>> kernfs_get(parent);
>>>> //increment parent count to 1
>>>> //warning come as parent count is 0
>>>> /* link in */
>>>> kernfs_add_one(kn);
>>>> // this should fail as parent is
>>>> //in free path.
>>>> kernfs_put(child)
>>>> kmem_cache_free(parent)
>>>> kmem_cache_free(child)
>>>> kn = parent
>>>> atomic_dec_and_test(&kn->count))
>>>> //this is 0 now, so release will
>>>> continue for parent.
>>>> kmem_cache_free(parent)
>>>>
>>>> To prevent this race, child simply has to decrement count of parent
>>>> kernfs node and keep continue the free path for itself.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Gaurav Kohli <gkohli@codeaurora.org>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Mukesh Ojha <mojha@codeaurora.org>
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/fs/kernfs/dir.c b/fs/kernfs/dir.c
>>>> index b84d635..d5a36e8 100644
>>>> --- a/fs/kernfs/dir.c
>>>> +++ b/fs/kernfs/dir.c
>>>> @@ -515,7 +515,6 @@ void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn)
>>>> if (!kn || !atomic_dec_and_test(&kn->count))
>>>> return;
>>>> root = kernfs_root(kn);
>>>> - repeat:
>>>> /*
>>>> * Moving/renaming is always done while holding reference.
>>>> * kn->parent won't change beneath us.
>>>> @@ -545,8 +544,8 @@ void kernfs_put(struct kernfs_node *kn)
>>>> kn = parent;
>>>> if (kn) {
>>>> - if (atomic_dec_and_test(&kn->count))
>>>> - goto repeat;
>>>> + /* Parent may be on free path, so simply decrement the count */
>>> That's the wrong indentation :(
>>>
>>> And how are you hitting this issue? What user of kernfs is causing
>>> this?
>> Hi Greg,
>>
>> Thanks,  will fix comment indentation, seen during sys-executor running:
>>
>> We have only one instance , In logs below warning also came:
>>
>> WARNING: CPU: 4 kernel/msm-4.14/fs/kernfs/dir.c:494 kernfs_get+0x64/0x88
>>
>> which indicated parent is in put path.
>>
>> [  160.125151] Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint
>> [  160.130626] INFO: Allocated in __kernfs_new_node+0x8c/0x3c0 age=11 cpu=2
>> pid=7098
>> [  160.138314]     kmem_cache_alloc+0x358/0x388
>> [  160.142445]     __kernfs_new_node+0x8c/0x3c0
>> [  160.146590]     kernfs_new_node+0x80/0xc8
>> [  160.150462]     kernfs_create_dir_ns+0x44/0xfc
>> [  160.154777]     sysfs_create_dir_ns+0xa8/0x130
>> [  160.158416] CPU5: update max cpu_capacity 1024
>> [  160.159085]     kobject_add_internal+0x278/0x650
>> [  160.163567]     kobject_add_varg+0xe0/0x130
>> [  160.167606]     kobject_add+0x15c/0x1d0
>> [  160.168452] CPU5: update max cpu_capacity 780
>> [  160.171287]     get_device_parent+0x2d0/0x34c
>> [  160.175510]     device_add+0x240/0xde0
>> [  160.178371] CPU6: update max cpu_capacity 916
>> [  160.179108]     input_register_device+0x5f4/0xa0c
>> [  160.183686]     uinput_ioctl_handler+0x1184/0x2198
>> [  160.202436] INFO: Freed in kernfs_put+0x2c8/0x434 age=14 cpu=0 pid=7096
>> [  160.209230]     kernfs_put+0x2c8/0x434
>> [  160.212825]     kobject_del+0x50/0xcc
>> [  160.216332]     cleanup_glue_dir+0x124/0x16c
>> [  160.220456]     device_del+0x55c/0x5c8
>> [  160.224047]     __input_unregister_device+0x274/0x2a8
>> [  160.228974]     input_unregister_device+0x90/0xd0
>> [  160.233553]     uinput_destroy_device+0x15c/0x1dc
>> [  160.238131]     uinput_release+0x44/0x5c
>> [  160.241898]     __fput+0x1f4/0x4e4
>> [  160.245127]     ____fput+0x20/0x2c
>>
>>
>> during code review, I have found race between kernfs parent put call and
>> child get call.
> So this is a sysfs usage of this?
>
yes

> Using input devices or cpu devices
> for the stress test?

input devices ..

[ 1714.090310] input: syz1 as /devices/virtual/input/input191
[ 1714.223037] input: syz1 as /devices/virtual/input/input192

..

[ 1714.428228] input: syz1 as /devices/virtual/input/input193

..
[ 1714.528256] input: syz1 as /devices/virtual/input/input194
..

[ 1714.756481] input: syz1 as /devices/virtual/input/input195
..
[ 1714.831920] input: syz1 as /devices/virtual/input/input196

..

Cheers,
Mukesh

>
> thanks,
>
> greg k-h

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