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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] vfio/mdev: add version field as mandatory attribute for mdev device
On Wed, Apr 24, 2019 at 10:14:50PM +0800, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Tue, 23 Apr 2019 23:39:34 -0400
> Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > On Tue, Apr 23, 2019 at 11:02:56PM +0800, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > > On Tue, 23 Apr 2019 01:41:57 -0400
> > > Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > On Tue, Apr 23, 2019 at 09:21:00AM +0800, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > > > > On Mon, 22 Apr 2019 21:01:52 -0400
> > > > > Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com> wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > > On Mon, Apr 22, 2019 at 10:39:50PM +0800, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > > > > > > On Fri, 19 Apr 2019 04:35:04 -0400
> > > > > > > Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com> wrote:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > device version attribute in mdev sysfs is used by user space software
> > > > > > > > (e.g. libvirt) to query device compatibility for live migration of VFIO
> > > > > > > > mdev devices. This attribute is mandatory if a mdev device supports live
> > > > > > > > migration.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > The Subject: doesn't quite match what's being proposed here.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > It consists of two parts: common part and vendor proprietary part.
> > > > > > > > common part: 32 bit. lower 16 bits is vendor id and higher 16 bits
> > > > > > > > identifies device type. e.g., for pci device, it is
> > > > > > > > "pci vendor id" | (VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_PCI << 16).
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > What purpose does this serve? If it's intended as some sort of
> > > > > > > namespace feature, shouldn't we first assume that we can only support
> > > > > > > migration to devices of the same type? Therefore each type would
> > > > > > > already have its own namespace. Also that would make the trailing bit
> > > > > > > of the version string listed below in the example redundant. A vendor
> > > > > > > is still welcome to include this in their version string if they wish,
> > > > > > > but I think the string should be entirely vendor defined.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > hi Alex,
> > > > > > This common part is a kind of namespace.
> > > > > > Because if version string is entirely defined by vendors, I'm worried about
> > > > > > if there is a case that one vendor's version string happens to deceive and
> > > > > > interfere with another vendor's version checking?
> > > > > > e.g.
> > > > > > vendor A has a version string like: vendor id + device id + mdev type
> > > > > > vendor B has a version string like: device id + vendor id + mdev type
> > > > > > but vendor A's vendor id is 0x8086, device id is 0x1217
> > > > > > vendor B's vendor id is 0x1217, device id is 0x8086.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > In this corner case, the two vendors may regard the two device is
> > > > > > migratable but actually they are not.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > That's the reason for this common part that serve as a kind of namespace
> > > > > > that all vendors will comply with to avoid overlap.
> > > > >
> > > > > If we assume that migration can only occur between matching mdev types,
> > > > > this is redundant, each type already has their own namespace.
> > > > >
> > > > hi Alex,
> > > > do you mean user space software like libvirt needs to first check whether
> > > > mdev type is matching and then check whether version is matching?
> > >
> > > Yes.
> > >
> > may I know the drawback of defining the this common part?
> > common part: 32 bit. lower 16 bits is vendor id and higher 16 bits
> > identifies device type. e.g., for pci device, it is
> > "pci vendor id" | (VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_PCI << 16).
> > By doing so, user space software has no need to first check whether mdev type
> > is matching. A confident vendor driver can even allow devices migrating
> > between different mdev types.
>
>
> It's not practical to expect userspace to test the version of every
> mdev type in the system to determine a match, let alone across a data
> center. Additionally, in order to be migration compatible the mdev
> types must be software compatible to the VM, which is the basic
> definition of the differences between mdev types. Therefore let me
> flip the question around, why would a vendor driver choose to create a
> new mdev type for software compatible devices? If the vendor wants to
> maintain compatibility, indicate basic compatibility using the same
> mdev type. The original intention of the version attribute is to be
> entirely opaque to userspace, introducing "common" parts is unnecessary
> as above, degrades the original concept, and only defines a solution for
> PCI devices. Thanks,
>
ok. Got it. Thanks for explanation.
I'll remove this common part in next revision.


>
> > > > if user space software only checks version for migration, it means vendor
> > > > driver has to include mdev type in their vendor proprietary part string,
> > > > right?
> > >
> > > Userspace attempting to migrate an nvidia-64 to an i915-GVT_V5_4 would
> > > be a failure on the part of the user.
> > >
> > > > Another thing is that could there be any future mdev parent driver that
> > > > applies to all mdev devices, just like vfio-pci? like Yi's vfio-pci-mdev
> > > > driver (https://lkml.org/lkml/2019/3/13/114)?
> > >
> > > For starters, this is just a sample driver from which vendor specific
> > > mdev drivers could be forked to support these features, but
> > > additionally, the type is defined by the vendor driver, so even a meta
> > > driver like vfio-pci-mdev could create types like
> > > "vfio-pci-mdev-8086_10c9_abcdef" if it wanted to provide that specific
> > > device. The "vfio-pci-mdev-type1" is just a sample implementation to
> > > say "the native type of the thing bound to me" and it's going to have
> > > limited usefulness for any sort of persistence to userspace. Thus,
> > > it's a sample driver. Thanks,
> > Thanks for this explanation:)
> >
> >
> > >
> > > > > > > > vendor proprietary part: this part is varied in length. vendor driver can
> > > > > > > > specify any string to identify a device.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > When reading this attribute, it should show device version string of the
> > > > > > > > device of type <type-id>. If a device does not support live migration, it
> > > > > > > > should return errno.
