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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] x86/mm/tlb: Remove flush_tlb_info from the stack
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> On Apr 25, 2019, at 12:29 PM, Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> wrote:
>
>
> * Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com> wrote:
>
>> Move flush_tlb_info variables off the stack. This allows to align
>> flush_tlb_info to cache-line and avoid potentially unnecessary cache
>> line movements. It also allows to have a fixed virtual-to-physical
>> translation of the variables, which reduces TLB misses.
>>
>> Use per-CPU struct for flush_tlb_mm_range() and
>> flush_tlb_kernel_range(). Add debug assertions to ensure there are
>> no nested TLB flushes that might overwrite the per-CPU data. For
>> arch_tlbbatch_flush() use a const struct.
>>
>> Results when running a microbenchmarks that performs 10^6 MADV_DONTEED
>> operations and touching a page, in which 3 additional threads run a
>> busy-wait loop (5 runs, PTI and retpolines are turned off):
>>
>> base off-stack
>> ---- ---------
>> avg (usec/op) 1.629 1.570 (-3%)
>> stddev 0.014 0.009
>>
>> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
>> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
>> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
>> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
>> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
>> Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
>>
>> ---
>>
>> v1->v2:
>> - Initialize all flush_tlb_info fields [Andy]
>> ---
>> arch/x86/mm/tlb.c | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
>> 1 file changed, 74 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
>> index 487b8474c01c..aac191eb2b90 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
>> @@ -634,7 +634,7 @@ static void flush_tlb_func_common(const struct flush_tlb_info *f,
>> this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[loaded_mm_asid].tlb_gen, mm_tlb_gen);
>> }
>>
>> -static void flush_tlb_func_local(void *info, enum tlb_flush_reason reason)
>> +static void flush_tlb_func_local(const void *info, enum tlb_flush_reason reason)
>> {
>> const struct flush_tlb_info *f = info;
>>
>> @@ -722,43 +722,81 @@ void native_flush_tlb_others(const struct cpumask *cpumask,
>> */
>> unsigned long tlb_single_page_flush_ceiling __read_mostly = 33;
>>
>> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct flush_tlb_info, flush_tlb_info);
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
>> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, flush_tlb_info_idx);
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +static inline struct flush_tlb_info *get_flush_tlb_info(struct mm_struct *mm,
>> + unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
>> + unsigned int stride_shift, bool freed_tables,
>> + u64 new_tlb_gen)
>> +{
>> + struct flush_tlb_info *info = this_cpu_ptr(&flush_tlb_info);
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
>> + /*
>> + * Ensure that the following code is non-reentrant and flush_tlb_info
>> + * is not overwritten. This means no TLB flushing is initiated by
>> + * interrupt handlers and machine-check exception handlers.
>> + */
>> + BUG_ON(this_cpu_inc_return(flush_tlb_info_idx) != 1);
>> +#endif
>
> isn't this effectively VM_BUG_ON()?

Not exactly. When CONFIG_DEBUG_VM is off we get

#define VM_BUG_ON(cond) BUILD_BUG_ON_INVALID(cond)

This will cause the build to fail since flush_tlb_info_idx is not defined in
when CONFIG_DEBUG_VM is off.


>> +static inline void put_flush_tlb_info(void)
>> +{
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
>> + /* Complete reentrency prevention checks */
>> + barrier();
>> + this_cpu_dec(flush_tlb_info_idx);
>> +#endif
>
> In principle this_cpu_dec() should imply a compiler barrier?

this_cpu_dec() is eventually expanded to the macro of percpu_add_op(). And
the inline assembly does not have a “memory” clobber, so I don’t think so.

I will address your other comments. Thanks!

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