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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 08/19] ioasid: Add custom IOASID allocator
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Hi Jacob,

On 4/25/19 11:29 PM, Jacob Pan wrote:
> Hi Eric,
>
> Thanks for the review.
>
> On Thu, 25 Apr 2019 12:03:42 +0200
> Auger Eric <eric.auger@redhat.com> wrote:
>
>> Hi Jacob,
>>
>> On 4/24/19 1:31 AM, Jacob Pan wrote:
>>> Sometimes, IOASID allocation must be handled by platform specific
>>> code. The use cases are guest vIOMMU and pvIOMMU where IOASIDs need
>>> to be allocated by the host via enlightened or paravirt interfaces.
>>>
>>> This patch adds an extension to the IOASID allocator APIs such that
>>> platform drivers can register a custom allocator, possibly at boot
>>> time, to take over the allocation. Xarray is still used for tracking
>>> and searching purposes internal to the IOASID code. Private data of
>>> an IOASID can also be set after the allocation.
>>>
>>> There can be multiple custom allocators registered but only one is
>>> used at a time. In case of hot removal of devices that provides the
>>> allocator, all IOASIDs must be freed prior to unregistering the
>>> allocator. Default XArray based allocator cannot be mixed with
>>> custom allocators, i.e. custom allocators will not be used if there
>>> are outstanding IOASIDs allocated by the default XA allocator.
>>
>> What's the exact use case behind allowing several custom IOASID
>> allocators to be registered?
> It is mainly for supporting multiple PCI segments thus multiple
> vIOMMUs. Even though, all allocators will end up calling the host to
> allocate PASIDs.

Yes that was my understanding actually.

Another question is how do you handle the reserved RID_PASID requirement?