> > > > > > > > When writing a string to this attribute, it returns errno for
> > > > > > > > incompatibility or returns written string length in compatibility case.
> > > > > > > > If a device does not support live migration, it always returns errno.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > For user space software to use:
> > > > > > > > 1.
> > > > > > > > Before starting live migration, user space software first reads source side
> > > > > > > > mdev device's version. e.g.
> > > > > > > > "#cat \
> > > > > > > > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/5ac1fb20-2bbf-4842-bb7e-36c58c3be9cd/mdev_type/version"
> > > > > > > > 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_4
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > 2.
> > > > > > > > Then, user space software writes the source side returned version string
> > > > > > > > to device version attribute in target side, and checks the return value.
> > > > > > > > If a negative errno is returned in the target side, then mdev devices in
> > > > > > > > source and target sides are not compatible;
> > > > > > > > If a positive number is returned and it equals to the length of written
> > > > > > > > string, then the two mdev devices in source and target side are compatible.
> > > > > > > > e.g.
> > > > > > > > (a) compatibility case
> > > > > > > > "# echo 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_4 >
> > > > > > > > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/882cc4da-dede-11e7-9180-078a62063ab1/mdev_type/version"
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > (b) incompatibility case
> > > > > > > > "#echo 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_1 >
> > > > > > > > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/882cc4da-dede-11e7-9180-078a62063ab1/mdev_type/version"
> > > > > > > > -bash: echo: write error: Invalid argument
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > 3. if two mdev devices are compatible, user space software can start
> > > > > > > > live migration, and vice versa.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Note: if a mdev device does not support live migration, it either does
> > > > > > > > not provide a version attribute, or always returns errno when its version
> > > > > > > > attribute is read/written.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I think it would be cleaner to do the former, not supply the
> > > > > > > attribute. This seems to do the latter in the sample drivers. Thanks,
> > > > > > Ok. you are right!
> > > > > > what about just keep one sample driver to show how to do the latter,
> > > > > > and let the others do the former?
> > > > >
> > > > > I'd rather that if a vendor driver doesn't support features requiring
> > > > > the version attribute that they don't implement it. It's confusing to
> > > > > developers looking at the sample driver for guidance if we have
> > > > > different implementations. Of course if you'd like to add migration
> > > > > support to one of the sample drivers, that'd be very welcome. Thanks,
> > > > >
> > > > Got it:)
> > > >
> > > > Thanks!
> > > > Yan
> > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > > > > Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Erik Skultety <eskultet@redhat.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Cornelia Huck <cohuck@redhat.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: "Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Zhenyu Wang <zhenyuw@linux.intel.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: "Wang, Zhi A" <zhi.a.wang@intel.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> > > > > > > > Cc: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Signed-off-by: Yan Zhao <yan.y.zhao@intel.com>
> > > > > > > > ---
> > > > > > > > Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > > > > > samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c | 17 ++++++++++++
> > > > > > > > samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c | 16 ++++++++++++
> > > > > > > > samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c | 16 ++++++++++++
> > > > > > > > 4 files changed, 85 insertions(+)
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > diff --git a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
> > > > > > > > index c3f69bcaf96e..bc28471c0667 100644
> > > > > > > > --- a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
> > > > > > > > +++ b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
> > > > > > > > @@ -202,6 +202,7 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
> > > > > > > > | | |--- available_instances
> > > > > > > > | | |--- device_api
> > > > > > > > | | |--- description
> > > > > > > > + | | |--- version
> > > > > > > > | | |--- [devices]
> > > > > > > > | |--- [<type-id>]
> > > > > > > > | | |--- create
> > > > > > > > @@ -209,6 +210,7 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
> > > > > > > > | | |--- available_instances
> > > > > > > > | | |--- device_api
> > > > > > > > | | |--- description
> > > > > > > > + | | |--- version
> > > > > > > > | | |--- [devices]
> > > > > > > > | |--- [<type-id>]
> > > > > > > > | |--- create
> > > > > > > > @@ -216,6 +218,7 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
> > > > > > > > | |--- available_instances
> > > > > > > > | |--- device_api
> > > > > > > > | |--- description
> > > > > > > > + | |--- version
> > > > > > > > | |--- [devices]
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > * [mdev_supported_types]
> > > > > > > > @@ -225,6 +228,8 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
> > > > > > > > [<type-id>], device_api, and available_instances are mandatory attributes
> > > > > > > > that should be provided by vendor driver.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > + version is a mandatory attribute if a mdev device supports live migration.
