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SubjectRe: [PATCH] platform/chrome: wilco_ec: Standardize mailbox interface
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Date
Hi Nick,

On 5/4/19 0:54, Nick Crews wrote:
> I sent this out previously in a series with a keyboard backlight driver
> (https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/4/4/1370), but the backlight driver is
> still in flux, and I wanted to get this committed ASAP. Thus I'm
> sending this as a separate series, in hopes that this can be
> expedited.
>

I removed this paragraph from the patch because is not really related to the
commit message. Also you don't need to resend for this reason, I can pick-up the
patch from the series. The fact that you send this patch in the series doesn't
mean that I need to pick-up all the series ;-)

> The current API for the wilco EC mailbox interface is bad.
>
> It assumes that most messages sent to the EC follow a similar structure,
> with a command byte in MBOX[0], followed by a junk byte, followed by
> actual data. This doesn't happen in several cases, such as setting the
> RTC time, using the raw debugfs interface, and reading or writing
> properties such as the Peak Shift policy (this last to be submitted soon).
>
> Similarly for the response message from the EC, the current interface
> assumes that the first byte of data is always 0, and the second byte
> is unused. However, in both setting and getting the RTC time, in the
> debugfs interface, and for reading and writing properties, this isn't
> true.
>
> The current way to resolve this is to use WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW* flags to
> specify when and when not to skip these initial bytes in the sent and
> received message. They are confusing and used so much that they are
> normal, and not exceptions. In addition, the first byte of
> response in the debugfs interface is still always skipped, which is
> weird, since this raw interface should be giving the entire result.
>
> Additionally, sent messages assume the first byte is a command, and so
> struct wilco_ec_message contains the "command" field. In setting or
> getting properties however, the first byte is not a command, and so this
> field has to be filled with a byte that isn't actually a command. This
> is again inconsistent.
>
> wilco_ec_message contains a result field as well, copied from
> wilco_ec_response->result. The message result field should be removed:
> if the message fails, the cause is already logged, and the callers are
> alerted. They will never care about the actual state of the result flag.
>
> These flags and different cases make the wilco_ec_transfer() function,
> used in wilco_ec_mailbox(), really gross, dealing with a bunch of
> different cases. It's difficult to figure out what it is doing.
>
> Finally, making these assumptions about the structure of a message make
> it so that the messages do not correspond well with the specification
> for the EC's mailbox interface. For instance, this interface
> specification may say that MBOX[9] in the received message contains
> some information, but the calling code needs to remember that the first
> byte of response is always skipped, and because it didn't set the
> RESPONSE_RAW flag, the next byte is also skipped, so this information
> is actually contained within wilco_ec_message->response_data[7]. This
> makes it difficult to maintain this code in the future.
>
> To fix these problems this patch standardizes the mailbox interface by:
> - Removing the WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW* flags
> - Removing the command and reserved_raw bytes from wilco_ec_request
> - Removing the mbox0 byte from wilco_ec_response
> - Simplifying wilco_ec_transfer() because of these changes
> - Gives the callers of wilco_ec_mailbox() the responsibility of exactly
> and consistently defining the structure of the mailbox request and
> response
> - Removing command and result from wilco_ec_message.
>
> This results in the reduction of total code, and makes it much more
> maintainable and understandable.
>
> Signed-off-by: Nick Crews <ncrews@chromium.org>
> Acked-by: Alexandre Belloni <alexandre.belloni@bootlin.com>

The patch is added to the chrome-platform for-next branch for autobuilders to
play with. If all goes well I'll queue the patch for chrome-platform-5.2

Thanks,
Enric


> ---
> drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/debugfs.c | 43 ++++++++-------
> drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/mailbox.c | 53 ++++++++----------
> drivers/rtc/rtc-wilco-ec.c | 63 +++++++++++++---------
> include/linux/platform_data/wilco-ec.h | 22 +-------
> 4 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 98 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/debugfs.c b/drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/debugfs.c
> index c090db2cd5be..17c4c9068aaf 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/debugfs.c
> +++ b/drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/debugfs.c
> @@ -10,25 +10,26 @@
> * by reading from raw.