QEMU does not support multiple PCI segments/domains
> afaik but others might.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
>>> ---
>>> drivers/base/ioasid.c | 182
>>> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>>> include/linux/ioasid.h | 15 +++- 2 files changed, 187
>>> insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/base/ioasid.c b/drivers/base/ioasid.c
>>> index c4012aa..5cb36a4 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/base/ioasid.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/base/ioasid.c
>>> @@ -17,6 +17,120 @@ struct ioasid_data {
>>> };
>>>
>>> static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_xa);
>>> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> +static struct ioasid_allocator *ioasid_allocator;
>> A more explicit name may be chosen. If I understand correctly that's
>> the active_custom_allocator
> Yes, more clear this way.
>
>>> +
>>> +static LIST_HEAD(custom_allocators);
>>> +/*
>>> + * A flag to track if ioasid default allocator already been used,
>>> this will
>> is already in use?
>>> + * prevent custom allocator from being used. The reason is that
>>> custom allocator
>> s/The reason is that custom allocator/The reason is that custom
>> allocators
>>> + * must have unadulterated space to track private data with
>>> xarray, there cannot
>>> + * be a mix been default and custom allocated IOASIDs.
>>> + */
>>> +static int default_allocator_used;
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * ioasid_register_allocator - register a custom allocator
>>> + * @allocator: the custom allocator to be registered
>>> + *
>>> + * Custom allocator take precedence over the default xarray based
>>> allocator.
>>> + * Private data associated with the ASID are managed by ASID
>>> common code
>>> + * similar to data stored in xa.
>>> + *
>>> + * There can be multiple allocators registered but only one is
>>> active. In case
>>> + * of runtime removal of an custom allocator, the next one is
>>> activated based
>>> + * on the registration ordering.
>> This last sentence may be moved to the unregister() kerneldoc
>>> + */
>>> +int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator)
>>> +{
>>> + struct ioasid_allocator *pallocator;
>>> + int ret = 0;
>>> +
>>> + if (!allocator)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> + if (list_empty(&custom_allocators))
>>> + ioasid_allocator = allocator;
>> The fact the first registered custom allocator gets automatically
>> active was not obvious to me and may deserve a comment.
> Will do. I will add:
> "No particular preference since all custom allocators end up calling
> the host to allocate IOASIDs. We activate the first allocator and keep
> the later ones in a list in case the first one gets removed due to
> hotplug."
>
>>> + else {
>>> + /* Check if the allocator is already registered */
>>> + list_for_each_entry(pallocator,
>>> &custom_allocators, list) {
>>> + if (pallocator == allocator) {
>>> + pr_err("IOASID allocator already
>>> exist\n");
>> s/exist/registered?
> make sense.
>>> + ret = -EEXIST;
>>> + goto out_unlock;
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> + list_add_tail(&allocator->list, &custom_allocators);
>>> +
>>> +out_unlock:
>>> + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_register_allocator);
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * ioasid_unregister_allocator - Remove a custom IOASID allocator
>>> + * @allocator: the custom allocator to be removed
>>> + *
>>> + * Remove an allocator from the list, activate the next allocator
>>> in
>>> + * the order it was registration.
>>> + */
>>> +void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator
>>> *allocator) +{
>>> + if (!allocator)
>>> + return;
>>> +
>>> + if (list_empty(&custom_allocators)) {
>>> + pr_warn("No custom IOASID allocators active!\n");
>> s/active/registered?
>>> + return;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> + list_del(&allocator->list);
>>> + if (list_empty(&custom_allocators)) {
>>> + pr_info("No custom IOASID allocators\n");
>>> + /*
>>> + * All IOASIDs should have been freed before the
>>> last allocator
>>> + * is unregistered.
>>> + */
>>> + BUG_ON(!xa_empty(&ioasid_xa));
>> At this stage it is difficult to assess whether using a BUG_ON() is
>> safe here. Who is responsible for freeing the IOASIDs?
> Who ever allocates IOASIDs are responsible for freeing. This could be
> the IOMMU driver running in the guest. In the very unlikely scenario
> below:
> 1. vIOMMU1 register a custom allocator1
> 2. vIOMMU2 register a custom allocator2
> 3. sva_bind() called to bind dev under vIOMMU1, use allocator1 to
> allocate ioasid1.
> 4. vIOMMU 1 hot removed
> 5. vIOMMU 2 hot removed
> BUG_ON() hits because sva_unbind was not called on ioasid1. So even if
> we free ioasid1 after BUG_ON, it does not undo the damage.
>
>>> + ioasid_allocator = NULL;
>>> + } else if (allocator == ioasid_allocator) {
>>> + ioasid_allocator = list_entry(&custom_allocators,
>>> struct ioasid_allocator, list);
>>> + pr_info("IOASID allocator changed");
>>> + }
>>> + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> +}
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_unregister_allocator);
>>> +
>>> +/**
>>> + * ioasid_set_data - Set private data for an allocated ioasid
>>> + * @ioasid: the ID to set data
>>> + * @data: the private data
>>> + *
>>> + * For IOASID that is already allocated, private data can be set
>>> + * via this API. Future lookup can be done via ioasid_find.
>>> + */
>>> +int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data)
>>> +{
>>> + struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
>>> + int ret = 0;
>>> +
>>> + ioasid_data = xa_load(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
>>> + if (ioasid_data)
>>> + ioasid_data->private = data;
>>> + else
>>> + ret = -ENOENT;
>>> +
>>> + /* getter may use the private data */
>>> + synchronize_rcu();
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> +}
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_set_data);
>>> +
>>> /**
>>> * ioasid_alloc - Allocate an IOASID
>>> * @set: the IOASID set
>>> @@ -31,7 +145,7 @@ static DEFINE_XARRAY_ALLOC(ioasid_xa);
>>> ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min,
>>> ioasid_t max, void *private)
>>> {
>>> - int id = -1;
>>> + int id = INVALID_IOASID;
>>> struct ioasid_data *data;
>>>
>>> data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
>>> @@ -40,14 +154,37 @@ ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set,
>>> ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
>>> data->set = set;
>>> data->private = private;
>>> +
>>> + /*
>>> + * Use custom allocator if available, otherwise use
>>> default.
>>> + * However, if there are active IOASIDs already been
>>> allocated by default
>>> + * allocator, custom allocator cannot be used.
>>> + */
>>> + if (!default_allocator_used && ioasid_allocator) {
>>> + mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> + id = ioasid_allocator->alloc(min, max,
>>> ioasid_allocator->pdata);
>>> + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> + if (id == INVALID_IOASID) {
>>> + pr_err("Failed ASID allocation by custom
>>> allocator\n");
>>> + goto exit_free;
>>> + }
>>> + /*
>>> + * Use XA to manage private data also sanitiy
>>> check custom> + * allocator for duplicates.
>> s/data also sanitiy check/data, also sanity check
>>> + */
>>> + min = id;
>>> + max = id + 1;
>>> + } else
>>> + default_allocator_used = 1;
>> shouldn't default_allocator_used be protected as well?
>>> +
>>> if (xa_alloc(&ioasid_xa, &id, data, XA_LIMIT(min, max),
>>> GFP_KERNEL)) { pr_err("Failed to alloc ioasid from %d to %d\n",
>>> min, max); goto exit_free;
>>> }
>>> -
>>> data->id = id;
>> wouldn't it be possible to integrate the default io asid allocator as
>> any custom allocator, ie. implement an alloc callback using xa_alloc.
>> Then the active io allocator could be either a custom or a default
>> one.
> That is an interesting idea. I think it is possible.
> But since default xa allocator is internal to ioasid infrastructure,
> why implement it as a callback?