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > * [<type-id>]
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > The [<type-id>] name is created by adding the device driver string as a prefix
> > > > > > > > @@ -246,6 +251,35 @@ Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
> > > > > > > > This attribute should show the number of devices of type <type-id> that can be
> > > > > > > > created.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > +* version
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > + This attribute is rw. It is used to check whether two devices are compatible
> > > > > > > > + for live migration. If this attribute is missing, then the corresponding mdev
> > > > > > > > + device is regarded as not supporting live migration.
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > + It consists of two parts: common part and vendor proprietary part.
> > > > > > > > + common part: 32 bit. lower 16 bits is vendor id and higher 16 bits identifies
> > > > > > > > + device type. e.g., for pci device, it is
> > > > > > > > + "pci vendor id" | (VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_PCI << 16).
> > > > > > > > + vendor proprietary part: this part is varied in length. vendor driver can
> > > > > > > > + specify any string to identify a device.
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > + When reading this attribute, it should show device version string of the device
> > > > > > > > + of type <type-id>. If a device does not support live migration, it should
> > > > > > > > + return errno.
> > > > > > > > + When writing a string to this attribute, it returns errno for incompatibility
> > > > > > > > + or returns written string length in compatibility case. If a device does not
> > > > > > > > + support live migration, it always returns errno.
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > + for example.
> > > > > > > > + # cat \
> > > > > > > > + /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/mdev_supported_types/i915-GVTg_V5_2/version
> > > > > > > > + 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_2
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > + #echo 00028086-193b-i915-GVTg_V5_2 > \
> > > > > > > > + /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:00\:02.0/mdev_supported_types/i915-GVTg_V5_4/version
> > > > > > > > + -bash: echo: write error: Invalid argument
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > * [device]
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > This directory contains links to the devices of type <type-id> that have been
> > > > > > > > @@ -327,12 +361,14 @@ card.
> > > > > > > > | | |-- available_instances
> > > > > > > > | | |-- create
> > > > > > > > | | |-- device_api
> > > > > > > > + | | |-- version
> > > > > > > > | | |-- devices
> > > > > > > > | | `-- name
> > > > > > > > | `-- mtty-2
> > > > > > > > | |-- available_instances
> > > > > > > > | |-- create
> > > > > > > > | |-- device_api
> > > > > > > > + | |-- version
> > > > > > > > | |-- devices
> > > > > > > > | `-- name
> > > > > > > > |-- mtty_dev
> > > > > > > > diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
> > > > > > > > index b038aa9f5a70..2f5ba96b91a2 100644
> > > > > > > > --- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
> > > > > > > > +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mbochs.c
> > > > > > > > @@ -1391,11 +1391,28 @@ static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > > }
> > > > > > > > MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > +static ssize_t version_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > > + char *buf)
> > > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > > + /* do not support live migration */
> > > > > > > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > > > > > > +}
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +static ssize_t version_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > > + const char *buf, size_t count)
> > > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > > + /* do not support live migration */
> > > > > > > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > > > > > > +}
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RW(version);
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_description.attr,
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
> > > > > > > > + &mdev_type_attr_version.attr,
> > > > > > > > NULL,
> > > > > > > > };
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
> > > > > > > > index cc86bf6566e4..ff15fdfc7d46 100644
> > > > > > > > --- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
> > > > > > > > +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mdpy.c
> > > > > > > > @@ -695,11 +695,27 @@ static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > > }
> > > > > > > > MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > +static ssize_t version_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > > + char *buf)
> > > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > > + /* do not support live migration */
> > > > > > > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > > > > > > +}
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +static ssize_t version_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > > + const char *buf, size_t count)
> > > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > > + /* do not support live migration */
> > > > > > > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > > > > > > +}
> > > > > > > > +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RW(version);
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_description.attr,
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
> > > > > > > > + &mdev_type_attr_version.attr,
> > > > > > > > NULL,
> > > > > > > > };
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
> > > > > > > > index 1c77c370c92f..4ae3aad3474d 100644
> > > > > > > > --- a/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
> > > > > > > > +++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
> > > > > > > > @@ -1390,10 +1390,26 @@ static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > +static ssize_t version_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > > + char *buf)
> > > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > > + /* do not support live migration */
> > > > > > > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > > > > > > +}
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +static ssize_t version_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> > > > > > > > + const char *buf, size_t count)
> > > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > > + /* do not support live migration */
> > > > > > > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > > > > > > +}
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +static MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RW(version);
> > > > > > > > static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
> > > > > > > > &mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
> > > > > > > > + &mdev_type_attr_version.attr,
> > > > > > > > NULL,
> > > > > > > > };
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > _______________________________________________
> > > > > > > intel-gvt-dev mailing list
> > > > > > > intel-gvt-dev@lists.freedesktop.org
> > > > > > > https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/intel-gvt-dev
> > > > >
> > > > > _______________________________________________
> > > > > intel-gvt-dev mailing list
> > > > > intel-gvt-dev@lists.freedesktop.org
> > > > > https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/intel-gvt-dev
> > >
> > > _______________________________________________
> > > intel-gvt-dev mailing list
> > > intel-gvt-dev@lists.freedesktop.org
> > > https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/intel-gvt-dev
>
> _______________________________________________
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> intel-gvt-dev@lists.freedesktop.org
> https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/intel-gvt-dev

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