> *
> * For writing:
> - * Bytes 0-1 indicate the message type:
> - * 00 F0 = Execute Legacy Command
> - * 00 F2 = Read/Write NVRAM Property
> - * Byte 2 provides the command code
> - * Bytes 3+ consist of the data passed in the request
> + * Bytes 0-1 indicate the message type, one of enum wilco_ec_msg_type
> + * Byte 2+ consist of the data passed in the request, starting at MBOX[0]
> *
> - * When referencing the EC interface spec, byte 2 corresponds to MBOX[0],
> - * byte 3 corresponds to MBOX[1], etc.
> - *
> - * At least three bytes are required, for the msg type and command,
> - * with additional bytes optional for additional data.
> + * At least three bytes are required for writing, two for the type and at
> + * least a single byte of data. Only the first EC_MAILBOX_DATA_SIZE bytes
> + * of MBOX will be used.
> *
> * Example:
> * // Request EC info type 3 (EC firmware build date)
> - * $ echo 00 f0 38 00 03 00 > raw
> + * // Corresponds with sending type 0x00f0 with MBOX = [38, 00, 03, 00]
> + * $ echo 00 f0 38 00 03 00 > /sys/kernel/debug/wilco_ec/raw
> * // View the result. The decoded ASCII result "12/21/18" is
> * // included after the raw hex.
> - * $ cat raw
> - * 00 31 32 2f 32 31 2f 31 38 00 38 00 01 00 2f 00 .12/21/18.8...
> + * // Corresponds with MBOX = [00, 00, 31, 32, 2f, 32, 31, ...]
> + * $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/wilco_ec/raw
> + * 00 00 31 32 2f 32 31 2f 31 38 00 38 00 01 00 2f 00 ..12/21/18.8...
> + *
> + * Note that the first 32 bytes of the received MBOX[] will be printed,
> + * even if some of the data is junk. It is up to you to know how many of
> + * the first bytes of data are the actual response.
> */
>
> #include <linux/ctype.h>
> @@ -136,18 +137,15 @@ static ssize_t raw_write(struct file *file, const char __user *user_buf,
> ret = parse_hex_sentence(buf, kcount, request_data, TYPE_AND_DATA_SIZE);
> if (ret < 0)
> return ret;
> - /* Need at least two bytes for message type and one for command */
> + /* Need at least two bytes for message type and one byte of data */
> if (ret < 3)
> return -EINVAL;
>
> - /* Clear response data buffer */
> - memset(debug_info->raw_data, '\0', EC_MAILBOX_DATA_SIZE_EXTENDED);
> -
> msg.type = request_data[0] << 8 | request_data[1];
> - msg.flags = WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW;
> - msg.command = request_data[2];
> - msg.request_data = ret > 3 ? request_data + 3 : 0;
> - msg.request_size = ret - 3;
> + msg.flags = 0;
> + msg.request_data = request_data + 2;
> + msg.request_size = ret - 2;
> + memset(debug_info->raw_data, 0, sizeof(debug_info->raw_data));
> msg.response_data = debug_info->raw_data;
> msg.response_size = EC_MAILBOX_DATA_SIZE;
>
> @@ -174,7 +172,8 @@ static ssize_t raw_read(struct file *file, char __user *user_buf, size_t count,
> fmt_len = hex_dump_to_buffer(debug_info->raw_data,
> debug_info->response_size,
> 16, 1, debug_info->formatted_data,
> - FORMATTED_BUFFER_SIZE, true);
> + sizeof(debug_info->formatted_data),
> + true);
> /* Only return response the first time it is read */
> debug_info->response_size = 0;
> }
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/mailbox.c b/drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/mailbox.c
> index 14355668ddfa..7fb58b487963 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/mailbox.c
> +++ b/drivers/platform/chrome/wilco_ec/mailbox.c
> @@ -92,21 +92,10 @@ static void wilco_ec_prepare(struct wilco_ec_message *msg,
> struct wilco_ec_request *rq)
> {
> memset(rq, 0, sizeof(*rq));
> -
> - /* Handle messages without trimming bytes from the request */
> - if (msg->request_size && msg->flags & WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW_REQUEST) {
> - rq->reserved_raw = *(u8 *)msg->request_data;
> - msg->request_size--;
> - memmove(msg->request_data, msg->request_data + 1,
> - msg->request_size);
> - }
> -
> - /* Fill in request packet */
> rq->struct_version = EC_MAILBOX_PROTO_VERSION;
> rq->mailbox_id = msg->type;
> rq->mailbox_version = EC_MAILBOX_VERSION;
> - rq->data_size = msg->request_size + EC_MAILBOX_DATA_EXTRA;
> - rq->command = msg->command;
> + rq->data_size = msg->request_size;
>
> /* Checksum header and data */
> rq->checksum = wilco_ec_checksum(rq, sizeof(*rq));
> @@ -159,6 +148,12 @@ static int wilco_ec_transfer(struct wilco_ec_device *ec,
> return -EIO;
> }
>
> + /*
> + * The EC always returns either EC_MAILBOX_DATA_SIZE or
> + * EC_MAILBOX_DATA_SIZE_EXTENDED bytes of data, so we need to
> + * calculate the checksum on **all** of this data, even if we
> + * won't use all of it.
