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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 06/19] drivers core: Add I/O ASID allocator
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Hi Jean-Philippe, Jacob,
On 4/24/19 1:31 AM, Jacob Pan wrote:
> From: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
>
> Some devices might support multiple DMA address spaces, in particular
> those that have the PCI PASID feature. PASID (Process Address Space ID)
> allows to share process address spaces with devices (SVA), partition a
> device into VM-assignable entities (VFIO mdev) or simply provide
> multiple DMA address space to kernel drivers. Add a global PASID
> allocator usable by different drivers at the same time. Name it I/O ASID
> to avoid confusion with ASIDs allocated by arch code, which are usually
> a separate ID space.
>
> The IOASID space is global. Each device can have its own PASID space,
> but by convention the IOMMU ended up having a global PASID space, so
> that with SVA, each mm_struct is associated to a single PASID.
>
> The allocator doesn't really belong in drivers/iommu because some
> drivers would like to allocate PASIDs for devices that aren't managed by
> an IOMMU, using the same ID space as IOMMU. It doesn't really belong in
> drivers/pci either since platform device also support PASID. Add the
> allocator in drivers/base.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
> ---
> drivers/base/Kconfig | 6 +++
> drivers/base/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/base/ioasid.c | 106 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/ioasid.h | 40 +++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 153 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/base/ioasid.c
> create mode 100644 include/linux/ioasid.h
>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/Kconfig b/drivers/base/Kconfig
> index 059700e..47c1348 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/base/Kconfig
> @@ -182,6 +182,12 @@ config DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
> APIs extension; the file's descriptor can then be passed on to other
> driver.
>
> +config IOASID
> + bool
> + help
> + Enable the I/O Address Space ID allocator. A single ID space shared
> + between different users.
> +
> config DMA_FENCE_TRACE
> bool "Enable verbose DMA_FENCE_TRACE messages"
> depends on DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
> diff --git a/drivers/base/Makefile b/drivers/base/Makefile
> index 1574520..aafa2ac 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/base/Makefile
> @@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PINCTRL) += pinctrl.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_DEV_COREDUMP) += devcoredump.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_MSI_IRQ_DOMAIN) += platform-msi.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_ARCH_TOPOLOGY) += arch_topology.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_IOASID) += ioasid.o
>
> obj-y += test/
>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/ioasid.c b/drivers/base/ioasid.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..cf122b2
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/base/ioasid.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,106 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * I/O Address Space ID allocator. There is one global IOASID space, split into
> + * subsets. Users create a subset with DECLARE_IOASID_SET, then allocate and
> + * free IOASIDs with ioasid_alloc and ioasid_free.
> + */
> +#include <linux/idr.h>
> +#include <linux/ioasid.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +
> +struct ioasid_data {
> + ioasid_t id;
> + struct ioasid_set *set;
> + void *private;
> + struct rcu_head rcu;
> +};
> +
> +static DEFINE_IDR(ioasid_idr);
> +
> +/**
> + * ioasid_alloc - Allocate an IOASID
> + * @set: the IOASID set
> + * @min: the minimum ID (inclusive)
> + * @max: the maximum ID (exclusive)
> + * @private: data private to the caller
> + *
> + * Allocate an ID between @min and @max (or %0 and %INT_MAX). Return the
I would remove "(or %0 and %INT_MAX)".
> + * allocated ID on success, or INVALID_IOASID on failure. The @private pointer
> + * is stored internally and can be retrieved with ioasid_find().
> + */
> +ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
> + void *private)
> +{
> + int id = -1;
> + struct ioasid_data *data;
> +
> + data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!data)
> + return INVALID_IOASID;
> +
> + data->set = set;
> + data->private = private;
> +
> + idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
> + idr_lock(&ioasid_idr);
> + data->id = id = idr_alloc(&ioasid_idr, data, min, max, GFP_ATOMIC);
> + idr_unlock(&ioasid_idr);
> + idr_preload_end();
> +
> + if (id < 0) {
> + kfree(data);
> + return INVALID_IOASID;
> + }
> + return id;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_alloc);
> +
> +/**
> + * ioasid_free - Free an IOASID
> + * @ioasid: the ID to remove
> + */
> +void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
> +{
> + struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
> +
> + idr_lock(&ioasid_idr);
> + ioasid_data = idr_remove(&ioasid_idr, ioasid);
> + idr_unlock(&ioasid_idr);
> +
> + if (ioasid_data)
> + kfree_rcu(ioasid_data, rcu);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_free);
> +
> +/**
> + * ioasid_find - Find IOASID data
> + * @set: the IOASID set
> + * @ioasid: the IOASID to find
> + * @getter: function to call on the found object
> + *
> + * The optional getter function allows to take a reference to the found object
> + * under the rcu lock. The function can also check if the object is still valid:
> + * if @getter returns false, then the object is invalid and NULL is returned.
> + *
> + * If the IOASID has been allocated for this set, return the private pointer
> + * passed to ioasid_alloc. Otherwise return NULL.
> + */
> +void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
> + bool (*getter)(void *))
> +{
> + void *priv = NULL;
> + struct ioasid_data *ioasid_data;
> +
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + ioasid_data = idr_find(&ioasid_idr, ioasid);
> + if (ioasid_data && ioasid_data->set == set) {
> + priv = ioasid_data->private;
> + if (getter && !getter(priv))
> + priv = NULL;
> + }
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> +
> + return priv;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioasid_find);
> diff --git a/include/linux/ioasid.h b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..6f3655a
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/ioasid.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +#ifndef __LINUX_IOASID_H
> +#define __LINUX_IOASID_H
> +
> +#define INVALID_IOASID ((ioasid_t)-1)
> +typedef unsigned int ioasid_t;
> +typedef int (*ioasid_iter_t)(ioasid_t ioasid, void *private, void *data);
I don't see it used in this series.
> +
> +struct ioasid_set {
> + int dummy;
> +};
> +
> +#define DECLARE_IOASID_SET(name) struct ioasid_set name = { 0 }
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_IOASID
> +ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max,
> + void *private);
> +void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid);
> +
> +void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
> + bool (*getter)(void *));
> +
> +#else /* !CONFIG_IOASID */
> +static inline ioasid_t ioasid_alloc(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t min,
> + ioasid_t max, void *private)
> +{
> + return INVALID_IOASID;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void ioasid_free(ioasid_t ioasid)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void *ioasid_find(struct ioasid_set *set, ioasid_t ioasid,
> + bool (*getter)(void *))
> +{
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IOASID */
> +#endif /* __LINUX_IOASID_H */
>

Thanks

Eric

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