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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/3] iommu: io-pgtable: Add ARM Mali midgard MMU page table format
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On 05/04/2019 10:51, Robin Murphy wrote:
> Hi Steve,
>
> On 05/04/2019 10:42, Steven Price wrote:
>> First let me say congratulations to everyone working on Panfrost - it's
>> an impressive achievement!
>>
>> Full disclosure: I used to work on the Mali kbase driver. And have been
>> playing around with running the Mali user-space blob with the Panfrost
>> kernel driver.
>>
>> On 01/04/2019 08:47, Rob Herring wrote:
>>> ARM Mali midgard GPU is similar to standard 64-bit stage 1 page
>>> tables, but
>>> have a few differences. Add a new format type to represent the
>>> format. The
>>> input address size is 48-bits and the output address size is 40-bits
>>> (and
>>> possibly less?). Note that the later bifrost GPUs follow the standard
>>> 64-bit stage 1 format.
>>>
>>> The differences in the format compared to 64-bit stage 1 format are:
>>>
>>> The 3rd level page entry bits are 0x1 instead of 0x3 for page entries.
>>>
>>> The access flags are not read-only and unprivileged, but read and write.
>>> This is similar to stage 2 entries, but the memory attributes field
>>> matches
>>> stage 1 being an index.
>>>
>>> The nG bit is not set by the vendor driver. This one didn't seem to
>>> matter,
>>> but we'll keep it aligned to the vendor driver.
>>
>> The nG bit should be ignored by the hardware.
>>
>> The MMU in Midgard/Bifrost has a quirk similar to
>> IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_TLBI_ON_MAP - you must perform a cache flush for the
>> GPU to (reliably) pick up new page table mappings.
>>
>> You may not have seen this because of the use of the JS_CONFIG_START_MMU
>> bit - this effectively performs a cache flush and TLB invalidate before
>> starting a job, however when using a GPU like T760 (e.g. on the Firefly
>> RK3288) this bit isn't being set. In my testing on the Firefly board I
>> saw GPU page faults because of this.
>>
>> There's two options for fixing this - a patch like below adds the quirk
>> mode to the MMU. Or alternatively always set JS_CONFIG_START_MMU on
>> jobs. In my testing both options solve the page faults.
>>
>> To be honest I don't know the reasoning behind kbase making the
>> JS_CONFIG_START_MMU bit conditional - I'm not aware of any reason why it
>> can't always be set. My guess is performance, but I haven't benchmarked
>> the difference between this and JS_CONFIG_START_MMU.
>>
>> -----8<----------
>>  From e3f75c7f04e43238dfc579029b8c11fb6b4a0c18 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
>> From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
>> Date: Thu, 4 Apr 2019 15:53:17 +0100
>> Subject: [PATCH] iommu: io-pgtable: IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_TLBI_ON_MAP for LPAE
>>
>> Midgard/Bifrost GPUs require a TLB invalidation when mapping pages,
>> implement IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_TLBI_ON_MAP for LPAE iommu page table
>> formats and add the quirk bit to Panfrost.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
>> ---
>>   drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_mmu.c |  1 +
>>   drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c          | 11 +++++++++--
>>   2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_mmu.c
>> b/drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_mmu.c
>> index f3aad8591cf4..094312074d66 100644
>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_mmu.c
>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/panfrost/panfrost_mmu.c
>> @@ -343,6 +343,7 @@ int panfrost_mmu_init(struct panfrost_device *pfdev)
>>       mmu_write(pfdev, MMU_INT_MASK, ~0);
>>
>>       pfdev->mmu->pgtbl_cfg = (struct io_pgtable_cfg) {
>> +        .quirks        = IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_TLBI_ON_MAP,
>>           .pgsize_bitmap    = SZ_4K, // | SZ_2M | SZ_1G),
>>           .ias        = 48,
>>           .oas        = 40,    /* Should come from dma mask? */
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
>> b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
>> index 84beea1f47a7..45fd7bbdf9aa 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
>> @@ -505,7 +505,13 @@ static int arm_lpae_map(struct io_pgtable_ops *ops,
>> unsigned long iova,
>>        * Synchronise all PTE updates for the new mapping before there's
>>        * a chance for anything to kick off a table walk for the new iova.
>>        */
>> -    wmb();
>> +    if (data->iop.cfg.quirks & IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_TLBI_ON_MAP) {
>> +        io_pgtable_tlb_add_flush(&data->iop, iova, size,
>> +                     ARM_LPAE_BLOCK_SIZE(2, data), false);
>
> For correctness (in case this ever ends up used for something with
> VMSA-like invalidation behaviour), the granule would need to be "size"
> here, rather than effectively hard-coded.

Ah yes - I did rather just copy/paste this from io-pgtable-arm-v7s with
minor fix-ups.

> However, since Mali's invalidations appear to operate on arbitrary
> ranges, it would probably be a lot more efficient for the driver to
> handle this case directly, by just issuing a single big invalidation
> after the for_each_sg() loop in panfrost_mmu_map().

Yes - that would probably be a better option. Although I think
personally I'd lean towards just using JS_CONFIG_START_MMU for most
cases. The only thing that won't handle is modifying the MMU while the
job is running (e.g. faulting in pages). But that can be handled
internally in Panfrost by invalidating the exact region which is being
populated.

Steve

> Robin.
>
>> +        io_pgtable_tlb_sync(&data->iop);
>> +    } else {
>> +        wmb();
>> +    }
>>
>>       return ret;
>>   }
>> @@ -800,7 +806,8 @@ arm_64_lpae_alloc_pgtable_s1(struct io_pgtable_cfg
>> *cfg, void *cookie)
>>       struct arm_lpae_io_pgtable *data;
>>
>>       if (cfg->quirks & ~(IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_ARM_NS |
>> IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_NO_DMA |
>> -                IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_NON_STRICT))
>> +                IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_NON_STRICT |
>> +                IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_TLBI_ON_MAP))
>>           return NULL;
>>
>>       data = arm_lpae_alloc_pgtable(cfg);
>>
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