> + */
> if (msg->flags & WILCO_EC_FLAG_EXTENDED_DATA)
> size = EC_MAILBOX_DATA_SIZE_EXTENDED;
> else
> @@ -173,33 +168,26 @@ static int wilco_ec_transfer(struct wilco_ec_device *ec,
> return -EBADMSG;
> }
>
> - /* Check that the EC reported success */
> - msg->result = rs->result;
> - if (msg->result) {
> - dev_dbg(ec->dev, "bad response: 0x%02x\n", msg->result);
> + if (rs->result) {
> + dev_dbg(ec->dev, "EC reported failure: 0x%02x\n", rs->result);
> return -EBADMSG;
> }
>
> - /* Check the returned data size, skipping the header */
> if (rs->data_size != size) {
> dev_dbg(ec->dev, "unexpected packet size (%u != %zu)",
> rs->data_size, size);
> return -EMSGSIZE;
> }
>
> - /* Skip 1 response data byte unless specified */
> - size = (msg->flags & WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW_RESPONSE) ? 0 : 1;
> - if ((ssize_t) rs->data_size - size < msg->response_size) {
> - dev_dbg(ec->dev, "response data too short (%zd < %zu)",
> - (ssize_t) rs->data_size - size, msg->response_size);
> + if (rs->data_size < msg->response_size) {
> + dev_dbg(ec->dev, "EC didn't return enough data (%u < %zu)",
> + rs->data_size, msg->response_size);
> return -EMSGSIZE;
> }
>
> - /* Ignore response data bytes as requested */
> - memcpy(msg->response_data, rs->data + size, msg->response_size);
> + memcpy(msg->response_data, rs->data, msg->response_size);
>
> - /* Return actual amount of data received */
> - return msg->response_size;
> + return rs->data_size;
> }
>
> /**
> @@ -207,10 +195,12 @@ static int wilco_ec_transfer(struct wilco_ec_device *ec,
> * @ec: EC device.
> * @msg: EC message data for request and response.
> *
> - * On entry msg->type, msg->flags, msg->command, msg->request_size,
> - * msg->response_size, and msg->request_data should all be filled in.
> + * On entry msg->type, msg->request_size, and msg->request_data should all be
> + * filled in. If desired, msg->flags can be set.
> *
> - * On exit msg->result and msg->response_data will be filled.
> + * If a response is expected, msg->response_size should be set, and
> + * msg->response_data should point to a buffer with enough space. On exit
> + * msg->response_data will be filled.
> *
> * Return: number of bytes received or negative error code on failure.
> */
> @@ -219,9 +209,8 @@ int wilco_ec_mailbox(struct wilco_ec_device *ec, struct wilco_ec_message *msg)
> struct wilco_ec_request *rq;
> int ret;
>
> - dev_dbg(ec->dev, "cmd=%02x type=%04x flags=%02x rslen=%zu rqlen=%zu\n",
> - msg->command, msg->type, msg->flags, msg->response_size,
> - msg->request_size);
> + dev_dbg(ec->dev, "type=%04x flags=%02x rslen=%zu rqlen=%zu\n",
> + msg->type, msg->flags, msg->response_size, msg->request_size);
>
> mutex_lock(&ec->mailbox_lock);
> /* Prepare request packet */
> diff --git a/drivers/rtc/rtc-wilco-ec.c b/drivers/rtc/rtc-wilco-ec.c
> index e62bda0cb53e..8ad4c4e6d557 100644
> --- a/drivers/rtc/rtc-wilco-ec.c
> +++ b/drivers/rtc/rtc-wilco-ec.c
> @@ -21,8 +21,20 @@
> #define EC_CMOS_TOD_WRITE 0x02
> #define EC_CMOS_TOD_READ 0x08
>
> +/* Message sent to the EC to request the current time. */
> +struct ec_rtc_read_request {
> + u8 command;
> + u8 reserved;
> + u8 param;
> +} __packed;
> +static struct ec_rtc_read_request read_rq = {
> + .command = EC_COMMAND_CMOS,
> + .param = EC_CMOS_TOD_READ,
> +};
> +
> /**
> - * struct ec_rtc_read - Format of RTC returned by EC.