I mean your could directly define a static const default_allocator in
ioasid.c and assign it by default. Do I miss something?

Thanks

Eric
>
>>> +
>>> exit_free:
>>> - if (id < 0) {
>>> + if (id < 0 || id == INVALID_IOASID) {
>>> kfree(data);
>>> return INVALID_IOASID;
>>> }
>>> @@ -59,12 +196,29 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_alloc);
>>> * ioasid_free - Free an IOASID
>>> * @ioasid: the ID to remove
>>> */
>>> -void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
>>> +int ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
>>> {
>>> struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
>>> + int ret = 0;
>>> +
>>> + if (ioasid_allocator) {
>>> + mutex_lock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> + ret = ioasid_allocator->free(ioasid,
>>> ioasid_allocator->pdata);
>>> + mutex_unlock(&ioasid_allocator_lock);
>>> + }
>>> + if (ret) {
>>> + pr_err("ioasid %d custom allocator free failed\n",
>>> ioasid);
>>> + return ret;
>>> + }
>>>
>>> ioasid_data = xa_erase(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
>>> +
>>> kfree_rcu(ioasid_data, rcu);
>>> +
>>> + if (xa_empty(&ioasid_xa))
>>> + default_allocator_used = 0;
>>> +
>>> + return ret;
>>> }
>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
>>>
>>> @@ -79,7 +233,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
>>> * if @getter returns false, then the object is invalid and NULL
>>> is returned. *
>>> * If the IOASID has been allocated for this set, return the
>>> private pointer
>>> - * passed to ioasid_alloc. Otherwise return NULL.
>>> + * passed to ioasid_alloc. Private data can be NULL if not set.
>>> Return an error
>>> + * if the IOASID is not found or not belong to the set.
>> s/not belong/does not belong
>>> */
>>> void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
>>> bool (*getter)(void *))
>>> @@ -89,11 +244,20 @@ void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set,
>>> ioasid_t ioasid,
>>> rcu_read_lock();
>>> ioasid_data = xa_load(&ioasid_xa, ioasid);
>>> - if (ioasid_data && ioasid_data->set == set) {
>>> - priv = ioasid_data->private;
>>> - if (getter && !getter(priv))
>>> - priv = NULL;
>>> + if (!ioasid_data) {
>>> + priv = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
>>> + goto unlock;
>>> + }
>>> + if (set && ioasid_data->set != set) {
>>> + /* data found but does not belong to the set */
>>> + priv = ERR_PTR(-EACCES);
>>> + goto unlock;
>>> }
>>> + /* Now IOASID and its set is verified, we can return the
>>> private data */
>>> + priv = ioasid_data->private;
>>> + if (getter && !getter(priv))
>>> + priv = NULL;
>>> +unlock:
>>> rcu_read_unlock();
>>>
>>> return priv;
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
>>> index 6f3655a..e773c13 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/ioasid.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
>>> @@ -5,20 +5,33 @@
>>> #define INVALID_IOASID ((ioasid_t)-1)
>>> typedef unsigned int ioasid_t;
>>> typedef int (*ioasid_iter_t)(ioasid_t ioasid, void *private, void
>>> *data); +typedef ioasid_t (*ioasid_alloc_fn_t)(ioasid_t min,
>>> ioasid_t max, void *data); +typedef int
>>> (*ioasid_free_fn_t)(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data);
>>> struct ioasid_set {
>>> int dummy;
>>> };
>>>
>>> +struct ioasid_allocator {
>>> + ioasid_alloc_fn_t alloc;
>>> + ioasid_free_fn_t free;
>>> + void *pdata;
>>> + struct list_head list;
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> #define DECLARE_IOASID_SET(name) struct ioasid_set name = { 0 }
>>>
>>> #ifdef CONFIG_IOASID
>>> ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min,
>>> ioasid_t max, void *private);
>>> -void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid);
>>> +int ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid);
>> you need to change the definition for the !CONFIG_IOASID case too
> Good catch! I am thinking there is no need to check return value of
> free (as you pointed out in other comments).
>
>>>
>>> void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
>>> bool (*getter)(void *));
>>> +int ioasid_register_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator *allocator);
>>> +void ioasid_unregister_allocator(struct ioasid_allocator
>>> *allocator); +
>>> +int ioasid_set_data(ioasid_t ioasid, void *data);
>>>
>>> #else /* !CONFIG_IOASID */
>>> static inline ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set,
>>> ioasid_t min,
>> Just to make sure, don't you need to define the new functions if
>> !CONFIG_IOASID?
>>
> Right, Thanks!
>
>> Thanks
>>
>> Eric
>>>
>
> [Jacob Pan]
>

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