> + * struct ec_rtc_read_response - Format of RTC returned by EC.
> + * @reserved: Unused byte
> * @second: Second value (0..59)
> * @minute: Minute value (0..59)
> * @hour: Hour value (0..23)
> @@ -33,7 +45,8 @@
> *
> * All values are presented in binary (not BCD).
> */
> -struct ec_rtc_read {
> +struct ec_rtc_read_response {
> + u8 reserved;
> u8 second;
> u8 minute;
> u8 hour;
> @@ -44,8 +57,10 @@ struct ec_rtc_read {
> } __packed;
>
> /**
> - * struct ec_rtc_write - Format of RTC sent to the EC.
> - * @param: EC_CMOS_TOD_WRITE
> + * struct ec_rtc_write_request - Format of RTC sent to the EC.
> + * @command: Always EC_COMMAND_CMOS
> + * @reserved: Unused byte
> + * @param: Always EC_CMOS_TOD_WRITE
> * @century: Century value (full year / 100)
> * @year: Year value (full year % 100)
> * @month: Month value (1..12)
> @@ -57,7 +72,9 @@ struct ec_rtc_read {
> *
> * All values are presented in BCD.
> */
> -struct ec_rtc_write {
> +struct ec_rtc_write_request {
> + u8 command;
> + u8 reserved;
> u8 param;
> u8 century;
> u8 year;
> @@ -72,19 +89,17 @@ struct ec_rtc_write {
> static int wilco_ec_rtc_read(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
> {
> struct wilco_ec_device *ec = dev_get_drvdata(dev->parent);
> - u8 param = EC_CMOS_TOD_READ;
> - struct ec_rtc_read rtc;
> - struct wilco_ec_message msg = {
> - .type = WILCO_EC_MSG_LEGACY,
> - .flags = WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW_RESPONSE,
> - .command = EC_COMMAND_CMOS,
> - .request_data = &param,
> - .request_size = sizeof(param),
> - .response_data = &rtc,
> - .response_size = sizeof(rtc),
> - };
> + struct ec_rtc_read_response rtc;
> + struct wilco_ec_message msg;
> int ret;
>
> + memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
> + msg.type = WILCO_EC_MSG_LEGACY;
> + msg.request_data = &read_rq;
> + msg.request_size = sizeof(read_rq);
> + msg.response_data = &rtc;
> + msg.response_size = sizeof(rtc);
> +
> ret = wilco_ec_mailbox(ec, &msg);
> if (ret < 0)
> return ret;
> @@ -106,14 +121,8 @@ static int wilco_ec_rtc_read(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
> static int wilco_ec_rtc_write(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
> {
> struct wilco_ec_device *ec = dev_get_drvdata(dev->parent);
> - struct ec_rtc_write rtc;
> - struct wilco_ec_message msg = {
> - .type = WILCO_EC_MSG_LEGACY,
> - .flags = WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW_RESPONSE,
> - .command = EC_COMMAND_CMOS,
> - .request_data = &rtc,
> - .request_size = sizeof(rtc),
> - };
> + struct ec_rtc_write_request rtc;
> + struct wilco_ec_message msg;
> int year = tm->tm_year + 1900;
> /*
> * Convert from 0=Sunday to 0=Saturday for the EC
> @@ -123,6 +132,7 @@ static int wilco_ec_rtc_write(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
> int wday = tm->tm_wday == 6 ? 0 : tm->tm_wday + 1;
> int ret;
>
> + rtc.command = EC_COMMAND_CMOS;
> rtc.param = EC_CMOS_TOD_WRITE;
> rtc.century = bin2bcd(year / 100);
> rtc.year = bin2bcd(year % 100);
> @@ -133,6 +143,11 @@ static int wilco_ec_rtc_write(struct device *dev, struct rtc_time *tm)
> rtc.second = bin2bcd(tm->tm_sec);
> rtc.weekday = bin2bcd(wday);
>
> + memset(&msg, 0, sizeof(msg));
> + msg.type = WILCO_EC_MSG_LEGACY;
> + msg.request_data = &rtc;
> + msg.request_size = sizeof(rtc);
> +
> ret = wilco_ec_mailbox(ec, &msg);
> if (ret < 0)
> return ret;
> diff --git a/include/linux/platform_data/wilco-ec.h b/include/linux/platform_data/wilco-ec.h
> index 446473a46b88..1ff224793c99 100644
> --- a/include/linux/platform_data/wilco-ec.h
> +++ b/include/linux/platform_data/wilco-ec.h
> @@ -14,10 +14,6 @@
> /* Message flags for using the mailbox() interface */
> #define WILCO_EC_FLAG_NO_RESPONSE BIT(0) /* EC does not respond */
> #define WILCO_EC_FLAG_EXTENDED_DATA BIT(1) /* EC returns 256 data bytes */
> -#define WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW_REQUEST BIT(2) /* Do not trim request data */
> -#define WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW_RESPONSE BIT(3) /* Do not trim response data */
> -#define WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW (WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW_REQUEST | \
> - WILCO_EC_FLAG_RAW_RESPONSE)
>
> /* Normal commands have a maximum 32 bytes of data */
> #define EC_MAILBOX_DATA_SIZE 32
> @@ -56,10 +52,7 @@ struct wilco_ec_device {
> * @mailbox_id: Mailbox identifier, specifies the command set.
> * @mailbox_version: Mailbox interface version %EC_MAILBOX_VERSION
> * @reserved: Set to zero.
> - * @data_size: Length of request, data + last 2 bytes of the header.
> - * @command: Mailbox command code, unique for each mailbox_id set.
> - * @reserved_raw: Set to zero for most commands, but is used by
> - * some command types and for raw commands.
> + * @data_size: Length of following data.
> */
> struct wilco_ec_request {
> u8 struct_version;
> @@ -68,8 +61,6 @@ struct wilco_ec_request {
> u8 mailbox_version;
> u8 reserved;
> u16 data_size;
> - u8 command;
> - u8 reserved_raw;
> } __packed;
>
> /**
> @@ -79,8 +70,6 @@ struct wilco_ec_request {
> * @result: Result code from the EC. Non-zero indicates an error.
> * @data_size: Length of the response data buffer.
> * @reserved: Set to zero.
> - * @mbox0: EC returned data at offset 0 is unused (always 0) so this byte
> - * is treated as part of the header instead of the data.
> * @data: Response data buffer. Max size is %EC_MAILBOX_DATA_SIZE_EXTENDED.
> */
> struct wilco_ec_response {
> @@ -89,7 +78,6 @@ struct wilco_ec_response {
> u16 result;
> u16 data_size;
> u8 reserved[2];
> - u8 mbox0;
> u8 data[0];
> } __packed;
>
> @@ -111,21 +99,15 @@ enum wilco_ec_msg_type {
> * struct wilco_ec_message - Request and response message.
> * @type: Mailbox message type.
> * @flags: Message flags, e.g. %WILCO_EC_FLAG_NO_RESPONSE.
> - * @command: Mailbox command code.
> - * @result: Result code from the EC. Non-zero indicates an error.
> * @request_size: Number of bytes to send to the EC.
> * @request_data: Buffer containing the request data.
> - * @response_size: Number of bytes expected from the EC.
> - * This is 32 by default and 256 if the flag
> - * is set for %WILCO_EC_FLAG_EXTENDED_DATA
> + * @response_size: Number of bytes to read from EC.
> * @response_data: Buffer containing the response data, should be
> * response_size bytes and allocated by caller.
> */
> struct wilco_ec_message {
> enum wilco_ec_msg_type type;
> u8 flags;
> - u8 command;
> - u8 result;
> size_t request_size;
> void *request_data;
> size_t response_size;
>

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